Saturday, February 11, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 11 Executive Comm of Shias manifesto said monarchy discriminated against Shiites Called on UK to remove King Faisal and empower Shiites

(Wikimedia Commons)

 

1917 British renewed attack upon Dahra bend outside Kut

1932 Executive Committee of the Shias in Iraq issued Manifesto Said no Shiite had been

elected to parliament from north and only 1-2 from the south, no Shiite given Interior Ministry or any other important post, land policy angered sheikhs, schools promoted Sunnism, few Shiite officials and all in low positions, called on England to remove govt and empower them against Sunnis

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’is Of Iraq)

1958 Jordan began talks with Iraq for a federation in response to Egypt and Syria’s United Arab Republic

1965 Interior Min sent letter to Barzani demanding that he submit to govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1966 Iraqi pilot died in Germany Likely killed by Mossad after refusing to defect to Israel

with a MiG-21 3rd Iraqi pilot killed

1979 Ayatollah Baqir al-Sadr declared 3 day holiday for Najaf hawza after Iranian Revolution

1981 Iraq offered Iran a ceasefire at Non-Aligned Movement conference Iran rejected offer

1983 Iranian Op Fajr al-Nasr officially ended Regained 100 sq mi of Iranian territory Iran 5000 dead

12000 wounded 1000 captured Iraq lost 2000 dead

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 Iran Op Tahrir al-Quds in Darbandikhan Sulaymaniya Backed by KDP Deception campaign

before main attack in Wasit Gained 9 miles in Halabja and 3 main passes

1984 Iraqi air force bombed Dezful Bandar Khomeini port and other cities Iran retaliated by

shelling Iraqi border cities

1986 Iraq counterattack vs Iran’s Op Wa al-Fajr 8 in Faw Peninsula in Basra pushed Iranians back

1986 Iraq authorized use of chemical weapons to repel Iran’s Op Wa al-Fajr 8 in Basra

1986 Iraq blamed US for not providing intel on Iranian offensive

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1987 Iran started Op Fatah 4 attacking Rawanduz Irbil

1987 Ayatollah Khomeini called war a holy crusade that had to end in victory Pres Khamenei said

that aim of war was to punish Iraq and overthrow Saddam

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Bush sent Undersecretary of State Kelly to Baghdad to discuss improving Iraq-US relations

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1990 Saddam told Undersecretary of State Kelly that US could dominate Middle East with decline of

Soviet Union Saddam said that he wanted to work with US but wanted to be sure Bush was not just going to follow Israel

1991 Israeli Defense Min Arens presented Israel’s plans to Bush to send forces into

western Iraq to destroy SCUD missiles

1991 Saddam speech said that Iraqis would be victorious in war and Bush humiliated himself by

attacking

1991 Report Iraq bought $2 bil in weapons after end of Iran-Iraq War US encouraged allies to sell

weapons to Iraq German company sent technicians to help Iraq’s nuke program Germany also provided 90% of chemical weapons capabilities

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq When The World Remembered It Armed The New Hitler Saddam)

1995 SCIRI’s Badr claimed it destroyed an Iraqi army brigade in Maysan

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2000 Iraq announced UN weapons inspectors would not be allowed back into country

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 Fmr CIA Dir Woolsey told Pentagon about Iraqi defector with intel on Iraq’s WMD provided by

INC

2003 Sec State Powell claimed bin Laden complaining about effect of sanctions on Iraqi people showed

Baghdad aligned with Al Qaeda and terrorism

2003 UK Amb to US said that Bush admin was ready for war by March with or without UN approval

2003 CIA Dir Tenet told Senate Iraq had WMD and was hiding them from UN inspectors Said Iraq tried to

buy aluminum tubes for its nuke program and had mobile WMD labs Tubes were for rockets Mobile labs didn’t exist Said Iraq harboring Zarqawi an Al Qaeda associate Iraq trained Al Qaeda operatives

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

2003 CIA senior Africa analyst said that Iraq-Niger uranium docs looked like fakes They were

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 Bin Laden released tape saying Iraqi people had to resist U.S. invasion and called Baath infidels

2003 Under Sec Def Feith and Under Sec State Grossman testified to Senate on postwar Iraq plans Didn’t

give any details Grossman said US would only stay in Iraq as long as necessary Would go through 4 phases 1st stability 2nd handing authority to Iraqis 3rd New constitution 4th electing new Iraqi govt US would not create a govt in exile before invasion Committees would be formed to create new Iraq Iraqi institutions would still be running to help govern country Claimed White House authorized Future of Iraq Project as roadmap for Iraq Had been discarded by Pentagon Feith said Iraqi oil would pay for all reconstruction and running govt Said US would not impose any leaders or govt on Iraq

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Oil Would Pay For Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Former CENTCOM commander Gen Zinni testified to Senate Foreign Relations Committee on

postwar Iraq Said U.S. had to maintain law and order peacekeeping civil unrest had to be stopped and prevent revenge develop local police

2003 Aide to CIA European chief Drumheller emailed Defense HUMIT division chief about Curveball not

being vetted Division chief said CIA didn’t have a clue about how BND handled Curveball

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

(Musings On Iraq review Curveball, Spies, Lies, And The Con Man Who Caused A War)

2003 UN inspectors wrote 9 page evaluation of Powell’s Feb 03 UN speech Pointed out 18 points about

WMD that were unsubstantiated Said most of the places Powell mentioned had been inspected and nothing found

