Tuesday, March 7, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 8 International Women’s Day Iraqi women at university in 1970s


 

(Musings On Iraq Interview Iraqi Women Before And After The 2003 Invasion, Interview With Prof Nadje Al-Ali Univ of London)

(Musings On Iraq Review Iraqi Women, Untold Stories from 1948 to the Present)

1916 Battle of Dujaila British attack on Ottomans failed British lost 3,474 casualties Turks

1,235 Was defeat in British effort to relieve siege at Kut

1917 British tried to cross Diyala River again to move on Baghdad but failed

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1920 Hundreds of ex-Ottoman soldiers including many Iraqis petitioned King Faisal of Syria

about how Arab revolt didn’t workout during WWI Went to Iraq to fight British

1950 105,000 Iraqi Jews registered to immigrate to Israel Almost 40,000 had already

immigrated under new govt law allowing immigration

1954 PM Jamali formed 2nd cabinet with Qazzaz a Kurd the Interior Minister

1959 Fighting continued in Mosul between Communist backers of Gen Qasim and his

opponents Rival army units joined fight

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1959 Coup leader Col Shawaf sent two planes to bomb Baghdad radio station but failed

1959 Gen Qasim bombed Col Shawaf’s HQ in Mosul Kurdish soldier loyal to Qasim killed Shawaf

Ended Mosul Revolt

1959 Govt arrested 60 Communists and sympathizers for Mosul fighting

1963 Baath seized power in Syria opening door to unification with Baath led Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

1970 Saddam went to Kurdistan Met with Barzani and KDP Said govt ready to ratify all deals with Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1974 Idris Barzani met with Saddam in Baghdad Asked that govt hold off on its unilateral

Kurdish autonomy plan Saddam refused

1980 Iran withdrew its ambassador from Iraq Prelude to Iran-Iraq War

1984 UN sent team to Iraq to investigate Baghdad’s use of chemical weapons against Iran

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Use Of Chemical Weapons In Iran-Iraq War And Their Western Origin)

1986 Iraqi counterattacks ended Iran Op Wa al-Fajr 9 in Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Peshmerga captured Sulaymaniya from govt forces Executed 700 Baathists and

            security officials

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

1991 Turkish Pres Ozal changed policy and held talks with KDP and PUK for first time

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1991 Iranian Pres Rafsanjani called on Saddam to step down from power

1996 UN inspectors launched 1st op to discover Iraq concealment program at govt construction company

Iraqis wouldn’t let them in Found nothing Op was meant to get reaction from Iraqis and study what they did to figure out how they were hiding things

(Musings On Iraq review Endgame, Solving The Iraq Crisis)

1998 UN inspectors went to old and new Defense Ministry buildings and found nothing Iraqis

told UN inspectors they knew Clinton admin wanted to provoke a confrontation to strike Iraq Also went to Military Industrial Comm Sec HQ but building was converted to Agriculture Min

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors and CIA Spying On Iraq In The 90s)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

2002 Iraq options paper given to Blair Said UK could strengthen containment or regime change

using military Said invasion only way to ensure removal of Saddam Said Iraq destabilizing force in Mideast but not threat it was before Said WMD programs continued but limited Found no evidence Iraq involved in any recent terrorism Meant no legal basis for war based on self-defense or fighting terrorism

(Musings On Iraq 2002 British Memo Said Iraq Not A Threat To The West)

2002 UK cabinet meeting said US no longer wanted to contain Iraq Said only way to remove

Saddam was through invasion but no justification for it

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.2 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, January to April 2002 – “Axis of Evil” to Crawford)

2002 CIA report on Fmr Amb Wilson’s trip to Niger to investigate Iraq trying to buy uranium Niger

denied any deal Said June 1999 Iraqi delegation met with Niger PM about business which PM thought was buying uranium CIA analysts believed FmrAmb Wilson confirmed Iraq was interested in buying uranium from Niger

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 State Dept believed Fmr Amb Wilson’s trip confirmed that Iraq had not tried to buy uranium from

