Thursday, March 9, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 10 Barzani wrote letter to Sec State Kissinger reminding him of Nixon’s promise of aid Barzani said Kurds being destroyed by Iraqi govt Kissinger didn’t reply

(Bas News)

 

865 Abu Ahmad’s army from Samarra reached gates of Baghdad to overthrow Abbasid Caliph

Mutasim

1917 British forces defeated Ottoman defenses outside Baghdad in Diyala River Led

Ottomans to abandon Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1947 PM Said held new elections to get parliament full of his supporters National Democratic

Party ran candidates in Baghdad Mosul Basra Kut Found Said interfered in vote and picked winners Democratic Party only won 4 seats

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review A History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

1963 Baath govt announced it would give Kurds national rights and decentralization

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1963 Iraqi delegation led by Baath leader Saadi went to Syria to talk about joining United

            Arab Republic

1975 Iraq’s Revolutionary Command Council and Regional Command of Baath Party ratified

Algiers Agreement with Iran

1975 Mustafa Barzani sent letter to Sec State Kissinger Said Kurds were being destroyed by

Iraqi govt Reminded him of promise that US would assure aid to Kurds via Iran Kissinger didn’t respond 

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1980 Iraq declared Iran’s ambassador persona non-grata as dispute built up leading to Iran-

Iraq War

1988 Iraq said it would stop firing missiles at Iranian cities if Iran stopped

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam issued amnesty for Kurdish fighters

1990 Iraq sentenced UK Observer journalist Bazoft to death for reporting on missile program

1991 Iranian Rev Guard attacked 2 Mujahedeen e-Khalq camps in Iraq during Shiite uprising

1991 Kurdish uprising spread to Tuz Kharmato and Dohuk

1991 Govt imposed curfew in Kirkuk to try to stop unrest

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

1991 US troops began withdrawing from Persian Gulf

1991 300 delegates from 23 opposition parties met in Lebanon to come up with strategy

against Saddam

1991 Talabani met with Turkish Foreign Min officials in Ankara to discuss Kurd-Turkish

relations after Gulf War

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

2002 Report UK’s Joint Intelligence Committee investigation found no links between Iraq

and 9/11

2002 CIA briefing included story that Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 UK gave Iraq 6 requirements to meet if wanted to avoid war including Saddam going on

TV and admitting to WMD

2003 French President Jacques Chirac said France would veto any new resolution because no

grounds for war

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.7 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 1 February to 7 March 2003)

2003 Bush told PM Blair 2nd UN resolution against Iraq was waste of time Was major policy

goal of Blair

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Bush talked to his advisors about giving an ultimatum to Saddam to leave power

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

2003 US official said Iraq had cluster munitions to disperse WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 ORHA head Garner briefed Bush on plans for postwar Iraq including using Iraqi army

for reconstruction and interim govt Said would only remove top Baath leadership Bush approved ORHA’s plan

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review Days Of Fire, Bush and Cheney in the White House)

2003 NSC briefed on postwar Iraq plans Included excluding 25,000 top Baathists from

govt NSC’s Miller said most Baath members govt workers who joined party to get job Prosecuting Iraqi war criminals Discussed truth and reconciliation commission Using Iraqi courts and police Establishing law and order Bush said US needed to get Iraqis running new govt and US would not pick new Iraqi leaders Powell said US had to get a new UN resolution for the US led interim administration in postwar Iraq US Treasury Sec Snow said US dollars could be used as interim currency in Iraq until new dinar created Bush approved light deBaathification after war Using dollars as temporary currency in Iraq Retaining Iraqi police Also approved creating Iraqi Authority to run country

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

2003 Institute for Science & Intl Sec report asked whether US misled public about Iraq

rebuilding nuke program

2003 Turkey’s Erdogan met Bush Argued against deposing Saddam saying it would lead to

Shiite govt tied to Iran

2004 Nasiriya Citizens’ Security Group made up of militias attacked police station and CPA

office Killed 5 police Italian army arrived Some in Security Group surrendered Arrested and tortured by police

2004 82nd Airborne Div commander claimed insurgency in Anbar was in disarray Next month

1st Battle of Fallujah would be fought

2005 Kurds and United Iraqi Alliance agreed on new govt based upon deal to resolve future

of Kirkuk and PUK’s Talabani becoming president

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2006 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey told Bush attacks in Iraq lower than during 2nd Battle of

Fallujah and 2nd Battle of Najaf Casey downplayed civil war throughout spring

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 19 The Iraqi Civil War Comes Into The Open, January-June 2006)

2007 For 2 days ISI began burning homes in Muqdadiya Diyala causing dozens of families to

flee

2007 Iraq hosted international conference of 13 countries UN Islamic Conference and Arab

League PM Maliki asked for help to fight terrorism

2008 Report Iraqi intel said Sadr’s ceasefire and move to Iran during Surge benefited Tehran

the most which was able to break away large sections of Mahdi Army

2008 Female suicide bomber killed sheikh and Sahwa leader in Diyala as part of ISI campaign

against Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Behind The Revival Of The Islamic State in Iraq, Interview With Naval War College Prof Craig Whiteside)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 Speaker Mashadani said KRG had right to sign oil contracts Said courts would have

final say on matter

2008 Study of captured Baath docs found no evidence of operational link between Saddam

and Al Qaeda Said Saddam didn’t trust Islamists Mar 06 US military released study of Iraqi docs and found same thing

2008 US military spokesman said caches found of Iranian weapons Accused Iran of recruiting

Iraqis to train them in Iran Hezbollah did much of the training

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

2009 Suicide bombing of tribal gathering with army in Abu Ghraib killed 33

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 Report Iraq producing 6,000 megawatts of power Was goal of CPA to be reached by

June 2004

2010 Iran invited Shiite politicians to celebrate Nowruz and pushed them to reunite behind

PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq Turkey, Saudi Arabia, And Iran’s Role In Putting Together A New Iraqi Government)

2010 Ahmed Chalabi and Ali al-Lami heads of Accountability and Justice Comm and

candidates sued Election Comm for allowing votes for 55 candidates they banned for Baathist ties

(Musings On Iraq The Accountability And Justice Commission Tries To Have The Last Word)

2010 Human Rights Min found out about secret prison at Muthanna Airport Baghdad Later

inspection found 431 prisoners who complained about bad conditions and torture Some were sodomized others electrocuted some raped All were arrested in Ninewa during Oct 09 security op

(Musings On Iraq Secret Baghdad Prison Discovered By Iraq’s Human Rights Ministry)

2011 12 members of Najaf council signed petition to turn province into region Said was

warning to Baghdad they needed better services

2011 Commander Rapid Reaction Force caught taking $50,000 bribe from real estate agent

His guards held off investigators so he could escape PM asked to turn over general Nothing happened

2011 Wasit Governor Tarfa dismissed on corruption charges Were protests demanding he be

removed Attacked govt building Police fired into crowd

2011 KRG parliament held session on Sulaymaniya protests Questioned KRG PM Salih 1st

time ever happened in KRG Survived no confidence vote

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 Report Kurdish media complained about threats for covering protests NRT office set on

fire Newspaper editor and Radio Nawa received threats Radio station attacked and looted  Kurdistan Journalists Syndicate said around 100 journalists threatened

2011 Amnesty Intl report said that protesters had been arrested and tortured in Baghdad

2011 Journalistic Freedoms Observatory said 160 attacks upon media last 2 weeks 33

reporters arrested 40 stopped from reporting Equipment damaged or taken 12 injured by ISF 9 media outlets raided by ISF 4 permanently closed Observatory was attacked as well

2011 PM Maliki said parliament to blame not just him for poor services Said parliament not

passed development laws Criticized parties that supported protests Said people had right to protest then that ISF had been killed and wounded by demonstrators

2012 Finance Min Issawi met with IMF Said it was opposed to any pay/pension increases

Issawi said that’s what govt wanted

2012 Report 14 teens stoned to death in Baghdad since end of Feb Militias attacking and

killing emo kids Militias handed out lists of kids they were going to kill Interior Min said emo kids were Satanists