2004 Suicide bombing on army recruitment center in Baghdad killed 36

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2006 Former head of US training mission for Iraqi army Gen Eaton said effort set back by initial poor

planning that didn't prioritize creating new Iraqi forces

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2006 Sadr threatened to withdraw from United Iraqi Alliance if list didn’t support Jaafari as premier

2007 US military report said Iranian Rev Guard Quds Force providing EFPs money training weapons to

Iraqi militias Used Mehran and Mandali border crossings to deliver equipment Claimed 170 US dead and 620 wounded by Iranian supplied EFPs

(Musings On Iraq How Iran Used Explosively Formed Projectiles (EFPs) To Influence events In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2008 Sadr renewed freeze on Mahdi Army for another 6 months

2008 Report US Army buried 2005 RAND study of Iraq war planning because criticized White House

Report faulted Bush for never resolving rivalries between State and Def over war planning Pentagon given control of postwar Iraq even though lacked planning and execution capabilities State’s Future of Iraq Project was not an action plan for Iraq Gen Franks had complete misunderstanding of postwar situation US believed Iraqi police and govt would be working day after war Believed Iraq could be rebuilt cheaply Lack of troops made situation worse Lack of planning and sealing borders increased insurgency Said more realistic discussion of cost of war could’ve undermined support for invasion

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

2008 Baquba Sahwa held another protest demanding Diyala police chief be fired for attacking Sunnis

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

2009 Iran’s Foreign Minister came to Baghdad to mediate between Dawa and ISCI after provincial

            elections

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Role In The Revival Of The United Iraqi Alliance)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2009 Report PM Maliki claimed reconciliation almost over Said US could no longer pressure Iraq

Said his govt had fixed all the problems US created since 03

2010 Iraqi Special Forces with US advisers raided Kataib Hezbollah in Maysan killing 8 Iraqi politicians

condemned raid Afterward PM Maliki ordered all raids be authorized by him personally Led several ISF commands to suspend ops with US

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2010 Head of Accountability and Justice Comm said Cassation Panel had gone through all appeals

of candidates banned for Baathist ties

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

2010 Karbala and Qadisiya announced they created own Accountability and Justice committees to

weed out Baathists in local govts Part of Shiite drive to make Baathists main issue of 2010 vote

(Musings On Iraq Campaigning Officially Begins IN Iraq As Hunt For Baathists Spreads To The Local Level)

2010 Protests in Diyala against Baathists running in 2010 vote Claimed US interfering in Iraqi

politics

2010 Election monitoring group said parties handing out heaters clothes blankets money in return for votes

Same thing happened in 2005

2011 Protests in Baghdad Karbala Wasit Anbar Maysan Basra Ninewa Qadisiya Muthanna for better

services and electricity

2011 Housing Min said that privatizing state owned enterprises would mean firing workers That

couldn’t be done Still said wanted investors to renovate companies and make them competitive

2012 Dep Interior Min Asadi said Iraq-Syrian border completely under control Said no jihadists or weapons

going from Iraq into Syria Was wrong

2014 Report ISIS Islamic Army Mohammed’s Army Asad Allah Brigades Hamas Iraq Omar Brigade

Fallujah Revolutionaries Sons of Fallujah joined together in Military Council for Fallujah Revolutionaries rejected Anbari attempts to end conflict with Maliki govt

2017 Sadrist protest in Baghdad broken up by ISF using tear gas and live bullets when moved on

Green Zone 5 killed Baghdad Ops Command claimed some Sadrists were armed

2018 Report Iraq would have to import large amount of grain because drought cut domestic

production Iraq wanted to become self-sufficient in agriculture Wasn’t happening

2019 Report Trump admin pushed Iraq to stop buying electricity from Iran PM Abadi said he

wouldn’t follow US sanctions on Iran US said Iraq had until Mar 2019 to end importing power from Iran Iraq said had no substitute US wanted Iraq to buy electricity from Saudi Arabia Jordan or Kuwait Pushed Iraq to sign contracts with foreign companies to develop natural gas to fuel power plants Didn’t happen

2020 Report After US killed Iran’s Gen Suleimani Lebanon’s Hezbollah met with pro-Iran

Hashd Told them to stay united Meetings hosted by Hezbollah’s rep to Iraq Kawtharani

2020 Sadr announced that he was disbanding the blue hats which were his people that

had joined the protests to protect them from attacks

2020 Report 109 US soldiers had brain injuries from Iranian missile strike on Ain Assad air

base in Anbar in Jan Trump admin originally said no wounded Trump dismissed injuries when they were made public

2021 Activists house bombed while another wounded in assassination attempt in Dhi Qar 1 protester

killed in Wasit demanding governor resign

2021 Report KRG said it started reviewing its oil contracts Said open to re-negotiating them Said

would turn over all its oil export revenue to Baghdad if Baghdad paid for production transportation and KRG’s debts Didn’t happen

2021 Integrity Commission said 63 ministers had been accused of corruption Only 4 were

convicted

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2021 Displacement Min said 10 displaced camps in KRG would close soon KRG said that wasn’t

happening Baghdad had no authority over camps in KRG

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This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 23 1st Anfal Campaign began against PUK in Sulaymaniya

  1917 British seized Sannaiyat outside Kut after 6 days of fighting British had 1,996 casualties