Friday, June 3, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 3 Ali Hassan al-Majid ordered 1,000 Kurdish villages be destroyed

(Alamy)

 

1915 British took Amara after Ottomans withdrew

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1920 UK PM Lloyd George told parliament British mandate in Iraq had been created

1920 Sukhail pro-British notable in Baghdad told Gertrude Bell that no one would accept British Mandate

in Iraq after nationalists met with head political officer Wilson Jun 2 and demanded independence Warned if UK didn’t act there would be a revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1941 3rd train load of German military aid arrived from Syria Stored in Mosul after war ended

1941 British troops occupied Mosul after overthrowing PM Gaylani govt

1944 Hamdi al-Pachachi became PM of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1948 Another Iraqi unit arrived in Jenin Immediately sent into battle with Israelis Forced

Israelis to retreat from Jenin hills 1st Arab-Israeli War

1950 Grenade attack in Jewish neighborhood of Baghdad 3rd of 7 such attacks on Jews 1950-51

1982 Iraqi intelligence made attempt on life of Israeli amb to UK using Abu Nidal terrorist group

1982 Report Iraq tried to provoke Israeli invasion of Lebanon to end Iran-Iraq War by uniting countries

vs Israel

1986 Iranian Rev Guard Cmdr Rezai said his forces didn’t need tanks or advanced planning because

his infantry could overwhelm the Iraqis and win the war

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Ali Hassan al-Majid ordered 1,000 Kurdish villages be destroyed

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1991 Survey found Gulf War damage to Iraq infrastructure far more than originally claimed Destroyed

most of electrical grid 80% out of services Affected water purification and sewage system Led to increase in disease Led to health crisis Also destroyed telecommunications system Est $1.5 bil to repair oil industry

1991 Protests and clashes continued in 3 Kurdish cities Dohuk 4 Kurds and 2 Baath officials killed as

Kurds demanded US forces stay in Kurdistan to protect them

1998 Inspector report to UN Iraq not accounted for missiles warheads VX amounts of ingredients and

final products made from them Russia France China refused to approve the report

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

2001 Saudi Amb to US Prince Bandar gave presentation to Bush saying Saddam taking advantage of

instability in Middle East

2002 Gen Franks briefed Sec Def Rumsfeld on new Running Start war plan to begin before all forces in

theater Rumsfeld liked new war plan and wanted more on it

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 Sadrist marched in Baghdad against US occupation

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review The Triumph of the Martyrs, A Reporter’s Journey into Occupied Iraq)

2003 Iraqi nuke scientist who day before turned over centrifuge plans to CIA arrested by US Special

Forces

2003 After trip to Iraq PM Blair said CPA lacked organization UK should become more involved in CPA

Needed more UK civilian officials in southern Iraq US and UK needed to speed up contracting process UK companies should become involved in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Bad Days In Basra, My Turbulent Time as Britain’s Man in Southern Iraq)

2003 UK Under Sec Def Tebbit wrote to Def Min Hoon on his trip to Iraq Said no integrated plan for

rebuilding Iraq Didn’t know whether US would give Bremer authority to manage task Said Bremer wanted UK help with police training

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Bremer created deBaathification process that included investigations DeBaathification Commission

would be created

2004 US forces attacked Mahdi Army at Kufa mosque

2004 US began extending tours of US units serving in Iraq to maintain troop levels

2004 KRG hired Barbour Griffith & Rogers to lobby US govt

2005 US held secret talks with insurgents in Balad to try to break them away from foreign fighters and Al

Qaeda in Iraq

2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq kidnapped and killed 4 Russian diplomats in Iraq

2007 US claimed Iranian arms shipments to militias in Iraq increasing including large caliber rockets

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2008 Australian PM Rudd said reasons given by PM Howard to invade Iraq were all wrong Didn’t stop

terrorist attacks No WMD found Didn’t stop rogue states Intelligence abused

2009 UN said Iraq not ready to accept refugee returns Said people should not be forced back to Iraq

2010 Chairman Property Disputes Resolving Comm said ISF under PM Maliki broke into HQ in

Baghdad and appointed new chairman

2011 Suicide bomber in mosque in Tikrit during Friday prayers and then suicide bomber on hospital 21

killed 70 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2011 Diyala governor threatened to resign if federal troops continued to carry out raids and arrests in

province 1 of his advisors arrested in May

2011 VP Hashemi accused PM Maliki of monopolizing power

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said)

2011 Protest in Baghdad for better services political reforms release of 4 activists arrested in May

(Musings On Iraq June 3, 2011 Protest In Iraq’s Tahrir Square)

