Friday, July 16, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 16

 

1919 UK India Office official Sir Hirtzel told chief political officer in Iraq Wilson there was

going to be an Arab state in Iraq or there would be a revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1921 Council of state confirmed plebiscite choosing Faisal as king of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

1958 PM Said’s body dug up and dragged through streets of Baghdad after coup

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Said with PM Maliki)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1958 Egyptian army officer arrived in Baghdad to set up communications between Iraq and Egypt

1958 Egypt’s Gen Nasser gave speech Said Iraq’s coup message to servants of US and British

            imperialism Led Iraqi army units uncertain about coup to support it

1958 KDP declaration said it supported liberation of Iraq formation of republic withdrawal from Baghdad

Pact

1964 Barzani expelled Ibrahim Ahmad and Jalal Talabani and 4,000 supporters to Iran

Ahmad-Talabani tried to fight their way back into Iraq but were repelled and returned to Iran where disarmed and sent to Tehran

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1968 Resigned PM Yahya formed new govt

1968 Pres Arif asked head of military intel Col Naif and Col Daud commander of Republican Guard if

they were involved in Baath coup They said no

1968 Baath meeting after coup called off vs Pres Arif Head of military intel Col Naif said he would join

if got PM Baath decided on coup

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

1970 2nd provisional constitution issued by Pres Bakr Said Iraq People’s Democratic Republic committed

to Arab unity and socialism

1970 Pres Bakr refused to accept Habid Karim as Kurdish VP accusing him of being pro-

Iranian Also refused to allow Kirkuk city to be capital of Kurdish region

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1979 Saddam’s election to president of Iraq made public

1979 Nouri al-Maliki fled Iraq after his membership in Dawa Party was discovered by govt

1980 Saddam told chiefs of staff that he was going to invade Iran Saddam thought Iran weak but didn’t

think Iraq could fight a total war and reach Tehran Decided on limited war based upon seizing Shatt al-Arab waterway Saddam thought war would allow Iraq to assert its influence over Iran and deter Khomeini from exporting his revolution

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1981 Saudis offered to finance reconstruction of Iraq’s Osirak nuclear reactor destroyed by Israeli air

raid

1982 Iranian Op Ramadan attacked into Basra again towards Qurna hoping to cut Basra-Baghdad

highway and isolate Basra city

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1986 Saddam re-elected secretary general of Baath Party and president of Revolutionary Command

Council

1988 Iran began withdrawing from Kurdistan starting with Halbja Penjwin Haj Omran Rayat

1988 After capturing 30 mi of Iranian territory along the border Iraqi forces withdrew back into Iraq Was

meant to reduce Iranian military

1988 Iran’s Assembly of Experts agreed to present ceasefire proposal in Iran-Iraq war based upon UN

Res 598 to Khomeini Khomeini agreed to ceasefire

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 Saddam on TV accused Kuwait and UAE of breaking OPEC quotas and driving down oil prices

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1990 Iraq moved a division to border with Kuwait as feud between two escalated Wanted to see how

west would react

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1990 Iraq ForMin Aziz letter to Arab League said Kuwait stealing oil from Rumaila field driving down

oil prices destroying Iraq’s economy Called on Arab govts to forgive Iraq’s debt and help pay for rebuilding after Iran-Iraq War

1994 KDP-PUK talks in Paris led to draft constitution for Kurdistan

2002 PM Blair told parliament Iraq’s WMD threat to world and had to be dealt with but no decision for

military action made

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Fadhila Party created in Basra as breakaway faction from Sadr movement Sheikh Yacoubi claimed

he was heir to Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between Occupations, Perspectives from 1920 to the Present)

2003 Mayor of Haditha and his son assassinated by insurgents

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

2005 Musayib Babil suicide truck bomb left 250 casualties

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2006 UK Gen Fry wrote War on Terror and Iraq War in conflict Fighting Al Qaeda in Iraq alienated

Sunnis and led them to reject politics and led to more terrorism

2006 Police kidnapped head of Olympic Committee and 35 staff members in Baghdad Was originally

blamed uponinsurgents

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 Suicide truck bomb hit PUK compound in Kirkuk killing 85 Insurgents in army uniforms rounded

up people in Adwala Diyala executed 49 left 4 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2007 Report ISF in Abu Ghraib raided and arrested members of Sahwa Also carried out random arrests

and beat and killed prisoners

2007 Report Mahdi Army forced out almost all the Sunnis from West Rasheed Baghdad Sold stolen cars

Involved in weapons trafficking and kidnapping Extorted money from local businesses Rented homes of Sunnis who they forced out and sold their property

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2008 US Surge officially ended

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)

2008 Civil War In Iraq An Interview With New America Foundation’s Douglas Ollivant)

2008 US turned over security for Qadisiyah to Iraqi forces

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Gains Control of Diwaniyah Province)

2008 Govt told squatters in two Baghdad neighborhoods had 3 days to leave Supposed to encourage

displaced to return Nothing happened

(Musings On Iraq Returns And Removals In Bahgdad)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

2009 Sadr visited Abdul Hakim in Tehran Said he was willing to rejoin the United Iraqi Alliance Came

as a result of Iranian lobbying to re-unite the Shiite lists for upcoming elections

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Role In The Revival Of The United Iraqi Alliance)

2015 Basra protest over services fired upon by police 1 Protester killed

2018 Protests in Baghdad Basra Dhi Qar Karbala Muthanna Najaf 1 Killed in Baghdad’s Shula by police

gunfire Badr office stormed in Najaf 1 protester shot on Jul 15 died of wounds

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2018 Abadi govt ordered arrest of activists and general protesters in Baghdad Basra Maysan

            Muthanna as crackdown started on demonstrations

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Government Starts Crackdown On Protests)

2020 Report KRG contracted Pakistani businessman to handle deals with Rosneft and traders

that handled all the regions oil sales after 2017 Companies would pay businessman and he would disperse funds to the KRG along with make payments to oil companies producing KRG oil Businessman had $1 bil in Lebanese bank that was probably KRG’s Was frozen after banking crisis in Lebanon that caused financial crisis in KRG

2020 Protest activist kidnapped in Baghdad Would start new wave of repression against

demonstrators

(Musings On Iraq While PM Kazemi Visits Trump Pro-Iran Groups Target US And Kill Protesters To Embarrass Govt)

(Musings On Iraq Ebb And Flow Of Protests In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

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