Monday, February 27, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 28 Pres Bush announced Kuwait liberated Iraq defeated Saddam claimed he beat the United States in Gulf War

(Conflict Archive)

1915 Gen Hardinge telegraph said taking Nasiriya and Amara were necessary to secure

Basra vilayet

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1928 Al-Ahali leaders whipped by police for student strike Some left Iraq afterward

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1941 Mufti of Jerusalem Pan-Arab Golden Square officers Rashid al-Gaylani secret meeting

Decided to remove PM Hashemi if he cut ties with Italy Gaylani would become PM Agreed no concessions to UK Would expel pro-British politicians

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1963 Mulla Mustafa Barzani said Kurds would go back to fighting government if didn’t commit to Kurdish

autonomy

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review People Without A Country, The Kurds and Kurdistan)

1972 Iraq Petroleum Company came to terms with Baghdad over nationalization including

compensation

1979 Ayatollah Baqir al-Sadr congratulated Ayatollah Khomeini for the Iranian revolution

and said some tyrants hadn’t seen their day of reckoning yet

1981 Iran told Islamic Conference Org that it wanted Iraq found aggressor and punished for

Iran-Iraq War and withdrawal from territory

1981 Speaker Rafsanjani later told Islamic Conf Org Iran sure it would win war so didn’t

want to negotiate a peace

1984 Iraqi counterattack against Iranian Op Kheibar retook Beida Iranian Revolutionary

Guard began retreating in disarray Iran lost 3,000 dead

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guard’s History In Iraq, Interview With Naval Postgraduate School’s Afshon Ostovar)  

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

1985 Iraq launched attack into Basra province

1986 Iran started 2nd attack in Op Wa al-Fajr 9 in Penjwin and Halabja Sulaymaniya Stopped

by Iraqi counterattack

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Iraq ended 3rd War of Cities after Soviet appealed and new arms deal

1987 During war of cities 1984-87 35 Iranian cities hit 3,000 dead 9,000 injured Baghdad

and Basra hit 300 dead 1,000 wounded

1987 Iran started 2nd attack in Op Karbala 5 in Basra Broke through Iraqi lines Iraq counterattacks regained lost territory in 12 hrs

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

1987 Ali Hassan al-Majid made governor of northern Iraq provinces and told to end Kurdish

insurgency Would start Anfal Campaign

(Musings On Iraq Pres Bakr, Saddam, And Iraq’s Kurds Before The Anfal Campaign)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1988 Iran fired SCUD missiles at Baghdad and Tikrit Tehran was trying to lure Iraq into

another war of cities to decrease attacks upon its economic infrastructure

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam warned of Israeli aggression backed by US at Arab Cooperation Council

meeting

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1990 At Arab Cooperation Council Saddam demanded moratorium on loans from Gulf States

and $30 bil investment by them to help Iraq rebuild

1990 Saddam said that if Gulf States did not provide money and help with debt he knew how

to get it

1991 Bush announced that Kuwait was liberated and Iraq defeated in Gulf War Started

ceasefire in war

1991 Saddam said that Iraq had succeeded in defeating the United States

1991 After Gulf War ceasefire Republican Guard Hammurabi Armored Div and other Iraqi

forces were retreating north and fired on US troops US fired back and destroyed 187 Iraqi vehicles and 400 trucks

1991 Jalal Talabani tried to tell State Dept of impending Kurdish revolt but was turned away

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

1992 Iraqi army attacked Peshmerga in Kalak

1999 General uprising in southern Iraq planned following Saddam’s killing of Ayatollah

Sadiq al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between Occupations, Perspectives from 1920 to the Present)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2002 PM Blair told Australian TV Iraq was a threat because it had WMD

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 Gen Franks delivered target list for air strikes in Iraq to Sec Def Rumsfeld

2003 Blix reported to Security Council Said Iraq needed more effort to show it destroyed WMD in 1990s

Also asked why it took so long for Iraq to comply with inspections Inspectors went to site CURVEBALL claimed was secret WMD facility for second time for samples Found nothing Said found small stock of mustard gas and some old WMD warheads and Iraq built 2 banned missiles Said Iraq had not provided any new information to answer questions from 1990s inspections Allowed U2 flights

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

(Musings On Iraq review Curveball, Spies, Lies, And The Con Man Who Caused A War)

2003 US attacked Iraq agreement to destroy Samud II missiles claiming it was just

propaganda not real disarmament

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld said Iraq never cooperated with UN inspectors

2003 State Dept said Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for its nuke program Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2003 UK Def Min report said Coalition had to prevent security vacuum after invasion of Iraq

and stop Al Qaeda from expanding into country

2003 UK Def Min note to PM Blair’s office said UK failed to influence US postwar Iraq

planning and UK would have to deal with US decisions made for it

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 6.5 Planning And Preparation For A Post-Saddam Hussein Iraq, January to March 2003)

2003 ORHA head Garner made 1st brief of postwar Iraq plans to Bush 1 month before war

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

2003 Defense Policy Board warned by peacekeeping expert Perito could be breakdown in law order

right after invasion if Iraqi police didn’t go back to work Said couldn’t rely on Iraqi police Said that US troops could not take over police duties because not trained for that job Allies wouldn’t send forces either Said 2500 police force needed to be put together and trained before invasion so could go right into Iraq when invasion ended

