Monday, June 20, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 20 General Qasim claimed Kuwait as part of Iraq


 

 

870 Abbasid Caliph Muhtadi killed in capital Samarra in revolt by Turkish soldiers over not being paid

(Musings On Iraq review when baghdad ruled the muslim world, the rise and fall of islam’s greatest dynasty)

1913 Turkish military commander in Basra and another official killed by local leader Sayid Talib who was

pushing for Basra autonomy

1933 King Faisal went for 1st state visit to England

1961 Qasim sent telegram to Kuwait emir claiming his country as part of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1961 Qasim said that all agreements between Kuwait and England were illegitimate because Kuwait was

part of Iraq

1963 Kurdish minister resigned from Baath govt while Kurdish officers in military and govt officials

suspended due to new Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1980 Iraq held first parliamentary elections since end of monarchy in 1958 Baath won 187 seats

Independents 63

1982 Saddam ordered Iraqi troops to withdraw to border Ayatollah Khomeini said war would end

when Saddam was out

1982 Ayatollah Khomeini agreed to Iran going on offensive and invading Iraq Said that heavy Shiite

casualties had to be avoided

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1985 Iran Op Fatah in Basra started

1987 UN Res 598 called for new peace plan to end Iran-Iraq War Tehran did not reject idea for first

time

1987 Iran Op Nasr 4 Took Mawat Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Ali Hassan al-Majid issued order for random attacks on Kurdish areas to kill as many people as

possible Also said that any Kurd captured between 15-70 should be interrogated then executed

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

2003 Kay head of Iraq Survey Group meant to find Iraq’s WMD arrived in Baghdad Found out that 75th

Expeditionary Force which had looked for WMD after invasion had been sent back to US Not turned over any of their findings

2004 Interim PM Allawi said special commando units would be created Interior Min Naqib used units to

bring in relatives and ex-military into ministry Allawi thought units would be critical to defeating insurgency

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

2004 Head of 9/11 Commission said Al Qaeda was closer to Iran and Pakistan than Iraq

2004 9/11 Comm member said captured Iraqi docs showed 1 Fedayeen Saddam was an Al Qaeda member

Attacked press for claiming Comm report contradicted Bush admin claims on Iraq-Al Qaeda connections

2004 White House claimed 9/11 Comm proved its argument of Al Qaeda-Iraq ties when Commission said

no cooperation

2005 UK UN diplomat Ross said he saw 4 ½ yrs of intel on Iraq WMD and it didn’t support Blair’s

argument for war

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2006 Michael Maloof from Pentagon’s Policy Counterterrorism Group interviewed on Frontline Said Al

Qaeda’s Libi and INC reported Iraq provided training to Al Qaeda Feb 04 Libi recanted his story which was given under torture Claimed in 1990 Ansar al-Islam was working on WMD in Kurdistan Ansar not created until 2002 Said Iraq supported Ansar al-Islam Was not true Said Iraq ran terrorist training camp in Salman Pak with a plane fuselage next to a WMD facility raising fears Iraq giving terrorists WMD Was no WMD facility in Salman Pak Terrorist camp story spread by INC before war Was a counterterror camp Said he believed 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intel in Prague in 2001 and never disproven Czech intel CIA FBI and 9/11 Comm never found evidence of meeting

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2006 Fmr head State Dept Intel Bureau Carl Ford said pre-Iraq war intel showed failure of tradecraft and

analysis of US intel

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2006 Amb Carl Ford said US got reports of things like Iraq-Niger uranium story and aluminum tubes and

failed to analyze and question them thoroughly

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2006 Fmr Dep Dir CIA McLaughlin said that Feith’s Counter Terror Group found lots of

Al Qaeda-Iraq meetings but no control or operational connections Thought Feith’s group was put together to counter CIA’s intel on Iraq-Al Qaeda

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest

Foreign Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2006 Fmr CIA bin Laden desk chief Scheuer said Iraq war devastated CIA’s counterterrorism office by

draining resources

2006 CIA’s Scheuer said CIA didn’t see any threat from Iraq compared to Al Qaeda Said Dep Sec Def

Feith’s office was set up to counter the CIA’s reporting no ties between Iraq and Al Qaeda Scheuer headed CIA’s report on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties and found no relationship

2006 Gen DeLong Gen Frank’s deputy commander at CENTCOM said he believed Iraq working with

Ansar al-Islam and Al Qaeda in Kurdistan pre-invasion

2008 Report Reform and Change front that included 1920 Revolution Brigades reached out to political

parties trying to get involved in politics

2008 ISF arrested Sadrist deputy governor 2 councilmen 700 police in Maysan during Operation Promise

of Peace against Sadr

(Musings On Iraq Operation Promise of Peace in Maysan Province)

