Friday, February 17, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 18 Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr assassinated by Saddam

(Jihad Intel)


1921 Colonial Sec Churchill drafted outline of agenda for Cairo Conference Included Faisal being

made king of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1921 Nuri al-Said returned to Baghdad from Syria Would become 1st chief of staff of Iraqi army through

his brother in law Defense Min Askari Was fmr Ottoman officer who fought with Faisal against Turks and served him in Syria

1940 PM Said resigned over growing problems with pan-Arabist Circle of Seven officers Said

wanted Gaylani to become PM and he would become Foreign Minister to maintain pro-UK policies Circle of Seven objected to Gaylani govt because it would include Said and Gen Hashemi Went to Regent calling for their exclusion from new govt Regent disagreed with Circle of Seven officers over new govt and made Gen Umari Mosul garrison commander retire as a result

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1964 Radio Baghdad said 450 Kurdish prisoners would be released

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1965 Mullah Mustafa Barzani sent memo to UN claiming Arif govt carrying out scorched

earth campaign against Kurds Got no support

1984 UN negotiated deal for Iran and Iraq to stop attacking civilian areas Didn’t last

1986 Iraqi high command finally accepted Faw main goal of Iranian offensive after falling for Tehran’s

deception and believing it wasn’t

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Foreign Min Tariq Aziz went to Moscow Gorbachev presented plan of ending threat to Iraq ending

sanctions dealing with Palestine if Iraq withdrew from Kuwait Plan not welcomed by Coalition Aziz accepted Soviet plan Iraq later said it would withdraw 2 days after ceasefire declared Demanded once 2/3 of Iraqi forces out of Kuwait sanctions would end and when all out all UN resolutions would end

1991 Report 1986-91 US sold $1.5 bil in goods to Iraq Some went to WMD program Dual use

equipment Pentagon stopped Commerce Dept allowed to be sold US intel reported on German companies helping Iraq with WMD Reagan admin kept info quiet to support Iraq in Iran-Iraq War

Fmr US amb to Iraq Wilsey created US-Iraq Business Forum in 1985 Lobbied Congress not to impose sanctions on Iraq for Halabja

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1998 Town meeting at Ohio State Univ Sec Def Cohen and Sec State Albright said US was not

trying to overthrow Saddam or destroy Iraq Wanted to contain him

(Musings On Iraq review The Regime Change Consensus, Iraq In American Politics 1990-2003)

1999 Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sadr assassinated by Saddam

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Amatzia Baram on the legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between Occupations, Perspectives from 1920 to the Present)

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

1999 Fmr CIA counterterrorism officer Cannistraro said Iraqis met bin Laden in Dec 98 False story

2002 US Embassy in Niger said new details on Iraq-Niger uranium deal meant a new look into story was

needed Story fake

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq suicide bombers hit Shiite pilgrims in Kadhimiya

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2007 PM Blair announced plans to cut British troop strength in Iraq from 7000 to 4000

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2007 US forces began campaign to clear Ramadi block by block of insurgents

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

2007 1st living standards study since 03 Found 1/3 of Iraqis lived below poverty level 40% lacked good

sanitation 50% lacked adequate water supplies Said free market reforms that cut subsides were lowering living standards for middle and working class families Said service projects should take precedent over reforms

2007 Report ISI targeting US helicopters Shot down 7 in 3 weeks Set up ambushes for US troops looking to

rescue crews

2008 Report Kurdish police arrested activists trying to organize people to demand better services in


2008 United Iraqi Alliance and Islamic Party made deal to end protests in Diyala against provincial

police chief accused of being sectarian and attacking Sunnis

2009 Pres Talabani met with PUK officials like Kosrat Rasul and Barham Salah who wanted

reforms within party or were threatening to leave Talabani promised transparency

(Musings On Iraq Pres Talabani Heads Off Political Revolt Within The PUK)

2009 Report Housing prices and rent up in Baghdad with violence down UN expected 500,000

refugees to return in 09 63% were from Baghdad Hard to find housing Baghdad had new elite that mostly made money through corruption and reconstruction contracts

2009 KRG PM Barzani said PM Maliki had not kept promises to Kurds Said afraid PM would move

            against Kurds after US withdrawal

2009 MP Dani of Iraqi National Dialogue Front said govt had arrested 1 of his bodyguards and his

secretary in Feb Dani accused of mortar attack on Green Zone Bombing of parliament’s cafeteria Apr 07 Robbery Murder of 110 in Diyala

2011 Student protest in Sulaymaniya Police stopped them 5 killed

(Musings On Iraq How Iraq’s Kurdistan Broke Up Two Months Of Protests)

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 1000 protested in Basra demanding governor resign and fore better services Some Sadrists joined in

2013 Report Asaib Ahl Al-Haq setting up offices across Iraq Set up service programs and religious schools

Dec 2011 group said it would enter politics PM Maliki tried to use Asaib Ahl Al-Haq against Sadr Iran supported Asaib Ahl Al-Haq because Sadr was too unpredictable Group sent fighters to Syria

2014 Report Sadr gave speech attacking PM Maliki as a dictator Said he controlled govt money attacked

cities and was creating sectarian divide Said Iraqis should vote for honest politicians

2019 Report Hashd involved in extrajudicial killings detentions abuse looting destroyed

homes Stopped some displaced from returning IS families discriminated against KRG seized disputed territories after Mosul fell in 2014 Intimidated and forced out Arabs in many places Blocked returns Destroyed squatter settlements around Kirkuk city KRG destroyed 60 Sunni Arab villages in disputed areas in 2016 KRG expelled 12,000 Arab and Turkmen displaced in 2016 KRG Barzani said KRG would not allow Sunni Arabs to return to villages that had been Arabized by Saddam KRG forces blocked returns to 3 Arab villages in Suleimen Beq dist in Salahaddin Areas in Ninewa called IS districts were destroyed and displaced blocked from returning Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and Kataib Hezbollah blamed for most abuses during war vs IS Hashd looted destroyed property and other abuses in Baiji Dour Tikrit Shirqat in Salahaddin 2014 Kataib Hezbollah rounded up displaced and detained all the men 2016 300 men were still missing and presumed dead 2016 Kataib Hezbollah detained 1500 in Saqlawiya in Anbar and tortured them When ISF took control of an area far fewer reports of abuses Hashd ran checkpoints known for kidnapping people MPs accused Hashd of detaining 2200 at checkpoint and few seen again After Baiji dist in Salahaddin freed Kataib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq looted and destroyed homes Local Hashd units of Shiite Turkmen in Tuz Kharmato dist Salahaddin kicked out Sunnis from mixed neighborhoods in Tuz Kharmato city

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