Monday, February 13, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 14 PM Said hanged chairman of Communist Party Farhad to put down protests

(Wikipedia)

1949 Communist Chairman Farhad hanged by PM Said to try to squash opposition protests

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review A History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1958 Iraq and Jordan announced Arab Federation in response to Egypt and Syria’s United Arab Republic

Kuwait asked to join but said no

1959 National Democratic Party minister Hammud resigned after his order to ban newspaper

overruled by Qasim

1964 Iraqi ambassador to France said economic blockade against Kurds was ending and that

Kurdish govt officials and workers who had been suspended were reinstated

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1983 Sec of State Shultz met with Iraq’s For Min Hammadi who asked for expanded trade deals

1984 Iran Op Kheibar began with diversionary attack northeast of Khorramshahr Iran southern front

1984 Iraq announced week long ceasefire hoping to end Iran-Iraq War Failed

1986 Iraq counterattacked to try to re-captured Faw Peninsula in Basra

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 During funeral for member of Hakim family anti-Saddam slogans chanted in Najaf

1991 Iraq said it would withdraw from Kuwait if Israel withdrew from Palestine sanctions ended and

Iraq’s foreign debt forgiven

2002 National Sec Adv Rice called PM Blair Foreign Pol Adv Manning saying US was only reviewing its

Iraq policy

2002 Foreign Min Sabri said Iraq would not allow return of UN inspectors

2003 Chief Inspector Blix briefed Security Council Said found no evidence of WMD Said 400

inspections at 300 sites Were all without notice and gained entry every time Said Iraqis cooperating Said soil samples showed no signs of WMD Iraq still had unaccounted for materials Found 2 banned missiles Blix refuted Sec State Powell’s claim that Iraqis were cleaning WMD sites before inspections

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.7 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 1 February to 7 March 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 IAEA head El Baradei said it had dismembered Iraq’s nuke program in 1998 and found no evidence

that it had been restarted yet Said aluminum tubes for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 Sec State Powell told Security Council Iraq not cooperating with inspections and use of force still

an option

2003 Saddam issued presidential directive banning companies from importing equipment for WMD

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld gave speech that U.S. was opposed to nation building in Iraq Said

Afghanistan provided new model where there was no US occupation and locals would take the lead Rumsfeld claimed US had enough time to properly plan for postwar Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Liberate And Leave, Fatal Flaws In The Early Strategy For Postwar Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

2003 Wash Post editorial supported war with Iraq

2003 NSC met over how to respond to a coup in Iraq Didn’t think it was likely but had to plan for it

2004 Fallujah police station and National Guard battalion attacked by insurgents dressed in ISF uniforms

Killed 23 and freed 75 prisoners 

2004 US intel report Al Qaeda captive al-Libi recanted story Iraq trained Al Qaeda in poisons and

explosives Libi’s story was used in US intel reports and Sec State Powell’s UN speech

2006 US military ordered investigation into Marines executing Iraqi civilians in Haditha

2007 1st reports appeared that Sadr had left Iraq for Iran out of fear that Surge would target him

(Musings On Iraq Sadr’s Leadership Or Lack Thereof)

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2007 Bush said that Iranian Rev Guards Quds Force was operating in Iraq aiding militias and needed to

be stopped

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guard’s History In Iraq, Interview With Naval Postgraduate School’s Afshon Ostovar)  

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2008 Jordan put visa restrictions on Iraqis to try to stop flow of refugees moving there

2008 Report Iraq justice system overwhelmed by prisoners captured during Surge More than half 26,000

prisoners held hadn’t gone to trial and some waited for years Prisons overcrowded Police often ignored orders to release prisoners Many guards worked with militias and released them Iraq didn’t have enough judges to deal with cases Not supported by govt

2008 Report Fmr SWAT cmdr went to Baghdad to testify against Diyala police chief Accused of

kidnapping torture not allowing Sunnis to join police 10,000 Sunnis in Diyala protested demanding his removal

2011 PM Maliki said electricity problems would be solved in 12-20 months Didn’t happen

2011 100s rallied in Baghdad against corruption and for better services Was supported by Sadr

2012 Report Maliki govt said Exxon excluded from 4th bidding round because signed deals with

KRG

2012 Report Turkey supported Allawi in 2010 election Built close ties with KRG When Erdogan came to

power in 2002 started new policy of reaching out to KRG Started massive investment in region Opposed PM Maliki after he went after VP Hashemi

2013 Report KRG Speaker Bayez accused of nepotism Hired relatives as advisors which went from 20 to

41 Included his wife as his legal asst brother as dep asst Head of Kurdistan Islamic Group in parliament said none of the speaker’s advisors worked with parliament Sr official said most of the advisors never show up to work or live abroad

2013 Report Flyers posted in Baghdad’s Jihad dist telling Sunnis to leave Posted by Mukhtar Army

Founded by former Kataib Hezbollah leader Said he created group to confront Sunnis that were trying to overthrow govt Said Sunnis tried to overthrow Assad in Syria Said he got advice from Iran’s Quds Force

2013 Report KRG Electricity Min said it would double production in 3 yrs Wanted to export electricity

KRG got 20-22 hrs of power/day KRG production went from 482mw in 2007 to 2700mw in 2012 KRG sent electricity to Kirkuk Ninewa Diyala Tried to install meters to control usage

2016 Hakim criticized PM Abadi’s call for ending quota system saying that PM got his job because

of quotas

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2017 Report IS devastated farming in Ninewa plains Farmers missing equipment IEDs still around

Fields damaged Ninewa used to be leading farm province in Iraq Est 70% of farmers fled Ninewa during IS rule Farmers needed seeds fertilizer fuel electricity equipment irrigation to rebuild Govt said it started program to help farmers

2018 Report Amnesty Law passed in 2014 Exonerated 40 politicians accused of $4 bil in

corruption cases Integrity Comm said politicians paid fines to govt to not be prosecuted Fmr Trade Min Sudani covered by law Head of parliament’s integrity comm said law allowed corrupt to get off by paying fine Head of Integrity Comm said law released many people convicted of corruption

2018 Kuwait conference raised $30 bil in loans investment credits mostly for developing Iraq’s economy

as well as reconstruction Was supposed to gain money for rebuilding after war vs IS

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Gains $30 Bil In Loans Investments Credits From Kuwait Conference)

2020 Report 2012-14 PM Maliki managed money laundering for Iranian Rev Guard and Hezbollah Used

money to support militias fighting in Syria Maliki’s secretary managed money along with MP from State of Law Maliki also set up intel cell to work with Syrian intel Kataib Hezbollah al-Nujaba received funds from scheme Also shipped weapons to militias in Syria

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2021 Fmr Public Works Min Gharib from 2006-10 given 2 yrs for manipulating $25 mil in

contracts Dir Gen of ministry also given prison term

2021 Report Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba said Turkey violated Iraq’s

sovereignty with its forces in KRG Said quasi-occupation Called on Turkey to withdraw Justification for rocket attacks on Turkish bases in Ninewa

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