Tuesday, February 21, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 22 Zarqawi bombed Askari shrine in Samarra Militias carried out retaliatory attacks against Sunnis across Iraq



1917 British attacked Sannaiyat outside Kut 2nd time Also crossed Tigris River at Shumran

1921 Colonial Sec Churchill wrote PM George that he thought an Arab govt should be created

to run Mesopotamia for UK

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1921 Colonial Sec Churchill met Faisal future king of Iraq for the first time

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1930 UK hosted meeting between Iraq and Najd furture Saudi Arabia Settled all border and

            tribal issues

1939 Royal decree dismissed parliament Bickering too much PM Said wanted new one full of his


(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1948 Parliament rejected new Anglo-Iraq Treaty Then dissolved PM Sadr to form new govt Opposition

wanted to run and gain seats

1963 Jalal Talabani was invited to join govt delegation to Egypt to talk with Nasser about

uniting with Iraq

1965 After lobbying by Arif govt Egypt’s Gen Nasser called on Mullah Mustafa Barzani to

end his revolt

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1974 KDP sent 2nd delegation for talks with Bakr govt but were not received

1981 Iran rejected UN attempts to negotiate ceasefire as long as Iraqi troops were on Iranian territory

1984 Iranian Op Kheibar began to capture Majnoon island in Basra Renewed attack in Op Al Fajr

6 in Maysan

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1984 Iraq’s attacks on Iranian cities stopped ending 1st War of the Cities

1987 Iran Op Karbala 5 launched Last attack upon Iraqi defenses in Basra but stopped Caused 4,000

Iraqi casualties

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

1988 Iraq renewed war of cities by firing missiles at Tehran Iraq wanted to provoke UN to get

involved again with peace talks

1988 Iraqi air raid on Rey oil refinery led to fuel shortages in Iran Trapped majority of Iranian

            Revolutionary Guard units in north and couldn’t move for rest of war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Iraq set Kuwait oil fields on fire Bush called Gorbachev Said his withdrawal plan for Iraq was dead

Said Saddam had plenty of time beforehand to comply with UN resolutions to leave Kuwait

1991 Bush told Iraq it had until 2/23/91 to withdraw from Kuwait or ground war would start

1991 Report Saudis tried to organize Iraqi exiles for post-Saddam Iraq US didn’t believe it would work

1991 Iraq fired missiles at Bahrain air base used by Coalition Missed

1998 UN Sec Gen Annan met with Saddam to try to restart UN weapons inspections

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

1998 Newsweek poll showed US support for military action against Iraq dropped from 40% to 18%

Clinton admin was threatening attack over UN inspectors

1999 SCIRI UK Rep Bayati said overthrowing Saddam should be done by Iraqis without outside


2003 Bush administration officially announced it was deploying forces for invasion Actually started

Dec 02

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 Spanish Pres Aznar visited Bush Had group call with PM Blair and Italian PM Berlusconi Bush

said he had lost patience Wanted a 2nd UN resolution as quickly as possible to authorize use of force vs Iraq Bush threatened retaliation against members of UN security council that might vote against resolution Bush said Iraq was a historic moment to spread freedom

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 ORHA drill found US would not have enough troops for Iraq postwar security Worried not enough

funding for postwar Iraq that could leave behind unstable country Found US had no plans for what kind of govt they wanted in Iraq and how to achieve it Dep Head thought US had faulty assumptions overly optimistic lacked reality on what postwar Iraq would be like

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 After ORHA went through drill over its plans UK officials warned that the group was

inadequate for running postwar Iraq and a large coalition and the United Nations were needed

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 6.5 Planning And Preparation For A Post-Saddam Hussein Iraq, January to March 2003)

2005 Dawa’s Jaafari became UIA candidate for premier following Jan elections

2005 5 Zarqawi suicide bombers in Baghdad Killed 39 Wounded 150 people celebrating Ashura