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

2003 UN inspectors went back to site CURVEBALL claimed was used for secret mobile

WMD labs Found nothing again

2004 Iraqi Governing Council said it would draft and approve an interim constitution

Couldn’t agree on role of Islam

2004 Women’s delegation visited Iraqi Governing Council demanding interim constitution

protect women’s rights

2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq suicide truck bomb on police and National Guard recruits in Hillah

killed 127 Was deadliest incident since 03 invasion

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2005 Annual State Department human rights report accused Iraqi security forces of rape

torture and illegal arrests

2006 Prosecution presented Saddam’s order to executed 148 people in Dujail in 1982 at his

trial

2006 Report US warned about growing insurgency mid-03 and was largely Iraqi not

foreigners Ignored by Bush admin

2006 DIA Dir Gen Maples told Senate Armed Services Comm as long as Sunnis were

disenfranchised insurgency would continue

2008 Report attacks on Sahwa went from 26 in Oct 07 to 100 in Jan 08 as part of ISI

campaign

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

2008 Report US intel said Iran was attacking the sahwa

2008 Report Interior Min investigation found 15-20% of police or 11,000 officers didn’t exist Anbar

25% of police didn’t exist US general in charge of police training claimed Interior fixed problem Didn’t

2008 Report Sadrist spokesman said Mahdi Army would be turned into political and social movement Said

armed resistance was over and time for politics Would disarm militia Didn’t happen

2009 UN report Avg 5 civilians killed per day in Feb 09 Down from avg 13 killed per day in 2008 In 2008

11,230 killed 4663 were civilians 18,251 wounded 12,660 were civilians

2009 Report Farming biggest business after oil Suffered from neglect sanctions lack of investment

decay high salinity Many farm workers left for cities Drought hit wheat and barely crops PM Maliki announced $200 mil plan for farming Govt subsidized seed sales and support for livestock and dates US adviser said farming dysfunctional and broken Couldn’t compete with foreign products

2010 State Dept cable said that Maliki had put 58 Dawa members into Interior Min intel

agency to try to control it

2010 VP Hashemi said Iraq had gotten $300 bil in aid cut its debt gotten intl support but was

still poor and impoverished Blamed corruption

(Musings On Iraq Corruption Charges Thrown Around Before March Iraq Elections)

2010 Maliki claimed new contracts with major oil companies would boost revenue and pay

for Iraq’s reconstruction and debts

(Musings On Iraq Analysts Say Impossible For Iraq To Reach Oil Production Goals)

2010 Report Fmr spokesman for Iraqi Natl Intel accused PM Maliki of handing out guns and cash

for votes Said Maliki cancelled order for weapons for intel service and filed his own order which then distributed the weapons for his campaign Govt spokesman claimed guns were rewards for tribes helping with security Maliki gave guns to sheikhs in Maysan Qadisiya Wasit Nasiriya councilman said Maliki gave out guns and 1 mil dinars in envelopes to sheikhs Maliki had been feuding with intel service Aug 09 fired intel director Shahwani 190 other intel workers also fired Ex-spokesman said Maliki was getting rid of intel officers that didn’t follow his orders

2011 Sadrists began 7 day referendum about services Blamed PM Maliki for some of the problems Was

response to protests

2011 Levin magazine started straw poll on whether KRG Pres Barzani should resign 130,000 voted yes

University students started drive for signatures to vote yes in poll

2011 Protest in Baghdad for services Protesters stormed Basra govt building PM Maliki called for new

provincial elections in response to demonstrations

2012 Report Mass grave of 700 Kurds from Kirkuk Salahaddin and Diyala killed during Anfal campaign

found

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

2013 Member of parliament’s defense comm said Ukrainian arms deal corrupt Part of contract was for 420

armored personnel carriers (APCs) but only 100 delivered Deliveries behind schedule Said equipment was old and much of it didn’t work Deal signed in 2009 for $2.4 bil for APCs planes equipment modernization and maintenance work

2013 Report Kurdish Coalition accused Maliki govt of not paying oil companies in KRG State of

Law MP said Baghdad paid KRG $1 bil for companies’ costs Said KRG hadn’t exported half the oil it promised for Baghdad

2014 Police fired at protesters in Najaf Protest in Dhi Qar

2014 Video posted allegedly showing Asaib Ahl Al-Haq fighting insurgents in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2016 IS attacked Abu Ghraib west Baghdad Started with 5 suicide bombers hitting army base

Occupied Customs Dept Target was grain silo where food stolen and taken back to Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq Islamic State’s Raid On Iraq’s Abu Ghraib)

2017 Genel Energy reduced its est reserves at KRG’s Taq Taq field from 172 mil/bar down to 59

mil/bar

2017 Sadrists protested and rioted during PM Abadi visit to Kut Wasit Threw stones and water

bottles ISF fired tear gas and live bullets into crowd Injured 3 Sadr apologized to Abadi afterward

2017 Report IS used to control 3 oil fields in northern Iraq Had 600 small refineries that produced

millions of dollars worth of oil products for group Brought in hundreds of experts from around world and even offered competitive salaries to them according to captured IS records Took oil equipment form Syria and moved it to Iraq Used many former Oil Min workers 2nd half of 2015 US picked up attacks on IS oil industry

2018 Human Rights Watch KRG arrested protesters Dec 2017 in Sulaymaniya Forced them to sign

statements they wouldn’t criticize govt anymore Were protests in 9 cities over govt not paying workers Protests lasted 5 days Attacked PUK and Asayesh offices

2018 Protests against KRG pensions bill passing which gave $3375 pension to MPs

2019 Report Head of Central Bank of Iraq said he was focused on fighting corruption 2015

law criminalized money laundering and financing terrorism Created anti-money laundering council at Central Bank State Dept said money laundering convictions up 2017 Jun 2018 Iraq taken off list of countries failing to deal with money laundering Done because laws passed not whether effective

2021 Asayesh charged journalist for defaming it due to comments made at his trial where he was

given 6 yrs in prison for reporting on protests

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