2011 Report 4 Baghdad activists arrested in May Govt denied their arrests for days Families said denied

access and lawyers couldn’t see them Human Rights Min wouldn’t deal with case Army raided another meeting of activists Arrested 9

2011 US govt report US had to plan for Iraq to maintain projects and programs after withdrawal end of

2011 Found no evidence US making plans Inspections found billions in waste for US funded projects Could continue to waste into future US spent $345 mil on health care centers Paid contractors to operate and repair facilities for 1 yr Didn’t build capacity for Health Min to run them afterward US built water treatment plant in Nasiriya without a power source Didn’t work US made grand plans for rebuilding Iraq without analyzing situation on ground

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Reconstruction Projects In Iraq And Afghanistan Going To Waste Because Of Lack Of Planning)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2012 Iraqiya turned over signatures of MPs for no confidence vote against PM Maliki to Pres Talabani

2012 Dep PM Mutlaq said no confidence vote against PM Maliki would reflect popular mood in Iraq

2012 Sadrists again said they supported no confidence vote against PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq What Does Iraq’s Sadr Want?)

2012 Ayatollah Haeri issued fatwa against voting for secular candidates as pressure on Sadr to drop no

confidence vote vs PM Maliki

2013 Dep PM Shahristani repeated claimed Iraq’s electricity crisis would be solved by end of year Didn’t

happen

(Musings On Iraq Iraq No Closer To Solving Its Electricity Problems)

2013 Protests over lack of electricity started in Nasiriyah

2013 Kirkuk governor ordered all the displaced Arabs in province fleeing violence to leave

Said would expel Arab families that moved to Kirkuk last 10 yrs

2014 11 tribes in Fallujah district declared war on ISIS

2014 Diyala govt said 20 insurgents killed in fighting between ISIS and Naqshibandi last 2 months Said

ISIS trying to dominate other groups

2014 ISIS killed Mohammed Khamis head of Ramadi Awakening Council

2014 Report After KRG exported 1st shipment of oil independently oil companies agreed to provide loans

to cover its budget deficit Would lead to growing debt for KRG

2015 IS held ceremony in Ramadi where sheikhs gave it allegiance

2015 Badr’s Amiri blamed PM Abadi for fall of Ramadi Claimed he listened to US and kept Hashd out

of fight Badr MP called for Fallujah to be destroyed

(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2015 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq asked govt to give its men immunity before it attacked Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2016 Govt shut down social media in Baghdad to try to stop organizing protests

2016 Protests in Baghdad Babil Karbala Dhi Qar Qadisiyah Najaf Basra demanding political reform

2016 Reports Federal Police and Hashd executed 17 displaced fleeing IS from Sjar, Anbar

2016 Large number of displaced from Saqlawiya, Anbar stopped by Kataib Hezbollah 1,300 men

taken away and beaten and tortured 643 men never seen again

(Musings On Iraq Abuses Of Iraq’s Hashd In Fallujah Operation)

(Musings On Iraq Crimes And Misdemeanors Of Kataib Hezbollah During War Vs ISIS Interview With Free Lance Journalist Jonathan Lee Krohn)

(Musings On Iraq Missing 600 From Anbar’s Saqlawiya Finally Found Dead?)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2016 Report US military aid going to Hashd Corrupt ISF distributing US aid to Hashd in Anbar as

well as being stolen

2016 Report Fmr US gen in charge of training ISF said program still flawed Iraqis not sending

enough recruits ISF lacked capacity Oct 2015 US military said only 5 Iraqi Army divisions ready for combat at only 60-65%

2016 Report Hashd looted Baiji refinery after liberated Oct 2016 Govt didn’t have ability to

control liberated areas leaving many places under Hashd control

2017 Report Abadi govt suppressed losses in war vs IS because could hurt morale

2017 IS killed 41 civilians trying to flee Mosul

2019 Report Families being forced out of Abu Saida central Diyala by IS Assassinating

locals

2020 Memo by Fayad head of Hashd Comm Said units had to remove names and only go by brigade

numbers Hashd couldn’t be involved in politics Hashd under PM’s command

2021 Human Rights Watch report PM Kazemi tried to close all displaced camps Closed 16 Only 2 left 1/3

in camps wanted to leave Of those returned only 1/3 living in their homes Many in camps IS affiliates Often blocked from govt aid Fear being evicted if return

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(VOA)   1923 35 clerics and religious students left Iraq for Persia to protest deportation of cleric Khalisi for his opposition to parliam...