Thursday, September 8, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 8 King Faisal died of a heart attack in Switzerland

(Financial Times)

 

 

1922 Gertrude Bell wrote that while King Faisal was beloved he was also weak because he was Oriental

Was in relation to Faisal’s demand for Iraqi independence which Bell believed was due to Faisal’s nationalist advisers that she saw as troublemakers

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

1933 King Faisal I died of heart attack in Switzerland King Ghazi sworn in as new king

1934 Reformist Al-Ahali group distributed flyers in Baghdad criticizing govt for not relieving the poor

conditions in Iraq because King Ghazi not involved in country’s affairs

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1969 Bakr govt executed opponents in central Baghdad Meant to rally support for regime

1980 Iraq demanded Iran surrender frontier towns that Iraq claimed

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1980 2 Iraqi MiGs shot down an Iranian fighter that was shooting at Iraqi tanks along the border

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1982 Saddam speech about Iraq and Yemen uniting Said they should remain separate countries Said

uniting all Arab states was a dream

1985 Iranians took Rayat Advanced towards Rawanduz Irbil KDP seized large amount of land

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Sec State Shultz met with Iraq’s Foreign Min Hammadi Beforehand State Dept held

press conference saying Iraq had used WMD on Kurds Said it was unjustified and abhorrent Shultz said relations with US were hurt as a result

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1994 UK intel report said that it didn’t think Iraq had declared all of its chemical weapons programs

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

1996 KDP objected to Turkey’s plan to create security zone in northern Kurdistan against PKK

1998 KDP and PUK announced new power sharing agreement

2001 German intel terminated CURVEBALL as a source Continued to be used by US intel as source for

            Iraq having mobile WMD labs Didn’t exist
(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq The Story Of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

(Musings On Iraq review Curveball, Spies, Lies, And The Con Man Who Caused A War)

2002 Day 1 of White House PR campaign about Iraq WMD and nuclear threat

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2002 White House told NYTimes Iraq trying to secretly buy materials like aluminum tubes for its nuclear

program Times quoted Iraqi defector saying Iraq renewed WMD program Had large stockpiles 2nd Iraqi defector said Saddam wanted to restart nuke program Quoted White House official who said sign of Iraq’s nuclear program may be a mushroom cloud

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2002 Natl Sec Adv Rice and VP Cheney went on TV repeating claim Iraq rebuilding nuke program Used

            aluminum tubes as proof Cheney quoted NY Times article on topic Were for rockets

2002 Sec Def Rumsfeld Sec State Powell Joint Chiefs head Gen Myers all appeared on talk shows

promoting Iraq as a threat due to WMD and nuke program

2002 1st time admin officials said proof of Iraq’s nuke program “may be a mushroom cloud” that would be

repeated by others later on Came from Bush speech writer Gerson at White House Iraq Group meeting

2002 VP Cheney told Meet The Press 9/11 hijacker met with Iraqi intelligence in Prague in 2001 Story false

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review The One Percent Doctrine, Deep Inside America’s Pursuit Of Its Enemies Since 9/11)

2002 Ex-Pres Clinton OpEd in Observer said Iraq was a threat but didn’t know if it required an invasion

2002 Former UN inspector Ritter addressed Iraq’s parliament Said US about to launch historically mistaken

war on Iraq without presenting hard evidence of its claims Ritter said only way for Iraq to avoid war was to allow uninhibited UN inspections

2003 Iraq constitutional commission endorsed general elections for new constitution

2003 Bremer OpEd in Wash Post Iraq had to go through 7 steps taking 2-3 yrs for Iraq to regain

sovereignty Bremer had not consulted with White House or Iraqis about his plan

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 8 – Muddling Through August-October 2003)

2003 UK Def Min Hoon said Britain would send 1000 more troops to Iraq to help with security

2005 Sec State Powell said some US analysts pre-03 knew intelligence on Iraq was bad but didn’t say

anything Said he never saw any evidence linking Iraq to 9/11 Said US made mistake of not imposing its will upon Iraq right after invasion