2008 Report 4 political parties formed from 2 Anbar Awakening groups and 2 from insurgent Islamic

Army 2 Awakening leaders were Sheikh Abu Risha and Sheikh Sulaiman

2009 Head of Kurdish list in Ninewa told Bashiqa teachers they should stop teaching in Arabic and

switch to Kurdish Dispute with Hadbaa List

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)

(Musings On Iraq Arab-Kurdish Divide Over New Ninewa Provincial Council)

(Musings On Iraq Update On Political Dispute In Ninewa)

2009 ISI bombed Shiite mosque killing 73 in Taza Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2009 Report After Promise of Peace security op in Maysan PM Maliki promised $100 mil for

rebuilding Money not spent well Still few services Sadrist officials in Maysan were refusing to help with projects Maliki created 17 tribal support councils in Maysan Were patronage networks used in 2010 election

2010 2 ISI suicide car bombs in front of Trade Bank of Iraq in Baghdad 27 killed 55 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2010 Funeral for protester killed in Basra led to march calling for PM Maliki to step down

(Musings On Iraq Basra Protest Over Lack Of Electricity Reflects Twenty Years Of Problems)

2010 Ayatollah Najafi issued statement condemning electricity shortages and supported right of people

to protest problem

2010 Report 2006 150-200 security incidents/day reported 2010 were 20 incidents/day Probably

half of actual violence Attacks hit a plateau 2010 attacks went up and down No improvement in security from 2009-2010

2011 Sadr statement called for arrest and punishment of ex-Mahdi Army Abu Dura and his followers

Known as Shiite Zarqawi

(Musings On Iraq Armed Clash Erupts In Iraq Between Sadrists And Breakaway Faction)

2011 Protest movement split Some met with govt Others formed new group and called the others

traitors

(Musings On Iraq And Iraq’s Protest Movement Splits)

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Meets With Iraq Protest Leaders)

2011 Parliament security comm found 19,000 fake degrees used by Interior and Defense Ministry

officials

2012 Sadr MP said 3rd term for PM Maliki would lead to dictatorship

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said)

2012 Sadrist protest in Baghdad claimed govt cracking down on independent press

2012 Fighting started between ISIS and pro-Naqshibandi tribes in Hawija Kirkuk

2012 Report Apr 2012 Ninewa Gov Nujafi made deal with Kurds Before opposed his govt Kurds ended

boycott of provincial govt Got prominent positions Split Nujafi’s Hadbaaa list with 1 party leaving Meant Nujafi needed Kurdish support to stay in power PM Maliki tried to split Hadbaa to undermine Nujafi

2012 Dep PM Shahristani said Exxon promised to stop working in KRG until Baghdad made deal with

Kurds Didn’t happen Shahristani warned France not to have any of its companies sign with KRG

2012 Insurgents bombed 7 power towers in Diyala Cut off power to Khalis in Diyala Baiji

in Salahaddin parts of Baghdad

2013 Chevron signed new exploration deal with KRG for work in Irbil Gazprom met with Pres Barzani to

discuss oil deals in KRG despite warnings from Oil Min

2013 Dep PM Shahristani claimed Iraq’s electricity problems would be solved by end of year Didn’t

happen

(Musings On Iraq Iraq No Closer To Solving Its Electricity Problems)

2013 Election Comm said voter turnout only 35% in Ninewa and 37% in Anbar in delayed provincial

elections

2013 Report ISI growing in Mosul Used it to operate in Syria Iraqi official said it was raising $1 mil/mo

from crime in Mosul Ansar al-Islam and Naqshibandi also operating in Ninewa Politicians said ISI exploited govt repression of protests

2013 Report Russia received 1st payment from Iraq in $4 bil arms deal that included 30 Mi-28 attack

helicopters 50 SA-22 mobile anti-aircraft systems Deal was corrupt

2013 Report BP Lukoil Eni and Iraq agreed to reduce production target for Rumaila oil field Shell and

Exxon also wanted reductions Meant Iraq would not reach its production target of 6.5 mil/bar/day by 2014

2014 Tanker sold Kurdish oil to Israel exported through KRG’s independent pipeline to Turkey

2014 Fighting between Naqshibandi and ISIS in Hawija killed 17 as IS tried to assert control over area

(Musings On Iraq Precarious Relationship Between The Islamic State of Iraq And The Baathist Naqshibandi)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq Rise Of The Islamic State And the Fading Away of the Rest of the Iraqi Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