(Al Jazeera Video: ‘Emo’ Youth Targeted In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq The Government’s Role In The Recent Anti-Emo Violence In Iraq)

2012 Sadrists organized protests in Baghdad Nasiriya Hillah Diwaniya against Bahrain’s

treatment of Shiites

2014 1000s of Sadrists marched in Sadr City Najaf Maysan Dhi Qar after PM Maliki

said Sadr not a mature politician and should be ignored

(Musings On Iraq Moqtada al-Sadr Ramps Up Campaign Against Maliki Before Iraq’s Elections While His Party is In Disarray)

2015 Badr head Amiri said around 100 Iranian adv working with Iraqi forces in Salahaddin

Criticized politicians who asked for US aid Claimed Iranian advisors free while US advisors had to be paid for

(Musings On Iraq Could Salahaddin Operation Be A Game Changer For Iran Vs US Influence In Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq U.S.-Iranian Rivalry Behind Iraq’s Tikrit Operation)

(Musings On Iraq Divisions Over Iraq War Exposed In Victory In Tikrit)

2015 Video posted of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq burning homes in Albu Ajeel Salahaddin

Punishment for members of Jabouri tribe joining IS

(Musings On Iraq Human Rights Watch Finds Iraq Government Forces Destroyed Tikrit Area After Its Recapture)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Goes On The Offensive In Salahaddin, Kirkuk and Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2015 UN human rights report said Hashd acted with impunity and left trail of death and

destruction behind it

2015 Garma in east Anbar freed from IS

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Goes On The Offensive In Salahaddin, Kirkuk and Anbar)

2017 Report Iraqi Observatory for Human Rights said 700 civilians had been killed in fighting

to free west Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 145, Mar 10, 2017)

2018 Report Iran Quds Force cmdr Gen Qaani’s attempt to negotiate new Iraqi govt failed

Ayatollah Khamanei intervened Sent letters to KDP and Sunni parties threatening them for working with Sadr

2018 Report Sadr cancelled decision not to run in elections

2018 Report Hashd leader Abu Muhandis interviewed Said Iraq was almost defeated in 2014 when Iran

came to its aid Gave weapons advisors planning Said Iran stopped sectarian war in Iraq Said Hezbollah was in Iraq as well Claimed Iran and Hezbollah stopped capture of Samarra Said Iran only country that stood with Iraq Said Iran also kept Assad in power in Syria

2018 Hashd leaders welcomed PM Abadi equalizing pay between ISF and Hashd Said there were 20,000 Hashd not registered with govt Were thousands of ghost Hashd leaders wanted registered to steal money

2019 Abadi claimed only 8 women and children died in taking Old City in Mosul from

IS Reporter told Abadi she’d seen dozens of bodies in morgue and rubble Abadi didn’t accept that

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Former PM Abadi Claimed Only 8 Civilians Killed In Mosul Battle)

2019 Badr head Amiri arrived in Basra Sent by PM Abdul Mahdi to head reconstruction

council for Basra Had no executive power Protesters said Badr had shot demonstrators

2019 KRG Finance Minister said KRG owed govt workers around $10 bil in unpaid wages

and pensions Result of failed oil plan and disputes with Baghdad that ended budget payments

2019 Iranian official said Tehran using Iraq to get around US sanctions

2020 Lawyer and activist assassinated in Amara Part of campaign by Hashd to kill and

intimidate protesters

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Farmers in Jalawla sub-dist in NEDiyala said Hashd were bulldozing fields to make

security zones Was supposed to be stopped but continued

2021 Gunmen assassinated father of kidnapped lawyer/activist in Maysan Protest in Diwaniya

demanding release of arrested activists

2022 Report Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei sent letters to KDP and Sunni parties

threatening them for working with Sadr to try to form majority govt

2022 IS announced new leader Abu Hassan al-Hashemi al-Qurashi eldest brother of dead

IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdad

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Security In Iraq May 15-21, 2024

The Islamic State and the Iraqi Islamic Resistance were both active in Iraq during the third week of May.