Wednesday, February 15, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 16 Report 1972 Nixon and Shah agreed to arm and fund Barzani’s revolt vs Bakr govt but didn’t want him to win just drain Iraq

(Wikipedia)

 

1917 British suffered 10,204 casualties since offensive began to recapture Kut in Dec 1916

1922 Gertrude Bell complained to her father that King Faisal had surrounded himself with

nationalists that demanded Iraq’s complete independence from England

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1944 Parliamentary Party formed mostly of large land holding sheikhs Supported whatever

govt Regent backed

1963 Baath govt said it would resolve Kurdish issues after talks Baathist leader said didn’t

believe in Kurdish autonomy but thought some cultural concessions could be made

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1976 Village Voice reported on Pike Comm 1972 Kissinger met with Shah who asked for

help aiding Barzani Pres Nixon approved $16 mil Treasury Sec Connally sent to Iran to tell Shah US approved plan US and Shah didn’t want Kurds to win war just to drain Iraq Didn’t tell Kurds that

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1979 Saddam said unifying Iraq and Syria was part of the Arab revolution

1979 Saddam said Iraq would respect choice of the Iranian people with their revolution

1984 Iran cut Basra-Baghdad highway between Maysan and Wasit

1986 Iraqi intelligence fell for Iranian deception and claimed attack upon Faw in Basra not

main Iranian attack Meant Iraq didn’t send reinforcements

1986 Iraq made another attempt to retake Faw Peninsula in Basra Only advanced 2 km Iraqis

lost 7,000 casualties and 1,500 prisoners taken Iranians lost 8,000 casualties in Op Wa al-Fajr 8 that took Faw Peninsula

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1989 Iraq formed Arab Cooperation Council with Egypt Jordan Yemen to counter Gulf

Cooperation Council

1991 US troops destroyed Iraqi radar facility while Apache helicopters conducted raid in

depth behind Iraqi lines in Iraq

1992 Def Sec Cheney said if US had overthrown Saddam would have to decide what kind

of govt to establish Would have been hard to capture Saddam Would have to decide how many casualties willing to take How many troops would have to stay in Iraq to keep govt going

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

2001 Bush told speechwriter David Frum that he was going to get rid of Saddam  

(Musings On Iraq Indecision Over Iraq Policy In Pre-9/11 Bush Administration)

2001 UK Attorney Gen Lord Williams approved air attacks out of no fly zones in Iraq for

self defense

2001 US and UK planes bombed 20 radar and command and control centers in Iraq outside

of No Fly Zone Claimed Iraq had upgraded its air defenses Then said bombed Iraq to stop it from upgrading its defenses

2002 Bush signed secret NSC directive for covert action against Iraq by CIA Budget of $189

mil for 2 yrs Plan included supporting Iraqi opposition Sabotage inside Iraq Working with other countries Information campaign vs Iraq Attacking Iraqi revenue sources Disrupting its smuggling operations

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

2003 Rice claimed Iraq was deceiving UN weapons inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2004 Report Iraqi and US sources said Iraqi forces would not be able to provide security

after sovereignty transferred to Iraq

2004 CIA said it still believed Iraqi defector CURVEBALL was credible source for intel that

Iraq had mobile WMD labs Turned out to be false source

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2006 Sec State Rice told Senate oil production and electricity below prewar levels in Iraq

Said initial problems with rebuilding Iraqi security forces fixed and as Iraqi forces stood up US forces would do less

2006 Sec Def Rumsfeld told House US was not in Iraq to do nation building that was up to

Iraqis to do

2007 House of Reps passed bi-partisan non-binding resolution against Surge

2007 Report Nov 06 EFP disc shop found in Baghdad by US Jan 07 EFPs were only 2.5%

of all IED attacks Nov 06-Feb 07 EFPs accounted for 15% of IED casualties amongst US Hezbollah used EFPs which led US to blame Iran for them showing up in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq How Iran Used Explosively Formed Projectiles (EFPs) To Influence events In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

2008 PM Maliki said Al Qaeda in Iraq had mostly been driven from Baghdad

2010 ISI set off 4 suicide car bombs targeting hotels in Baghdad where foreign press stayed

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2010 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Odierno accused Ahmed Chalabi and Ali al-Lami leaders of

Accountability and Justice Comm of working for Iranian Revolutionary Guards

(Musings On Iraq Is The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Too Distracted By Internal Affairs To Be Meddling In Iraq Right Now?)

