Tuesday, February 14, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 15 US led Coalition began ground operations to expel Iraq from Kuwait

(War On The Rocks)

 

1917 British launched 3rd attack and captured Ottoman positions in Dahra bend outside Kut

1923 UK Head of Board of Trade Sir Graeme told Iraq commission Iraq too costly and British should

withdraw

1936 Def Ministry complained that UK War Office ignored arms purchases and deliveries and that was

undermining Iraqi army

1949 2 Communist politburo members hanged by PM Said to put down protests

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review A History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1964 Arif govt and Mustafa Barzani started talks to try to end KDP revolt

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1970 KDP sent memo to Bakr govt about differences over talks on Kurdish rights Govt stopped all

negotiations afterwards

1984 Iraq, Egypt, Argentina and Swiss companies signed contract to develop long range missile

1984 Iranian Op Al Fajr 5 began Largest operation to date in war Included 2/3 of Iran’s manpower

400,000 men in 15 divisions Attacked Wasit towards Kut Aim was to cut Baghdad-Basra road

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Voice of America commentary called for end of dictatorships after fall of Ceausescu in Romania

Named Iraq

1991 Pres Bush called on Iraqi military and people to overthrow Saddam twice

(Musings On Iraq The 1991 Shiite Uprising In Southern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the impact of the 1991 uprising)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1991 US Task Force 1-41 first Coalition troops to cross into Iraq to carry out recon and combat missions 1st

Cav Div launched probing attack into Iraq US Task Force 1-32 breached Iraqi defensive berm and entered Kuwait in deception attack to convince Iraq that invasion would come through Wadi Al-Batin

1991 Iraq’s Revolutionary Command Council said it was willing to discuss UN Resolution 660 including

            withdrawal from Kuwait

1999 ISCI criticized Sadrists for suggesting that Shiite opposition could operate without Iran’s backing

2001 US and UK planes bombed Iraq’s air defense system as part of no fly zone

2002 VP Cheney told Council on Foreign Relations action needed to be taken against Saddam for his

aggressive actions support of terror WMD threat

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

2003 Protests in more than 600 cities around world against going to war with Iraq

2003 Bush told Sec Def Rumsfeld to slow troop deployments because getting ahead of diplomacy

2004 Marines fired Fallujah police chief Lt Col Nowar for not fighting insurgents day before and refusing

to wear uniform

2006 Study Iraqi insurgency dominated by few large groups Sunni identity became basis for groups

Had no program for future of Iraq Iraqi insurgents rejected politics Believed they could win

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency In Iraq)

2007 Pres Talabani claimed Mahdi Army commanders had left Iraq for Iran because Sadr supported the

Surge and wanted Baghdad secured Sadr and militiamen had fled to avoid being arrested and killed by US

2007 Report Military displayed weapons captured that originated in Iran Feb 11 US officials

said highest levels of Iranian govt including Ayatollah Khamenei were behind Iran giving aid to militias Feb 14 Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said US wanted to stop Iranian support for militias Feb 14 Bush said he didn’t know whether Iranian leadership had ordered Quds Force to operate in Iraq but it was working there

2008 Report leaked US doc said Maliki govt didn’t feel urgency to integrate Sahwa Said ministries

interested in taking on Sahwa didn’t have capacity to do so

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2009 Iraq Election Comm said fraud took place in 14 of Iraq’s 18 provinces but only effected

small fraction of votes 30 ballot boxes thrown out No revote

(Musings On Iraq Voter Disenfranchisement In Provincial Elections)

2009 UN report Unemployment 18% Underemployment 10% 28% of men 15-29 not working Only

17% of women worked Warned that without development of private sector 450,000 new people would enter work force and not be able to find work

2009 Transportation Min said budget cuts meant 10,000 workers would no longer have work but

would not fire them or stop paying them

2010 PM Maliki reversed order to have all raids authorized by him Came after he protested US-Iraq raid

on Kataib Hezbollah

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2010 Pentagon report Iraq asked Turkey to increase water flow down Euphrates and Tigris but little

progress

2010 Report Oil Min said it would pay operating costs to oil companies in KRG but not profits Still

questioned legality of KRG energy deals Committee created of Baghdad and KRG officials to go over expenses of oil companies in KRG

