Saturday, February 18, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 19 King Ghazi ordered invasion of Kuwait PM Said stopped it



1934 King Ghazi accepted PM Midfai’s resignation after disagreements within cabinet made continuation

of govt impossible

1939 King Ghazi summoned army chief of staff Fawzi and ordered invasion of Kuwait PM Said reversed


(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1949 PM Said said Jews had been mistreated in Iraq and warned that things could get worse for them

due to Israel

1952 General strike by opposition against new oil agreement with Iraqi Petroleum Company Police shot at

crowd Mass arrests Students dismissed from colleges

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

1963 Kurdish delegation led by Talabani arrived in Baghdad Wanted autonomy Govt said it could wait and

Kurds agreed

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review People Without A Country, The Kurds and Kurdistan)

1986 Iraq counterattack to retake Faw Peninsula in Basra called off

1986 US condemned Iraq’s use of chemical weapons against Iran in Faw Peninsula in Basra

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Use Of Chemical Weapons In Iran-Iraq War And Their Western Origin)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1987 Iranian Rev Guard broke through Iraqi defenses Now 5 miles from Basra city

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guard’s History In Iraq, Interview With Naval Postgraduate School’s Afshon Ostovar)  

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

1987 NSC official said US attempted to assist Iraq in Iran-Iraq War without providing it with arms

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam demanded that US warships leave the Persian Gulf

1991 US 1st Cav division launched probing attack into Kuwait to fool Iraq about where real offensive

would begin 

1995 Saddam representatives met with bin Laden in Sudan who asked for broadcast of jihadist lectures

and asked for joint ops against Saudis Meeting confirmed in Iraqi intel report Only confirmed meeting between two sides

1996 Saddam’s son-in-law Hussein Kamil sent letter to Iraq asking about returning to country after

defected to Jordan

1998 PM Blair said UN weapons inspections had to continue or action would be taken against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

1998 Comm for Peace and Security in the Gulf published letter to Clinton saying US should overthrow

Saddam and support INC

1998 Richard Perle moderated meeting at American Enterprise Institute on Iraq featured Ahmed

Chalabi Wolfowitz fmr Rep Stephen Solarz

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

1998 Richard Perle had Ahmed Chalabi address House Republican Policy Committee Chalabi said

Saddam was coup proof and only revolt led by INC could unseat him but was sabotaged by CIA 1 of attendees staffer Rademaker drafted Iraq Liberation Act after meeting

1998 Report Al Qaeda operative was to travel to Iraq to talk with govt False story

1999 Followers of Ayatollah Sadr met in Saddam City after his assassination by govt Fired upon by army

80 killed Led to more protests Sadrists took over Nasiriya

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2001 Richard Perle wrote to Def Sec Rumsfeld Said he’d been friends with Ahmed Chalabi

for years Attacked CIA for incompetence dealing with Iraq and was trying to discredit Chalabi Called out CIA Dir Tenet for being opponent of Chalabi Argued for US to back Chalabi’s revolt plan

2002 CIA met with fmr Amb Joseph Wilson to ask if he would go to Niger to investigate alleged Iraq

yellowcake deal Story fake

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 Sen Graham visited CENTCOM Gen Franks said if war on terror was to fight Al Qaeda US

should focus on Somalia and Yemen after Afghanistan not Iraq

2002 Chalabi wrote Wall St Journal OpEd Said deBaathification should be wider than

deNazification in Germany after WWII when Saddam overthrown

2003 ORHA head Garner briefed Natl Sec Adv Rice to use Iraqi army and police to help rebuilding Iraq

after war

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 Ahmed Chalabi OpEd in Wall St Journal Said Iraqis would welcome US liberation but needed

to include them in administration and decision making

2003 Report 1991 1st meeting of Iraqi opposition in Lebanon Jun 92 meeting in Vienna led to

creation of INC as umbrella group Oct 1992 opposition met in Irbil Came up with organization of INC Created 3 man presidential council for a Shiite a Kurd and a Sunni made up of Massoud Barzani Gen Naqib and Mohammed Uloom Feb 93 opposition meeting Created new committee to represent all the different parties Came up with ethnosectarian quotas

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s Ethnosectarian Quota System)

2004 UN endorsed CPA’s timetable for transferring power back to Iraqis in June 2004

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2004 CPA had to abandon idea of unelected caucuses choosing interim govt to write new Iraq

constitution due to objections of Ayatollah Sistani

(Musings On Iraq The Coalition Provisional Authority’s Inauspicious End)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2007 VP Hashemi told Al Jazeera militia leaders told about Surge plan beforehand so they could avoid it