2010 UN Human Rights Council meeting U.S. said Iraq had to improve prison conditions and

look into reports of abuse US worried about attacks on minorities gays lesbians and women UK called on Iraq to end death penalty Said too many on death row after quick trials Denmark talked about torture in Iraqi jails Canada France Germany talked about honor killings of women

(Musings On Iraq United Nations’ Human Rights Council Criticizes Iraq)

2011 4000 demonstration in Qadisiya for services jobs and local govt to resign 100s protested in Fallujah

and 2000 in Wasit Police fired at crowd in Wasit Killed 3 Protesters marched on Wasit governor’s house Led him to flee PM Maliki sent army andimposed curfew in Wasit

2011 PM Maliki visited Kuwait after Kuwait premier visited Iraq in 1st high level meet

between 2 countries since 1990

2011 Court ordered arrest of Interior Min’s head of explosive dept Gen Jabiri for buying fake bomb

detectors

(Musings On Iraq Fake Bomb Detectors At Center Of Corruption Case At Iraq’s Interior Ministry)

2012 Report US backing PM Maliki main reason for increase in violence Was humiliating Sunnis Last qtr of

2011 were 23 attempted mass casualty bombings Jan 2012 were 36 attempts at mass casualty bombings Attacks up since Maliki got 2nd term in Dec 2010

2012 Spokesman for Supreme Judicial Council said VP Hashemi’s bodyguards involved in 150 terrorist

attacks including deaths of 2 judges assassination attempt on MP and dep Education minister

2012 Report Iraqis shipping weapons to Syria Mosul arms smuggler sold AKs for $1000 a piece in Syria

2012 Protest in Fallujah in support of Syrian opposition to Assad

2013 PM Maliki ordered raid on Diyala governor and Islamic Party HQ in province

2015 Report Iraq-Baghdad budget deadlocked KRG PM Barzani went to Baghdad Budget said if

either side failed to follow through than deal annulled Baghdad did not send budget payments to KRG in Jan and Feb because budget not published yet KRG was to export 250,000 bar/day in oil for Baghdad and sell another 300,000 bar/day from fields it occupied in Kirkuk KRG only exported 150,000 bar/day for Baghdad and almost all of that from Kirkuk KRG focused upon its own independent oil exports KRG said would make up quota with later exports Never did PM Barzani said Baghdad would only send $300 bil in Jan Demanded $1 bil Called Iraq bankrupt KRG stopped making public any info about its oil industry

2015 Hezbollah leader Nasrallah said it was fighting in Iraq during speech Called on others to join

fight in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

2016 Allawi said no reason to remove cabinet until Abadi presented a strategic plan for his

reforms

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2016 Report 3 US contractors for General Dynamics kidnapped by Sadrists in Baghdad released

UN worker kidnapped in Baquba Diyala found dead Hashd blamed

2016 Report Criminals religious parties security forces trying to control culture in Iraq Jan flyers put

up in Baghdad banning singing and wearing make up Jul 2015 ISF stormed night clubs in Baghdad Shiite cleric in Babil called for imposing Islamic law and shut down clubs because of singing and dancing Interior Min Ghaban met with motel and club owners and apologized for ISF raids Clubs paid protection money to security forces Some clubs owned by criminals Dec 2016 was beauty pageant in Baghdad Contestants received death threats

2017 Human Rights Watch Hashd destroyed and looted homes during Mosul op from Nov 2016-

Feb 2017 At least 350 buildings in Ashwa Ninewa destroyed Asaib Al Al-Haq and Ali Akhbar Brigades blamed IS Homes were destroyed after town freed Satellites showed destruction of homes in surrounding villages as well Christian town of Qaraqosh and Sunni-Christian town of Khidir were looted and houses burned after freed Qaraqosh saw fighting between Ninewa Protection Unit and Babylon Brigades Afterward homes were looted 2 other towns had homes destroyed by Hashd

2017 Report As many as 28,000 injured in Mosul battle treated in Irbil 14000 civilians and ISF injured

 during fighting 14000 suffered illnesses due to lack of health services

2020 Report Harakat al-Nujaba Hezbollah threatened US forces in Iraq Said was countdown

to Iraqi sovereignty meaning US forces had to withdraw

2020 Riot police burned 3 tents of protesters in Baghdad

2020 Report Ayatollah Sistani attempted to assert control over Hashd after Iran’s Gen

Suleimani and Hashd leader Muhandis killed by US Pro-Najaf Hashd threatened to leave Hashd Comm if didn’t limit influence of Iran within body Sistani rep and pro-Najaf Hashd met with Hashd Comm head Fayad Demanded top positions within comm Didn’t happen

2021 2 journalists given 6 yrs in prison in KRG for reporting on 2020 protests Claimed their

confessions were faked and forced Part of KRG crackdown on journalists and activists

(Musings On Iraq Latest Example Of Lack Of Media Freedom In Iraq’s Kurdistan)

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