Saturday, February 11, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 12 Cleric Hakim issued fatwa against joining Communists Clergy afraid youth becoming secular and joining Communists



1915 Lord Hardinge wrote India Office Said taking Baghdad was likely ultimate objective of

British occupation of Mesopotamia

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1921 Fmr Ottoman officer Fmr Arab Revolt officer Nuri al-Said appointed general

commander Would become chief of general staff of Iraqi army

1945 Mullah Mustafa Barzani founded Freedom Party Included Kurdish govt officials and

army officers Said goal was to create cooperation amongst tribes

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1959 National Democratic Party minister Hadid and Hammud offered resignations for 2nd time

over Gen Qasim failing to implement democratic reforms Qasim refused resignations

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1960 Cleric Muhsin al-Hakim issued fatwa against joining the Communist Party Clergy

feared growing secularism and Shiite youth joining party

1960 Republican Party made up of Leftist supporters of Qasim had license rejected on


1963 Communists in Basra gave up to Baath led military forces after fighting against coup

that overthrew Gen Qasim

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1963 Swiss based Committee for the Defense of the Kurdish People’s Rights issued

statement saying Kurds wanted autonomy Govt troops withdrawn from north Share of oil money

1964 Kurdish minister in Arif govt announced ceasefire with Barzani had begun

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1974 Iran-Iraq border dispute discussed at UN after firefight killed more than 50 UN got Iran

and Iraq to agree to talks to resolve border dispute

1979 Iraq recognized the new revolutionary government in Iran

1984 1st War of Cities began Iraq fired SCUD missiles at Dezful killing 40 wounding 200 Iran

retaliated by bombing Basra Faw Qurna Mandali Khanaqin in Basra and Diyala

1985 Iraq attacked Mehran Iran central front Entered 4 miles into Iran but operation failed

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1986 Iraq counter attacked to retake Faw from Iranians Retook Um al-Rassas island Failed at

recapturing Faw

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Russian PM Primakov went to Baghdad to try to arrange withdrawal from Kuwait

Warned that Iraqi forces would be wiped out Saddam demanded end of sanctions in return

1995 Iraqi army brigade attacked and suffered heavy losses at hands of Badr Brigade in Qurna

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2001 Sec Def Rumsfeld said Iraq was probably not a nuclear threat at this time

2002 Sec State Powell told Senate that regime change in Iraq was US policy since Clinton

Said no plans for invasion though

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

2002 DIA report Iraq tried to buy 500 tons of yellowcake uranium from Niger Story fake

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 IAEA interviewed Iraq’s ex-amb to Vatican Zahawie who was named in Iraq-Niger

uranium deal docs Denied story Never happened

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

2003 UN inspectors announce Iraq’s Samoud 2 missiles violated range limits set by UN Iraq

turned over list of 83 people involved in destruction of VX to confirm claim

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 CIA Dir Tenet told Senate Iraq had larger WMD program then before Gulf War Said

Iraq would get a nuclear weapon sooner or later and would have missiles to deliver it

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 CIA Dir Tenet told Senate US had briefed UN on all suspected WMD sites Didn’t give

info on 21 of 105 sites Said there were Iraq-Al Qaeda contacts but no command and control

2004 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abiziad visited ISF HQ in Fallujah Said US passing security to

Iraqi control Abizaid was supposed to walk streets but cancelled when insurgents opened fire on HQ Abizaid said things were still moving forward

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 UN rep to Iraq Brahimi met with Ayatollah Sistani about why early elections not

possible Brahimi said Iraq had to go through process to organize vote

(Musings On Iraq The Coalition Provisional Authority’s Inauspicious End)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 11 The Gathering Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

2004 Interview with US brigade cmdr who was in charge of Kirkuk Entered Kirkuk city during invasion

and it was in chaos May 03 spike in violence when Arabs from south and southwest Kirkuk entered city and attacked Kurds May 03 500 armed Arabs attacked Kirkuk city for 3 days Kurds were also flowing into city Kurds felt US was there to help them claim city and disputed areas in Kirkuk Kurds wanted Arabs moved into province during Saddam to leave

