Thursday, September 1, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 1 Colonial Sec Churchill argued for UK to withdraw from Iraq to save money


1920 All but 1 policeman abandoned his job in Suq al-Shuyuk during 1920 Revolt Forced British

to withdraw from town

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1922 UK Colonial Sec Churchill wrote PM Lloyd George UK position in Iraq tenuous Iraqi

officials fouling up some provinces Iraq likely to face another budget deficit Differences with US meant Iraq oil not developed Said UK had to keep troops in Mosul due to threat from Turkey Argued that UK should withdraw from Iraq because too costly

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

1939 Germany invaded Poland PM Said wanted Iraq to declare war on Axis Pan-Arab Golden Square

officers wanted to get concessions from UK on Syria and Palestine 1st

1939 PM Said said that all Iraqi railways rivers ports and airfields could be used by British under

Anglo-Iraq Treaty after German invasion of Poland

1954 PM Said started crackdown on opposition Amended Penal Code to deal with Communists and

leftists Cabinet given power to convict anyone of Communism and association Could withdraw citizenship and deport them Cabinet could disband any group that was a threat to public order

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq review A History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1970 Iraq said it supported Palestinians when Jordanian govt attacked them during Black September

1981 Iran began campaign to retake all of Khuzistan province Would lead to 1st major victory for

Iran in war Started with attack on Khafajiya

1986 Iran Op Karbala 3 Commandos seized Khor al-Amaya oil platform in Basra Destroyed Iraqi radar

installation on platform

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Report Turkey said 20,000 Kurds entered country fleeing Anfal Kurds said another 5,000 tried to

enter Iraq allegedly attacked 3 Turkish border towns with WMD by mistake Talabani said 25 villages attacked with WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1990 Iraq began rationing to deal with sanctions

1996 KDP and Iraqi Republican Guard captured Irbil from PUK Iraqi and KDP intel rounded up

opponents including PUK SCIRI INC members Executed 200

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Sanctioning Saddam, The Politics Of Intervention In Iraq)

2001 Mullah Krekar founded Jund al-Islam that would become Ansar al-Islam in Sulaymaniya province

(Musings On Iraq Why Didn’t Bush Strike Zarqawi And Ansar al-Islam In 2002?)

2002 Fmr Sec of State Lawrence Eagleburger said that he was scared Perle and Wolfowitz were arguing

that Iraq invasion would be easy Said he was scared that US would get bogged down in Iraq because hadn’t planned for it well

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

2003 Saddam tape played on 2 TV channels Said he was not responsible for Zarqawi car bomb in Najaf

that killed Ayatollah Hakim

2003 1st post-Saddam cabinet appointed by Iraqi Governing Council

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Fragments, The Occupation and Its Legacy)

2004 Mass grave discovered in Hatra with hundreds of Kurdish bodies killed during Anfal in 1980s

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

2005 Jordan’s PM Badran said it was time for Arab countries to open up to Iraq

2005 Operation Restoring Rights started to clear Tal Afar

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 17 Innovation In The Face Of War, Summer-Fall 2005)

2006 NatlSecAdv Rubaie told Iraq Survey Group insurgency had to be destroyed but militias legitimate

because political

2006 Report Sunnis and Shiites fighting over north and south entrances to Baghdad in Sadr City Dora

and Sadiya

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 UK Gen Jackson head of British army during 03 invasion said US postwar plans “intellectually

bankrupt” Said Rumsfeld responsible

2008 Security in Anbar turned over to Iraqi forces Was 11th of 18th provinces to come under Baghdad’s


(Musings On Iraq Anbar Under Iraqi Control But Political Disputes Continue)

2008 Report conflict between Awakening and Islamic Party for control of Anbar increased Awakening

wanted US forces to stay to secure provincial election Anbar police chief fired by Interior Min Awakening said was part of move to control police by Islamic Party Awakening afraid new Anbar police chief would purge Awakening members from force

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2008 PM Maliki issued Order 101 that all squatters be evicted or face fines Govt would provide funds

to help them find a new place to live Was supposed to help displaced/refugees return to their homes

(Musings On Iraq on Order 101)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

2008 Interior Min said that foreign fighters were almost gone from Iraq

2009 US negotiated joint Iraqi-Kurdish-US patrols in Ninewa after series of mass casualty bombings

Meant to fill security gaps in disputed areas and help Baghdad-Irbil relations

(Musings On Iraq Joint US-Iraq-Kurdish Patrols Okayed In Ninewa Objected To In Kirkuk)

(Musings On Iraq Joint US-Iraq-Kurdish Patrols In Disputed Areas Remains A Political Football)

2012 MP said were no Sadrists fighting in Syria Interior Min said there were no Iraqis fighting in Syria

Both statements untrue

2013 Freedoms Observatory condemned attacks upon journalists for covering protests on Aug 31 Were

beaten and arrested

2013 Human Rights Comm criticized how govt dealt with protests in Baghdad and Dhi Qar Crowds were

attacked by ISF

2014 ISF recaptured Suleiman Beq, Salahaddin from insurgents Peshmerga backed by US air strikes

attacked Zummar Ninewa

2014 German cabinet voted to arm the Peshmerga

2014 Yazidi villages of Kotan Hareko Kharag Shafrsky in Ninewa were burned by IS

2014 Report PKK was fighting IS in Makhmour Sinjar Kirkuk Its YPG forces from Syria were in Iraq as

well YPG helped free Yazidis on Mount Sinjar PJAK forces from Iran in Gwar

2015 Report Peshmerga destroyed and looted Arab homes in Kirkuk’s Daquq dist after it was freed 2

Peshmerga officers blamed volunteers for losing control after operation Homes bulldozed in 4 villages Kurds also blocked displaced returning to area Feared they were IS KRG using war vs IS to expand its control over disputed areas

2015 Hashd leader Muhandis and Badr head Amiri visited Chief Justice Medhat saying they fully

supported him

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2016 KRG delivered oil to State Marketing Organization for Baghdad to sell In return North Oil

Company could export oil through KRG pipeline to Turkey

2016 PUK Dep Sec Gens Rasul and Salah announced new decision making body within PUK Rejected by

PUK leader Hero Ahmed Part of power struggle within PUK after Pres Talabani fell ill

2017 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali said merging Kirkuk with Kurdistan was dangerous and threatened

to use force to stop it

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2018 Sit-in protest started in central Basra city along with 3 more in other parts of province over water

crisis Journalists arrested and attacked

2021 PM Kazemi said online operation to manipulate election working for political parties and involving

members of Election Comm had been broken up

2021 Electricity Min announced lost 5000mw of power because of cuts in Iranian natural gas exports

to fuel power plants

2021 Head of New Generation Movement was blocked from entering KRG parliament on 1st day of

new session

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