Wednesday, March 15, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 16 Saddam ordered WMD attack upon Halabja accusing residents of helping Iran 5,000 killed

(Bas News)


1917 UK War Cabinet created Mesopotamia administration committee to decide on form of

govt in captured areas

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1921 Colonial Sec Churchill told Foreign Secretary Lloyd George there was no longer a plan

for a Kurdish state Instead Kurds would be included in new Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review People Without A Country, The Kurds and Kurdistan)

1933 Opposition National Brotherhood Party with backing of King Faisal attacked cabinet’s

program for lack of reforms King Faisal had just read cabinet program few days before showing he was trying to manipulate cabinet

1935 PM Midfai resigned over opposition of Ikha party and tribal revolt in Diwaniya King

Ghazi asked Yasin al-Hashemi of Ikha to form new govt for 2nd time Hashemi plotted to bring down Midfai by organizing revolt

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1959 Gen Qasim signed economic agreement with Soviet Union to move away from England

and West

1959 Nasser organized 50,000 for anti-Iraq protest in Cairo

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1964 Arif govt granted amnesty to Kurds who took part in Barzani revolt since 1961

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1975 Iraqi forces launched new offensive against Kurds after Iran stopped supporting them as

part of Algiers agreement

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

1982 Iraq’s Dep PM Yassin Ramadan said Iraq ready to withdraw from Iran and would accept

ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War

1984 Iran fought off Iraqi effort to free Majnoon Islands in Basra  

1984 CIA Station Chief in Lebanon William Buckley kidnapped by Islamic Jihad-Hezbollah

and sent to Iran Was retaliation for US support for Iraq in Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq How US Tilt Towards Iraq In Iran-Iraq War Led To Iran-Contra Scandal)

1985 Republican Guard joined counterattack against Iran Op Badr in south Iran threw in

reserves Iraq recaptured Ajrada Sabkha Beida 2,000 Iranians captured

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Saddam accused residents in Halabja Sulaymaniya of working with Iran Said “Kill them

all” Ordered mustard and nerve gas attack upon town Killed 5,000 Kurds to recapture town

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s 1988 Assault Upon Halabja, And Its Conflation With The Anfal Campaign)

1991 Saddam made 1st address since Gulf War Blamed southern uprising on Iran Said Kurds

worked with foreigners and always defeated

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1992 Baghdad set off car bomb in Irbil after warning Kurds not to ally with foreign powers

1994 Ahmed Chalabi and Chibli Mallat created Iraq Trust Claimed it wanted to settle Iraqi

exiles using frozen Iraqi assets in US and England Was actually attempt by Chalabi to take control of money

2003 Azores summit with Bush Blair Portuguese Premier Barroso Bush said that Iraq war

would start in days not weeks Blair got transcript of 60 Minutes interview with Pres Chirac who said he wanted 30 more days for UN inspections Blair Bush Barroso agreed to give 2nd UN resolution 24 more hours and pull it if didn’t have enough votes

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.8 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 8 to 20 March 2003)

2003 Bush and Blair gave UN 24 hour ultimatum to enforce its own resolutions on Iraq

disarming or they would invade

2003 PM Blair complained that US screwed up a 2nd UN resolution on Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 VP Cheney was on Meet The Press Tim Russert asked if US ready for long and costly

war in Iraq Cheney said wouldn’t happen because US would be greeted as liberators Said Army Chief of Staff Gen Shinseki was wrong that US would need more troops to occupy Iraq than invade Told NBC that if world didn’t deal with Iraq it would go back to producing WMD Was already reconstituting its nuclear weapons program Claimed UN inspectors were wrong about Iraq’s weapons program in general citing Iraq buying aluminum tubes which US claimed were for centrifuges Said Iraq had long standing relationship with Al Qaeda

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

(Musings On Iraq review Days Of Fire, Bush and Cheney in the White House)

2003 ORHA staff began leaving US for Kuwait Garner and his inner circle went into their

hotel rooms and weren’t seen for 2 days

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 4 Staging in Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To

The Sectarian War of 2006)

2003 Report US and France sources for all of Iraq’s germ samples for its biological weapons

program in the 1980s

2004 UK Parliament report said British forces had bad intel on Iraq and govt limited them

due to fears of anti-war sentiment

2004 DepDefSec Wolfowitz said Iraq invasion proved US claims about Iraq’s links to


2004 INC Chalabi aide Sabah who worked at Finance Min accused of illegally recycling old

dinars that were supposed to be destroyed Bremer sent case to criminal court

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2006 New Iraqi parliament seated after Dec 05 elections

2007 2 PM Maliki aides said premier told Sadr to stand down Mahdi Army at start of Surge In

return Maliki would push US to focus upon insurgency rather than militias

2007 ISI set off chlorine bombs in Amiriya Fallujah Fallujah and Ramadi 2 Awakening

sheikhs killed

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview Lasting Lessons From The Anbar Awakening Interview with Carter Malkasian, Author of Illusions of Victory)

(Musings On Iraq interview Fallujah Redux Interview With Daniel Green On Fallujah During The Surge)

(Musings On Iraq review Fallujah Awakens, Marines, Sheikhs, and the Battle Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review Fallujah Redux The Anbar Awakening and the Struggle With Al Qaeda)