2014 45 bodies found executed by insurgents in Tigris River in Salahaddin

2014 Turkman leaders in Tuz Kharmato said happy Peshmerga moved into city but wanted power

sharing

2014 Sistani spokesman called for new govt that “avoids past mistakes” Most took that as criticism of

PM Maliki

2014 Report ISIS had huge stock of money Managed money from Syria Local ISIS chapters raised money

Passed 20% to central leadership $8mil/mo from taxes on trade $20 mil/yr in oil sales $30 mil/yr from kidnapping foreigners Had front companies in MidEast

2014 Interview with head of Islamic Army Said Mosul taken by Baathists ex-soldiers tribes

not ISIS Said fighting in Iraq uprising by Iraqis not ISIS Said didn’t believe in creating Islamic state like ISIS Said wanted to make PM Maliki step down and divide Iraq along ethnosectarian grounds

2014 KRG Finance Min from Gorran found KRG Natural Resource Min deposited oil revenue in Turkish

Bank for 1st time in 2014 Would only make 1 other deposit during yr Turkish bank account supposed to control oil revenue Claimed most oil money put in German bank and then sent to Kurdistan Intl Bank

2014 ISF claimed Mutassim in Salahaddin Garma in Anbar freed from insurgents

2014 Report Sunni imam called fighting in Iraq popular revolution Muslim Brotherhood cleric in Qatar

supported insurgency

2015 Civil group claimed Peshmerga killing civilians and displacing people in Diyala’s Khanaqin Dist

2015 Report Tribes wanted to continue op to free Ramadi but were told to stop by ISF and Hashd

until plan formulated Ramadi op stopped by Hashd who turned to Fallujah instead Still fighting in Baiji 2 weeks after it was declared freed

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Government Offensive In Anbar And Salahaddin Dragging On For Weeks Or Put On Hold)

2015 Report Last 3 months Iraq reached record highs in oil production Still major problems Oil

Min cut investment in Rumaila oil field largest in Iraq in half Lukoil Shell Eni scaled back plans for fields they operated Plans to build Faw port shelved $13 bil water injection plan to maintain and increase oil production questioned Oil companies said Iraq always stalled on development plans

2015 Hashd killed Kurd Wounded 4 others in Tuz Kharmato Led to gun battle between Hashd and

Peshmerga

2016 Op to free Zankura in Ramadi dist started 5 days after area declared freed

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq, Jun 15-21, 2016)

2016 Report PM Abadi appointed 14 new inspector generals to ministries and independent

commissions All from Dawa 98% of all inspector generals now Dawa

2016 Parliament human rights comm said media distorting Fallujah op by reporting on abuses Said

found no evidence of displaced abused Then said it did find cases but were not major Hashd and Federal Police detained and killed displaced

2016 Report IS attacked 3 villages in Tuz Kharmato dist Peshmerga tried to enter 2 villages but

stopped by Hashd Led to gunfight IEDs car bombings blamed on Peshmerga-Hashd dispute Iranian diplomat tried to negotiate ceasefire between two 

2016 Report Political divisions amongst Yazidis in Sinjar Split between pro-KRG and pro-

Baghdad Many mad at KRG for withdrawing from dist when IS attacked in 2014 PKK-YPG set up in dist Opposed by Turkey Baghdad paid YPG as counter to KDP PUK wanted to challenge KDP in dist KDP set up embargo of Sinjar

2017 Report Ayatollah Khamenei told PM Abadi not to trust US Said US troops should leave Iraq

Said had to maintain Hashd to pressure US

2018 Up to 300 protested in Basra demanded jobs from oil companies and Industry Ministry Was broken

up by police

2018 Report Iraq no longer in talks with Exxon over water injection plant to inject water to maintain and increase oil production in Basra oil fields Basra Oil Company said it would contract with another company

2018 Turkey’s Foreign Min said Turkish forces were advancing into Kurdistan to fight PKK

2018 Kataib Hezbollah convoy stopped by police in Baghdad Fired at police 2 police and 1 Kataib Hezbollah fighter wounded Police surrounded Kataib Hezbollah HQ leading to another gunfight Demanded those involved in 1st gun battle be turned over 1 Kataib Hezbollah member arrested PM Abadi said matter had been taken care of

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s PM Gives Warning to Kataib Hezbollah To Stop Rocket Attacks In Baghdad)

2019 Carnegie Middle East Center Iraq had no reconstruction strategy Needed $8 bil to rebuild after war

with IS Got little from international donors Reconstruction contracts given to politicians who sold them to Turkish and Jordanian companies for millions in commissions

2020 Report John Bolton’s book on time in Trump admin said Trump asked him to go to Persian

Gulf countries and ask for money for US troops in Syria and Iraq Wanted to make profit from deployment

2020 Finance comm MP said 1 border crossing earned 199 bil dinars/mo but only sent 9 bil/dinars

to Baghdad Rest stolen Asked PM Kazemi to send Counter Terror force to take control of crossings

 

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