Thursday, June 16, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

(Business Insider)

 

1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under

British influence

1941 Another British brigade landed in Basra to help secure Iraq after Anglo-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The Nationalist Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1948 PM Sadr offered resignation to Regent after having carried out elections

1956 Opposition National Democratic Party and Independence Party applied for licenses as National

Congress Party but denied

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1975 Iraq protested Algiers Treaty by placing pontoon bridge across Shatt al-Arab and sending troops

into Iran’s Khuzistan province Iran expelled Iraqis killing 88 of its soldiers

1979 Pres Assad arrived in Baghdad for more talks on unifying Iraq and Syria Came up with United Arab

Republic but disagreed on details

1979 Assad became mad at Iraqi demands and left Iraq ending talks of unification Saddam was key in

undermining talks Was afraid of lesser position within unified govt

1981 Iraq and Iran held 1st prisoner swap set up by Red Cross during Iran-Iraq War

1986 Planning cell created in Baghdad to prepare for retaking Faw Peninsula Basra from Iranians

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Barzani said deal made with Baghdad over Kurdish autonomy Talabani said not to trust Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1992 Most of the Iraqi opposition met in Vienna Led to creation of Iraqi National Congress as umbrella

organization Used quotas 1st time to break up representatives by ideology and ethnosectarian identity Paid for by CIA

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s Ethnosectarian Quota System)

(Musings On Iraq review Sectarianism In Iraq)

2003 Bush said critics were trying to rewrite history on Iraq threat in response to criticism of pre-war intel

on Iraq’s WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 Gen Abizaid CENTCOM commander said that US was facing classic insurgency in Iraq White House

had been denying that

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2003 Bremer said Development Fund for Iraq money could be used by military for local reconstruction

projects

2003 Bremer said failure to capture Saddam was helping resistance and making Iraqis scared to help

Coalition

2003 Head UN Inspector Blix said empty 122mm WMD artillery shells were from 1980s after US said they

could be part of stocks

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 Office of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance 1st US administration for Iraq officially closed

2004 Gen Accounting Office report Pentagon didn’t have good planning or oversight of reconstruction

projects in Iraq leading to cost overruns

2004 CIA adv told 9/11 Comm 1998 indictment that charged Iraq and Al Qaeda agreed to cooperate in

Sudan proved false That Al Qaeda was suspicious of Saddam’s secular govt Said in 90s Iraq and Al Qaeda tried to work out non-interference pact and talked about cooperation In 1999 report said if Saddam wanted to attack US he would probably use Al Qaeda

2004 9/11 Comm said no operational relationship between Iraq and Al Qaeda Had contacts but no

cooperation 1994 bin Laden asked for Iraq’s help with operations but never got response Said Iraq and Al Qaeda talked about cooperation in Sudan in 1996 but nothing came of it Didn’t believe story that 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intel officer in Prague Story was false

2004 Sec State Powell said administration stuck by claim of Iraq-Al Qaeda relationship

2004 White House said 9/11 Comm didn’t contradict admin claims because it never said Iraq behind 9/11

Cheney said there was a connection

2004 White House said Zarqawi being in Iraq before 03 invasion proved Saddam gave safe haven to Al

Qaeda members

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2005 Report Tehran cracking down on Zarqawi’s network in Iran

2005 US diplomat in Mosul documented abuses of Inter Min Wolf Brigade including torture beatings not

releasing prisoners

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 16 – Going West, April-August 2005)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation, War And Resistance In Iraq)

2005 Report US declared Tal Afar cleared of insurgents in Oct 04 but had to return in May 05

2006 Mujahedeen Shura Council kidnapped 3 US soldiers in Baghdad in revenge for US troops raping Iraqi

girl and killing her and her family

2006 Kidnapping of 2 US soldiers derailed Iraq’s Operation Together Forward to secure Baghdad

2006 Bush told Iraq Study Group PM Maliki was going to solve problems in Iraq and Gen Casey had

situation under control

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

2006 Battle of Ramadi began with setting up 2 combat outposts in southern section of city

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 21 Hope In Ramadi)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

2007 Op Phantom Thunder which was overreaching name of a series of ops began to clear Baghdad Belts

US deployed 4 brigades for op going along Tigris River near Arab Jabour in south known for producing car bombs Had not had US forces in 3 years US cleared Salman Pak Tried to stop insurgents from moving to Baquba, Diyala US forces in Taji in north tried to stop insurgents fleeing Baghdad to Salahaddin Also operations in Adhamiya Rasheed Mansour neighborhoods of Baghdad