2007 Sadr called on followers to resist U.S. occupation 1000s of Sadrists marched

2008 US-Iraqi meeting discussed security in Basra US said couldn’t be taken care of until

Mosul op over PM Maliki said he was going to take on security in Basra and that he was going to lead effort personally

2008 Mahdi Army fought police in 2 villages in Diyala

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

2008 Fmr head of Defense Policy Board Perle NYTimes OpEd Said plan to turn over Iraq to

Iraqis right after invasion Stopped by Sec State Powell Natl Sec Adv Rice CIA Dir Tenet Said US thought it knew better than Iraqis Said Iraqi opposition should have run Iraq Said underestimated how badly Bush admin could mess things up

2008 CPA head Bremer NYTimes OpEd Said US didn’t have postwar Iraq plan Didn’t have

counterinsurgency plan after invasion Only sent half the troops necessary Regretted not pushing for better military plan

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

2008 Report 1/3 or more of fuel from Baiji refinery stolen in 07 Believed worth $2bil ISI

thought to make up to $100,000/day from refinery Feb 08 head of intel at refinery arrested for smuggling and supporting insurgents

2008 Report PM Maliki advisor said would take years to rebuild Iraq’s infrastructure Adv to

Electricity Min said budget for reconstruction only half of what was needed Power plants only producing at 50% capacity

2011 PM Maliki said Saudi and UAE military deploying to Bahrain could lead to sectarian


(Musings On Iraq Iraq Will Have To Wait For Its Return To The Regional Stage)

2012 Oil Minister Luaibi claimed Exxon sent letter saying it was suspending its contract in

KRG Exxon continued work in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq Exxon Mobile Trying To Have It Both Ways In Iraq, Developing Oil Fields in The South And North)

(Musings On Iraq Exxon Deal With Iraq’s Kurds Gains Powerful New Ally, Ninewa’s Governor, But Will It Backfire On Him?)

(Musings On Iraq How the New Chevron Deal Affects Oil Dispute Between Iraq’s Central Government And Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq The State Of The Kurdish Regional Government In Iraq, An Interview With National Defense Univ’s Dr Denise Natali)

2012 Human Rights Watch blamed PM Maliki govt for attacks on emo kids Interior Min

originally denied attacks Said it would go after people spreading stories Called emo kids Satanists and threat to Iraq Said it was going to crackdown on emos in Baghdad

(Al Jazeera Video: ‘Emo’ Youth Targeted In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq The Government’s Role In The Recent Anti-Emo Violence In Iraq)

2013 Report ISI picked up ops since US withdrawal in 2011 Iraqi officials said more fighters

Benefited from US prison closures Start of 2011 were less than 200 incidents/month Now 800 incidents/month early 2013

2013 Human Rights Watch called for govt investigation into shooting protesters Mar 8 in

Mosul Soldiers opened fire after rocks thrown Then stopped ambulances from carrying wounded away Interior Min claimed there were armed men in crowd who shot at ISF Demonstrators said police opened fire on demonstrations in Mosul four other times Police also killed 9 at Fallujah protest site

(Musings On Iraq Understanding Iraq’s Protest Movements, An Interview With Kirk Sowell, Editor of Inside Iraqi Politics)

2015 PM Abadi asked US for airstrikes to help Tikrit operation that was stalled Would put

ISF backed by Coalition airstrikes in lead in war

(Musings On Iraq U.S.-Iranian Rivalry Behind Iraq’s Tikrit Operation)

(Musings On Iraq Divisions Over Iraq War Exposed In Victory In Tikrit)

2015 Report Iran sent short range ballistic missiles to its allies in the Hashd for Tikrit


(Musings On Iraq News Of Iran Moving Missiles Into Iraq Continue)

2015 KRG Natural Resource Min Hawrami claimed KRG would be self-sufficient economically in months

Didn’t happen

2015 Report Hashd said they were fighting in Syria to protect Sayid Zainab shrine but were

fighting all across country to help Assad Fighters returned to Iraq after Mosul fell 2014 Then returned to Syria in 2015

2015 Interview with Hezbollah al-Nujaba head Kaabi Said group formed to fight in Syria

Would attack US if around Supported Iran’s vilyat al-faqih and Ayatollah Khamenei Said got aid from Iran Fighting across Syria

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sheikh Akram Al-Kaabi and Hezbollah al-Nujaba)

2016 Report Member of Integrity Comm said $130 bil missing from Defense Min

contracts Said weapons contracts with Eastern Europe for $350 mil corrupt

2016 Iran’s asst ground forces commander said Iranian Special Forces were going to deploy to


2017 US deployed Apache helicopters to support Iraqi forces due to heavy fighting in Old

City Mosul ISF advanced stopped due to bad weather

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 151, March 16, 2017)

2017 Report 320 schools reopened in east Mosul and nearby towns 258,000 kids back in


2018 Turkey launched operation against PKK moving 15km into Irbil province

(Musings On Iraq Political Posturing By Iraq And Turkey)

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

2020 Pro-Iran groups fired rockets at Besmaya base in Baghdad where Spanish trainers


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