Niger

2002 Fmr Amb Wilson would later claim that he talked about docs alleging Iraq-Niger uranium deal but he

didn’t know about them until later

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld sent note to Joint Chiefs head Gen Myers Said he didn’t want to send excessive forces to Iraq Said only wanted enough forces to defeat Saddam

2003 Bush made radio address saying he was doing everything to avoid war but if Saddam didn’t disarm

he would be made to Bush already decided on war

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

2003 PM Blair’s final attempt to get UN Security Council to pass 2nd resolution supporting force against

Iraq failed

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.8 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 8 to 20 March 2003)

2003 PM Blair’s foreign policy adviser Manning told Natl Sec Adv Rice PM Blair willing to lose his govt

in order to fight Iraq war

2003 DIA report to Sec Def Rumsfeld said IAEA was dismissing Iraq-Niger uranium story because

based upon questionable docs Said Wilson’s trip found evidence that Iraq was interested in buying uranium from Niger Was Navy report uranium was in Benin warehouse Said Somali businessmen talked about shipment that was similar to Iraq-Niger uranium deal even though didn’t mention Iraq Niger or uranium

2003 US official said administration had been duped by fake docs claiming Iraq tried to buy uranium

from Niger

2003 Fmr Amb Wilson told CNN US govt should and did know that Iraq-Niger uranium story was false

2003 Army Corps of Engineers gave KBR $7 bil contract to repair Iraq’s infrastructure after war

2004 Transitional Administrative Law signed into effect as temporary constitution Shiites on Iraqi

Governing Council who had objected to TAL finally signed it Sistani said it was illegitimate and any further laws must be passed by elected Iraqi parliament

(Musings On Iraq The Coalition Provisional Authority’s Inauspicious End)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2004 Natl Sec Adv Rice said that UN rep Brahimi had to return to Iraq to complete work on new Iraqi

govt

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2006 Police kidnapped and killed 50 Sunnis from security company in west Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2008 5000 protested in Basra against army and police over deteriorating security and rising crime

2008 Mahdi Army and army got into shoot out in Sadr City 18 soldiers taken prisoner

2008 Report Sadr sent letter to followers who asked why he hadn't been seen in public for so long Said he

felt like a failure for not kicking US out of Iraq and creating an Islamic country Said some of his followers had betrayed him Hadn't been seen in public since May 07 Was in Iran having fled Surge

2008 Report KRG PM Barzani said government workers would be paid in full from now on Didn’t happen

2009 Suicide bombing in Baghdad killed 28 outside police academy

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2010 Amara police chief said that Iranian Quds Force members used to come to Iraq every month

Now came every 6-7 months Said Quds Force busy dealing with suppressing opposition after Iran’s elections

(Musings On Iraq Is The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Too Distracted By Internal Affairs To Be Meddling In Iraq Right Now?)

2010 Sulaymaniya police said 19 fights between PUK and Gorran supporters after voting

2011 PM Maliki had offices of Iraqi Communist Party and Iraqi National Party of MP Alusi in

Baghdad closed for supporting protests

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Maliki Closes Down Two Political Parties For Supporting Protests)

2011 Report Maliki govt trying to suppress protests and media for covering them PM Maliki claimed

Baathists and Al Qaeda behind protests 3 activists found murdered in Kirkuk 4 journalists arrested in Baghdad and tortured by army

(Musings On Iraq Government Moves To Suppress Protests In Iraq)

2011 Report Maliki govt and KRG cracked down on media for covering protests Feb 4 journalists arrested in

Baghdad restaurant by army Taken to base and tortured Army accused them of being Baathists 3 employees of Al Sumaria TV arrested and taken to army base Mar gunmen in uniforms vandalized radio station in Sulaymaniya Station had been covering protests Journalists covering protests in Basra beaten Journalistic Freedom Observatory said media under attack 24 cases of journalists beaten for covering protests

2012 Interior Min said no emos had been killed 50-90 had reportedly been killed

2013 Agriculture Min resigned after police fired at protesters  in Mosul killing 1

2014 Protests in Baghdad Maysan Dhi Qar Najaf Basra against new pension law which maintained lavish

payments for high officials

(Musings On Iraq More Protests In Iraq Over Pension System)

