Sunday, February 5, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 5 Sec State Powell gave UN speech claiming Iraq had WMD and ties to Al Qaeda

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1914 Lord Hardinge visited Basra Assured locals that British would protect their interests

Met by anti-UK protests in Qurna and Shaiba

1950 Tawfiq Suwaidi became PM 2nd time 5 of 11 ministers were Shiites

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1952 PM Said negotiated new deal with Iraq Petroleum Company Created equal profit sharing 12% share of

production to Iraq Employment of Iraqis in high level jobs Scholarship to send 50 Iraqi students to England

1959 Col Arif sentenced to death for plotting coup against Qasim Later turned into life in prison

1963 Qasim arrested Baathists Salih Mahdi Ammash and Ali Salih al-Sadi Wasn’t able to stop coup

1970 Idris and Massoud Barzani went to Baghdad to sign deal with govt but it presented new terms

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1977 Dawa party turned pilgrimage to Karbala and Najaf into anti-Baath protests Army called out Pres

Bakr blamed Syria

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

1981 UK rejected requests by both Iraq and Iran for military equipment

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Iraqis got first intelligence that US was moving forces west in Saudi Arabia Didn't realize was

going to be main attack in Gulf War

2001 Natl Sec Adv Rice chaired NSC to go over Iraq Agreed Saddam had won PR war convincing most

that sanctions hurting Iraqi public Meeting also agreed sanctions were not forcing Saddam from power Sec State Powell argued for smart sanctions that would just focus upon military imports to Iraq Discussed returning UN inspectors to Iraq and how to deal with Iraqi opposition Rice wanted review of No Fly Zone Led to less flights to try to avoid planes getting shot down Rice told US agencies to increase intelligence gathering on WMD

(Musings On Iraq Indecision Over Iraq Policy In Pre-9/11 Bush Administration)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)

2002 CIA report on Iraq-Niger uranium deal Said it received text of deal from foreign intel service CIA

and DIA thought text important State Dept skeptical Story fake

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 CIA report said Iraq had 7 mobile WMD labs Didn’t exist

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Curveball, Spies, Lies, And The Con Man Who Caused A War)

2003 Before Sec State Powell’s UN speech Bush met with 20 Congressional leaders to lobby them on


2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice told Congressional leaders US tried everything with Iraq and now war only

option Said WMD would be found afterward

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 Sec State Powell and UK ForSec Straw met before UN speech Both skeptical about Iraq intel

Powell thought most was circumstantial 

2003 Sec State Powell gave UN speech laying out US case against Iraq’s WMD and ties to Al Qaeda

using Zarqawi Claimed Iraq hiding its WMD from inspectors Said Qusay Hussein ordered removal of banned material from sites Claimed WMD missiles had been distributed to unit in western Iraq Said human sources claimed Iraq had mobile WMD labs Said some disputes within US intel but most agreed Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for centrifuges Claimed Iraq had UAVs that could be used to deliver WMD Claimed Iraq gave safehaven to Zarqawi in Kurdistan Said Iraq-Al Qaeda had 8 meetings since 1990s Claimed Iraq gave Al Qaeda training in WMD

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq The CIA’s Shoddy Pre-War Intelligence Reporting: The Case Of Iraq’s Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs))

2003 Chief UN inspector Blix told press never found any evidence of Iraq having mobile WMD labs

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 3rd meeting of US UK Australia on postwar Iraq planning US rejected any role for UN

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 6.5 Planning And Preparation For A Post-Saddam Hussein Iraq, January to March 2003)

2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice on Larry King said there was an Iraq-Al Qaeda connection Said Saddam could

give WMD to terrorists

2003 WashPost editorial said Iraq violating UN resolutions and supported war

2004 Ayatollah Sistani survived assassination attempt in Najaf

2004 CIA Dir Tenet gave speech at Georgetown refuting Iraq Survey Group’s Kay claim everyone was

wrong about Iraq’s WMD Said US hadn’t found WMD it was expecting Said CIA might’ve over estimated nuke program Were differences over mobile WMD labs Said discrepenacies had been found with CURVEBALL source for mobile labs story They didn’t exist Natl Intel Est never said Iraq imminent threat Said Saddam dictator intent to build WMD Said didn’t know if Iraq produced WMD Hadn’t found any biological weapons yet Referenced Iraq Foreign Min Sabri who told CIA Iraq had nuke program stockpile of chemical weapons small biological weapons program Said US still needed time to find out about Iraq’s WMD Said in the end CIA would be proven not entirely right or wrong on pre-war Iraq intel

