Saturday, September 17, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 17 Mohammed al-Jamali became Iraq’s 3rd Shiite PM Included Kurdish Interior Min and 7 Shiite ministers most ever Presented reform plan blocked by landlords

(Wikipedia)

1953 Mohammed al-Jamali became PM Was a Shiite Cabinet included Kurdish Interior Minister 7

Shiites most ever and ministers from opposition United Popular Front and Independence Party Presented land and civil service reform which parliament rejected Landowners blocked land reform MPs blocked civil service reform accusing Jamali of sectarianism

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Statesman, A portrait of Mohammed Fadhel Jamali)

(Musings On Iraq review Relations Of The People to The Land In Southern Iraq)

1965 PM Razzaq attempted coup vs Col Arif discovered and had to flee Razzaq was mad at

Arif for not uniting Iraq with Egypt Ended Nasserites role in govt

1975 Iran and Iraq ratified border treaty between two

1980 Saddam called emergency session of parliament Announced 1975 Algiers Treaty on border and

Shatt al-Arab with Iran voided Blamed Iran’s constant violations of Iraqi sovereignty for failure of 1975 treaty Said Shatt al-Arab needed to be Arab as it had been throughout history

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1980 Saddam TV speech Said Iran violated 1975 Algiers Treaty Was backing Kurds Refused to return Iraqi

territory Saddam then abrogated the 1949 Treaty of Good Relations and 1975 Algiers Treaty Also claimed sovereignty over Shatt al-Arab waterway

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1980 Iran refused Saddam’s demands over border and sent forces to Iraqi border Said US backing Iraq for a

            counterrevolution

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

1980 Heavy fighting broke out between Iraqi and Iranian forces in Shatt al-Arab

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1993 Shroud material for burying bodies for Iraq blocked by US and UK in UN sanctions

committee Then approved by UK Then license revoked by UN sanctions committee

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

1995 SCIRI claimed it attacked 3 Iraqi army positions in Baghdad in September

1997 UN inspectors watched Iraqis moving files and burning documents while waiting for access to a

WMD site

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1998 Italian paper claimed Iraq offered bin Laden safehaven if he was expelled from Afghanistan False

story

1998 Talabani and Barzani met in Washington to announce power sharing deal in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2001 Bush signed National Security Strategy that advocated for preemptive war Became the Bush

doctrine Was argument used for Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2001 Iraq’s Foreign Minister Sabri said that Muslims and Arabs considered US a terrorist state

2001 Bush said he believed Iraq was involved in 9/11 to his national security staff

(Musings On Iraq Was Iraq An Imminent Threat To The West?)

(Musings On Iraq review Bush At War)

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Next Attack, The Failure of the War on Terror and a Strategy for Getting it Right)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review The One Percent Doctrine, Deep Inside America’s Pursuit Of Its Enemies Since 9/11)

(Musings On Iraq review To Start A War: How The Bush Administration Took America Into Iraq)

2001 Bush signed order for war in Afghanistan that also called for Pentagon to look into plans to

seize Iraq’s oil fields Bush told Def Sec Rumsfeld Iraq plans weren’t a priority like Afghanistan

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

2001 Bush told Pentagon it needed to be ready to deal with Iraq if it acted against US interests

2001 Dep Sec of Def Wolfwotiz sent memos to Def Sec Rumsfeld advocating for attacking Iraq Said better

than 10% chance Iraq behind 9/11 Memo used Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie’s claim that Iraq behind 1993 World Trade Center bombing

(Musings On Iraq From 9/11 To The Invasion of Iraq: Analysis of Bush Administration Decision Making)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2001 David Wurmser and Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie talked to media about possible Iraq role in 9/11

2001 Sen Allen told CNN US might think of regime change in Iraq

2002 National Security Strategy for Bush admin released Called for preemptive war to deal with rogue

states

(Musings On Iraq review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2002 UnderSecDefense Feith aide told DepDefSec Wolfowitz Cheney chief of staff Libby DepNatlSecAdv

Hadley asked for chronology of 9/11 hijacker Atta’s travels after briefed by Feith’s staff that Atta met with Iraqi intel officer in Prague in 01 False story

