Tuesday, February 28, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 1 Mulla Mustafa Barzani died in exile in U.S.

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1917 Gen Maude started campaign to take Baghdad without adequate supplies

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1939 PM Said claimed coup attempt to remove King Ghazi by fmr PM Sulaiman and Gen Sidqi

followers in army Many didn’t believe there was any coup Said just getting revenge on his political enemies Fmr PM Sulaiman given death sentence for coup plot Commuted to five years imprisonment upon intervention of UK ambassador

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review A History of Iraq)

1939 King Ghazi letter to pan-Arab Circle of Seven leader Col Sabbagh Said officers were loyal and

champions of pan-Arabism and he wanted to join them Part of Ghazi’s pro-military stance

1959 Mosul cmdr Col Shawaf joined Head of Military Intel Sirri and Cmdr 2nd Div Col Taqbachali

in plot vs Qasim Disagreed on leadership and plans

1963 Baath govt said it would guarantee Kurdish rights instead of autonomy

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1964 Arif govt said 1,200 Kurds had been released

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1969 Barzani launched offensive against Bakr govt Attacked several oil facilities in Kirkuk

shutting down oil industry Talabani raised force to fight for govt

1979 KDP leader Mustafa Barzani died in U.S. where he went for medical treatment for lung cancer

1981 Islamic Conf Org group met with Khomeini Said wanted aggressor in Iran-Iraq War punished

1981 Khomeini told Islamic Conf Org group he wanted plebiscite in Iraq to see whether people wanted

Saddam as their leader

1982 UN Rep Palme said his 5th attempt to negotiate ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War failed

1983 Iraq attacked Iran’s Nowruz oilfield along Persian Gulf

1984 Iraq counterattacked vs Iran’s Op Kheibar Same time Iranians attacked southward into marshes

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1984 France agreed to $500 mil loan to Baghdad that would pay for French contractors in Iraq

1985 Iraqi diplomat and son assassinated in Kuwait Iraq blamed SCIRI Executed 10 Hakim family members

in retaliation for assassination of its diplomat in Kuwait

1986 Iran started 3rd attack in Op Wa al-Fajr 9 Sulaymaniya

1987 Iraq counterattack in Jasim River Basra to regain lost territory from Iran Op Karbala 5 Would

eventually regain 1/3 of lost territory but with high casualties

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

1988 Iraq fired missiles at Tehran for 2nd day in last war of cities

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Iraqi army units in Basra began revolt after end of Gulf War

(Musings On Iraq interview with Natl Singapore Univ’s Fanar Haddad on social impact of the 1991 uprising in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq The 1991 Shiite Uprising In Southern Iraq)

1991 Pres Bush said that the Iraqi people should overthrow Saddam

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1995 Iraqi National Accord head Nouri went to US and successfully argued against backing INC’s

uprising plan

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

1998 UN inspectors revealed progress in their work with CNN violating agreement with Iraq on

inspection regime

1998 Pres Clinton called Saddam a predator who the US would not allow to have WMD

2001 NSC meeting on Iraq policy Sec State Powell told to devise smart sanctions proposal for UN

(Musings On Iraq review The Price of Loyalty)

2001 Sec State Powell and Sec Def Rumsfeld argued over dual use equipment that should be banned

from Iraq

2001 Separate NSC meeting discussed working with Iraqi opposition and INC Talked about arming them

but couldn't agree on anything

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)

2002 State Dept report on Iraq-Niger uranium deal Said it was unlikely Story fake

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 1st high level US meeting on creating Iraqi interim govt held just days before

invasion Undersecretary of Defense Feith said US would set up an Iraqi authority as soon as possible and would pick the members with majority being exiles because they would understand democracy better Nat Sec Adv Rice supported idea VP Chaney said quicker US handed over control to Iraqis the better Rice said important that Pentagon create the authority

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 US and Turkey agreed on memoranda of understanding on Iraq invasion Turkey would allow 62000

US troops to be deployed Turkey could deploy 60000 of its troops into 30-40km security zone in Kurdistan Would preserve integrity of Iraq Recognized Turkmen as foundation of Iraq US would stop peshmerga from occupying Kirkuk and Mosul Turkey would stay out of those 2 cities US would give Turkey $6bil in aid $24bil in loans

(Musings On Iraq review All Roads Lead To Baghdad: Army Special Operations Forces in Iraq)

