Friday, February 10, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 10 Abbasids surrendered Baghdad to Mongols who then massacred population

(Wikipedia)

 

1258 Abbasid Caliph Mustasim surrendered Baghdad to Mongols beginning sacking of city and massacre

of population

1916 UK War Office took over Mesopotamia campaign from India

1934 Disagreements between ministers led PM Midfai to resign King Ghazi tried to reconcile cabinet but

failed

1949 Communist Party Chairman Fahad and 2 politburo members convicted and sentenced

to death for leading party Part of PM Said’s campaign against opposition

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1963 KDP sent message to National Revolutionary Command Council saying it welcomed

coup Asked for ceasefire in Kurdish revolt release of Kurdish prisoners compensation for injured remove officials who were anti-Kurd declaration of Kurdish autonomy

1963 New military-Baath govt and Barzani declared ceasefire in Kurdish revolt

1964 Pres Arif agreed to ceasefire with Mulla Mustafa Barzani and that Kurdish rights

would be recognized in provisional constitution KDP denounced deal because didn’t mention autonomy KDP didn’t follow ceasefire

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review People Without A Country, The Kurds and Kurdistan)

1972 Saddam visited Moscow to push for strategic agreement with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Saddam His Rise and Fall)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1973 Iraq-Iran border clash in Mehran Iran 41 Iranians killed 181 wounded

1974 Brigade from Iraq’s 3rd Armored Div attacked Mehran Iran Tehran knew about attack

Ambushed Iraqi unit and destroyed it 23 Iraqis and 30 Iranians killed Iran flew F-4 jets deep into Iraq in show of force

1983 Iraq counterattack vs Iranian Op Fajr al-Nasr surrounded Iranian division and destroyed it

1988 Iraq restarted attacks on Iranian shipping Iran retaliated in kind

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Report Protest in Diwaniya against occupation of Kuwait 10 demonstrators killed by

Baath Party

1998 Saudi Defense Minister Prince Sultant said Saudis would not allow air strikes against Iraq as US

Def Sec Cohen was about to visit

1998 UK Foreign Sec Cook told parliament Iraq still had stocks of WMD Might still be hiding

missiles as well

2002 VP Cheney speech said Iraq harbored terrorists and US wouldn’t allow terrorist states to threaten

US with WMD

2002 CIA presented covert action plan against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2002 VP Ramadan said Iraq ready to talk to UN about new inspections

2003 Australian Premier Howard met Bush Bush said Saddam would leave power or US would remove

him

2003 France Germany Russia statement called for more time for inspections Doused US hopes France

would back 2nd UN Res on Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.7 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 1 February to 7 March 2003)

2003 UK intel report said attack on Iraq would increase threat of terrorist attacks by Al Qaeda

2003 New Yorker article repeated UnderSecDef Feith’s office claim that Iraq connected to Al Qaeda and

supporting Zarqawi

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2003 German officials investigating Zarqawi said found no evidence he was linked to Iraqi govt

2003 US defense attache report that he looked at Benin warehouse and found no uranium headed for

Iraq Inspection done in Dec 2002

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

2003 UK created Iraq Planning Unit with less than 10 people after found out US had no real postwar plans

for Iraq UK didn’t do much planning either

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 6.5 Planning And Preparation For A Post-Saddam Hussein Iraq, January to March 2003)

2004 US Iraq cmdr Gen Sanchez briefed NSC official Blackwill on plans for US military to withdraw from

Iraqi cities as part of transition to Iraqi control

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 11 The Gathering Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2004 CPA Order 57 created Inspector Generals in each Iraqi ministry to fight corruption

2004 Car bomb hit Iskandiriya Babil police station killed 50

2004 Report almost all of Sec State Powell’s 03 UN speech on Iraq WMD and ties to terrorism proved

wrong

2005 NSC staffer Zelikow told Sec State Rice Iraq failed state stuck in violence

2006 Report 1920 Revolution Brigades Amman Brigades Mujahadeen Army working to expel Al Qaeda

in Iraq from Ramadi after it killed head of Albu Fahad tribe

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2006 Fmr CIA Natl Intel officer for Near East Pillar said intel on Iraq was cherry picked by White House

to justify war

2007 Gen Petraeus replaced Gen Casey as US commander in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq Reassessing The US Surge, And Recognizing Iraqi Agency In Ending The 2005-2008 Civil War In Iraq An Interview With New America Foundation’s Douglas Ollivant)

2007 Report US intel said Iran and Hezbollah providing weapons and training to Iraqi militias Mehran

border crossing major conduit US trying to crackdown on Iranian cells operating in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2008 US and ISF started operation in Mosul Found nothing Insurgents likely tipped off beforehand

