Thursday, July 1, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 1

1920 British army facing revolt in Rumaitha told no reinforcements coming because railways

destroyed Railway fixed and reinforcements arrived later that day

(Musings On Iraq review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 Gertrude Bell wrote Cmdr in Iraq Gen Haldane that support for Iraqi independence had fallen

Off She didn’t know 1920 Revolt had started

1940 UK Cabinet decided to send division from India to Basra to pressure PM Gaylani who refused

to break relations with Italy and demanded changes to Anglo-Iraq Treaty UK Mideast Cmdr Gen Wavell opposed idea saying it would make situation worse Cabinet cancelled deployment

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1943 Mustafa Barzani led rebellion against govt Iraqi troops backed by British airplanes suppressed

revolt by Oct 1945

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1961 UK sent troops to newly independent Kuwait to protect it from Gen. Qasim’s call that it be annexed

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1962 National Democratic Party suspended activities to protest govt repression of Communists and

            political freedoms Had originally been behind crackdown on Communists

1964 KDP congress called by Barzani and excluded Ibrahim Ahmad and Jalal Talabani faction

Ahmad-Talabani sent delegates who were arrested Solidified Barzani’s control of KPD and Kurdish movement

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1965 National Guidance Minister Farham removed and other Nasserite ministers resigned

from Arif govt

1985 Def Dept official said that US should watch technology exports to Iraq because they could be used

for its nuclear weapons program

1986 Iraq escalated air strikes on Iran’s economic infrastructure

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1988 Iraq Foreign Min Aziz admitted that Baghdad used chemical weapons in the Iran-Iraq War but said

Iran started using them first

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1995 Iraq told UN inspectors it had a biological weapons program and made anthrax and botulinum

1989-90 Denied it weaponized agents Seemed like Iraq had finally come clean about all its weapons programs to inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1996 Richard Butler became head UN weapons inspector replacing Rolf Ekeus Butler was more

confrontational with Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

2002 Pentagon memo said US should organize Iraqi opposition to help with regime change and fill

vacuum after Saddam Said exiles would help ensure no chaos after invasion Said if US tried to run Iraq without opposition leaders would backfire

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

2003 Mosque in Fallujah bombed killing 5 wounding 4

2004 CIA official said agency was constantly told to re-do assessments that said no Iraq-Al Qaeda

connection by White House 

2004 Saddam and 11 senior Baathists appeared in court for first time

2006 Truck bomb Sadr City killed 62 wounded 120

2006 Sunni female parliamentarian and 8 bodyguards kidnapped in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 Iraqi govt announced 1,227 civilian deaths in June lowest monthly total in 2007

2008 Report US didn’t have people or plans for postwar Iraq Chaos that ensued set conditions for

insurgency Were many groups working on postwar plans but few made it into the war plans Top officials had best case scenario for postwar Iraq which overrode plans for bad situations Almost all planning went to war as a result Gen Franks only cared about war which made accomplishing postwar goals harder NSC provided no strategy despite multiple requests Left each agency to carry out individual plans Meant no coordination of planning NSC never mediated between Defense and State Pentagon given control of postwar plans but cared about war more Created ORHA to run Iraq only 8 weeks before invasion but didn’t have expertise or personnel to run it Problems lasted postwar State Dept’s Future of Iraq Project was not a postwar plan

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2008 KRG released report that its oil deals were far superior and Baghdad’s oil plan would be disastrous

for the country

2008 2 Sadrist politicians and Iraqi army officers said Hezbollah ran two training camps in Basra

since 2006 Up to 10 Hezbollah operatives trained Special Groups there Closed during Charge of Knights Said Hezbollah involved in Jan 07 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq raid on Karbala that killed US soldiers and involved in AAH kidnapping of 5 Britons from Finance Min in Baghdad May 07

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2014 IS released recording of its leader Baghdadi declaring a new caliphate

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2018 Protests in Waraka and Rumaitha Muthanna over water services and privatization of electricity

Protest at West Qurna 2 oil field in Basra demanding more pay Hundreds protested outside Basra council building for jobs Threatened to close down foreign companies Protest in Amara Maysan cutting off roads over power 

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi executive order Hashd part of the security forces Had to follow its rules and

orders of the commander in chief Individual names of brigades could no longer be used Could not be linked to political parties Those that did not comply by Jul 31 could no longer carry weapons Came after 7 attacks by pro-Iran groups due to US-Iran tensions and Hashd drone attack upon Saudi Arabia Was ignored

(Musings On Iraq PM Abdul Mahdi Orders Fuller Integration Of Hashd In Response To Attacks By Iranian Backed Groups In June)

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

  1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under British influence