Saturday, March 25, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 26 Iyad Allawi won 2010 election PM Maliki came in 2nd

(Al Jazeera)

 

1918 Battle of Khan Baghdadi between Ottomans and British started

1941 PM Hashemi transferred 1 Golden Square officer to Diwaniya He refused Golden Square got PM to

reverse order They promised to stay out of politics in return Decided to remove PM

1969 Pres Assad called for Iraq-Syria-Egypt union

1975 Iranian premier visited Baghdad and laid out steps to implement Algiers Agreement to determine

border between two

1979 Iraq hosted anti-Sadat meeting to oppose new Egypt-Israel peace treaty

1982 2 Iraqi divisions ordered to retreat to escape encirclement during Iranian Op Fath push on Maysan

Large tank battle in Chananeh End of day Iraqi 1st Mech Div destroyed

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 US Special Envoy Rumsfeld arrived in Iraq for 3rd time Rumsfeld presented secret proposal for

Israeli aid against Iran Iraq rejected offer Also offered $2 bil in loan guarantees Agreed to restore diplomatic relations

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1985 Iraq threatened to spread war to all sections of Iran if it didn’t agree to a peace settlement

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Iraq dropped chemical bombs on Karadagh Kurdistan during Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1991 Fierce fighting between Iraqi forces and Peshmerga on Khanaqin-Jalawla road Diyala

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

1991 Talabani returned to Iraq after 3 years Gave speech talking about freeing all of Iraq working with

Iraqi opposition to create a provisional govt 

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1991 White House meeting on Iraq uprising Decided not to get involved

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

1991 Bush told press Iraqi rebels had not asked U.S. for help during uprising

1991 Bush administration said they would not stop Iraq from using helicopters to put down uprisings

1991 Bush Natl Sec Adv Scowcorft secretly met Saudi King Fahd who told US to stay out of 1991

uprising

1996 Jordanian govt held party celebrating opening of Iraqi National Accord new HQ in Amman

1996 PUK backed peace deal with KDP although talks had not worked out

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1997 Secretary of State Albright said US disagreed with countries that wanted sanctions to end if

Iraq complied with inspections Said Iraq had to prove peaceful intentions and that wasn’t possible with Saddam

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

(Musings On Iraq review The Regime Change Consensus, Iraq In American Politics 1990-2003)

1998 UN inspectors went to presidential palace and found nothing

2003 US forces began move on Kut Wasit Surrounded Najaf Iraqi 3rd Special Forces Brigade attacked US 3rd Infantry Div in Kifl Najaf with no effect Bridge at Kifl taken Used to bring Fedayeen into Najaf Iraqi counterattack south of Najaf failed

2003 Iraqi Republican Guard Al Madina Div moved to Karbala Gap under cover of sandstorm to block US advance on Baghdad Saddam then ordered Al Madina to halt believing it was heading into a trap

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 US 173rd Airborne Brigade landed in northern Iraq to cooperate with Peshmerga move into Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)

2003 Iraq claimed US missile hit market in Baghdad US Air strikes failed to take Iraq state TV off the air

2003 Bush and PM Blair met at Camp David to discuss Iraq invasion

2003 ORHA sent list of 16 sites that needed to be protected in Baghdad to US military HQ in Kuwait but

was ignored

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld told ORHA’s Garner he had some replacements for Americans going to run Iraq

ministries Wanted them all from Pentagon

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 British intel report Hope that Iraqi govt would quickly fall within days of invasion fading

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 8: The Invasion)

2006 US-Iraqi special forces raid killed 16 Mahdi Army militiamen in Adhamiya Baghdad Sadrists

removed weapons Rearranged bodies to look like they’d been killed during prayers Spread photos on Internet Led to US and Iraqi investigations that halted US raids on Mahdi Army

