Thursday, March 16, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 17 Yasin al-Hashemi became PM 2nd time Was widely feared that he wanted to become dictator of Iraq

(Wikipedia)

 

1639 Treaty of Zuhab ended Ottoman-Safavid War and gave Ottomans most of Mesopotamia

(Musings On Iraq review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)

1913 US consulate in Baghdad reported secret Arab committee formed in Egypt that

advocated for Baghdad Basra Mosul vilayets to be independent from Ottomans

1913 US consulate report Basra petitioned Ottomans for all taxes to remain in province

1915 Another UK brigade from India arrived in Basra as reinforcements

1917 British forces captured Baquba from Ottomans

1935 Yasin al-Hashemi became PM 2nd time Called in sheikhs from Diwaniya and negotiated

end of revolt which he helped organize Was feared that Hashemi wanted to become dictator of Iraq and make King Ghazi figurehead Rashid Ali al-Gaylani and Hikmat Sulaiman both wanted to be Interior Min Hashemi offered Sulaiman Finance Min which he refused and began plotting to overthrow PM Hashemi

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1937 Gen Sidqi speech Said Communism would fail in Iraq Was attack upon liberal Ahali

and reformers who were part of govt Said they wanted to dissolve Iraqi society and politics

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1940 PM Said resigned due to disagreements with his cabinet Also part of his plan to get MP

Gaylani to be PM

1941 After consulting with UK Foreign Min Suwaidi convinced PM Hashemi and Regent to

move against Golden Square officers Golden Square called on army to overthrow Hashemi

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1947 National Democratic Party and Liberal Party decided to boycott new parliament after

election fraud by PM Said PM suspended opposition and arrested leaders

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review A History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

1975 Iraq and Iran Foreign Ministers signed agreement to create three committees to resolve

outstanding issues

1975 US Sec State Kissinger responded to Barzani pleas for help saying that US understood

struggle Kurds were facing

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1975 Barzani sent Pres Bakr note that he would negotiate over autonomy deal Desperation

move after Iran ended aid

(Musings On Iraq review People Without A Country, The Kurds and Kurdistan)

1979 Arab foreign and finance ministers met in Iraq over signing of Camp David Agreement

Decided to expel Egypt from Arab League

1982 Iran launched Operation Fath with diversionary attack towards Hoveyzah and Hamid

across from Maysan Worked as Iraq sent reserves there

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 Belgian labs confirmed mustard gas used by Iraq from samples taken from two wounded

Iranians Iraq used tabun for first time against Iran

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Use Of Chemical Weapons In Iran-Iraq War And Their Western Origin)

1985 Iran captured section of Basra-Baghdad highway for first time

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Iraqi army began assault to retake Karbala from Shiite rebels

(Musings On Iraq The 1991 Shiite Uprising In Southern Iraq)

1991 Refugee claimed govt killed 250-300 people in Najaf after uprising

1991 Kurds began fleeing Tuz Kharmato in face of govt offensive to retake it

1991 Baghdad held 1st tribal loyalty ceremony to shore up support during uprising

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

1991 Saddam said he would introduce democracy and create a new constitution

1992 Report in 91 Bush admin tried to block release of information about White House

support for Iraq before Kuwait invasion

1994 English scientists est 57% of southern marshes had been drained by Saddam to drive

out displaced and rebels

(Musings On Iraq How Saddam Destroyed An Eco-System And Its People In The Southern Marshes Of Iraq)

1996 UN inspectors said work was moving forward and Iraq was not hiding WMD as some

suggested

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1999 Uprising in Basra after Saddam killed Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between Occupations, Perspectives from 1920 to the Present)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2002 Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz and PM Blair’s adv Manning talked about building intl support

for military action vs Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.2 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, January to April 2002 – “Axis of Evil” to Crawford)

2002 UK Amb to US Meyer told Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz that if US wanted military action

against Iraq it needed to go through UN

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 Dep Sec of Def Wolfowitz told UK Amb to US Meyer that Iraq was linked with

terrorism and harboring member of 1993 World Trade Center bombing Was based upon conspiracy theories of Laurie Mylroie

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

2002 Times of London article quoted Iraqi defector provided by INC that Iraq had WMD

programs

2002 Bahrain Foreign Minister Salamn ibn Hamda al-Khalifa told press Arab world did not

see Iraq as the threat but Israel for its actions against Palestinians

2003 UN Draft resolution saying Iraq in non compliance and open to military action

withdrawn by US because couldn’t be passed

2003 Bush met with Congressional leaders telling them UN route with Iraq was dead Blamed

France Sen Byrd only one who said he opposed war

2003 Bush in TV speech said Iraq had WMD and was hiding them Gave Saddam and sons 48

hours to leave office or face invasion

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter The Invasion of Iraq)

2003 PM Blair gave Saddam ultimatum to comply with UN resolutions

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.8 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 8 to 20 March 2003)

2003 UK Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith gave legal advice that war with Iraq was legal

2003 UN Sec Gen Annan announced he would order withdrawal of weapons inspectors due

to impending war

2003 ORHA head Garner met with his oil team Said concerned Sec Def Rumsfeld picked ex-

Shell CEO Carroll to join group Oil team told Garner if Iraq oil sector destroyed by war would need someone with standing of Carroll to deal with situation

2004 Bombing of Mount Lebanon hotel in Baghdad killed 27 wounded 40 

2004 Iraqi Governing Council asked UN to return to Baghdad and advise the creation of

interim govt

2007 Report Education Ministry run by Shiite United Iraqi Alliance refused to give any aid or

support to schools in Sunni areas of Baghdad

2007 Gen Odierno said Baghdad belts key to securing Baghdad

2007 Report captured ISI docs said 06 decided to fight militias in Baghdad Wanted to force

Shiites from west Baghdad and attack Shiites in Anbar Diyala Salahaddin Mahdi Army took initiative and pushed insurgents out of large parts of Baghdad Insurgents now operated out of Baghdad belts more than Baghdad itself