2006 Report US military said sectarian deaths in Baghdad down 52% from July to August Did not count

victims of car bombs and mortars

2006 Health Min said it was going to build 2 branch morgues in Baghdad to deal with bodies from civil war

Morgue reported 1,536 bodies received in August 2006 Many dead not taken to morgue so only partial count

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 US military said IEDs four times higher in summer 2006 vs January 2004

2007 Iraqi National Dialogue Front ended boycott of parliament Had 11 MPs Said PM Maliki agreed to work

on oil law security and give money to displaced

2007 PM Maliki govt reported violence cut in half by Surge Deaths went from around 4000 civilians killed

            in Dec 06 to around 2000 in Aug 07

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)

2008 PM Maliki said govt would take responsibility for Baghdad Sahwa and integrate them into govt

Claimed US figures on Sahwa were too high and wanted audit to confirm their identities before they would be paid

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq Will Baghdad Pay For The Sons Of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 Speaker KRG parliament asked US to promise weapons sold to Iraq wouldn’t be used against KRG

Claimed Baathism making comeback Said PM Maliki had no right to send ISF into disputed Khanaqin dist Diyala

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Come Out Swinging)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 Iraq cabinet approved natural gas contract with Shell in Basra Deal wouldn’t move forward for years

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Signs Natural Gas Deal As Half Of Oil Plan Is Dropped)

2009 Report Executive from Talisman Energy said companies exporting oil from KRG wouldn’t

be paid until after 2010 elections Might take years to work out payments DNO Genel Energy Addax exporting oil without being paid

2009 Report ISF had no medical support Soldiers and police had to pay out of pocket for health care

2009 Report 3 companies bringing in illegal Asian workers Started in KRG but now bringing in

workers to rest of Iraq

2011 Gunmen killed radio personality Hadi Mahdi after he posted on Facebook that he was receiving

threats from pro-Maliki loyalists for supporting protests

2011 Integrity Commission head Judge Ogaili resigned over lack of political will to fight corruption

2012 Report ISI rebuilding in Diyala and Anbar Charged shops and traders taxes and protection money

2014 Haidar al-Abadi of Dawa became new Iraq premier

2015 Turkey launched cross border raid into KRG against PKK 1st time in 2 yrs since PKK ceasefire

PKK attacked Turkish forces leading to operation

2015 Pro-Iran Hashd came out against PM Abadi’s National Guard idea Helped kill bill in

parliament

2016 Report Intl Center for Development Studies est $120 bil disappeared during Maliki govt

2016 PUK leader Hero Ibrahim wrote PM Abadi asking him to end new KRG-Baghdad oil deal

where Baghdad would use KRG’s Turkish pipeline and KRG would export oil for Baghdad Benefited KDP more than PUK

2016 MP from KRG natural resource comm said 30,000 bar/oil smuggled by PUK out of Kirkuk to Iran

2016 Harakat al-Nujaba got into gun battle with police in Baghdad Claimed police were working

with IS Claimed it was trying to stop an IS terrorist attack Police said they freed man kidnapped by Nujaba and arrested 9 Nujaba members in process

2017 Iran hit KDPI camp with missiles in KRG after KDPI killed some Iranian border guards

2017 Civil Defense forces said 2100 bodies pulled from west Mosul Est 400-500 bodies still in

rubble

2018 Sadr and Fatah called for PM Abadi to resign due to Basra protests

2018 Protests at WQurna 2 field Shorash fmr MPs house burned in Zubayr Basra Pro-Iranian Hashd groups

threatened to send forces to put down protests in Basra Interior Ministry sent large forces to province to restore law and order in province

2018 Pro-Iran Hashd fired missiles at Basra airport in retaliation for Iranian consulate burning in Basra

2019 Report Prominent women assassinated in Baghdad Sep Tara Faris popular on social

media killed leaving her house Aug Rafif al-Yasiri beauty expert found dead in home Week before Yasiri Rasha al-Hassan who ran beauty salon killed Hashd suspected in deaths

2020 Activist in Dhi Qar survived assassination attempt Dawa office bombed afterward

2021 Report Dec 20202 US approved financing for Crescent Petroleum and Dana Gas to develop

Khor Mor gas field Before US had been opposed to KRG’s independent energy deals Trump admin approved to try to wean Iraq from Iranian natural gas

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