2007 PM Maliki and Pres Talabani announced Accountability and Justice bill would change

deBaathification process Wouldn’t pass until 2008 due to opposition

2007 Report Amb Khalilzad held talks with 1920 Revolution Brigades and Islamic Army in 2006 No

breakthroughs Insurgents made unreasonable demands like dismissing govt Suspending constitution US also had talks with insurgents in 2005 Maliki govt upset with talks claiming Khalilzad sectarian and trying to undermine Shiite majority rule

2008 ISF got into shootout with Mahdi Army in Diwaniya

2008 Fighting between ISF and Mahdi Army in Basra 5 neighborhoods in Baghdad plus Kut Diwaniya

Hillah Karbala Mortars fired at Green Zone Mahdi Army attacked US checkpoints in EBaghdad Clashes between Mahdi Army and Badr Dawa office burned in Sadr City

2008 PM Maliki gave gunmen 72 hours to turn in weapons in Basra

2008 US and Iraqi forces began moving into Sadr City as fight against Mahdi Army

            moved from Basra to Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

2008 Sadrists walked out of parliament over govt crackdown on movement Called for no confidence

vote against PM Maliki

2008 Mass grave with 52 bodies of people executed by ISI found in Diyala River Valley

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

2009 US and UN sanctioned Muthanna Harith Dhari for financing ISI 1920 Revolution

Brigade and Islamic Army of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Spiritual Leader To Iraq’s Insurgency Harith Dhari Dies In Exile)

2009 Report May 08 PM Maliki launched security op in Mosul $100 mil for rebuilding

Clashed with Ninewa govt over contracts Governor said unnecessary people hired Mosul govt said money wasted and nothing completed Governor tried to stop contracts

2009 Report PM Maliki moved 4th Div out of Kirkuk which was led by Kurds Replaced by 12th

Div accused of harassing Kurds Demanded peshmerga and Kurdish intel leave Kirkuk Moved into disputed town and almost got into shootout with residence before US intervened

2010 Election results announced Iraqiya 91 seats State of Law 89 National Alliance 70 Kurdish Alliance

43

(Musings On Iraq Allawi Wins Iraq’s Election, But Does It Matter?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Unraveling, High Hopes And Missed Opportunity In Iraq)

2010 Pres Talabani and VP Mahdi went to Tehran to talk about national elections

2010 State of Law met with Sadr in Qom to try to win his support for 2nd Maliki administration

2010 State of Law protest in Amara called for recount in national elections

2010 Human Rights Min said it found 84 mass graves in Baghdad and Diyala all from post-03 violence

2011 PM Maliki warned of sectarian conflict in Gulf after Saudi Arabia and UAE sent troops to Bahrain

2011 Peshmerga announced withdrawal from parts of Kirkuk after political protests

2012 KRG said it would stop oil exports if it didn’t get paid for what it had already shipped Claimed owed

$1.5 bil by Baghdad Said hadn’t gotten monthly payment since May 2011 KRG was not meeting its oil export quota

(Musings On Iraq Kurds May Be Fighting Losing Battle With Iraq’s Central Government Over Oil Exports)

2012 KRG demanded that Baghdad get its permission to work on Kirkuk oil field Oil Min was talking

with BP to develop field

(Musings On Iraq Talks Over Development Kirkuk Field Highlight Differences Between Iraq’s Government and Kurds Over Oil In Disputed Territories)

2012 Pres Talabani announced national conference to solve political differences over Maliki govt on

Apr 5 Barzani and Allawi said they wouldn’t attend

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 Saudi owned Al-Sharq Al-Awsat editorial condemned terrorism charges against VP Hashemi Said

Maliki govt was an Iranian creation

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2013 Cabinet said that it agreed to meet major demands of protesters dealing with arrests amnesty etc

Never did

(Musings On Iraq Understanding Iraq’s Protest Movements, An Interview With Kirk Sowell, Editor of Inside Iraqi Politics)