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq How The CIA Ignored Hard Evidence That Iraq No Longer Had Any WMD Programs In 2002 – Part 2)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2005 Dep Natl Sec Adv Hadley said White House had B- for developing Iraq policy D- for executing it

2006 Report MP Mishan Jabouri charged with stealing millions of dollars for contract to protect Iraqi

pipeline from Baiji refinery and Kirkuk Fled to Syria

2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq defeated 1920 Rev Brigade in Ramadi Forced Brigade leader Latif who’d tried to join

Anbar politics to go into hiding

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 19 The Iraqi Civil War Comes Into The Open, January-June 2006)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 21 Hope In Ramadi)

2007 Baghdad Operations Command created Answered to PM Maliki not Defense Min

2007 Report police regularly sold their equipment to arms dealers for money ISF would also sell seized

weapons in raids to black market 2006 US reports said US weapons given to ISF were ending up with militants

2007 VP Cheney’s press officer Martin said Cheney and Libby told press that fmr Amb Wilson went

to investigate Iraq-Niger uranium story because of his wife who worked at CIA Cheney angry Wilson claimed VP sent him to Niger After Wilson’s NYTimes OpEd July 03 Libby White House spokesman Fleischer and Karl Rove told 5 reporters Wilson’s wife sent him to Niger Dep Sec State Armitage was one that leaked Wilson’s wife name to Robert Novak Niger story fake

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2008 Report Police carrying out kidnappings murder blackmail for money Many part of militias

2008 Report Turkey carried out 12 hour bombing campaign against PKK in KRG

2008 Report Diyala new base for insurgency Sunnis fearful of Shiites and didn’t trust Maliki govt ISI

and insurgents said they would protect Sunnis Married into local tribes Killed people in town where US tried to form a sahwa unit Forced out Shiites

2009 Sen Kerry went to Syria to try to improve relations as part of Obama’s new Iraq

policy of including neighbors in strategy

2010 PM Maliki govt spokesman said Cassation Panel’s decision to unban 511 candidates was illegal

Sadr also criticized decision VP Hashemi supported the panel

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

2010 Ninewa Gov Nujafi went to events in Tilkaif where Kurdish protesters threw things at him

Kurdish parties said they would not allow any provincial official to enter a disputed area without its permission

(Musings On Iraq Political Disputes Continue in Ninewa)

2010 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq ended talks with Maliki govt Claimed govt had not released all its followers

from prison as promised Maliki was hoping to use group against Sadr in 2010 election

(Musings On Iraq League Of The Righteous Break Off Talks With Baghdad Again)

(Musings On Iraq More Information On League Of The Righteous Kidnapping Of American Contractor)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2011 PM Maliki spokesperson said he would not run for a 3rd term in 2014 but he did

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2011 Report End of 2010 4 largest oil fields in Iraq which were auctioned in 09 reached initial production

targets Oil Min said it could reach 8 mil/bar/day in production by 2017 Down from 12 mil/bar/day Several studies said not possible Consensus was Iraq would reach 2.6-2.8 mil/bar/day in production by start of 2012 Intl Energy Agency said Iraq could reach 7 mil/bar/day by 2035 Said reaching Oil Min’s goals would need $150 mil in investment in 5 yrs Iraq needed new pipelines several thousand wells drilling rigs water pumping and injection system mud cement chemicals power stations industrial zones workshops warehouses work camps residential areas roads for oil industry

2011 Report PM Maliki said he would respect KRG’s oil deals Oct 09 KRG stopped exporting oil for

Baghdad in dispute over paying oil companies in KRG Before Baghdad said KRG deals illegal Attempt by Maliki to win KRG support for his new govt

2011 Report Protests started in Iraq end of Jan Were inspired by Arab Spring in Tunisia and Egypt

Demanded better services

2011 Police broke up protest in Najaf Protesters in Qadisiya stormed govt buildings and police station

2014 ISIS attacked Mukhisa Diyala forced out families Afterward ISF and militias killed civilians and

burned homes

2014 Report Iranian officials told PUK to unite or lose its backing Came after PUK delegation went to

Tehran Were 3 agreements to unify over leadership All failed Came after Pres Talabani had stroke

2016 Report shares in Genel Energy dropped 13% in Jan on news that production and revenue in

KRG could fall in 2016 KRG was making spotty payments to oil companies They reduced investment as a result

2016 Amnesty Intl Jan 11 IS bombing at café in Muqdadiya led to Hashd revenge killings in 9

neighborhoods plus neighboring town Burned buildings Kidnapped and killed civilians 12 mosques destroyed ISF came and did nothing Hashd drove police cars with loudspeaker Told Sunnis to leave Man documented 15 deaths and 100 families fled Head of city council said deaths exaggerated and denied Hashd targeted Sunnis Said people were killed by unknown group Jan 2015 Hashd stopped 56 Sunnis at checkpoint and executed them PM Abadi said he would investigate Nothing happened

2017 Report KRG exported 1.7 mil/bar of oil for Baghdad in Jan Was supposed to export 4 mil/bar in

budget deal

2017 Report MP said 100,000-300,000 bar/day of oil stolen from Basra by fixing meters VP Maliki

formed commission on smuggling in Basra Never reported anything

2017 Report Sources said 2 sons of Electricity Min Fahadawi ran appointments in ministry Fahadawi

and sons might have stolen $30-$40 mil from contracts Projects were sent to company associated with Fahadawi and he got commissions

2018 Report People said dozens of bodies still in rubble of west Mosul months after city liberated

Head of Mosul council said 10,000 civilians killed during Mosul battle Civil Defense Forces refused to clear bodies of suspected IS members and families Left job to city clean up teams

2019 Report Pentagon said IS regrouping in Iraq faster than in Syria Said if Sunni grievances

not addressed IS could return

2019 Report PM Abdul Mahdi said he would address poor governance 100 days into govt and

nothing changed Said he wanted to pick his own ministers Only picked 5 out of 22 Others stuck in dispute between ruling parties 2019 budget maintained status quo with most money going to salaries and security rather than development and rebuilding

2019 Babil govt said Jurf al-Sakhr dist a threat to province Said IS trying to infiltrate dist

from Baghdad and Anbar Was excuse to keep dist empty of people

2019 Report Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr dist empty of people 4 yrs after liberated 60% of area ruined

IS still operating there Was logistics hub for insurgency before Babil Karbala Najaf would have to make deal to allow people to return Because along pilgrimage routes MP said 65,000 displaced from dist 2018 Babil governor refused to allow any returns claiming would allow IS back

2020 Protest blocked road from Mosul to Dohuk in Ninewa Plains Demanded Hashd


2020 Suspected Hashd gunmen fired at Najaf protest site killing 7 Wounded 100

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 After KRG Natural Resource Min didn’t pick PUK connected company to truck

liquified gas from Khor Mor field in Sulaymaiya armed men blocked trucking company from entering field

2020 Report Sadr Tweet warned against people working for foreign agendas within protests

Said protesters were carrying weapons and his people would reveal saboteurs Many believed that would lead to more attacks on protesters Feb 3 Sadrists stabbed protester to death in Baghdad 3 more beaten in Babil Sadrists were trying to stop protests against Mohammed Allawi being nominated for PM

2020 Sadrist said that Najaf protests had to be saved from infiltrators and saboteurs

2020 Report 8 protesters killed 100 wounded in clashes with Sadrists in Najaf Sadrists stormed

protest square and burned tents

2020 Report Mohammed Allawi agreed upon as nominee for PM in Iran in meetings between

Sadr and Badr’s Amiri Said would only have limited power Was to restore standing of govt and secure Iraq for elections Also would demand US leave and integrate Hashd into ISF

2020 Report Since Iran’s Gen Suleimani killed by US Abdul Mahdi govt told military not to

ask US for aid in anti-IS ops No Coalition air strikes either

2021 Clash between protesters and ISF in Nasiriya Demanded to know what happened to

kidnapped activist Another activist kidnapped in Karbala

2021 Parliament’s finance com got rid of cuts to govt salaries and pensions in draft budget Did cut

presidencies budget by 20% Cut borrowing as well Increased budget for development Increased social and security spending Parliament refused to make budget cuts during economic crisis due to drop in oil prices

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed