Sunday, July 4, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 4


1917 Al-Arab paper established Said it was for Arabs but was actually run by British eventually

under Gertrude Bell

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

1920 British troops stopped raid into Rumaitha’s bazaar by rebels Then went to neighboring town

and ambushed on way back and wiped out

(Musings On Iraq review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1937 Iraq-Iran Frontier Treaty signed Meant to resolve border dispute Accepted demarcation process

done by Ottomans and Persians Set up commission to finish border Created a body to work out navigation of Shatt al-Arab most of which was given to Iraq Political instability in Baghdad and outbreak of WW2 meant treaty never implemented Treaty angered pan-Arabists and led to 1938 coup by Golden Square officers

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1940 Regent of Iraq asked England to occupy Syria that had joined Vichy France so that pan-Arab union

could be formed of Iraq Syria and other Arab countries

1969 Iraq signed technical agreement with Soviets to help with oil

1986 Iraqis launched counterattack but failed to retake Mehran, Iran central front Iran’s Op Karbala 1

entered second phase to invade Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Iraq 5th Corps attacked Haj Umran Rawandiz and Lake Dukan in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Parliament passed law allowing opposition parties but with restrictions on their activities

1992 Kurdistan Regional Government formed in safe zone

1994 Barzani and Talabani announced they were still unified against Iraqi govt while PUK and KDP were

in middle of civil war

1995 Turkey launched new operation to attack PKK in northern Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1998 IAEA report to UN Iraq did not have nuclear weapons Iraqi scientists had not given complete

access IAEA would focus upon long term monitoring

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 Marines in control of Najaf set provincial elections for this date but were cancelled by CPA

2003 US arrested 32 Turkish special forces in Sulaymaniya Accused them of plotting to assassinate

Kurdish officials

(Musings On Iraq interview with Kevin Petit of the 173rd Airborne Bgd On Kirkuk In The Aftermath Of The 2003 Invasion)

2003 Arrest of Turkish Special forces in Sulaymaniya led to protests in Turkey and bombing of US

consulate in Istanbul

2003 Saddam tape aired on Al Jazeera Blamed US and UK for destroying Iraq looking for WMD that

didn’t exist Saddam said he would lead resistance to occupation of Iraq

2003 Bremer sent CPA political plan Vision to Empower Iraqis to Def Sec Rumsfeld Called for democracy

Rebuilding Stability

2004 Report Gen Eaton in charge of training ISF said no progress in almost a year of developing Iraqi


2005 US found 170 prisoners at secret prison in Baghdad run by Interior Min Were told to leave it alone

by commanders

2006 Abu Risha tribe in Ramadi district made first police recruiting drive as part of Awakening

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

2006 Bush told US troops they were winning war in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2006 Gunmen kidnapped and released Electricity Minister

2007 US forces captured ISI’s media emir Mashadani Fed them disinformation that Abu Omar al-

Baghdadi was fake and ISI was still under Al Qaeda Helped contribute to Americans to continue to call the group Al Qaeda in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

2007 Bush speech Said Al Qaeda in Iraq was same group that attacked US on 9/11 Said US withdrawal

wrong Would be terrorist victory and would attack US next Said insurgents could take over Iraq and use its oil to blackmail the US Part of PR campaign to gain support for Surge

2007 US accused Iran of using Hezbollah to train Iraqi militias based upon arrest of Ali Musa Daqduq

Daqduq sent to Iraq in 2006 by Iran Rev Guard Quds Force Said Hezbollah trainers worked with Iraqi militias in 3 camps near Tehran Said Quds Force gave up to $3 mil/mo to militias Daqduq also said Iran planned Jan 07 attack upon US base in Karbala

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2008 Report Anbar council dismissed Anbar police chief from Awakening but refused to step down Said

police would only follow him Sheikh Abu Risha from Awakening said it was now running Anbar and Islamic Party that ran provincial council couldn’t stop it

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

2009 PM Maliki told VP Biden reconciliation was domestic affair and rejected US role Biden warned

Maliki if he didn’t work on reconciliation US wouldn’t support his govt

2014 Baghdadi declared caliphate from Nouri Mosque Mosul ISIS would now be Islamic State He was

Caliph Ibrahim

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 1st issue of IS’s English language Dabiq magazine came out saying caliphate was a de facto state

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed