Sunday, March 12, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 13 Barzani officially ended his revolt after Shah of Iran cut off aid

(Bas News)

1910 Ottoman army defeated Montafiq tribal confederation in present day Maysan province

for rejecting taxes

1917 British started Samarra offensive against Ottomans after taking Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1933 UK Amb to Iraq told King Faisal that trying to control opposition by including it in

govt only created dysfunctional govts and opposition were opposed to Iraq’s alliance with UK and should be excluded

1935 PM Midfai sent army unit from Hillah to Diwaniya to crush tribal uprising Head of

army Hashemi said army too weak to deal with uprising Revolt instigated by politicians opposed to Midfai

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1959 Nasser gave 3rd speech attacking Iraqi Communists Said Communists wanted to spread

their ideas across the Arab world

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1975 KDP announced ceasefire with Baghdad after Iran said it would stop giving it aid

following Algiers Agreement Amnesty offered which led most Kurdish refugees in Iran to return to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1984 UN team arrived in Iraq to investigate use of chemical weapons while Iran

made new claims its forces hit with mustard gas in Manjoon Islands Saw patients suffering from mustard gas Forensic tests on Iraqi bombs found mustard gas and tabun nerve gas

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Use Of Chemical Weapons In Iran-Iraq War And Their Western Origin)

1984 CIA predicted Iraq would use mustard gas on large scale vs Iran by summer 1984

1985 Iraqi commandos airlifted into Hoveyzah marshes to try to cut off Iranian Op Badr

forces

1986 Iraqi counterattack to retake Faw in Basra stopped in middle of island Iraqis dug in Iran

10,000 dead 25,000 wounded Iraq 3,000 dead 9,000 wounded 1,500 captured Iran still in control of Faw

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1988 Iran launched Op Zafar 7 in Khurmal Sulaymaniya with Badr Op Bait al-Moqaddas 3 in Sulaymaniya

Op Wa al-Fajr 10 in Halabja Goal was to capture two dams Captured 7 Kurdish villages

1988 Iraq restarted attack upon Iranian cities just 2 days after ceasefire in War of Cities

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Pres Bush said Iraqi helicopters should not be used to put down Shiite and Kurdish uprisings

Said impossible to normalize relations with Iraq as long as Saddam in power

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

1991 Kurdish uprising spread to Zakho

1991 Kurdistan Front announced council to run Kurdish areas during uprising

1991 325 Iraqi opposition leaders from 23 factions met in Beirut to discuss uprising in Iraq

Led to Free Iraqi Council led by Saad Salih Jabr

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s Ethnosectarian Quota System)

1991 Was anti-govt protest in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

1995 UN Security Council reviewed sanctions US argued Iraq violating human rights missing

Kuwaiti nationals and Iraq not fully disclosed WMD programs to maintain embargo

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

2002 PM Blair Foreign Pol Adv Manning met with Natl Sec Adv Rice’s staff Manning said

US not considered problems with going to war with Iraq

2003 UK Foreign Office legal adv Brummell wrote Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith saying didn’t

need 2nd UN resolution to go to war with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.8 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 8 to 20 March 2003)

2003 Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith changed his opinion saying 2nd UN resolution not needed for

action against Iraq

2003 PM Blair told Bush not to give ultimatum to Saddam until he had dealt with parliament

Bush said OK

2003 PM Blair told still hope that 2nd resolution authorizing force against Iraq could be passed

in UN

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 USAID official told aid groups Iraq war would be quick Needs would be met Iraqis

would regain control US would be out in a year

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 2 The Agencies Engage)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

2005 Dep Industry Min said there was systematic looting of factories and weapon sites after

03 invasion

2006 Bush said Iraqi forces would take over most security jobs by end of 2006 and that way

forward would continue to be difficult

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2007 PM Maliki and Gen Petraeus went to military base in Ramadi met Awakening sheikhs

Petraeus said city example of successful counterinsurgency Maliki promised services and reconstruction Sheikhs asked for new Anbar elections so they could take govt

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2007 ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi released tape refuting criticism of his group

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

2007 Report CURVEBALL source of claim Iraq had mobile WMD was still under German

intel protection living outside Munich Fmr CIA’s Europe ops chief Drumheller claimed he tried to remove CURVEBALL info from Sec State Powell’s Feb 03 UN speech Drumheller claimed he met with Dep CIA Dir McLaughlin to complain about including CURVEBALL in Powell’s speech McLaughlin denied that Powell said he never heard any questions about CURVEBALL before his speech Labs didn’t exist

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

(Musings On Iraq review Curveball, Spies, Lies, And The Con Man Who Caused A War)

2008 Dep PM Salah said strong military presence needed in Basra to get rid of militias Natl

Sec Adv Rubaie said Basra Gov Waeli had ultimatum to fight militias or lose backing of Baghdad Waeli replied Baghdad didn’t understand situation and neglected province Lead up to PM Maliki’s attack upon Mahdi Army

2008 Army and US Special Forces deployed to take Kut back from Mahdi Army after it had

expelled police following raid on Sadrists areas of city Was 3rd day of fighting

2008 Gen Petraeus complained that Iraqi leaders were not taking advantage of improved

security in Iraq to move forward on reconciliation

2008 US military said that ISI could be reduced but would not go away because it was so

adaptable

2008 Head of Baghdad Operations Command Gen Qanbar said sectarian violence down 90%

in capital

2008 Body of Chaldean Archbishop of Iraq Raho found outside of Mosul after being

kidnapped

2009 Report PM Maliki transferred Kurdish officers and units out of north Replaced army’s

4th Div with 12th in Kirkuk Transferred Kurdish officers out of 2nd Div in Ninewa Welcomed by al-Hadbaa who complained 2nd Div mostly Kurds

2009 Pres Barzani said as long as Oil Min had a bad policy KRG could follow its own

2009 Report UK started talks with Hezbollah to try to get Asaib Ahl Al-Haq to release 5

Britons it kidnapped from Finance Min in 2007 UK wanted them released before it withdrew from Iraq

(Musings On Iraq New Challenges To Sadr’s Leadership)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2011 Report parliament investigating up to 20,000 govt workers suspected of having fake

diplomas Went all the way to some ministers Buying fake diplomas common in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Tries To Tackle Bureaucratic Corruption By Addressing The Use Of Forged Papers)

2011 Report Iraqi army had $27 mil worth of Humvee parts at depot in Taji Received parts

twice a year General in charge of facility valued parts on shelves over sending them to units Many units had to buy parts locally because couldn’t get them from army Units had to request parts from division HQ where general had to sign off on every order Army had gas ration for units based on working vehicles Incentive for commanders not to report broken vehicles and therefore not fix them Army didn’t value parts logistics or repairs US found 80% of Humvees in 2 Iraqi divisions needed new tires and batteries

2012 Report KRG Natural Resource Min didn’t have good records on imports of fuel or

export of oil KRG imported large amounts of counterfeit and expired medicine Health Min not fighting corruption in health care system Little transparency in contracts signed Many contracts signed by Pres Barzani’s office or cabinet without showing ministries

2012 1st oil tanker loaded at new floating oil terminal in Basra Would help greatly increase

exports

2012 Oil Ministry told KRG not meeting its 175,000 bar/day oil export quota KRG was to get

monthly payments from Baghdad in return Exports been decreasing for months

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Kurds Push For More Oil Production, While Bickering With Baghdad Over Exports)

(Musings On Iraq Kurds May Be Fighting Losing Battle With Iraq’s Central Government Over Oil Exports)

2012 Sahwa in Salahaddin complained hadn’t been paid since Dec 2011 Was not being

integrated into govt as promised All sahwa were supposed to get govt jobs by end of 2010

2013 Report PM Maliki retired Dep Gov of Central Bank of Iraq Maliki had arrested him in

Jan on corruption charges Part of Maliki’s effort to control bank

(Musings On Iraq Prime Minister Maliki Completes His Clear Out Of Central Bank of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Becoming A Dictator? An Interview With Kirk Sowell Of Inside Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

2013 Anbar Tribal Chiefs rejected idea of turning Anbar into a region Had been pushed by

some politicians and protest leaders

2014 Report ISIS tried to storm several villages in recent weeks Included Suleiman Beq in

Salahaddin Azim and Sadiya in Diyala Jurf al-Sakhr and Musayib in Babil Radwaniya and Abu Ghraib in Baghdad Also building up bases in Baghdad belts Part of buildup to assault on Mosul

2014 PUK MP said KRG lost control of its finances Said even if Baghdad restarted budget

payments KRG couldn’t meet its debts KRG Finance Min ordered not to pay high level officials so low level ones could get salaries but didn’t happen High officials still paid Low levels ones not

2015 Report IS started new rules to keep people in Mosul Orders said people could only leave

to collect pensions Travel by non-Muslims was banned Said if someone left Mosul could not take family with them

2015 UN human rights report ISF and Hashd carried out extrajudicial killings torture

abductions forced displacement No punishments Jun 2014 ISF burned army base with 53 prisoners inside Jun 2014 43 prisoners in Baquba police station executed Aug Hashd and police attacked Diyala mosque twice killing 34 civilians Aug 2014 Hashd kidnapped 7 men in Salahaddin and executed them Jan 2015 Hashd and ISF killed 70 civilians and arrested more who had not been heard from since ISF and Hashd arrested Sunnis at checkpoints in Salahaddin and tortured them Sep 2014 security operation in Salahaddin Hashd forced people from homes and burned them accusing them of being IS Reports of looting in two cities in Salahaddin

2015 Report Iran launched info campaign over Tikrit op posting pictures of Quds Force Cmdr

Gen Suleimani on social media as if he was leader of op

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Propaganda Work In Iraq Interview With Tel Aviv Univ’s Dr Raz Zimmt)

(Musings On Iraq What Was Behind Iran’s Social Media Campaign Promoting Gen Suleimani In Iraq?)

2016 IS withdrew from Qaim Hit Kubaisa Rutba in Anbar

2017 Mass grave with 160 bodies found in Mosul Mostly former ISF executed by IS after

took city in 2014

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 148, March 13, 2017)

2018 PM Abadi ended ban on flights to KRG airports started in Sep 2017 over independence

referendum

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Begins Lifting Sanctions On Kurdistan)

2018 Anbar official said Badr Kataib Hezbollah Asaib Ahl Al-Haq refused to withdraw from areas in province and blocking displaced returning

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2020 Camp Taji in Baghdad hit with rockets by pro-Iran groups 3 US soldiers and 3-4 ISF

wounded 2nd time hit in Mar

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat Between U.S. and Pro-Iran Hashd Continues)

2022 Iran fired missiles at Irbil claiming they were targeting Israeli center Iranian ambassador

to Iraq threatened more attacks saying there were Mossad bases in Irbil Likely threat to KDP for aligning with Sadr in govt formation process

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This Day In Iraqi History - May 26 Jamil Midfai led Al-Ahd forces to attack Tal Afar in attempt to start revolt vs UK Mandate in Iraq

  1915 US consulate report Discontent in Baghdad against draft for war growing UK tried to bribe tribes south of Baghdad...