Monday, February 20, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 20 Saddam convinced his sons in law Hussein and Saddam Kamil who were in Jordan after they defected to return to Iraq where they were later killed

(JB Russell images)

 

1937 Elections finished for new parliament after 1936 coup

1940 Gen Umari Mosul garrison commander attempted coup rather than be forced to resign

by Regent Put down by Circle of Seven officers Gave them control of PM Said govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1963 Head of Kurdish delegation Talabani met with PM Bakr and other govt officials

Promised Kurdish rights

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1969 Bakr govt executed alleged spies in central Baghdad Meant to rally support for regime

1985 US and Soviet officials met to discuss ways to end Iran-Iraq War Nothing came of it

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 US 1st Cav Div launched large attack into Iraq Engaged 7 Iraqi divisions to deceive Iraqis on where

invasion would come from

1991 Bush Admin Dep Press Sec said US never targeted Saddam Said supported integrity of Iraq and did

not want to see Iraq destroyed

1995 KDP and PUK resumed fighting in Rawanduz Irbil ending ceasefire

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1996 Hussein Kamil and brother Saddam Kamil Saddam’s sons in laws accepted pardon and returned to

Iraq Were later killed

1998 UN report said Iraq’s electricity situation was in dire straights Grid never fully rebuilt after Gulf War

due to sanctions

1998 UN Res 1153 increased Iraq’s exports from $2 bil in oil each 6 months to $5.2 bil and expanded

imports from food and medicine to infrastructure needs

1999 Supreme Council accused govt of killing Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between Occupations, Perspectives from 1920 to the Present)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2002 Secret CIA team entered Kurdistan to prepare for ops inside Iraq called Northern Iraq Liaison

Elements

2002 CIA gave fmr Amb Joseph Wilson talking points for his trip to Niger to investigate Iraq-Niger

uranium deal Story fake

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2002 UK Joint Intel Comm chief Scarlett briefed Foreign Sec Cook on Iraq’s WMD Cook thought Iraq

didn’t have capability for large scale WMD attack

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld on TV said zero chance Saddam would step down so best situation would be for

Iraqis to remove Saddam themselves

2003 Chief UN Inspector Blix told PM Blair intelligence he’d gotten wasn’t great and maybe Iraq didn’t

have much WMD

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 4.3 Iraq WMD Assessments, October 2002 to March 2003)

2003 UN sources told press US intel on Iraq WMD was not turning up anything

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 Report interviews with Iraqi scientists by inspectors had not turned up any evidence of a nuclear

program

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2003 Pew/Council on Foreign Relations poll found 57% of Americans believed Saddam involved in 9/11

2004 Report CPA dropping caucus plan to elect Iraqi provisional govt and working with UN for

alternative Iraqi Governing Council wanted to expand membership from 25 to 125 and become new govt

2004 Sadr responding to Bremer saying Iraqi constitution would not be based on Islam said Iraqis could

fight US like 1920 Revolt or 1991 Intifada Said Bremer was against Islam

2007 British turned over army base in Basra to Iraqi 10th Division as part of withdrawal from province

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2007 Report Officials claimed 80% drop in violence in Baghdad at start of Surge US focusing upon Dora

South Baghdad Sadr told Mahdi Army to stand down

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq Reassessing The US Surge, And Recognizing Iraqi Agency In Ending The 2005-2008 Civil War In Iraq An Interview With New America Foundation’s Douglas Ollivant)

2007 Report Sadrist mosques posted lists of Mahdi Army fighters expelled Sadr was trying to purge and

            control militia

2008 After Sadrist members were arrested Mahdi Army started fighting Iraqi army in Basra In Diwaniya

Sadrists accused ISCI controlled police of blowing up 4 houses

2009 Report US met with fmr Baath era army officers in Jordan to try to get them to return to Iraq

2009 ISF started Operation New Hope to secure Mosul Became main insurgent area after Surge

(Musings On Iraq Operation New Hope In Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq Operation New Hope In Mosul – Update)

2009 Report Asaib Ahl Al-Haq was thinking of running in 2010 election to challenge Sadr

(Musings On Iraq New Challenges To Sadr’s Leadership)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2009 Report Iran said it would stop militia attacks upon British forces in Basra if London

accepted Tehran’s nuclear program

2011 NRT TV had offices raided and burned for covering KRG protests

(Musings On Iraq How Iraq’s Kurdistan Broke Up Two Months Of Protests)

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 Protests in Ramadi and Dhi Qar over services and jobs Protesters in Baghdad attacked by men with

sticks and knives

2011 Ayatollah Sistani statement said he stood with demands of protesters and criticized govt for not

providing services

2012 Saudi Arabia named its Jordan Ambassador as non-resident ambassador to Iraq as relations were

slowly improving

2012 Iraq signed non-binding memorandum of understanding with Iran to set up water committee Didn’t

help with water shortages caused by Iranian dams

2013 Iraq signed deal to build natural gas pipeline from Iran across Iraq to Syria Never happened

2013 Dep PM Shahristani said 3 power stations would be opened per month and would end electricity

problems Didn’t happen

2016 PM Abadi said financial crisis meant reforms needed Called for end of quota system in govt

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2016 Sadr created committee to nominate technocrats for Abadi’s new cabinet

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Trying To Play Kingmaker In Iraq)

2016 Tribe fought IS in northern Fallujah IS arrested 180 men afterward

2018 Report Hashd trying to interfere with Counter Terror Forces (CTF) Threatened some CTF

leaders Some threatened to resign in Kirkuk Baghdad Salahaddin

2018 Report some of the 9 Abrams tanks pro-Iran Hashd units got came from the Iraqi army rest were

captured from IS

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Army Supplied Pro-Iran Hashd With US Abrams Tanks)

2018 Report After KRG Pres Barzani stepped down kept his managers bodyguards advisors etc

Had 3500 bodyguards

2020 Muhammadawi aka Abu Fadak named new chief of staff of Hashd Comm Was from

Kataib Hezbollah Pro-Najaf Hashd objected to his appointment Said didn’t follow rules Pro-Najaf Hashd threatened to withdraw from commission if Muhammadawi stayed in office

2020 Report Human Rights Comm 528 protesters killed More than 24,000 injured 2800

arrested 38 still held 79 kidnapped 22 released

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Pro-Iran group fired rockets at Balad Air Base in Salahaddin wounding 2 contractors

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq Feb 15-21, 2021)

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