Friday, June 10, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 10 Mosul fell to the Islamic State

(Washington Institute for Near East Policy)

 

1915 US consulate report Ottomans might have lost control of Najaf and Karbala and UK

money behind it

1916 Sharif Hussein of the Hijaz declared Arab revolt against Ottomans backed by UK Many

Iraqi Ottoman officers joined UK promised Sharif an empire from Arabia to Turkey

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1924 UK High Commissioner for Iraq Sir Percy Cox set June 10 as deadline for Iraq parliament to pass

Anglo-Iraq Treaty but failed to do so Took Iraqi MPs from their homes and forced them to approve Treaty

1933 Al-Said ally Abd al-Razzaq al-Hassan pamphlet said Shiites were Persian Doubted they could

support Arab nationalism Led to protests and then armed revolts in Najaf Karbala and other southern cities 3 provinces became ungovernable

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’is Of Iraq)

1940 Italy declared war on Allies England asked Iraq to break relations with Rome as a result It refused

1941 British air force destroyed train shipment of German military aid heading for

            Iraq from Syria Anglo-Iraq War already over

1954 Police fired on demonstrators in Baghdad organized by opposition parties

1963 Baath govt launched offensive against Mullah Mustafa Barzani after talks broke down

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1979 Saddam gave Pres Bakr list of notables to be executed including army officers

Bakr said no Put under house arrest Saddam would use incident to push Bakr out of office

(Musings On Iraq review Saddam His Rise and Fall)

1982 Saddam announced unilateral ceasefire due to Israeli invasion of Lebanon Said Iraq would

leave Iran Claimed Iraq achieved all its goals Rejected by Iran Demanded Saddam step down 100,000 Shiite exiles return to Iraq Saudis offered to pay $50 bil for reconstruction in Iran Tehran asked for $150 bil from Saudis

1982 Iraqi 2nd Corps objected to withdrawal from Iran because defensive position along border worse than

where it was Saddam said decision had been made

1982 Soviet Union renewed military supplies to Iraq which it had stopped when Iran

            Iraq War started

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

2003 Bush told cabinet he was convinced Iraq had WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

2003 Bush said invading Iraq was right decision because of its WMD programs They didn’t exist

2003 Rumsfeld said he was confident Iraq’s WMD would be found

2003 State Dept memo said Italian docs claiming Iraq-Niger uranium deal were forgeries

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 CIA hired fmr UN inspector David Kay to take over new Iraq Survey Group to hunt for Iraq’s WMD

2003 Head UN inspector Blix accused Pentagon of trying to undermine him during inspections

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 Report Al Qaeda’s Khalid Sheikh Mohammed captured by US said that Al Qaeda did not work with

Iraq

2004 US gave up hope that NATO forces would be sent to help in Iraq

2005 Gen Petraeus told Inter Min Jabr about abuses of Wolf Brigade full of Badr militia Jabr denied

any wrongdoing

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 16 – Going West, April-August 2005)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation, War And Resistance In Iraq)

2005 Police commander kidnapped 11 Sunnis from Adhamiya Bodies found 2 days later in Sadr City

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 Insurgents killed 60 police recruits in Ramadi U.S. forces cordoned off city and 1500 reinforcements

sent

2008 Dhi Qar police started operation to raid and arrest Sadrists

2009 Def Min Obeidi said he wanted US forces to stay in Iraq for the next 5 years

2009 Mass grave with 500 Kurds killed by Saddam found in Basra

2009 Oil Ministry said it would not pay oil companies working in KRG

2009 Diyala govt issued warrants for 2 fmr dep governors and head of provincial council for

stealing money

(Musings On Iraq Open Season On Out-Going Provincial Officials)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on Iraq’s fight with corruption) 

(Musings On Iraq interview with former anti-corruption official Vincent Foulk)

