Wednesday, March 22, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 23 Nuri al-Said became PM 1st of 9 times Went after opposition Closed newspapers Took control of parliament to assure passage of Anglo-Iraq Treaty


1915 French Amb to UK Cambon suggested that UK and France begin discussions on

dividing Ottoman Empire Would lead to creation of Iraq

1920 PM Lloyd George cabinet said wouldn’t object to Hashemite rule in Iraq if supported by


(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1921 UK Foreign Sec told French Amb to UK that London had run into problems and large

expenses in Mesopotamia and that had led to decision to give the Arabs their own govt

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

1923 UK Iraq commission final report said British would not withdraw from Iraq Would lead to collapse

of King Faisal and humiliation for British

1930 Nuri al-Said became PM for 1st of 9 tmes Went after opposition Silenced press Controlled

parliament Was picked by King Faisal to assure passage of Anglo-Iraq Treaty

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review A History of Iraq)

1935 Cleric Ghita met with Baghdad lawyers and issued manifesto demanding more Shiite

representation in govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’is Of Iraq)

1946 PM Suwaidi submitted temporary budget to Senate 9 Senators absent to block its passage to force PM

to resign

1970 Communist leader in Baghdad Khadri found shot in street Baathists suspected Communists were

rounded up and executed afterward

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1974 Soviet Defense Minister Grechko arrived in Iraq to try to find compromise with Kurds Iran and US

told Barzani not to make any deals

1975 Mustafa Barzani and around 100,000 KDP members left Iraq for Iran ending Kurdish revolt

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1981 Iran said it would not accept ceasefire with Iraq as long as Saddam was in power

1982 Iran launched main attack in Op Fath to push towards Maysan Flanked 2 Iraqi divisions Was

largest military operation up to that time in war 100,000 Iranian and 70,000 Iraqi troops involved

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 CIA confirmed Iraq used nerve agents against Iran

1985 Iran ended Op Badr failed attempt to attack Basra city Iraq lost 20,000 casualties Iran 14,000


(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 PUK base in Sulaymaniya attacked in 2nd Anfal Campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1991 Sadoun Hammadi, a Shiite became premier as Saddam tried to appease Shiites while putting down

uprising after Gulf War

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

1997 Memo told Iraqi officials to hide material, documents, equipment from U.N. weapons inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

1998 UK issued terrorist alert on intel that Iraq trying to smuggle anthrax into country

2002 Joint Chiefs did paper drill running through Iraq invasion plan

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 British commandos took control of Um Qasr port while heaving fighting broke out in the town

(Musings On Iraq review Target Basra, The High Octane Story of the Royal Marine Commandos In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Special Operations Forces in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 US forces reached Nasiriya Secured bridges across Euphrates Attacked by Fedayeen left 29 dead Marines

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 Republican Guard Corps cmdr Gen Hamdani asked to blow up bridge over Euphrates in Karbala Gap to block US drive on Baghdad Saddam said no

2003 US B-52 bombers carried out raids on Baghdad Iraqi govt claimed 106 civilians killed

2003 British Tornado jet accidentally shot down by US patriot missile killing 2 crewmen

2003 US soldier Jessica Lynch taken prisoner by Iraqi forces during invasion when her supply convoy


2003 32 Apache helicopters sent on raid to destroy Republican Guard units in Karbala Turned back by

Iraqi fire

2003 US forces reached outside Najaf Claimed they found WMD facility Story proved false

2003 CENTCOM commander Gen Franks said no doubt Iraq had WMD

2003 White House said no question Iraq had WMD and that they would be found

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 US intel officials leaked to press they felt pressured by White House to come up with intel to

justify Iraq war

2003 SCIRI leadership said US was going to impose a military commander on Iraq and that should be opposed Said Islamic world turned against US for refusing to support the Iraqi people to overthrow Saddam Said wouldn’t cooperate with US Was because US refused to allow SCIRI to take part in invasion

2006 Report on captured Iraq docs Russian amb gave detailed info to Iraq on US invasion force and


(Musings On Iraq Russia Provided Iraq With Details Of US Plans Right Before Invasion)

2006 Report on captured Iraq docs Confirmed Iraq and bin Laden met in Feb 1995 to talk about

cooperation Iraq agreed to air bin Laden’s anti-Saudi tapes

2007 US House of Reps voted to set deadline for US withdrawal by 8/31/08

2007 Iran captured 15 UK Marines in Basra and offered to trade them for release of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq

leader Qais Khazali

(Musings On Iraq 2007 Political Kidnappings In Iraq Involving Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2007 Dep PM Zubaie wounded in ISI assassination attempt with a car bomb and suicide bomber that was

one of his own bodyguards

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2007 Sadrist website accused Dawa and SCIRI of selling it out to U.S. during Surge

