Friday, March 3, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 4 1991 Revolt spread to Kurdistan


1935 Jamil al-Midfai became PM 2nd out of 5 times Was considered aligned with King Ghazi

and fmr PM Ayubi Jawadat Ikha Party kept up support for Mid-Euphrates tribal revolt that spread to Diyala

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1950 Denaturalization law allowed Jews to leave Iraq if gave up citizenship and gave assets to the state

Govt thought only 10,000 Jews would leave 113,000 left

1959 Communists held large protests in Mosul trying to deter military revolt there against Gen Qasim

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1963 Baath govt delegation met with Mullah Mustafa Barzani in north for negotiations

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1965 Arif govt began new military offensive against Barzani

1981 Islamic Conference Organization’s peace plan was rejected by both Iran and Iraq

1981 Italy authorized sale of 11 naval vessels and a floating dock worth $1.8 bil to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1984 Iraqi general quoted as saying that Iraq had right to use chemical weapons against Iran to defend


(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Use Of Chemical Weapons In Iran-Iraq War And Their Western Origin)

1987 Iran launched 4th attack in Op Karbala 5 in Basra

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Najaf and Kufa joined Shiite revolt after Gulf War

1991 Iraqi forces began retaking Basra from rebels

(Musings On Iraq The 1991 Shiite Uprising In Southern Iraq)

1991 Kurdish rebellion started in Raniya

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

1993 Consignment of tennis balls children’s clothes adult clothes pencils sharpeners erasers school

notebooks sent by Pakistan to Iraq blocked by US UK France Japan in UN sanctions committee

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

1995 INC and PUK forces began attack upon Iraqi forces in planned uprising against Saddam but

failed CIA had supported INC plan but White House backed out in end KDP refused to join as a result 

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

1995 Saddam told of meeting with bin Laden in Feb Saddam agreed to broadcast anti-Saudi lectures Said

future relations would be determined by more talks Meeting was only confirmed one between Iraq and al Qaeda

2001 US told UN Sec Council Iraq had been reselling supplies from Oil for Food program setting up

front companies giving kickbacks to get around sanctions

2002 State Dep intel memo sent to Sec State Powell and DIA Didn’t believe Niger would sell uranium to

Iraq Story fake

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 UnderSec Def Feith briefed Bush and NSC on Pentagon’s postwar plans Goals were to maintain

integrity of Iraq Improve living standards Create a democracy Destroy WMD Fight war on terror Get international support for rebuilding Gain support of Iraqis Get Iraqis to rule as quickly as possible to accomplish all tasks quickly Had no strategy on how to achieve goals

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 US found that France made allegation that Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger based upon fake


(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 PM Blair told that US was thinking about starting war on 3/12/03 despite UK desire for 2nd UN

resolution against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.8 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 8 to 20 March 2003)

2003 UK For Sec Straw told parliament committee Iraq was in material breach of UN Res 1441 and that

gave legal authority for action

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 Ayatollah Sistani sent memo to Bremer Said unhappy with Transitional Administrative Law because

allowed three provinces to veto new constitution Then made 8 demands which delayed ratification of TAL

2005 Italian Mil Intel freed kidnapped Italian journalist US shot at their car killing Italian Gen Italy said it

would withdraw its 3,000 troops as a result

2007 Report Number of bodies found in Baghdad went from 35-50 a day to 20 Shiites in Kadhimiya

trying to take over Sunni Hurriya neighborhood north Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 UK and Iraqi forces raided National Intelligence Agency HQ in Basra Found 30 prisoners that had

been tortured Intel office connected to attacks upon UK kidnappings and murders

2007 Report British army found missile that brought down helicopter in Basra in May 2006 came from


(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

2007 1,100 US soldiers and ISF conducted search in Sadr City Came after Sadr told PM Maliki he

supported Baghdad security plan Was no resistance

2008 Head of National Reconciliation Council announced 12,000 Sahwa had joined ISF Was still below

the number govt promised

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2009 Report PUK facing divisions Feb group of leading officials including Dep Sec Gen Rasul and 4

politburo members threatened to leave unless Pres Talabani passed reforms Wanted democratic practices ending corruption transparency 2 sides met in Baghdad and worked out deal Divisions started in 08 when fmr Dep leader Mustafa began criticizing party’s practices Dec 08 Talabani said he would start reforms Critics didn’t think any changes would be made because would lesson Talabani’s power

2010 Iraq one of most corrupt countries in world Cost $3000 for car license $5000 for police job

$300,000 to become colonel in army

(Musings On Iraq New Examples Of Corruption In Iraq)

2010 Report World Bank est Iraq needed $1 bil in investment to maintain its current oil production

of around 2.4 mil/bar/day because ports pipelines etc are old and decrepit Said to upgrade to 5 mil/bar/day would cost around $30 bil over 8 yrs

(Musings On Iraq Analysts Say Impossible For Iraq To Reach Oil Production Goals)

2010 Report US said Asaib Ahl Al-Haq was trying to get other militias to join with it and carry out

attacks on Americans Leader Qais Khazali was released after US-Iraq negotiations Afterward renounced violence and said would turn to politics Didn’t US general in charge of Baghdad said Asaib Ahl Al-Haq would increase attacks to take credit for US military withdrawal Khazali was student of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr Then deputy to Moqtada al-Sadr 2004 two split Fall 08 US began talks with Khazlai and Baghdad to release him Khazali ordered ceasefire and 450 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq members released from prison Released Brits group kidnapped in return Iraqi officials said kidnapping worked because got members released After released Khazali stopped talking to US and Baghdad US said ceasefire ended Jan group kidnapped US contractor

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2010 Report Iranian Rev Guard’s Quds Force ran military ops in Iraq Trained anti-Saddam groups

many of which became ruling parties after 2003 Quds Force Gen Suleimani brokered ceasefire with Mahdi Army and Maliki in Mar 08 Mar 07-Jun 08 Kataib Hezbollah carried out attacks on US 2008 Lebanon’s Hezbollah played videos of Kataib Hezbollah’s attacks on US Kataib Hezbollah called Iranian proxy Feb 2010 US military accused Kataib Hezbollah of increasing arms smuggling from Iran Led by Abu Muhandis Was advisor to Gen Suleimani 1983 Muhandis bombed US and French embassies in Kuwait Carried out assassination attempt on Kuwait emir in 1985 Both were Quds Force ops to deter Kuwait France US from supporting Iran in Iran-Iraq War Jul 09 Kataib Hezbollah and Muhandis labeled terrorists by US Treasury Dep 2005 Muhandis elected MP as part of United Iraqi Alliance Ran again in 2010 Didn’t go to parliament and lived in Iran for over 20 yrs Joined Dawa in 70s 85 joined ISCI Became deputy cmdr of Badr Brigade Fought on Iranian side in Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2010 Report Govt jobs only thing keeping Iraqi society going 3/5 of jobs are from govt 70% of

budget goes to salaries and pensions Private sector small Few middle sized businesses since 2003 Most small or state run Private business accounted for 13% of GDP Rest of MidEast private sector up to 33% of GDP 240,000 Iraqis enter labor force each yr Population getting younger Foreign investment up but mostly in oil Foreign construction and service companies also opening in Iraq from MidEast and Asia Security main reason Western companies don’t operate in Iraq Also turned off by regulations corruption Iraq ranked 153rd in ease of doing business

2010 Report Few solutions to refugees/displaced Around 2.8 mil displaced ½ displaced before 2003

1.5 mil displaced after Feb 06 Samarra bombing Lacked health power water sanitation Large returns didn’t happen as expected after violence dropped off Maliki govt didn’t offer solutions or adequate aid Iraq changed demographically during civil war Saddam’s Arabization policy Anfal campaign draining southern marshes displaced 1000s before 2003 Each province had different requirements to register as displaced

2011 Day of Regret protests Happened in Baghdad Mosul Salahaddin Diwaniya Dhi Qar Babil 5 reporters

arrested and beaten in Basra Police used force to break up Basra protest Police put up checkpoints to stop people from going to Baghdad protest

(Musings On Iraq Government Moves To Suppress Protests In Iraq)

2011 KRG Natural Resource Min said KRG oil exports reached 100,000 bar/day in Mar Wanted to reach 1

mil/bar/day by 2015 Didn’t happen

2012 ISI assassinated 2 police commanders in their homes and took a checkpoint in Haditha

2012 Report Diyala farming suffering Lacked fuel electricity govt aid plus drought Many farmers looked for

loans 70% of Diyala’s population farmers

2013 ISI and Al Nusra Front ambushed 48 Syrian soldiers in Anbar and executed them

2013 Report Paying bribes part of Iraq Can’t get job in military or govt without paying for it Can’t get out of

prison unless pay Judges demand money to complete paperwork to release prisoners Could randomly be arrested by policeman who needed money to payback fee for getting position Critics claimed PM Maliki gave govt contracts to his allies Could use contracts against them to keep them in line or arrest them Corruption couldn’t be reformed because part of govt system 2008 US embassy said Maliki had secret orders to stop corruption cases before sent to Integrity Comm if involved high ranking officials 2011 Head of Integrity Comm Judge Ogaili found shell companies run by sr officials who gave themselves contracts Govt blocked investigation into matter Pushed Ogaili out of office Real estate in KRG used ro launder money by corrupt officials in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2015 Report Iran deployed around 1000 Iranian Rev Guard to support Tikrit op Worked with

Samarra Ops Command 150 Lebanese Hezbollah in Samarra and Tikrit op Iranian Su-25s flying missions vs IS

2015 Report KRG got 1st payment from 2015 budget Said it would pay for govt workers KRG

supposed to export 550,000 bar/day of oil in return KRG only sold 145,000 bar/day in Jan Increased in Feb but didn’t meet quota KRG needed $708 mil/mo just for govt salaries Also in debt for borrowing after PM Maliki cut off budget payments in 2014 KRG Finance Min said KRG had 1.4 mil govt workers 682,000 working 718,000 retired 1 in 3 citizens relied upon KRG Natural Resource Min said it would increase exports to meet export quota by end of 2015 Didn’t

2016 Report Hashd accused of taking Christians' property Sadrist head of parliament’s security comm

made accusation in Feb Afterward Hashd and Baghdad Ops Command said working together to recover Christian property Sec Gen of Assyrian Democratic Movement said Hashd and gangs were getting around restrictions and taking Christian property

2016 Report 2 videos by Kataib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq showed it operating US made

vehicles including Abrams tanks Abrams not supposed to go to Hashd

2016 Sadrists held second demonstrations in Baghdad calling for reforms

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

2019 Report 80 New Generation members including 2 leaders arrested by Asayesh in

Sulaymaniya for protesting arrest of leader Leader charged with defamation and insulting govt workers Part of crackdown on dissent by PUK

2020 Report Trump admin trying to deport 100s of Iraqi Christians Said they would be safe in

Iraq Different testimonies about whether Christians would be safe or not if deported Jan Trump said would give extension to Iraqi Christians being deported Lawyers said nothing changed

2020 Kataib Hezbollah claimed PM candidate Kazemi involved in killing of Iranian Gen


2021 KRG Security Council claimed 5 jailed journalists and activists were connected to PKK

Claimed had weapons training Were imprisoned for protesting KRG and reporting on protests Part of move by KDP/KRG to crackdown on dissent

2021 Report 2 leaders of death squads in Basra had warrants for them but not arrested Escaped to

Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr Kataib Hezbollah military base Used front companies and businessmen allowed them to operate Feb PM Kazemi said some death squads arrested in Basra and involved in killing of journalist and activist Some parties pushed for their release Kataib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq controlled deaths quads

2021 10 Dhi Qar police arrested for killing protesters

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Security In Iraq May 15-21, 2024

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