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2008 Clashes between Mahdi Army and police spread to Karbala 35 killed 130 wounded

Before was fighting in Diyala and Wasit Sadr blamed PM Maliki for violence 

2008 ISCI and Dawa delegation made deal with Sadrists to end week’s worth of fighting

between ISF and Mahdi Army in Kut Govt agreed to release Sadrist prisoners and only conduct raids with warrants

2008 Female suicide bomber hit crowd of Shiites in Karbala 40 killed 65 wounded

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 BBC ABC NK ARD poll found 55% of Iraqis said lives were good vs 39% in Aug 07

62% said security better vs 43% in Aug 07 45% said next year would be better vs 29% in Aug 07

2009 Report Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction believed 15-20% of $21 bil

from Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund wasted

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2010 Report Syria asked Iran Saudis Egypt Turkey to oppose 2nd term for PM Maliki

2012 KRG said Exxon was still going through with its oil contract after Oil Minister claimed

it was suspending work in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq Exxon Mobile Trying To Have It Both Ways In Iraq, Developing Oil Fields in The South And North)

(Musings On Iraq Exxon Deal With Iraq’s Kurds Gains Powerful New Ally, Ninewa’s Governor, But Will It Backfire On Him?)

(Musings On Iraq How the New Chevron Deal Affects Oil Dispute Between Iraq’s Central Government And Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq The State Of The Kurdish Regional Government In Iraq, An Interview With National Defense Univ’s Dr Denise Natali)

2013 Chilcot Inquiry Lord Guthrie fmr chief of Defense Staff said irresponsible for UK to

have gone to war in Iraq without thinking of consequences Lord Boyce chief of Defense Staff said he tried to warn US invasion would not be seen as liberation Said PM Blair didn’t want to tell parliament or public that he was going to war Meant couldn’t make plans until very late Lord Dannat head of British army said US failed to prepare for postwar Iraq Left vacuum Air Chief Marshall Sir Burridge said UK hadn’t collected any good intel on Iraq since Gulf War Said after flying 13 yrs over Iraq in No Fly Zones should have known more Criticized Bremer for not including Iraqis in plans General Sir Jackson head of UK army in 03 said Def Sec Rumsfeld and Bremer were intellectually bankrupt

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2013 2 car bombs in Basra Killed 9 Wounded 24

2013 Report Jun 09 Iraq held first auction for oil fields with Exxon Shell BP Held 4th auction

in May 2012 with no major oil companies making bids Majors cooled on Iraq due to political conflicts bad contracts infrastructure bottlenecks Exxon Chevron Total Gazprom Neft all signed deals with KRG

(Musings On Iraq The State Of The Kurdish Regional Government In Iraq, An Interview With National Defense Univ’s Dr Denise Natali)

2014 Report Baghdad sent part of Feb budget payment to KRG for govt salaries Budget crisis

showed how dependent KRG was on Baghdad 70% of KRG budget went to govt workers KRG had to turn to loans and business deals for money after Baghdad ended payments

2014 Sadrists and MP Alusi both accused PM Maliki of trying to fix 2014 vote Said political

pressure on courts to ban candidates

(Musings On Iraq Moqtada al-Sadr Ramps Up Campaign Against Maliki Before Iraq’s Elections While His Party is In Disarray)

2015 Report Tikrit op planned by Iran and Hashd without PM Abadi or US involvement

Originally was completely Hashd op Army only added later

(Musings On Iraq U.S.-Iranian Rivalry Behind Iraq’s Tikrit Operation)

(Musings On Iraq Divisions Over Iraq War Exposed In Victory In Tikrit)

2015 Human Rights Report Jun 2014 IS surrounded Amerli Salahaddin IS destroyed homes

in area Aug Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Peace Brigades Badr helped break siege Hashd began looting 30 villages afterward 95% of homes in Hufriya 75% in 17 others villages destroyed by Hashd Sep 2014 Salahaddin councilman asked gov to investigate destruction by ISF and Hashd

2016 Report MPs said Transportation Electricity Defense Water Ministries all had political

party offices that extorted money from contracts

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2016 Gulf Keystone said KRG owed it $178 mil for exports and costs Reported over $100 mil

in losses in 2015 KRG unable to pay due to budget problems after Baghdad cut payments and bad contracts

2016 Cabinet complained PM Abadi started reforms without consulting with parties which he

needed to pass changes Sadr only one to fully back Abadi

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2018 Hashd leader Muhandis said Coalition provided Iraq nothing in 2014 to fight IS Said Iran and Hezbollah only ones to help No Coalition help to liberate Tikrit Not true Accused Saudis and UAE of supporting IS

2018 PM Abadi criticized media for reporting on terrorist attacks Said they made up stories undermined victory and supported insurgency with stories

2019 Report PM Abdul Mahdi said intl community should pay for rebuilding Iraq Most of

West Mosul still destroyed 2 years after war ended Estimated $1-2 bil needed to rebuild city 2019 budget only included $120 mil for reconstruction in Ninewa Intl donors had committed hundreds of millions to Mosul Held up by govt red tape EU Amb to Iraq said govt had no plan for rebuilding Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Has No Reconstruction Plan For War Torn Areas)

2019 PKK Sinjar Resistance Units blocked army at checkpoint in west Sinjar Led to 1 hour

gun battle

2020 Nasr MP and former governor of Najaf Adnan Zurfi named candidate for interim

premier

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Names Another Candidate For Interim Premier)

2020 Pro-Iran groups fired rockets at Green Zone

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

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