2007 2 suicide car bombs hit Awakening head Sheikh Abu Risha’s compound Ramadi district    

(Musings On Iraq Understanding Anbar Before And After The Awakening Part III Sheikh Ahmed Sattar Al-Rishawi Abu Risha)

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 1st day of trial of Sadrist fmr Dep Health Min Zamili and ministry security chief Gen Shammari

accused of killing and kidnapping Sunnis in hospitals 7 of 9 witnesses threatened Judge in case accused of agreeing to acquit 2 before trial

2008 Report Trial for Dep Health Min Zamili and head of ministry security Gen Shammari for killing and

kidnapping Sunnis Jun 06 Dep Health Min Mahdawai went to ministry in Baghdad and not seen again Witnesses against Zamili and Shammari failed to appear some of them threatened 1 judge said the suspects were not guilty trial judge was removed

2009 Provincial Election results announced PM Maliki’s State of Law won in 9 of 14 provinces

ISCI biggest loser as lost control of south

(Musings On Iraq Official Iraqi Election Results)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s New Provincial Councils – Update)

(Musings On Iraq Governors, Heads of Councils, and Ruling Coalitions In Iraq’s Provinces)

2009 Electricity Min Wahid said power production passed pre-war levels Took 6 years Production

still didn’t meet demand

2009 Report PM Maliki wanted to undermine Iraqi Islamic Party Said party couldn’t have both

vice presidency and speaker of parliament Thought Islamic Party wanted no confidence vote against him along with Kurds and ISCI

2009 US found new Iranian weapons in south Iraq dated 2008

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

2009 2 Baath era generals in exile said they told officers not to take up PM Maliki’s offer to have

them rejoin army unless deBaathification law nullified

2010 Salah al-Mutlaq’s Iraqi National Dialogue Front announced boycott of 2010 election because

he was banned Said Iran behind banning of candidates

(Musings On Iraq Timeline of Iraq’s De-Baathification Campaign)

2010 Iraqiya said it would end its ban of 2010 election and go back to campaigning

2010 Curfew imposed in Sulaymaniya city after violent clashes between Gorran and PUK Gorran

accused PUK security of attacking its followers

2010 Report New health study in Amer Journal of Public Health Found leukemia in children in

Basra almost tripled in last 15 yrs Was higher than Kuwait and Oman Thought oil fires fumes from oil and gas pesticides and depleted uranium munitions used by US might be causes

2011 Sit in protest started in Wasit against provincial govt Protests in 5 parts of Baghdad over services

2011 Sulaymaniya protesters went to KDP headquarters to protest shooting of

            demonstrators on Feb 17 Police fired into crowd 2 died 14 wounded

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

(Musings On Iraq How Iraq’s Kurdistan Broke Up Two Months Of Protests)

2012 Report Maliki govt going after foreign companies and contractors in Green Zone Forced many to leave

Raided offices of security companies Govt made it harder to get visas for foreign companies Hurt business

2012 Saudi Arabia said it would appoint ambassador to Iraq First since 1990 invasion of Kuwait

2013 Appeals court overturned dismissal of Chief Judge Medhat by Accountability and Justice Comm

2013 Report Sheikh Abu Risha said if govt didn’t change protesters would march on Baghdad Protesters

set up permanent camp in Anbar along highway

2013 Osama Nujafi gave interview to al-Jazeera saying either Sunnis and Shiites were equal in

number in Iraq or there was a Sunni majority

2016 Report Thought cohesion motivation strategy and tactics of ISIS biggest factor in group’s

success Some argued Baathists backbone of group Didn’t believe that Thought Baathists contributed ideas to group like strategy and organization but had its own experience ISIS also had foreign fighters who fought in places like Chechnya Looked at 3 ops by ISIS Found group used its own tactics not Baathist ones ISIS had decentralized system and tried to learn from its mistakes

2017 Attack on West Mosul began by Iraqi forces

(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)

(Musings On Iraq Review Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate)

2019 Committee to Protect Journalists Iraqi group found 15 examples of reporters attacked

arrested stopped from reporting on protests by ISF and Hashd 5 journalists left Basra after threats and abuse

2020 Report PUK official said IS in Dibis Daquq Hamrin Mts areas of Kirkuk PUK MP said

many of those areas not well protected by ISF After Mosul fell in 2017 Hawija became a main base for IS

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed