Monday, March 27, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 28 2 truck bombs in Tal Afar left 499 casualties Militias and police killed 70 in revenge

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1918 British took Ana

1940 Nuri al-Said convinced Golden Square officers to back Gaylani to be next PM Said would

become Foreign Minister

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1964 Arif announced Arab Socialist Union party which was to unite all factions in Iraq

Kurds refused to join

1987 Saddam was told 24,952 soldiers had deserted from 12/1/86-3/20/87 in Basra

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 US-UK officials seized equipment at Heathrow Airport meant for nuclear triggers heading to Iraq

1991 SCIRI head Hakim said Shiite rebels in south only fighting in rural areas after lost cities to Iraqi


(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

1991 Iraqi intelligence memo said it had contacts with bin Laden

1995 KDP accused PUK of attacking parliament building in Irbil city

1997 Sec of State Albright said Iraq had lied and blocked UN inspections Said inspections and sanctions

had contained Iraq

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

(Musings On Iraq review The Regime Change Consensus, Iraq In American Politics 1990-2003)

1998 UN Res 1154 okayed agreement between UN Sec Gen and Iraq to allow inspectors into presidential

palaces and other sites

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

2002 Arab League called on Iraq to comply with all UN resolutions and end sanctions Rejected military


2002 Gen Franks briefed Joint Chiefs on Iraq war plans Said he would be ready by 10/1/02

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 Gen Wallace Cmdr US V Corps told press war not going as planned due to resistance of Fedayeen

2003 Royal Marines attacked Abu al-Khasib Basra city suburb

(Musings On Iraq review Target Basra, The High Octane Story of the Royal Marine Commandos In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 US 173rd Airborne Brigade and Peshmerga took Irbil 101st Airborne Div sent to clear Najaf city

(Musings On Iraq interview with Kevin Petit of 173rd Airborne Brigade)

2003 PUK and 10th Special Forces Group began main attack upon Ansar al-Islam camp in Halabja

(Musings On Iraq review Special Operations Forces in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Why Didn’t Bush Strike Zarqawi And Ansar al-Islam In 2002?)

2003 US and UK military meeting Surprised Iraqis weren’t rising up against Saddam

2003 UN Res 1472 extended Oil for Food program for 45 days after US invasion

2003 US forces received warning of imminent WMD attack

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld accused Syria of sending military aid to Iraq British accused Syria of allowing

foreign fighters to use its territory to enter Iraq

2003 Chief weapons inspector Blix said US gave up on inspections in early 2003

2003 Aid ship arrived in Um Qasr Basra with 200 tons of food medicine and blankets for Iraqis

2003 Bush told group of veterans important to win the peace after the war

2004 CPA shut down Sadr’s al-Hawza paper for inciting violence Helped lead to Sadrist uprising

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 12 Things Fall Apart Apr 2004)

2006 Anbar Revenge Brigade claimed it killed 4 Al Qaeda in Iraq leaders and a member of Ansar al-


(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2007 ISI set off chlorine bomb at Fallujah government center

2007 2 truck bombs hit market targeting Shiite Turkmen in Tal Afar 152 dead 347 wounded Militias and

police went through Sunni district of town dragging people out of homes Executed up to 70 in the streets Wounded 30 Kidnapped 40 Iraqi army arrived and got into shootout with police until revenge killings ended

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2007 Report Iraqi observatory group said one prison in Mahmudiya held 705 Built to hold 75 Another

prison at Muthanna Air Base held 272 built for 50 Said ISF making mass arrests under Baghdad security plan but few released leading to overcrowding

2007 Saudi King Abdullah at Arab summit said Iraq was under an illegal foreign occupation

2008 Report Govt invoking Sec 136B to avoid corruption cases Interior Min Bolani used it to stop case

against Gen Gharwari who ran secret prison in Baghdad Also used to stop 11 cases against ministers and Central Bank of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2008 Report ISF made little progress in Basra 100s of police in city switched sides and joined Mahdi


2008 UK report Charge of Knights op in Basra stalemated and likely protracted fight

2008 PM Maliki extended deadline for militias to turn over weapons in Basra until Apr 8

2008 US carried out air strikes in support of Charge of Knights campaign in Basra for 1st time

2008 Presidential Council KDP and PUK said they supported Charge of Knights campaign vs Sadr

2008 1000s marched in Sadr City calling for removal of PM Maliki

2008 Badr offices in Amarah Maysan attacked Sadrists arrested in Babil and Qadisiyah Mahdi Army

seized control of Nasiriya and Shatra in Dhi Qar Fighting in 13 parts of Baghdad

2008 Rockets fired at Green Zone by Mahdi Army

2008 Pres Talabani met with Iranian Rev Guards Quds Force Cmdr Gen Suleimani about stopping

fighting between govt and Mahdi Army

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2009 Counterterrorism Unit arrested Fadhil Sahwa leader in Baghdad on terrorism charges leading to

gun battle

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

2010 4 Sunni winners from Iraqiya in Diyala targeted by Maliki govt 1 arrested 2 on the run 4th

fate unknown Accused of terrorism Maliki had been going after Sunni politicians in Diyala since 2008

2011 IMF doubted Iraq could reach 12 mil/bar/day of oil production by 2017 Said infrastructure limited

production Said Iraq needed huge investment in ports pipelines desalination plants storage facilities

2012 Baghdad said it would pay KRG $558 mil for Kurdish oil exports from budget Came after KRG

threatened to stop oil exports for central govt until it got monthly budget payments

(Musings On Iraq Kurds May Be Fighting Losing Battle With Iraq’s Central Government Over Oil Exports)

2012 Report Abdul Masawar Barzani cousin of Pres Barzani and university lecturer taken in by security

forces in Irbil Told to stop criticizing Mulla Musafa Barzani Also criticized tribalism in KRG politics

2013 Iran delivered bodies of Iraqi militiamen killed fighting for it in Syria

(Musings On Iraq The Increasing Flow Of Iraqi Fighters To Syria, An Interview With University Of Maryland’s Phillip Smyth)

2014 Families from Qara Tapa, Diyala started fleeing militias

2014 PM Maliki accused Saudis and Qatar of waging war on Iraq Said they were aiding IS Said they were

responsible for sectarianism terrorism and security crisis in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2014 Report ISIS condemned voting in elections Posted flyers against election Said it would target voting


2016 Report PM Abadi said wanted 9 member cabinet with Electricity and Defense ministers staying

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2016 Turkey’s PM Oglu said it would not withdraw its troops from Iraq as long as IS a threat

Were there for fighting PKK not IS

2017 Kirkuk council voted to fly the Kurdish flag over government buildings in

            province Led to protest by Turkmen in Kirkuk city

2018 Amnesty International said KRG security forces abused reporters covering protests

2018 KRG said it would reduce pay cuts for govt workers in response to protests Still not able to fully pay for them

2018 Report IS set up fake checkpoint and abducted 9 Federal Police in Kirkuk Then executed them and posted it on social media Past week IS accused of setting up 6 fake checkpoints

(Musings On Iraq June 2018 Islamic State Rebuilding In Rural Areas Of Central Iraq)

2020 Report US officials got daily warnings of attacks by pro-Iran Hashd No decision

on how to respond US asked PM Abdul Mahdi to arrest perpetrators Kataib Hezbollah behind rocket attacks Trump admin did not want to escalate situation US increased defensive equipment at bases

2020 Report Abdul Mahdi govt struggling to pay salaries with low oil prices Needed $3.5

bil/mo to pay govt workers Only earned $2 bil/mo from oil sales $1 bil of which went to paying oil companies

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Faces The Abyss With Coronavirus And Oil Collapse)

2021 Report Pro-Iran Hashd controlled many border points to earn money Finance Min Allawi

said govt officials political parties gangs and businessmen worked together to steal from border crossings Hashd and political parties had own tariffs on trade Border agents inspectors police took bribes from companies that wanted to skip official tariffs Mandali crossing with Iran controlled by Badr Kataib Hezbollah controlled cigarette trade Zerbatiya crossing with Iran controlled by Asaib Ahl Al-Haq PM Kazemi tried to take control of crossings with little effect Kataib Hezbollah used to control Baghdad Airport Expelled but still controlled air shipments

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2021 Peshmerga brigade in Sulaymaniya protested over not being paid for 2 months KRG couldn’t

pay bills due to disputes with Baghdad over oil and budget Reporter arrested for covering protest

2021 Dhi Qar protest organizer escaped assassination attempt

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2022 KRG PM M Barzani said that KRG would eventually export natural gas to Turkey and Europe KRG

had been talking about that since 2012

2023 Report Claims Iraq wanted to be ambiguous over whether it had WMD to deter

Iran and that secular Saddam wouldn’t work with Islamist Al Qaeda persist but not true Iraq tried to hide its WMD from inspectors When started to come clean UN and US believed that proved Iraq hiding its programs and punished it to try to get more info but backfired Made Iraq not want to cooperate 1994 Iraqi Intel Service made contact with bin Laden in Sudan Iraqis met bin Laden in 1995 Asked for Iraq to broadcast Salafi preacher into Saudi Arabia and asked for joint ops vs US in Saudi Arabia Saddam okayed radio broadcasts Intel service wanted to look into further cooperation with bin Laden After he was deported from Sudan and went to Afghanistan in 1996 intel service said it still had contact with him Nothing came of it Iraq supported other jihadist groups Saddam opposed to Salafis in Iraq but willing to work with them in other countries if helped Iraq’s interests

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This Day In Iraqi History - May 25 Turkey launched 1st raid into Iraq to fight PKK under Iraq-Turkey security agreement

  1918 11 leaders of Najaf revolt executed in Kufa by British