2010 Report Jan Election Comm said it supported Accountability and Justice Comm banning

candidates Was only body that could ban candidates Pres Talabani said upset with decision Allawi condemned decision VP Abdul Mahdi denied Sunni candidates were targeted Neither Election Comm nor Accountability and Justice Comm ever told candidates about their status Relied upon press statements Head and Dep head of Accountability and Justice Comm Chalabi and Lami candidates in election Presidential Council said commission would look into banning VP Biden came to Iraq to discuss matter PM Maliki said courts would decide on bannings 59 candidates appealed and were reinstated by Accountability and Justice Comm Feb Cassation Panel said banned candidates could run in election Election Comm agreed with Cassation Panel then asked whether decision legal Judicial Council ruled Cassation Panel couldn’t unban candidates just deal with individual appeals Only unbanned 26 candidates

2010 Pentagon Iraq struggled to spend budget Bottlenecks Unclear rules Lack of capacity Security

Law between orders and getting credit all issues 2006 Iraq spent 68% of budget 2007 67% 2008 70%

2011 Sadr called for protests over lack of services Tried to co-opt new protest movement

2011 Protests in Fallujah Kirkuk Baghdad over lack of jobs and services

2012 Report Oil industry suffered from old infrastructure red tape lack of security Draft oil law

made in 2006 and never passed Infrastructure dated from 1980s Created bottlenecks in exports Iraq lacked pipelines storage facilities investment Iraq offered Tech Service Agreements but proved problematic Required company to pay large amounts up front and then receive money once reached certain production levels Would work better in country with adequate infrastructure to allow production increases unlike Iraq Statoil wanted to end work at West Qurna field because of contract problems

2013 Report Accountability and Justice Comm removed Supreme Court Chief Justice Midhat Was widely

known for working for Saddam Was one of many exceptions made to leading officials for Baathist ties Midhat was protected by PM Maliki Sadrists pushed for his removal

2014 Protests in Baghdad Karbala Najaf Dhi Qar Kirkuk Muthanna Basra Babil Maysan Qadisiya against

new pension law which maintained lavish payments for high officials

(Musings On Iraq More Protests In Iraq Over Pension System)

2014 Sadr said he was retiring from politics and ending his relationship with his MPs Didn’t retire

2015 Badr’s Amiri said Hashd would conduct offensive in Kirkuk Came after KRG Pres Barzani

banned Hashd in province Iran’s Gen Suleimani was supposed to supervise op

2015 Report Went to Askari Diyala after security op Found all the homes had been burned

2015 Report People in Muqdadiya Diyala said Hashd had been harassing people since fall of Mosul

Burned houses in area after security op Oct 2014 Hashd burned houses in Amerli Salahaddin after it was freed from IS Dec Hashd were kicking people out kidnapping and killing civilians in Baghdad Belts Jan 2015 reports that Hashd arrested 1000s in Samarra without warrants Jan 2015 Hashd blamed for killing 72 civilians in Diyala town Also burned houses there Most families fled as a result

2016 Report 2500 shops and 1000 homes owned by Sunnis closed and taken in Samarra according

to Salahaddin councilman Were confiscated to expand Askari Shrine

2016 PM Abadi said he would pay salaries of KRG govt workers if it exported oil for Baghdad

again KRG civil workers not paid for months leading to protests Part of on going dispute over budget and oil

(Musings On Iraq Kurdistan and Iraqi Central Governments Still Arguing Over Budget)

2017 Report Up to $300,000/day charged illegally at checkpoints north of Baghdad

2017 Report Spike in violence in Basra Sec Gen of Hezbollah Iraq assassinated in Feb Next wk 6

IEDs went off 1 outside home of Dawa official Pro-Iran Hashd held press conference saying they would be in charge of security Deployment of ISF to fight IS left Basra mostly unprotected

2020 Pro-Iran groups fired rockets at Baghdad’s Green Zone 3rd such attack in 2020

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat Between U.S. and Pro-Iran Hashd Continues)

2020 Gunmen shot at protesters in Baghdad Burned tents Some accused Sadrists

2021 Pro-Iran group fired rockets at Irbil Airport Half missed and landed on residential area 2

civilians killed 8 wounded including a US soldier Asaib Ahl Al-Haq might’ve been responsible

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq Feb 15-21, 2021)

2021 Report 10 arrested for killing 2 activists 2 journalists and a director Also attacked Basra

governor’s house Attempted to assassinate a police colonel Extorted money from oil companies in Basra Attacked logistical convoys working for US 1 was a police commissioner 3 were govt workers Were part of a Hashd group

2022 Federal Supreme Court ruled that KRG’s oil and gas contracts were unconstitutional KRG PM

Barzani said the ruling was illegitimate

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad-Irbil Talks About KRG’s Oil Industry Likely To Go Nowhere)

(Musings On Iraq Kurdistan Continues To Defy Iraq’s Central Govt Over Oil Industry)

2022 ISF evacuated 5 villages in Makhmoul Mts in Salahaddin due to IS activity

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