2006 Zarqawi bombed Askari shrine in Samarra 25 Sunni mosques in Samarra 27 in Baghdad attacked 3

imams killed 1 kidnapped US immediately got intel Zarqawi behind Askari shrine bombing Tunisian and 4 Saudis from Al Qaeda in Iraq did bombing Tunisian Al Qaeda in Iraq bomber was arrested in June 2006 and explained attack

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 19 The Iraqi Civil War Comes Into The Open, January-June 2006)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq blamed Baghdad and Shiite militias for Samarra bombing to incite attacks on


2006 Other insurgent groups blamed Baghdad for Samarra bombing and claimed govt was allowing

attacks upon Sunni mosques

2006 Sadr called on his parliamentarians to meet on vote to ask U.S. forces to leave Iraq

2006 US report Sadr gave orders to kill Sunnis in east Baghdad in retaliation for Samarra bombing

2006 Sadr offices spread rumor that US military vehicles were seen around Samarra shrine before

bombing to lay blame on US

2006 Iran blamed US for Samarra bombing

2006 Ayatollah Sistani called for 7 days of mourning peaceful protests and prohibited attacks upon

Sunnis in wake of Samarra bombing

2006 SCIRI head Hakim blamed US for Samarra bombing claiming it gave aid to insurgents Claimed

US criticism of Shiite death squads provoked militants

2007 Report security plan in Ramadi showed progress US and ISF setting up posts throughout city

Started working with tribes outside Ramadi to provide men to man checkpoints and join police

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

2007 After UK said it would withdraw some of its forces from Iraq Denmark said it would withdraw

its troops serving in Basra Lithuania that had troops serving alongside Danes was considering pulling out Romania said it would make decision about its troops that were also in Basra

2008 Sadr renewed his freeze on Mahdi Army

2009 Sadr renewed his freeze on Mahdi Army again

2009 Report US claimed ISF taking lead in operations US didn’t trust many Iraqi units Still lacked

training Still infiltrated by insurgents

2009 Report 60 Minutes producer went over his kidnapping in Basra in Feb 08 by police who were

part of militia Said he was shown Hezbollah video Freed by Iraqi army

2009 Islamic Party accused its opponents of assassination campaign 1 member escaped car

bombing in Tikrit Two killed in Baghdad in last 3 days

2009 Intl Organization for Migration said govt had no plan to deal with displaced returning 1.6 mil

displaced after Feb 06 Samarra bombing 300,000 returned Iraqi NGO said govt done little for displaced

(Musings On Iraq Dec. 08-Jan. 09 U.N. Humanitarian Update – Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq February 2009 U.N. Humanitarian Report On Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

2011 Protest in Halabja at KDP HQ Called for new elections Police broke up crowd 20 injured

(Musings On Iraq How Iraq’s Kurdistan Broke Up Two Months Of Protests)

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 Independent Nalya Radio and TV station was set afire in Sulaymaniya probably by KDP


2011 Speaker Nujafi said $34 bil missing from Development Fund for Iraq Day before said it was $40 bil

(Musings On Iraq New Example Of Financial Mismanagement In Iraq)

2015 Sadr called for followers to protest in Baghdad next Friday calling for reforms

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

2020 4 Hashd units loyal to Najaf objected to Abdul Muhammadawi from Kataib

Hezbollah being appointed new chief of staff of Hashd Comm by pro-Iran factions Threatened to withdraw from Commission if appointment confirmed

(Musings On Iraq Pro-Iran Groups Name New Acting Head of Hashd)

(Musings On Iraq Pro-Najaf Hashd Threaten To Leave Hashd Commission)

2021 Police fired into protesters in Nasiriya killing 2 despite PM Kazemi order that live ammo

not be used on demonstrations Were demanding governor resign

(Musings On Iraq 3 Protesters Killed By Police In Dhi Qar)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2022 Rapid Response Force officer arrested for firing into crowd of demonstrators in Nasiriya

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