2010 State of Law merged back with other Shiite parties after elections in National Coalition giving them

159 seats so PM Maliki could get 2nd term

2010 Protests in Baghdad Babil Qadisiyah Nasiriya Najaf Kirkuk Karbala Ninewa Basra Chanted against

PM Maliki and for better services

2010 Finance Min Jabr said he got letter from cabinet to pay oil companies operating in KRG Part of move

by PM Maliki to win over Kurds so he could get 2nd term

2010 Sahwa in Hawija Kirkuk said Interior Min agreed to hire 1500 fighters into North Oil

Company police Head of Kirkuk police said if sahwa got jobs an equal number of Kurds and Turkmen should also get jobs with oil company Kirkuk governor and govt asked Interior Min to give 3000 police jobs to Kurds and Turkmen Said if didn’t get jobs ethnic balance in province would be unequal and cause problems

2011 Pro-Maliki tribesmen attacked protesters in Baghdad Burned images of Allawi ISF did nothing

1000s protested in Basra Diwaniya Nasiriya Najaf Kirkuk Karbala Mosul Hillah demanding reforms services early elections

(Musings On Iraq National Protests Return To Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Counter Iraq’s Protest Movement With A Demonstration And Media Campaign Of His Own)

2011 Allawi attacked PM Maliki calling him a liar hypocrite and agent of Iran

2011 Natl Sec Adv Donilon told US Iraq cmdr Gen Austin and Amb Jeffrey they could enter talks with

Iraq over US troops staying post Dec 2011 withdrawal date but couldn’t mention troop levels Obama admin didn’t want to be seen to be advocating for stay behind force Also thought Iraqis wanted fewer troops than US wanted Many in US thought Iraq wanted more US troops

2012 Pres Talabani rejected no confidence letter against PM Maliki claiming not enough MPs Number of

MPs went from 176 to 160 to 157 Needed 163 MPs Talabani said only 160 MPs on no confidence letter were valid

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 5 car bombs in Mosul area

2013 PM Maliki visited Irbil for first time in 2 yrs to try to resolve disputes with Kurds

2013 Report Army’s 16th Bgd ½ Arab ½ Kurd Kurdish soldiers stopped taking orders KRG said it would

take Kurdish soldiers and incorporate them into peshmerga and take control of area in Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin they were stationed in US tried to mediate

2013 Report Militias more open about fighting in Syria Funerals all the time for men killed in Syria Asaib

Ahl Al-Haq and Kataib Hezbollah 2 main groups in Syria Some militiamen sent to Iran for training by Quds Force Others sent to Hezbollah in Lebanon Said they were in Syria to protect Shiite shrines but deployed throughout country

(Musings On Iraq The Increasing Flow Of Iraqi Fighters To Syria, An Interview With University Of Maryland’s Phillip Smyth)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2014 Gen Ghidan ground forces commander Gen Qanbar chief of staff fled Mosul to KRG causing general

desertion

(Musings On Iraq Islamic State of Iraq Launches Battle of Ninewa In Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq Background To The Fall Of Mosul, Insurgents’ Relentless Attacks Upon Security Forces Set Stage For The Taking Of City)

(Musings On Iraq Islamic State of Iraq’s 2014 Uprising And Security Forces Collapse)

(Musings On Iraq How Northern Iraq Fell To The Insurgency)

2014 ISIS took Mosul after 6 days of fighting Gov Nujafi fled to Dohuk 500,000 began fleeing city

2014 PM Maliki asked peshmerga to move into Mosul but city already fell Had rejected Kurdish offer of

help earlier

2014 Defense Ministry said it was sending Golden Division to retake Mosul Never arrived

2014 PM Maliki declared that government would retake Mosul in 24 hrs

(Musings On Iraq review The Rise of Islamic State, ISIS and the New Sunni Revolution)

2014 PM Maliki asked US for military aid to fight ISIS Maliki claimed US didn’t help until August but US

started sending supplies next day

2014 ISIS set up checkpoints around Mosul to arrest and execute members of ISF and Jabour tribe

2014 ISIS took Badush prison Ninewa Separated Sunni from Shiite prisoners Executed 670 Shiite

prisoners over next few days

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2014 ISIS seized Shirqat Suleiman Beq Albu Ajeel Baiji weapons depot without a fight Also took Hawija