2008 ISI set off 2 female suicide bombers in Baghdad markets 99 dead 2 car bombs hit tribal meeting of

Sahwa leaders 22 dead 42 wounded Part of ISI campaign vs sahwa

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Behind The Revival Of The Islamic State in Iraq, Interview With Naval War College Prof Craig Whiteside)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 Sen Kerry went to Syria to try to improve relations as part of Obama’s new Iraq policy of including

neighbors in strategy

2009 Report ISCI and Kurds biggest loser in 09 provincial elections ISCI lost in Baghdad and south

ISCI blamed for mismanagement and corruption Kurdish vote in Ninewa went from 75% in 05 when Sunnis boycotted to 25% in 09 Only got 17% in Diyala Maliki’s State of Law won in south but didn’t get a majority

2009 Report Parties that ran on security and services did best over sectarian ones in provincial election

2009 World Bank Report Iraq’s economic performance better with improved security Cut inflation

Spending more of investment budget Govt slowly rebuilding Unemployment still high Services some of worst in Mideast

2010 Protests in Karbala against Baathists Claimed there were Baathists throughout the provincial

govt and ISF Part of drive by Shiite parties to make Baathists main issue of 2010 vote

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

(Musings On Iraq Campaigning Officially Begins IN Iraq As Hunt For Baathists Spreads To The Local Level)

2010 Ninewa Gov Nujafi visited Takleef Locals threw rocks and tomatoes at his caravan leading to

shots being fired ISF with Nujafi arrested some peshmerga who retaliated by arresting some soldiers Eventually prisoners released Nujafi accused the Kurds of kidnapping KRG Pres Barzani suspended joint US-Iraqi-Kurdish patrols in Ninewa Called Nujafi a criminal Said he would be arrested if ever entered Kurdish areas of Ninewa

(Musings On Iraq U.S.-Iraqi-Peshmerga Joint Patrols Get Off To Rough Start)

2011 Arrest warrant issued for Interior Min Gen Jabiri head of counter explosive dept for buying fake

bomb detectors Interior Min Inspector General believed 75% of money spent on devices went to kickbacks for officials

(Musings On Iraq Fake Bomb Detectors At Center Of Corruption Case At Iraq’s Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq Conviction Of Fake Bomb Detector Maker In England Changes Nothing On The Ground in Iraq)

2012 Sadrists held rally in Baghdad for withdrawal of US forces Sadr speech claimed resistance made the

U.S. depart and lose in Iraq

2012 Report Security analyst said Iran smuggled 10% of Basra’s oil production

2012 Report Total interested in working in KRG Said KRG contracts better than Baghdad’s Tough

terms demanded by Baghdad turned off some companies 2009 Total won contract for Halfaya oil field in Maysan Only got $1-$2 per bar produced Total said too low Total said it would struggle to recover its costs

2013 Human Rights Watch KRG carried out arbitrary arrests of journalists activists opposition members

Sued journalists who criticized KRG Arrested reporters without warrants and held without charges

2013 NRT TV office bombed in Sulaymaniya after someone called station and criticized Pres Barzani 300

KDP members protested outside station and tried to storm building

2015 Report KRG hadn’t paid oil companies since Nov 2014 DNO official said it wouldn’t

investment in KRG until it was paid again Oil Companies were going to sell to local markets rather than export DNO Genel Energy Gulf Keystone owed around $750 mil KRG in financial crisis Couldn’t pay govt workers Natural Resource Min Hawrami still talked about increasing production to 1 mil/bar/day by end of 2015 Could only achieve that by including Kirkuk fields and upgrading KRG ones Gulf Keystone owed $575 mil for bonds Genel Energy owed $500 mil for its bonds

2015 Report Yazidis returning to Sinjar dist in Ninewa Found mass graves of IS victims Carried out 

revenge attacks on Arabs Attacked 4 villages Jan 25 2 more on Jan 26 Peshmerga stopped attacks on 2 other towns 21 killed Yazidis blamed Arabs for helping IS

2016 Report Hashd blew up dozens of homes in Salahaddin town Claimed they belonged to IS

2020 1 protester killed by ISF in Dhi Qar who used tear gas and live ammo to break up

demonstration

2020 Sadrists said they would overthrow Mohammed Allawi’s govt if included ruling parties

2021 KRG PM Barzani said journalists and activists who had been arrested during 2020 protests

were spies

(Musings On Iraq Latest Example Of Lack Of Media Freedom In Iraq’s Kurdistan)

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