2015 ISF turned over Dour, Salahaddin to Hashd who started destroying property

(Musings On Iraq Divisions Over Iraq War Exposed In Victory In Tikrit)

(Musings On Iraq Human Rights Watch Finds Iraq Government Forces Destroyed Tikrit Area After Its Recapture)

2015 200 people arrested by Kataib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq in Dour outside Tikrit 160 not

seen again Feared disappeared Dead

2016 Report Arms brokers got German weapons sent to Kurds and sold them to IS

2017 Iranian official said 2100 Iranians died fighting in Iraq and Syria Was more than double number

he gave in Nov when only talked about losses in Syria

2017 Report Mar meeting of Sunni politicians in Turkey Included VP Nujafi Ex-Ninewa Gov Nujafi

Ex-Finance Min Issawi Businessman Khanjar Head of Assoc of Muslim Scholars Dhari Were arrest warrants for 3 of them Meeting sponsored by Turkey Saudi Arabia Qatar Jordan UAE Abadi govt condemned meeting Showed Sunni elite divorced from political reality Thought meeting would lead to unity Didn’t think people would be offended and oppose it Sunni marginalization most often discussed in Iraq Misleading because Sunnis part of govt Thought marginalization really lack of united Sunni identity Sunnis divided between Arab nationalism and Islamists Didn’t participate in identity politics before 03 Sunnis didn’t identify as group before Thought were majority and Iraq belonged to them Some Sunni politicians tried to be involved in govt while having ties with insurgents but didn’t work Thought repeating old politics would maintain divisions

2018 PM Abadi issued Executive Order 85 Said Hashd would have same pay scale as army and receive

pensions

(Musings On Iraq Hashd To Get Equal Pay-Benefits To Army As Further Integrated Into Iraqi State)

2016 Report KRG pipeline to Turkey down for 3 wks exacerbated KRG's budget problems Needed

$730 mil to pay govt workers Owed oil companies $70 mil Jan only earned $650 mil 2nd-1/2 of 2015 KRG earned avg $628 mil/mo from oil exports Signed pre payment deals with oil traders KRG promised min amount of oil exports for oil traders to receive payments If KRG didn’t meet minimum traders only paid for what they received and KRG had to pay them for oil not delivered Drop in oil prices and pipeline outages led to cut back in payments by oil traders to KRG at least 4 mos behind paying govt workers which were already cut 15-75%

2018 Report 2018 budget only had $344 mil for reconstruction out of $20 bil capital budget IMF and

Iraq planned on roughly $10 bil per year for rebuilding over 5 years

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Fails To Allocate Adequate Funds For Rebuilding War Damage)

2018 Hundreds protested in Baghdad over sewage and lack of electricity Demanded PM Abadi form a

committee to deal with issues

2018 Report Lebanese American businessman help broker $4.2 bil arms deal between Maliki govt and

Russia Businessman went to Russia in 2012 Said he represented Maliki and arms deal should go through him Iraq’s Def Min was in Russia at same time trying to work out deal Businessmen then went with Maliki to Moscow to sign arms deal Deal surrounded in corruption charges Def Min canceled it as a result Maliki’s adv said deal would be renegotiated Businessman also involved with ISCI and KDP in making deals and creating political connections Worked with Maliki’s son on electricity projects

2019 Report KRG PM Barzani said government workers would be paid in full from now on

Didn't happen

2019 Report US military moving on from Iraq Focused upon conventional warfare US army

resisted publishing its history of Iraq War Finished in 2016 but not released until 2019 Vice Chief of Staff of the Army said wasn’t published because didn’t fit military’s doctrine

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Government Continues To Try To Forget About The Iraq War)

2021 Report Feb Irbil airport hit by rockets Killed Iraqi and Filipino contractor KRG arrested 2 for

attack who said they worked for Kataib Sayid al-Shuhada Front group claimed responsibility Asaib Ahl Al-Haq might have been in command of attack Later Ain Al-Assad base hit by rockets

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This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 1 UK got France to give up Mosul vilayet after WWI for stake in Iraqi oil

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