Friday, March 17, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 18 4 pro-Najaf Hashd units asked to join Defense Min to protest pro-Iran groups control of Hashd Commission



1914 US consulate in Baghdad reported Ottomans had reconciled with Sayid Talib and Sheikh

Ajaimi of Montafiq Confederation They had de facto control of Basra vilayet

1933 British official warned King Faisal was attempting to make himself dictator of Iraq

1933 PM Shawkat resigned over King Faisal trying to manipulate his cabinet

1948 Railway strike against Anglo-Iraq Treaty

1963 Barzani called for Kurdish conference without telling KDP leaders to discuss

negotiations with Baath govt

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1970 9 man committee of Arabs and Kurds formed to carry out Kurdish autonomy deal

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1973 Bakr govt rejected talks with Barzani over autonomy deal

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review People Without A Country, The Kurds and Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1975 Barzani and KDP leadership met Barzani said revolt would end and they would retreat to Iran

1981 US senator told press Iraq was trying to build a nuclear bomb

1985 Iran attacked South Majnoon Island but gained nothing Iraq counterattack regained most of

the territory lost in the Hoyezah marshes in Maysan

1985 Iraq bombed Tehran in retaliation for Iran bombing Baghdad War of Cities

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1985 Pres Mubarak visited Baghdad to show support Asked Gulf States to donate more money to Iraq

during Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Revolutionary Command Council made Ali Hassan al-Majid head of Baath Northern Bureau

covering Kurdistan

1988 PUK retreated from Jafati Valley Kurdistan during Anfal campaign Iraq took PUK HQ

Leveled the area destroying villages

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1991 Sec of State Baker after tour of Middle East and Soviet Union said most leaders thought Saddam

would be gone by end of year

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1991 Kurdish leader Rahman called for international help with food and medicine during uprising

None came

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

1991 Report Bush admin expected Saddam gone by end of 91 Said expected Baathists to remain in

power Didn’t support break up of country Thought Shiite opposition pro-Iran

2002 UK Amb Meyer met with Dep Sec of Def Wolfowitz who said he was against going to UN against


(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Saddam refuted Bush’s ultimatum to step down and leave Iraq

2003 UN weapons inspectors ended work in Iraq Did 731 inspections at 411 sites and found no WMD or

nuclear programs

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 UN suspended Oil for Food program for Iraq due to impending war

2003 US reconnaissance found 6-7 oil wells in Basra set afire by Iraqis Led Gen Franks to move up

invasion plan by a few days to try to stop further fields being set on fire

2003 US military official told CNN Iraqi troops had VX and mustard gas munitions

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 UK military given official order to prepare for Iraq invasion

2003 Joint Chief of Staff met to discuss withdrawal plans for post-invasion Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 UK Gen Cross warned PM Blair that there wasn’t enough post-war planning for Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 6.5 Planning And Preparation For A Post-Saddam Hussein Iraq, January to March 2003)

2003 2 British ministers and legal adv to Foreign Office resigned in protest against the war

2003 British parliament voted 412 to 149 to endorse Iraq invasion

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.8 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 8 to 20 March 2003)

2003 US named 30 countries willing to join Iraq war Became known as Coalition of the Willing

2003 CIA source claimed he saw Saddam and his family at Dora farm south of Baghdad CIA Dir Tenet

told Bush

2003 US rep Khalilzad went to Turkey offering to allow Turkish troops to enter Kurdistan buffer zone

disarming Peshmerga ops vs PKK if US could use Turkey for invasion 

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review All Roads Lead To Baghdad: Army Special Operations Forces in Iraq)

2003 Abdul Aziz al-Hakim met with US rep Khalilzad and State’s Ryan Crocker in Turkey

Khalilzad said Turkey worried that Turkmen not included in opposition leadership Turks worried about Kurdish refugees trying to flee to Turkey during war Turks wanted committee to deal with war issues Said all the opposition should issue statements that they didn’t want Iraqis to take law into their own hands during invasion

2004 Fmr OHRA head Garner said he was replaced in Iraq because wanted early elections to return

power to Iraqis

2006 NSC report Iraqi army largely rebuilt but attacks not decreasing War stalemated PM Jaafari


2006 Gen Casey and Marine Expeditionary Force I Cmdr Gen Zilmer agreed Ramadi would be main

focus of Anbar campaign

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

2007 ISI set off chlorine bombs in Ramadi, Fallujah, Amiriya Fallujah

2008 Report UK Chief of Def Staff Lord Boyce First Sea Lord Adm West and head of army General

Jackson were all unsure of legality of Iraq invasion

2008 IOM reported 2.7 mil displaced Iraqis Only 1% of refugees returned Most couldn’t go back to homes

because occupied or destroyed

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2009 Sadr issued statement calling on his followers to give up on violence

2009 Report CPA got rid of Iraq’s tariffs and opened door to flood of Iranian imports They

threatened sectors of Iraq’s economy from bricks to food

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2010 Board of Supreme Audit reported that Salahaddin council was stealing money

(Musings On Iraq New Examples Of Corruption In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2011 KRG said that it would form committee to deal with protests in Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

(Musings On Iraq How Iraq’s Kurdistan Broke Up Two Months Of Protests)

2011 Sadrists claimed they conducted 3 mil people poll Results were close to protesters’ demands for

better services Attempt to co-opt demonstrations

(Musings On Iraq Sadrists Hold Survey Of Iraqis, Trying To Take Over Leadership Of Protests)

(Musings On Iraq Sadrist Referendum On Services In Iraq Completed)

2011 Police broke up protest in Fallujah calling for release of prisoners held without trial Was another

protest in Baghdad calling for reforms end of corruption and jobs

(Musings On Iraq Government Moves To Suppress Protests In Iraq)

2012 Report Education Min asked schools to start requiring uniforms to stop spread of emo culture

amongst students Human rights committee in parliament said it wanted to end emo movement and denied any murders Reports anywhere from 15-100 emos killed by militias

(Al Jazeera Video: ‘Emo’ Youth Targeted In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq The Government’s Role In The Recent Anti-Emo Violence In Iraq)

2012 From Dec 2011-Mar 2012 were 204 bombings in Iraq 70% increase from same period last year

2013 Kurdish MPs met with Pres Barzani and agreed on boycotting Iraqi parliament over disputes with

PM Maliki over oil and budget

(Musings On Iraq What’s To Gain From the Kurdish Alliance’s Boycott Of Iraq’s Government?)

2016 Sadr started sit in protests in Baghdad demanding cabinet reforms

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Trying To Play Kingmaker In Iraq)

2016 US artillery base in Ninewa hit by IS rockets Killed 1 marine 1st US death since new war in


2018 PM Abadi said Baghdad would pay KRG salaries to try to settle oil and budget disputes

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Paid Half Of KRG’s Salaries, Kurdistan Didn’t Contribute Leading To


(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Begins Lifting Sanctions On Kurdistan)

2018 Doctors and health workers in Sulaymaniya did walkout over not being paid since 2016

2020 4 pro-Najaf Hashd brigades asked to join Defense Ministry to protest control of Hashd

Commission by pro-Iran groups

(Musings On Iraq Pro-Najaf Hashd Threaten To Leave Hashd Commission)

(Musings On Iraq Resigned PM Abdul Mahdi Doesn’t Accept Units Leaving Hashd Commission)

2020 Brent oil price dropped to $26 per barrel lowest since 2003 due to dispute between Russia and Saudi

Arabia along with COVID Led to economic crisis in Iraq the most oil dependent country in world

(Musings On Iraq Oil Prices Collapse And Iraq Has No Answers)

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

  1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under British influence