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2003 Bush said no evidence Iraq involved in 9/11 but Iraq had ties to Al Qaeda

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 Saddam audio tape released on Al Arabiya called for US to withdraw from Iraq and to increase attacks

2004 British forces raided Sadrist headquarters in Basra city Found 15 tons of weapons and ammo leading

to temporary halt in Mahdi Army attacks

2004 Draft of Iraq Survey Group report said Saddam wanted to produce WMD but had no stocks or

programs Said only WMD Iraq had were poisons for assassinations by Iraqi intelligence

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2005 SAS arrested Mahdi Army commander in Basra Fartusi Led to retaliation by militia

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 18 – Defeated By Democracy, Winter 2005-2006)

(Musings On Iraq How Iran Used Explosively Formed Projectiles (EFPs) To Influence events In Iraq)

2006 Anbar Salvation Council issued ultimatum for Al Qaeda in Iraq to leave Anbar

(Musings On Iraq Demise, But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2006 Report Inter Min didn’t have political backing to purge police of militias US commander said 5-6 of

27 National Police battalions were sectarian and criminal US began reform of National Police giving each battalion an inspection and training Maliki govt stopped Iraqi-US inspections of Iraqi prisons No officials charged with prisoner abuse despite lots of evidence Interior had fired 1500 police since June 2006 Fingerprint campaign found 1,228 police and Inter Min workers had been convicted of violent crimes under Saddam

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2006 Report Pentagon tried to hire Republicans to staff CPA Hired many unqualified personnel Thomas

Foley in charge of privatizing state owned enterprises was a Republican donor who went to college with Bush Foley put Jay Hallen former real estate agent in charge of Iraq’s stock market Hallen tried to reform market that Iraqis didn’t want so change rejected

2007 Report Mahdi Army had 17,000 men in Basra Controlled hospitals police schools ports oil terminal

electricity Received food from Iran that it sold for a profit ISCI and Badr controlled customs police intelligence border crossings to Iran and Kuwait that it kept duties from Fadhila party controlled governorship force protection police PM Maliki appointed new Basra commander and division commander in bid for power Competition between parties increased with UK withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2008 ISCI accused PM Maliki of creating Tribal Support Councils to bolster his support

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2013 ISI put up flyers in Shura Baghdad telling people not to work for govt Blew up 6 homes in Qayara

            Ninewa Attacked Fallujah police station with 2 suicide bombers

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2013 Protest in Basra City against attacks on Sunnis

(Musings On Iraq Security Going From Bad To Worse In Iraq)

2013 Report 17 Sunnis killed in Basra in Sep Received threats for attacks on Shiites in Iraq Sunni

Endowment head in Basra said closing mosques due to threats and killings

2014 Report Water shortages could threaten oil production Water shortages to maintain output

already hurting West Qurna 1 and Zubayr fields Seawater project to boost output stalled Was supposed to be finished in 2013 Exxon was in charge of project Removed in 2012 over disagreements with govt South Oil Company put in charge

2015 KDP said it refused any deal that would lesson president’s powers Said wanted elections for

president PUK Gorran Kurdistan Islamic Union Kurdistan Islamic Group said Barzani could be elected by people with limits on his powers or elected by parliament with more powers

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Barzani Calls For Elections To Determine His Fate, May Mean 2017)

2017 Secretary of Iran’s Supreme National Council said Tehran would cancel all agreements with

KRG if it separated from Iraq

2017 Secretary General of UN called on KRG to hold off on independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2018 Activist in Basra said that ISF were carrying out arbitrary arrests of demonstrators without warrants

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi issued Order 331 trying to re-organize Hashd Comm and take powers away from

deputy head of Comm Abu Muhandis Never implemented

2020 IS held parade on Diyala-Salahaddin border MP said 15 villages along border with no security

Many villages are empty of people

2021 Report new restrictions on foreign ownership of Iraqi companies deterred investment 2019

law said foreigners could only own 49% of a company After Stock Exchange enforced law trading went down Contradicts claim by Kazemi govt it was trying to increase private sector

 View the Iraq History Timelines 


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