Monday, July 19, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 19

 

1920 British attacked to relieve Rumaitha Forced back

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1921 Royal Iraqi Military College opened

1959 Govt began arresting hundreds of Communists to limit party Led to armed attacks on

Communist offices unions and peasant groups Govt came to see Communists as threat after they organized huge protests demanding role in govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1968 Col Naif announced new govt of Baathists and Nationalists Included 3 Kurdish

ministers but they didn’t take positions

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1988 Tariz Aziz said Iraq accepted Iran offer to accept UN Res 598 to end war but military ops would

continue until Iran confirmed deal

1988 Iraq took Dehloran Iran 20,000 Iranian casualties 6000 captured

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1988 Iraq used poison gas against Kurdish villages

1991 UN complained Baghdad blocking it from helping displaced in southern marshes

1991 Demonstration in Kurdistan over food shortages led to police firing into crowd Led to 2 days of

fighting with 100 killed

2002 MI6 head Dearlove said US already decided on military action to remove Saddam talk was now

about how and when

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

2002 Gen Franks briefed Bush on Running Start war plan Would have enough forces in theater at

100,000 to start operations

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 On defensive over not finding WMD White House released parts of 02 National Intel Est that Iraq

was rebuilding its WMD and nuke programs

2003 US began asking UN for help in Iraq after it spurned its role immediately before and after invasion

2004 Carnegie pre-2002 US intel on Iraq WMD generally good 02-03 reporting became more certain

beyond evidence Bush admin misrepresented threat posed by Iraq WMD and nuke program UN inspectors proved accurate that Iraq didn’t have WMD or nuke programs nor stocks

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2005 US complained to Iran about supplying EFPs to militias

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2005 State Dept cable said Natl Sec Adv Rubaie knew Iran sending EFPs to Iraq

2005 2 Sunni members of constitutional committee Issa and Obeidi were assassinated Sunni delegation

suspended work afterward

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

2005 Iraq-Iran signed deal for Iraq to export 150,000 bar/day of oil to Iranian refinery in Abadan and

send refined products back to Iraq

2006 Report Iraqi govt told civilians in Baghdad to check IDs of ISF to make sure they were real not

death squads or insurgents

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 NSC memo PM Maliki govt struggling to implement policy and deal with security Said Interior Min

making violence worse Called for review of US Iraq strategy Suggested troop increase might be necessary

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 UK Intel report Violence more complex with multiple actors Violence spiraling out of control of

Iraqi govt Highest levels of violence since 2003 Insurgent commitment to violence unchanged

2007 1920 Revolution Brigades Ansar al-Sunna Iraqi Hamas announced front group Political Office for

the Iraqi Resistance Said willing to negotiate a US withdrawal Attacked ISI for sectarian killings and suicide bombings vs civilians

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2007 US Embassy memo on US-Iraq anti-corruption council Said it was irrelevant and manipulated by

            PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on Iraq’s fight with corruption) 

(Musings On Iraq interview with former anti-corruption official Vincent Foulk)

2008 Gen Petraeus said Al Qaeda was changing focus from Iraq to Afghanistan

(Musings On Iraq Demise of Al Qaeda In Iraq Update)

2008 100 MPs from Iraqiya Sadrists Iraqi National Dialogue Front Reform Movement walked out to

protest Iraqi Islamic Party claiming all of Iraqi Accordance Front ministers who were being voted on after boycott over PM Maliki’s rule

2008 Sadrist Karbala councilman arrested in Aug 07 admitted to being head of Mahdi Army death squad

that killed head of anti-corruption council in Karbala 4 members of humanitarian group district chief of Karbala city woman rights leader several women accused of being prostitutes

2017 Salahaddin Gov Jabouri arrested over corruption charges

2018 Protests in Baghdad Basra Maysan Activists were planning national protests for Jul 20 Govt

offering jobs and investment and promising to meet protesters’ demands

2018 Heavy police and army presence set up around Basra oil fields to block protests there

2018 Iraqi Human Rights Commission condemned use of excessive force by Iraqi forces against

demonstrators including shootings beatings arbitrary arrests Amnesty Intl talked to 2 protesters arrested and tortured by ISF who wanted to know who organizers were

(Musings On Iraq Abadi Govt’s Carrot And Stick Approach Working With Iraq’s Protests Movement)

2019 Hikma called for protests in 14 provinces Only happened in 7 Only few hundred showed up in total

In Basra was counter protest and rocks thrown at buses carrying away Hikma followers

(Musings On Iraq Hikma’s Calls For National Protests in Iraq Fizzle)

2019 Hashd camp in Amerli, Salahaddin hit by Israeli air strikes Killed Iranian Revolutionary Guard

commander

(Musings on Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Brigades And Now Israeli Strikes Making A Joke Of PM Abdul Mahdi’s Claims Iraq Neutral In Regional Conflicts)

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