2004 Report Shiites aligned with US because felt was way to power after Saddam Militias became de

facto security forces in Shiite areas Badr worked with UK in Basra Trained Badr to be police ISCI took political control of many parts in south Badr assassinated Baathists US and UK appeared to ignore that Saw ISCI as Shiite partner to work with US didn’t think ISCI was pro-Iran even though was created in Iran

2005 Report Makhmour mayor said that district used to be 80% Arab but they were

forced out and was now 80% Kurd Said Kurds were going to reclaim more territory

2006 PM Jaafari won re-nomination of United Iraqi Alliance for premiership with support of


2006 Pres Talabani said Kurdish list refused demands to exclude Allawi’s Iraqiya from govt

coming from Sadr

2006 Vote within United Iraqi alliance for next PM Supreme Council’s Abdul-Mahdi got 63

votes Dawa’s Jaafari 64 votes

2007 Gen Petraeus went to Anbar and endorsed Awakening and said model should be copied

in rest of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq Reassessing The US Surge, And Recognizing Iraqi Agency In Ending The 2005-2008 Civil War In Iraq An Interview With New America Foundation’s Douglas Ollivant)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2007 Iranian Revolutionary Guard media source suggested militia attack on Karbala

operations command revenge for arrest of Iranians in Irbil in Jan 07 Attacked planned by IRGC

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2008 Report Sahwa in north Baghdad’s Tarmiya wanted to be integrated into police but Inter

Min refused Police arrested head of Sahwa on no charges

2008 ISI commander from north Iraq interviewed Said group had been forced out of many

cities and was in difficult situation Said killing of civilians had cost group its reputation

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

2008 Report Russia forgave $12.9 bil in debt In return Russia got assurances its claims to Iraqi oil fields

would be maintained Agreed to invest $4 bil into oil

2009 25 lists in Maysan said they would protest election results claiming cheating

2009 Iraq-Iran signed new trade deal Iran wanted trade to go from $4 bil currently to $5 bil

Almost all Iranian goods going to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2009 Report Syria said 300,000 Iraqi refugees left to go back to Iraq Observers said almost

same number left Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

2009 Report Nawal Smarraiea Women’s Affairs Minister resigned Said she was given no real power

Said ministry was created to give more posts to Sunnis Had no staff and small budget Said women had no real role in govt

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Nadje Al-Ali on Iraqi Women Before And After The 2003 Invasion)

2009 Displacement Min said it would no longer register displaced Meant couldn’t get govt

aid Said would focus upon returns

2010 Oil Min Shahristani said Iraq would produce 12 mil/bar/day in 6 yrs Said would provide huge

amount of jobs Labor Min said building infrastructure for oil could provide 1.3 mil jobs Came after signed 11 contracts with foreign oil companies Wanted to build pipeline to Mediterranean Companies were supposed to hire 85% Iraqis and train them None of this happened

2010 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq said it held a US and a UK hostage Said would return them if its members

released by US Summer 09 members started being released for 5 Brits it kidnapped PM Maliki supporter Sami Askari was middleman in talks with UK over hostages

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq) 

2010 Election Comm banned 458 candidates for Baathist ties after Cassation Panel had

unbanned them Election Comm under pressure from PM Maliki to reban them

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

2010 Spokesman for Accountability and Justice Comm claimed anti-Baathist campaign

would motivate people to vote in 2010 Spokesman and head of commission Ahmed Chalabi were both running in election 

(Musings On Iraq Will Baathism Bring Out The Votes In The March Election?)

2011 Interior Min Gen Jabiri head of counter explosives dept arrested for buying fake bomb


(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Interior Ministry Finally Deals With Fake Bomb Detectors)

(Musings On Iraq Fake Bomb Detectors At Center Of Corruption Case At Iraq’s Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq Conviction Of Fake Bomb Detector Maker In England Changes Nothing On The Ground in Iraq)

2011 Suicide bomber at bus depot in Samarra Salahaddin Killed 48 Wounded 80

2011 Electricity Min said it would provide 1000kw of electricity free each month Meant to appease protests

Said people that used more than 1000kw would have to pay Oct 2010 ministry tried to charge for electricity to curb usage and handle shortages Production was at 7000mw Demand was 12,000 mw Would increase power imports from Iran Wanted to import power from Turkey and Syria Few Iraqis paid bills

2012 Sadr spokesman denied that it was sending fighters to Syria Said it didn’t interfere in other countries

Sadrists were fighting in Syria

2012 Oil Min opened 1st of 4 mooring points in Basra Had capacity of 850,000 bar/day Hoped to boost

south oil exports to 2.1 mil/bar/day by June 2012

2012 Kuwait reopened embassy in Baghdad Closed since 1990 invasion Kuwait said wanted to increase

trade and investment in Iraq

2013 Accountability and Justice Comm removed Chief Justice Mahmoud from head of Judicial Council for

Baathist ties Was hit to PM Maliki who relied on Mahmoud to make rulings to expand his power

2015 Ayatollah Sistani said that Hashd should not violate people’s human rights or loot

2015 When IS attacked Sinjar dist in Ninewa Yazidis fled to Mount Sinjar PKK and YPG came

from Turkey and Syria to protect them PKK were in Kirkuk and Diyala Dohuk governor asked PKK to leave and they did KRG said PKK was setting up its own areas in Iraq

2018 Report Planning Min said Iraq needed $23 bil immediately to rebuild war torn areas and

another $65 mil in the midterm

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Fails To Allocate Adequate Funds For Rebuilding War Damage)

2018 Report Before Kurds were afraid KDP and PUK would cut their govt salaries if didn’t vote

for them KDP and PUK exploited KRG resources to dish out patronage Many of those resources dried up Gorran said it would change politics but only led to more arguments Some new parties hoped to gain as a result of dissatisfaction with status quo Moved to get rid of ghost voters Sulaymaniya election comm head said 300,000 duplicate names on voter roles

2019 Report US Justice Dept investigated Sallyport Global to see if bribed Iraqi officials

Maliki tied to Kuwait company that allegedly sold access to Iraqi officials to US contractors Sallyport supplied Balad Air Base in Salahaaddin Jan 2014 Sallyport won $1.1 bil contract to service train and secure base for US Air Force Beforehand made deal with Afaq company Defense Min official said Afaq promised money to official in return for giving Sallyport contract for Balad Fmr Sallyport official said Afaq helped win govt approval for contract Afaq allegedly controlled by Maliki and involved his son and son in law Maliki allegedly got kickback for Sallyport contract Sallyport agreed to split profits from Balad with Afaq 2016 Sallyport stopped paying Afaq Aug 2016 Afaq sued Sallyport and lost

(Musings On Iraq US Company Paid Off PM Maliki To Service And Rob Iraqi Military Base)

2020 Report Sadr turned against protests after deaths of Iranian Gen Suleimani and Hashd

leader Muhandis Before Sadr was on defensive against pro-Iran groups who were cutting into his base After Muhandis killed Sadr tried to expand his followers Tried to get member to replace Muhandis in Hashd Comm Also tried to rally pro-Iran groups behind him Called for anti-US march Jan Sadr met with pro-Iran groups in Iran Afterward violence between Sadrists and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq ended Still splits within Sadrists between militia and clerics Sadr’s flip flopping on issues created more divisions Sadr tried to use protests for his own gain Then ordered followers to leave Some Sadrists refused to leave protests 2 militia leaders assassinated showing rivalries still existed Iran pushed Sadr to join with other Shiite parties

2021 Exxon sold stake in Bashiqa field Was one of 6 deals signed with KRG in Nov 2011

Exxon now only working on two blocks

(Musings On Iraq Exxon Withdraws From Another Oil Deal With Iraq’s Kurdistan)

2022 KRG started charging higher tariffs on oil companies Could mean millions of dollars in new

fees for companies May 2021 KRG said it would slow pace of paying companies Jul said it would start charging for gas flaring from oil fields Companies already paid $4-$7 per/bar in tariffs KRG was desperate for money after yrs of economics problems due to oil and disputes with Baghdad

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 22 Gertrude Bell said that Shiites were under the pay of leading cleric Khalisi who was a Persian

  1915 British troops began attack upon Nasiriya ( Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of M...