2014 Sadr condemned militias in Diyala after several reports of them killing civilians and destroying

property

2014 Mutahidun said militias had killed civilians in Buhriz Diyala and destroyed houses and mosques

2015 Hashd spokesman said Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Kataib Hezbollah Peace Brigades would no longer

take part in Tikrit op due to US airstrikes

(Musings On Iraq Divisions Over Iraq War Exposed In Victory In Tikrit)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2015 Report Asaib Ahl Al-Haq claimed US bombed Iraqi forces and dropped aid to IS by

mistake Said US was trying to steal Tikrit victory from Hashd Badr and Sadrists said didn’t trust US led Coalition Said Tikrit could be taken without US help US demanded Iranians and pro-Iran Hashd pull back from Tikrit and allow ISF to take city

2015 CENTCOM mcdr Gen Austin said Iraqi police and army were now in lead in Tikrit op

2015 Report Tikrit op planned by Iran and Hashd Hashd cmdr Muhandis presented Tikrit plan to

PM Abadi and asked whether ISF wanted to be included Said US was not to be involved Muhandis said Iran and Hashd would attack Tikrit regardless of Abadi Meant to prove that Iran and allies could take major city without US Iran and Hashd launched media campaign showing that it was helping Sunni civilians during op

2015 Report Garma eastern Anbar surrounded by ISF then operation halted

2015 Report KRG received 2nd budget payment from Abadi govt but lower than expected KRG

still not meeting its oil export quota Was supposed to export 375,000 bar/day during 1st qtr 2015 Only exported 153,000 bar/day Jan 306,000 bar/day Feb KRG not getting enough money from Baghdad to meet its costs Oil companies in KRG owed $750 mil

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Reaches Another New High In Oil Exports As Budget Deal With Kurds Breaks Down)

2016 World Bank pledged $250 mil to rebuild freed areas of Iraq PM Abadi said govt would cut

spending Encourage private sector Diversify economy away from oil Only made budget cuts

2016 Turkish soldier killed Another wounded by IS rocket attack upon Turkish base in Bashiqa

Ninewa Turkey responded with artillery and air strike 2nd IS attack upon base

2016 Report Hashd spokesman said it was not involved in politics Said followed govt institutions

and overseen by PM Abadi Already involved in politics and some factions did not follow Abadi

2016 Makhmour Ninewa op stalled by IEDs and bad weather that blocked air strikes

2016 Report Maliki’s State of Law disagreed with PM Abadi’s cabinet reforms Blocking sending

ministerial candidates to parliament Other lists not sent candidates to Abadi Talk by Supreme Council to come up with new ruling alliance if Abadi failed

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2017 ISF denied air strike led to civilian deaths in west Mosul Claimed IS car bomb destroyed

building Then said this happened in different neighborhood US airstrike did destroy building leaving over 200 dead

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 162, March 27, 2017)

2017 Joint Ops Command said reports of civilian deaths in Mosul being exaggerated

2017 Iraqi Observatory for Human Rights said 3,846 civilians killed in Battle for Mosul Called on

Iraq and US to show restraint Said IS had taken 197 civilians to Grand Mosque in Mosul to be used as human shields

2018 Report Civil Defense officer in Mosul complained about lack of support to rebuild city Civilians cleaning up city because govt too slow didn’t have money and was corrupt

2018 Teachers protested in Sulaymaniya Dohuk Irbil over govt not paying salaries due to disputes with Baghdad over budget oil and bad contracts

2018 Report Kosrat Rasul said PUK split Hero Ibrahim wife of Talabani believed she was leader Rasul said PUK not a family party

2018 Comm to Protect Journalists said media attacked by security forces while covering protests in KRG 7 reporters assaulted 2 arrested

2018 Report Turkey occupied 28 villages up to 10km into Irbil Built new military base to fight PKK

2018 Report Kurds fleeing villages in Daquq south Kirkuk due to IS attacks

(Musings On Iraq June 2018 Islamic State Rebuilding In Rural Areas Of Central Iraq)

2020 Pro-Iran Hashd group fired rockets at Green Zone in Baghdad

2020 Report Hashd said it sanitized 2,000 sites for COVID Set up hospitals in Dhi Qar

Babil Karbala Salahaddin Trying to use virus to show working for public

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