2003 Turkish parliament failed to pass resolution allowing Turkey to join Iraq invasion

2003 UN inspectors went to Tikrit Industrial Facility where Iraqi defector CURVEBALL claimed 2 mobile

WMD labs were supposed to be based Found nothing

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

(Musings On Iraq review Curveball, Spies, Lies, And The Con Man Who Caused A War)

2004 Iraqi Governing Council agreed to text of Transitional Administration Law to be Iraq’s interim

constitution

(Musings On Iraq The Coalition Provisional Authority’s Inauspicious End)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2004 Weekly Standard article talked with Mukhabarat officer who claimed he was emissary to Al Qaeda

Mukhabarat officer told Weekly Standard Zarqawi was Al Qaeda’s emissary in Iraq from the start Was false

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

2004 Report Interviewed Kurdish squatters outside Kirkuk city Were 800 families All expelled by Saddam

from 1988-91 Said Kurdish officials told them to go back to Kirkuk after invasion Promised $100 to every family that went back Didn’t get money Couldn’t find work and relied upon food rations Asked for land to build housing on

2005 Report State Dept issued report on human rights abuses under PM Allawi Said rape torture illegal

detention took place Police in Basra killed 10 Baathists Corruption problem at every level of govt

2007 PM Maliki removed 16 army and National Police cmdrs Some for legitimate reasons like

corruption or poor performance Others were good officers Angered US and Iraqi politicians US general in charge of aid to ISF said Maliki removed cmdrs that went after Mahdi Army US colonel said ISF officers split by politics sect tribes Said officer corps was being politicized One Natl Police general removed by Bassima Jaidri from Maliki’s Office of Commander in Chief for going after militias National Police colonel arrested for collecting into on Mahdi Army

2007 Fmr Dep Def Sec Feith set up website criticizing Pentagon Inspector General report

on his Office of Special Plans Claimed Report never said whether his criticism of the CIA was wrong Claimed report was trying to protect the CIA and Agency had made plenty of errors in the past Inspector General said that Feith’s intelligence on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties was unreliable

2007 Report Bush said Iraq war would lesson terrorism April 2006 Natl Intel est on global

terrorism said Iraq had become motivation to jihadists Sep 06 Sec Def Rumsfeld said didn’t know whether more terrorism due to Iraq Jan 07 Natl Intel Dir Negroponte said didn’t think increase in jihadism because of Iraq Study found after Iraq War 7 fold increase in jihadist attacks in world If Iraq and Afghanistan excluded 1/3 increase in jihadist attacks Found Iraq war inspired Muslim youths to join jihadist groups

2009 Pro-PM Maliki Diyala Support Council organized 10,000 to protest against Accordance Front

and Kurdish Alliance creating new provincial council and excluding it

(Musings On Iraq Old And New Alliances Argue Over Control Of Diyala Provincial Council)

2009 UNHCR reported 1.6 mil displaced and 2 mil refugees Since 2003 600,830 displaced returned

home along with 405,396 refugees

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

2009 Sahwa in Kirkuk turned over to govt control One of last provinces to have transfer All Sahwa

supposed to be under Baghdad by April 1

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

(Musings On Iraq Budget Problems Affecting Integration of Sons of Iraq)

2010 Report Water Min said despite heavy rains and snows Turkey was withholding water flowing

down Euphrates Said Iraq needed 500 mil/cubic/meters per sec for agriculture but was only receiving 200-250 mil/cubic/meters/day

2010 KRG Pres Barzani said Ninewa Gov Nujafi was a criminal and would be arrested if he entered any

Kurdish area in province Came after Nujafi went to Tilkaif where he claimed someone tried to kill him after vegetables and rocks thrown at him by townspeople Peshmerga arrested Peshmerga then arrested ISF

2010 Report Candidates in Diyala handed out heating oil and rice for votes Babil gave sports

equipment and shoes Southern marshes politicians gave toys phone cards blankets No law about fund raising or spending by candidates Interior Min Bolani held rally in Baghdad Many attending were policemen One commander said he was ordered to attend along with his unit

2011 Sulaymaniya protesters threatened general strike if demands for reform not met in 48 hrs 7 died so far

in demonstrations

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 Iraqi Turkmen Front called for withdrawal of Peshmerga from Kirkuk Said they could only be in KRG

2012 Human Rights Watch Security forces tried to stop protest on anniversary of 2011 demonstrations Beat

arrested took equipment from journalists trying to cover protests Blocked access to protest site in Baghdad Beat and arrested demonstrators in Sulaymaniya

2013 Anbar Awakening used to have 40 commanders who were led by Sheikh Abu Risha 2009 split into

several groups including Anbar Salvation Council led by Sheikh Hayes Anbar Awakening Conference led by Abu Risha Fallujah Awakening led by Sheikh Issawi Abu Risha supported Anbar protests and opposed PM Maliki Some Awakening leaders opposed protests Maliki played upon splits within movement

2013 Report Finance Min Issawi resigned during protest in Ramadi Said he was joining the people Dec 2012

Issawi’s bodyguards arrested by PM Maliki Started Sunni protests Maliki said didn’t accept resignation until he was investigated for corruption

2013 Report ISF no longer keeping up with insurgents Abandoned US tactics No longer working with local

Sunnis Govt didn’t support sahwa anymore Mostly present on streets and carried out mass arrests Intel weak ISI was carrying out mass casualty bombings Hoped to stoke sectarian war Insurgency went through 5 periods 1st 2003-04 fought US occupation Al Qaeda in Iraq spread Islamist ideas 2nd 2005-06 started large ground ops like Battle of Fallujah Said it was defending Sunnis Began targeting Shiites leading to 2006 Samarra bombing 3rd 2007-08 had to adapt to US Surge and Sunnis turning on insurgents ISI re-organized 4th 2009-10 started mass casualty bombings and attacks on govt Assassination campaign 5th 2011-12 used sleeper cells to attack Shiites like suicide bombers vs Shiite pilgrims ISF techniques regressed while insurgency progressed Govt tries no reconciliation or economic development to win over Sunnis

2014 State Dept withdrew last advisor from police development program Spent $700 mil on program State

said it was cutting programs in Iraq Was supposed to last until 2016 State’s Inspector Gen warned that it didn’t have capacity to run program Wasted $206 mil

2014 Labor Min said companies were using illegal workers Said 75,826 illegal foreign workers in Iraq

2014 Report Gorran MP said KRG govt workers 22% of workforce in Iraq Said unsustainable Said

ministries earned 651 bil dinars in 2013 but had to pay 750 bil dinars in salaries Said 70% of KRG budget went to govt workers

2015 Op to free Dour Salahaddin and Hawija Kirkuk began Meant to cut IS supply routes Hashd

force would attack Albu Ajeel and Albu Nasir tribes south of Tikrit Those tribes were accused of taking part in Camp Speicher massacre Iraqi forces destroyed homes of tribesmen

2016 Report Sadr calling for followers to protest again End of Feb called for massive protest in

Baghdad Said demonstrations needed until PM Abadi carried out reforms Threatened to storm Green Zone if demands not met Sadr played upon Shiite discontent with Abadi Many parties opposed to his reforms Sadr also worried about rivals in Hashd Jan were gun battles between Sadrists and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq in Baghdad Sadr called for Hashd to be integrated into army Sadr told 2 of his ministers to surrender to courts for corruption charges

2017 50 civilian casualties from ISF shelling of Old City in Mosul Air strikes blamed for another 84

dead and 14 wounded

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 136, Mar 1, 2017)

2018 Report Labor Min said working to integrate IS families in camps in Ninewa and Anbar Didn’t say

they would be allowed home Albu Nimr tribe said wouldn’t allow any IS families back to its territory in Anbar Aug 2016 Salahaddin govt voted to expel IS families for 10 yrs to life Jun 2017 Mosul govt said IS families should be sent to camps Jul 2017 ISF forced 170 people affiliated with IS into camp in Ninewa

2020 Protester in Baghdad killed with hunting rifle

2020 Pro-Iran groups fired rockets at Sadiq base in Salahaddin 3rd such incident in 2020

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat Between U.S. and Pro-Iran Hashd Continues)

2021 Report Iraq started sending 500,000 tons of heavy fuel oil to Lebanon even though deal over

deliveries not completed Lebanon would pay in Lebanese dollars that could only be spent in Lebanon Iraq was supposed to buy Lebanese goods and services with money Iraqi fuel couldn’t be used in Lebanon’s power plants Lebanon would have to trade Iraqi fuel for usable fuel

2021 Protests in Baghdad Maysan Basra in support of demonstration in Dhi Qar after 6 protesters

killed by police gunfire

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