2007 Fmr Najaf police chief said he was forced to hire 400 officers by Shiite parties Said none of

them were trained 1 officer fired for smuggling weapons used to attack UK Was returned to work and given promotion on orders from Baghdad Said torture was routine and police went after political rivals Dhi Qar police chief said he couldn’t get rid of rogue officers because they were protected by political parties

2007 Report Mahdi Army back on streets of Ghaziliya and Shula Baghdad Fired mortars at Mansour and


(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2007 Insurgents out on streets of Haditha Demanded residents take down satellite TV dishes claiming

they spread vice and immorality

2007 Report PM Maliki offered $200 to returnees to Baghdad Said he would evict squatters as part

of Baghdad security plan Baghdad Migration Ministry bureau director said he refused to tell families to return because of on going violence

2007 Report State Dept gave DynCorp $800 mil contract to train Iraqi police It hired Iraqi company that

hired an Italian company Businesses took most of the money with little going to actual training

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2008 PM Maliki flew to Basra to personally to lead Charge of Knights op

2008 Mahdi Army in Sadr City started firing rockets at Green Zone Over 1,000 fired by mid-May Left 269


2008 Report US asked UK to send troops back into Basra but London refused because set on


(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2009 Pres Talabani said PKK should stop fighting Turkey or leave Iraq

2009 Turkish Pres Gul met KRG PM Barzani in Baghdad Pushed improved relations and fighting


(Musings On Iraq Possible End To The PKK-Turkish Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

2011 National Reconciliation Commission claimed 5 insurgent groups agreed to put down arms and join

political process

(Musings On Iraq Protests Continue In Iraq)

2011 Parliament committee said Iraq had been asked to join Gulf Cooperation Council Iraq refused to join

GCC’s Island Shield security forces because it had intervened in Bahrain

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Will Have To Wait For Its Return To The Regional Stage)

2011 Bahrain’s Foreign Min Tweeted that the GCC wanted the Arab Summit in Baghdad canceled for

Iraq’s criticism of its internal affairs

2012 ISI broke 19 of its men out of Kirkuk prison

2013 Report Obama admin didn’t seem to care about Iraq anymore Wasn’t working on abuses Hadn’t

gotten PM Maliki to stop Iranian aid for Syria crossing through Iraq Gave up on huge civilian presence after military withdrawal Salah al-Mutlaq said no one thought US had influence in Iraq anymore

2013 Report Parliament’s human rights comm blocked by ISF from visiting secret prison in Green Zone

MP said no minister had ever agreed to questioning over abuses Justice Min was not dealing with issue PM Maliki govt unhelpful

2015 Hashd looted and destroyed 8 houses in Sadiya, Diyala Adviser to Diyala governor killed blamed on


2015 Soldiers in army’s 5th Div received notes from Hashd telling them not to ask for help

from the Great Satan/US or they would pay

2016 Senior Iranian army cmdr said special forces were being sent to Iraq as advisers Also served

as snipers

2017 Sadr interview Said he thought Hashd law would give it more power Said only army should

be in charge of security Sadr called for Hashd to be dissolved after IS defeated Said Hashd wanted to fight in Syria and Yemen Feared they would harm Iraq Was because Hashd led by his rivals

2017 Report 230 civilians killed in 3 buildings hit in airstrike in west Mosul Mar 22 Original count

was 100 IS was using building with human shields Defense Min claimed casualty reports came from IS Said ISF was protecting civilians Threatened legal action against media

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 158, March 23, 2017)

2017 Security source said 3,864 civilians killed in months worth of fighting to free west Mosul

from IS Another 22,579 wounded

2017 Report while visiting US PM Abadi said Hashd would not run in elections They did

2017 Defense Min said reports of high civilian casualties in Mosul came from IS Part of govt info

campaign to deny civilian deaths during battle Threatened to sue media for defamation

2018 PKK said it would withdraw from Sinjar after Turkey threatened military operation there

(Musings On Iraq Turkey Bluffs Its Way Into Getting PKK To Withdraw From Iraq’s Sinjar)

2018 Shell sold stake in West Qurna 1 field in Basra to Japanese company Start of major oil companies withdrawing from Iraq

2022 Human Rights Report LGBT Iraqis are routinely attacked by family members and

armed groups without punishment

 View the Iraq History Timelines

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