2008 PM Maliki gave ultimatum to militiamen to hand over weapons in Amarah, Maysan aimed at Mahdi

Army

2008 Report 2008 “Year of Transfer” US turned over projects to Iraqis Baghdad had problem maintaining

them

2008 New $277 mil water treatment plant opened in Nasiriya Dhi Qar but at only 20% capacity because

couldn’t get enough power

2009 43 police arrested for abuse in prisons Done to placate Sadrists complaining about abuse of their

followers

2010 Turkey sent troops into Kurdistan and bombed areas chasing PKK fighters after attack on Turkish

army base

2010 PM Maliki met with Kurdish list Claimed he would implement Article 140 on Kirkuk and disputed

areas to get their support for 2nd term

2011 PM Maliki gave TV speech Said militias had infiltrated Interior Ministry and carried out

assassinations

2011 PM Maliki said Baghdad protests were illegal and threatened security

2011 PM Maliki said ISF would not be ready to secure Iraq after US forces withdrew at end of year

2011 Maliki govt said it wanted to end displaced problem by end of 2011 Many displaced afraid to return

home Didn’t end problem

2011 Report Maliki govt organized pro-govt marches in Baghdad Included ISF in civilian clothes Govt

printed posters of Maliki for marches Beat protesters

2012 2 car bombs hit Shiite pilgrims heading for Kadhimiya, Baghdad 32 killed 67 injured

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2012 Sadr said that removing PM Maliki was God’s will but he was already backing off no confidence vote

due to Iranian pressure Kurdish list said their goal was still to remove PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq What Does Iraq’s Sadr Want?)

(Musings On Iraq Iran Tries To Mediate Iraq’s Political Crisis, But Can They Overcome The Deep Divisions In The Country?)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 Security op in Anbar to prepare for elections criticized for arbitrary arrests and raids

2013 Car bombs in Najaf and Wasit, IED in Basra

2013 KDP and PUK agreed to delay KRG presidential elections supposed to happen Sep 2013 until issues

of Pres Barzani’s term resolved

2014 All work at Baiji refinery shut down because of insurgency

(Musings On Iraq How Northern Iraq Fell To The Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Northern Front Stalemate In Salahaddin)

2014 US and Iranian diplomats met to discuss Iraq and ISIS

2014 275 U.S. troops sent to Iraq to help with war vs ISIS PM Maliki later denied this

2014 ISIS issued orders to start destroying churches in Mosul

2014 12 insurgents killed in fighting between Naqshibandi and ISIS for control of Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Precarious Relationship Between The Islamic State of Iraq And The Baathist Naqshibandi)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq Rise Of The Islamic State And the Fading Away of the Rest of the Iraqi Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

2014 Insurgent Military Council in charge of Mosul criticized ISIS for trying to establish control over city

2014 ISIS seized Hawija in Kirkuk and Tal Afar in Ninewa Attacked habaniya air base in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Western Front Is Anbar Next To Fall?)

2014 Hashd killed 50 prisoners at Baquba police station

2014 KRG asked for 25% of Iraqi budget claiming its population had grown

2014 PM Maliki loyalist MP Fatlawi blamed Kurds for helping insurgents take Mosul

(Musings On Iraq review The Rise of Islamic State, ISIS and the New Sunni Revolution)

2014 Liwa Abu Fadhl al-Abbas Iraqi militia in Syria set up branch in Iraq and deployed 1500 fighters to

Samarra

(Musings On Iraq Interview Iran And Its Shiite Militias Mobilize In Iraq Interview With Phillip Smyth)

(Musings On Iraq Abu Fadhl Al-Abbas Brigade From Fighting In Syria To Iraq)

2014 KRG Premier Barzani went to Tehran to assure it about its seizure of Kirkuk and disputed areas

2014 2nd Iranian Rev Guard member killed during war vs IS Officially died in accident in Karbala Friends

claimed he was a martyr in war

(Musings on Iraq Fifth Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps-Quds Force Member Dies In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Mobilization In Iraq In The Face Of The Insurgent Surge)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2015 Report Anbar councilman complained there was no united command to free Anbar Emphasis

went from Ramadi to eastern Anbar to Fallujah Hashd ISF and tribes didn’t coordinate Hashd didn’t listen to Anbar Ops Command

(Musings On Iraq Disarray Over How To Retake Iraq’s Ramadi)

2016 ISF reached center of Fallujah PM Abadi declared city freed but 20% still under IS control

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq, Jun 15-21, 2016)

2016 20 civilians fleeing Sjar Anbar stopped by Hashd Fired into people killing 17

(Musings On Iraq Abuses Of Iraq’s Hashd In Fallujah Operation)

2016 Report Displaced from Fallujah dist said detained by Hashd Men separated from women and

children taken to Amiriya Fallujah where beaten Were given to Federal Police who interrogated them

2016 Report Freed Ramadi needed $19.5 bil for rebuilding Abadi govt only allocated $1 mil

2017 KRG Pres Barzani said he wouldn’t run for re-election in Nov 2017 vote

2017 After 2 meetings with KDP PUK said it wanted parliament to pass law on KRG independence

referendum

2017 Report Hashd building roads through Baaj in western Ninewa to Syria Would be part of road

network from Iran to Syria to allow Tehran to aid Assad

2019 Hikma list said it was going into opposition to PM Abdul Mahdi’s govt

2019 Rocket fired at Baghdad Military Airport by pro-Iran group due to US-Iran tensions

(Musings On Iraq Tehran And Its Allies Respond Asymmetrically To Trump Admin’s Iran Policy)

2020 Fmr Finance Min Issawi turned himself into authorities Was convicted in absentia of

corruption

2020 Report IS smuggling up to $100,00 day between Iraq and Syria Invested Extorted business

Collected taxes Used to rebuild group

(Musings On Iraq More On Islamic State Financing In Iraq)

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