Thursday, February 23, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 24 US led Coalition began expelling Iraq from Kuwait

(AP)

 

865 Samarra organized army under Abu Ahmad son of assassinated Caliph Mutawwakil and brother of

Abbasid Caliph Mutasim to seize power and put Mutazz upon throne

1915 Viceroy of India confirmed Basra and Baghdad vilayets should be under British control and ruled

from India

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1917 British retook Kut from Ottomans in 2nd Battle of Kut

1921 Colonial Sec Churchill met with French who argued against Faisal being put in power in

Mesopotamia because of his record in Syria against France

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1927 UK Iraq Commissioner Dobbs said that if Iraq not given independence would be unrest and

England would have to re-occupy country or leave

1955 Iraq signed security treaty with Turkey which Would become anti-Communist Baghdad Pact

1967 Arif govt put military on alert for possible war vs Israel

1984 Iran ended Ops Fajr 5 and 6 attacking Wasit and Basra which were diversionary attacks from

main target Majnoon Islands

1984 Iran broke through Iraqi defenses on Majnoon islands in Basra

1984 CIA memo to Dir Casey said Iraq would probably use nerve agents vs Iran

1986 2nd Iraqi attempt to retake Faw in Basra from Iranians failed 10,000 Iraqis and 30,000 Iranians killed

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1986 Iran’s Wa al-Fajr 9 attacked Sulaymaniya to try to draw Iraqi forces away from Faw Peninsula

Basra Included KDP

1986 UN Resolution 582 deplored use of chemical weapons in Iran-Iraq War but didn’t say who was using

them

1986 UN Resolution 582 also called for immediate cease-fire in Iran-Iraq War

1988 Iran Op Zafar 6 Badr and Iranian forces attacked behind Iraqi lines in Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam gave speech about liberating Jerusalem and warning US could take over Persian Gulf 

Saddam was trying to determine Israel’s policy towards Iraq before he decided to invade Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1991 US led Coalition attacked Iraqi ground forces to liberate Kuwait in Operation Desert Saber Iraqi

counterattack in Kuwait held Marines for short period but then air and helicopter attacks devastated Iraqi defenders Forced retreat

1991 US 82nd Airborne dropped 100 km into southern Iraq to secure passes for advancing US forces XVIII

Corps began flanking attack into Iraqi forces

1991 US-Saudi Voice of Free Iraq began broadcasting calling on Iraqis to rise up and overthrow Saddam

Allawi and Iraqi National Accord also part of radio station

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1991 Saddam told aides that Coalition airpower would limit troop movement but Iraqi soldiers were

better because of experience in Iran-Iraq War

1991 Saddam and aides believed that U.S. casualties would lead to end of Gulf War

1991 Undersec of State Kimmit said if Saddam still in power after Gulf War US would be

slow to lift sanctions because wanted to block Iraq rearming

1993 CIA Dir Woolsey told Senate Iraq’s biological weapons was greatest concern Iraq had

advanced program before Gulf War and hadn’t been degraded by war or inspectors

2001 Sec State Powell said Iraq had not developed any significant WMD capability and UN sanctions

worked

2002 CENTCOM intel staff completed first draft of intel estimate for Iraq invasion

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2003 US UK Spain tabled 2nd draft resolution to UN saying Iraq had not taken opportunity to disarm 

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Russia France Germany tabled counter draft resolution at UN calling for step by step disarmament

process in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.7 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 1 February to 7 March 2003)

2003 Turkish cabinet agreed to allow US forces to be deployed for Iraq invasion in return for $1 bil in

aid

2003 Turkish Foreign Min asked US for $92 bil in aid and allowing Turkish troops into Kurdistan in

return for US using Turkey for Iraq invasion

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

2003 CIA denied Newsweek story that Hussein Kamil Saddam’s son in law claimed Iraq destroyed its

WMD in 90s He did say that

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2003 NSC meeting on Iraq oil Said US shouldn’t determine industry Went over rebuilding and

getting sector back on line after war Bush told NSC important to get Iraqis to be seen running oil sector after war Bush worried about oil shocks due to invasion Saudis said they would handle prices

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 2 The Agencies Engage)

2003 US outlined general humanitarian relief plan for postwar Iraq including finances and

implementation

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 KDP warned that Turkish troops moving into Kurdistan during US invasion could lead to clashes

2006 US Iraq cmdr Casey outlined ways civil war could jeopardize US goals in Iraq Told

subordinates to take extra measures to control tensions especially in Baghdad

2007 ISI Car bomb hit Habaniya mosque in Anbar Killed imam that spoke out against ISI along with

Islamic Army Jaish al-Mujahadeen and 1920 Revolution Brigades members Total 39 dead 62 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2008 Sheikh Suleiman of Anbar Salvation Council called for Anbar council to be dissolved because

controlled by Islamic Party

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

2009 Iraqi police officer killed U.S. soldier, interpreter and 2 Iraqi police and wounded 2 police, 3

Iraqi soldiers and an interpreter in Mosul 3rd time ISF shot at U.S. troops since Nov 08

(Musings On Iraq Operation New Hope In Mosul – Update)

2009 Kurdish Alliance and Iraqi Accordance Front agreed to coalition to rule Diyala Accordance

Front would get governorship Kurds the head of council PM Maliki would organize protests against new govt because his State of Law excluded

2009 12 Iraqi police in Sadr City arrested for kidnappings and murders Killed sister of VP

Hashemi

2009 Head of Iraq’s Chamber of Commerce said 24,000 factories were either closed or damaged

and govt aid not helping

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Closed Factories)

2010 Report that Accountability and Justice Comm was going to ban 376 ISF for Baathist ties

Included fmr head of Baghdad Ops Command Deputy chief of staff of army Dep cmdr of infantry US and Iraqi govts had recruited thousands of fmr Baath era officers and soldiers back into ISF

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Reject DeBaathification Of Army And Police Officers)

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

2010 Report Christians fleeing Mosul again after threats and attacks Head of Syro-Catholic Church

sent letter to PM Maliki for help

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

2010 Report PUK hurt by 2009 KRG elections Gorran emerged as rival cut into PUK’s base and

won many of the PUK’s seats in KRG parliament KDP remained in power sharing deal with PUK but exerted itself as bigger party PUK wanted Natural Resource Min Hawrami replaced for questions about oil deals but ignored by KDP KDP was against reappointing PUK’s Rasul as VP Dep PM was supposed to go to PUK but KDP took it PUK tried to be more transparent and created more govt jobs

2011 Report Protesters set up camp in Baghdad’s Tahrir Sq to support Egyptian Arab Spring Feb 21 4 cars

pulled up and attacked demonstrators for an hour Accused them of being Baathists Protesters were robbed 3 people kidnapped Came after PM Maliki said demonstrators were going to be targeted 30 mins before attack electricity to square was cut off and police disappeared

2011 Report PM Maliki told people not to attend Feb 25 planned Day of Rage protest Said Baathists and

Al Qaeda were going to manipulate the demonstrations Claims repeated by National Reconciliation Minister Baghdad Ops Command said there were threats of terrorist attacks against protests and media if they covered event

2011 Report Youth groups calling for Feb 25 Day of Rage protests Said would be for a better Iraq against

corruption and be non-sectarian Many clerics including Ayatollah Sistani came out for the demonstrations PM Maliki used carrots and sticks against protests Promised generators and more electricity to towns and villages Claimed in 1 ½ years Iraq would produce so much electricity it would export some Promised full food rations Cancelled F-16 fighter deal to divert money to food rations Promised cash to make up for missing rations Held meetings with sheikhs and teachers warning that protests could be manipulated by Baathists to destabilize Iraq Interior Min said Al Qaeda and Baathists would attack Day of Rage Baghdad Ops Command issued order banning media from covering protests Closed roads to protest site in Baghdad Sadr told his followers not to participate

2011 Report Protest organizer beaten and tortured by police Reporter taken by police and electrocuted for

covering protests in Baghdad

2011 Interior Min said it arrested head of Ninewa anti-terrorism dept for taking bribes to release prisoners

2011 Protest at PUK HQ in Sulaymaniya Police fired into crowd 1 guard killed 1 protesters wounded All

universities and institutes in Irbil closed to stop student protests Protests in Halabja turned violent as govt building burned and 3 died Protests in southern Kirkuk province

(Musings On Iraq How Iraq’s Kurdistan Broke Up Two Months Of Protests)

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 Kurdistan Students’ Union told students in Irbil had to end protests or all services at school would

be closed to them

2012 Groups planned protest in Baghdad for reforms All entrances to Tahrir Sq blocked by police

Police then spread rumor bomb was going to go off That terrorists were waiting for them That there was a list of people with warrants All meant to stop protest 600-1000 made it into square Reporters covering event were beat and arrested

(Musings On Iraq More On The Stifiling Of February 2012 Protests In Iraq)

2012 Report Friends of Syria meeting held Saudi Arabia and Qatar discussed arming Syrian opposition

Iraq opposed Said it supported reforms in Syria

2014 Report Interview with Hezbollah fighter in Syria Said Abu Fadhl Abbas Kataib Hezbollah Asaib Ahl

Al-Haq were all advised by Iranian army in Syria Said Kataib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq funded by Hezbollah

2014 ISIS released statement in Ninewa attacking PM Maliki and telling people not to vote in election

2014 Report PM Maliki signed $195 mil arms deal with Iran to help with war with ISIS

2015 Report VP Maliki still had strong position within Dawa Moved towards Iran Nov 2014 went

to Iran and met with Khamenei Pres Rouhani and Speaker Larijani then went to Lebanon and met with Hezbollah and Amal Tried to co-opt Hashd Jan 2015 said he was the leader of the Hashd

2015 Report Badr’s Amiri said he followed Ayatollah Khamenei as leader of Islamic nation Hashd

leader Abu Muhandis acted as lieutenant to Iran’s Gen Suleimani Amiri and Muhandis had 20 yr relationship with Suleimani Iraqi and KRG officials said several 100 Iranian advisors in Iraq Iran helped organize Hashd Iran sent artillery to Iraq summer 2014 to fight IS Peshmerga worked as spotters for Iranian artillery and rockets Badr said Iran provided communications and intel to Hashd Taught them how to operate drones and intercept IS communications Khorasani Brigade put up billboards in Baghdad mourning death of Iran Rev Guard general killed in Iraq Khorasani Brigade had HQ in govt complex in east Baghdad Sr Shiite official said Khorasani Brigade created by Iran

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq Khorasani Brigade Another Iraq Militia That Returned Home From Syria To Fight The Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2016 Sources said Iran told PM Abadi he needed to keep Shiite quotas in any new govt

2016 PM Abadi issued Executive Order 91 creating Hashd Comm to legalize Hashd Made Hashd

independent force under military regulations Said couldn’t be affiliated with political parties

2016 Report Sources said that Iran told PM Abadi he had to explain his political reforms to it

Warned Abadi not to change Shiite share of govt positions Said Oil Interior and Transportation ministries needed to stay with Shiite parties

2017 Sadr called protest in Baghdad to demand dismissing Election Commission before vote

2017 Report Iraqi air force hit IS positions in Syria PM Abadi said Iraq would chase down IS

everywhere US provided intel for strike

2017 Report ISF found mass grave south of Mosul Called horror hole Residents said IS executed

hundreds of people and dropped them into sink hole Iraqi Observatory for Human Rights said up to 5000 could’ve been killed there

2018 Report US said it would send $365 mil to KRG to pay for Peshmerga during war vs IS

2018 Report Election Comm official said 50,000 voting cards were bought by candidates in one

province Bought them from displaced

2020 Report War vs IS cost $13 bil Led to heavy borrowing from IMF World Bank Europe

Debt was $37 bil

2020 Activist kidnapped in Karbala Police burned protest tents at sit square in Baghdad

2021 Report Dec 2020 7 protesters killed by KRG security forces Protested over economy and govt

workers not being paid Party offices were attacked and burned KRG arrested organizers and shut down TV stations for covering demonstrations Feb 2021 5 journalists and activists given 6 yrs in prison each for reporting and participating in protests Sign of restricted democracy and limited free speech in KRG Since 2014 KRG’s economy broken down and leading to splits between public and KDP-PUK 2015 austerity measures started which cut down on govt jobs available for youth especially those not connected to KDP-PUK

2021 Report Sunni politicians have been courting Gulf States and Saudis for money for 2021

election Wanted to run as one list but hard because of factionalism Were 2 main lists One led by Speaker Halbusi backed by Saudis Another led by Khanjar backed by Qatar and Turkey Osama Nujafi lost his backing

2021 Report Feb 15 Irbil hit by rockets Asaib Ahl Al-Haq appeared to be responsible Kataib

Hezbollah criticized attack Asaib Ahl Al-Haq appeared angry Iran was calling for stop to attacks

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