Zab Abbasid Riyad in SWKirkuk Started attacks outside of Tikrit Attacked Abu Ghraib in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Northern Front Stalemate In Salahaddin)

2014 When word spread that Mosul fell ISF began deserting in Tikrit and Baiji

2014 Def Min told retreating troops from Ninewa Salahaddin Kirkuk to rally in Taji, Baghdad

2014 Peshmerga moved into Kirkuk city and Hawija in Kirkuk Tuz Kharmato in Salahaddin Khanaqin

            in Diyala after ISF began retreating Lost most of Khanaqin to insurgents

2014 PM Maliki called for militias to help fight insurgents Kataib Hezbollah sent to Mosul Ended up in

Samarra Salahaddin

(Musings On Iraq Interview Iran And Its Shiite Militias Mobilize In Iraq Interview With Phillip Smyth)

2014 Iranian Revolutionary Guard said to be mobilizing and entering Iraq to aid govt

(Musings On Iraq Continued Collapse Of Iraqi Security Forces And Fighting In Baghdad Leads to Militia Mobilization And Arrival Of Iran)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Mobilization In Iraq In The Face Of The Insurgent Surge)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2014 Report state owned Turkish Energy Company was in talks with Exxon about its contracts in KRG

Exxon wanted to be assured that Turkey would allow independent KRG oil exports despite objections of Baghdad US rep to Iraq McGurk was working on deal where KRG would export through Oil Min while Baghdad would pay KRG for its exports PM Maliki refused paying KRG Kurds didn’t want to work with Baghdad

2014 Parliament said it would have an emergency session on the fall of Mosul on Jun 12

2015 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq said US forces in Iraq were continuation of occupation

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2015 Amnesty Intl report Jan 2015 PKK and Syrian People’s Protection Units (YPG) attacked 2

Arab villages in Ninewa Killed 21 civilians Many were executed Town burned and looted Locals told not to return Were revenge attacks for IS crimes vs Yazidis in Sinjar

2015 IS executed 130 prisoners

2016 Sadrist mobs attacked Dawa ISCI Reform Movement Badr offices in Basra Maysan Wasit Dhi Qar

Najaf Karbala Muthanna Sadr later denied his followers responsible

(Musings On Iraq Power Struggles Amongst Iraq’s Ruling Shiite Parties)

2016 Report Iraqi officer who fought in Fallujah said had to pay $2000 bribe to get M1 tank to

support his unit Didn’t pay Got a Russian tank instead with no driver 2nd officer said cmdrs that didn’t have relationship with Defense Min and didn’t send gifts to officials didn’t get supplies Had to buy ammo and equipment on black market for his unit because got none from Def Min

2016 Foreign Min Jaafari said any abuses in Fallujah done by individuals and Hashd not

responsible

2017 Iran said it was against KRG independence referendum and wanted a united Iraq

2017 Gorran said wanted KRG independence but referendum was illegal Said parliament had to

pass referendum Parliament closed by KDP since Oct 2015

2017 Mosul govt ruled that IS families not allowed to return to city

2017 Army’s 15th Div started new operation to free Tal Afar district in Ninewa Took 6 villages

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 237 Jun 10 2017)

2017 Hashd cmdr Abu Muhandis said Hashd waiting for Baghdad’s okay to take Tal Afar Turkey

warned not to allow Hashd into city

2019 Nechirvan Barzani became new KRG president His cousin Masrour Barzani was named prime

minister the next day Solidified KDP control over KRG

(Musings On Iraq New Kurdish Govt Moving Forward Despite KDP-PUK Split)

2019 Report 116 abandoned villages in south Kirkuk and northeast Diyala

2020 Parliament reversed 10% pay and pension cuts made by cabinet to reduce budget during economic

crisis

(Musings on Iraq Iraq’s Parliament Refuses Budget Cuts During Economic Crisis)

2020 Pro-Iran group fired rockets at Green Zone

2020 Parliament passed non-binding resolution asking foreign forces to leave Iraq Trump rejected

any US military withdrawal from Iraq and threatened sanctions if Iraq asked

 View the Iraq History Timelines

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