Friday, September 9, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 9 Sheikh Abu Risha announced the Anbar Salvation Council to fight Al Qaeda in Iraq in Ramadi

(Wikipedia)

1914 India Viceroy requested 3rd ship to be sent to Shatt al-Arab and to seize Basra vilayet

before start of WWI

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In World War I, From Ottoman Rule to British Conquest)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)


1915 UK cmdr Gen Nixon wrote India that Baghdad should be occupied

1933 PM Gaylani resigned new King Ghazi asked him to form new cabinet Ministers thought Ghazi

young and inexperienced and they could run country Led to rivalries between them

1933 King Ghazi assured UK Amb Humphrys that he would follow his father’s policy of friendly

relations with UK

1940 Mufti of Jerusalem who was living in Baghdad sent proposal to Italy In return for supporting

Arab nationalism Iraq would block UK and give concessions Proposal was also sent to German ambassador in Rome Amb said Germany willing to give money and weapons if Italy agreed Italians had given money to Mufti before and gotten little in return so didn’t believe he could deliver on anything but agreed to give small amount of money

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

1944 Iraq and Soviet Union established diplomatic relations

1961 Gen Qasim sent army brigade from Darbendikhan to Sulaymaniya to provoke Barzani Air force

started bombing Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1965 PM Razzaq announced Revolutionary Command Council disbanded Powers transferred

to cabinet and National Defense Council created under Pres Arif

1970 Baghdad radio said Iraq would not remain neutral in standoff between Palestinians and Jordan Iraq

did nothing

1980 Iranian F-5 Tiger II jet shot down by an Iraqi MiG-21

1989 Elections held for 50 member Legislative Council in Kurdistan  

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1990 Joint US-Soviet statement said that Iraq’s aggression in Kuwait would not stand

1991 UN reported clashes between Kurds and Iraqi army in Kurdistan 16 dead

1992 Saudi officials claimed Iran was sending in weapons and agents into south Iraq taking

advantage of no fly zone to create a pro-Tehran state

1996 KDP captured Sulaymaniya from PUK

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1997 New head inspector Australian Butler arrived in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

1998 UN Resolution 1194 condemned Iraq’s halting of cooperation with weapons inspectors

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1998 PUK sent delegation to Turkey to try to improve relations Ankara backed KDP in civil war

2002 UK intel report Iraq had WMD and producing it Said Saddam would use WMD if threatened Could

fire missiles with WMD at Israel Claimed Iraq could deploy WMD in 45 mins Butler Report said report mostly based upon judgements of what Iraq was doing rather than actual evidence

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Sec 4.2 Iraq WMD Assessments, July to September 2002)

2002 State Dept spokesman mentioned that Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for centrifuges for nuke

program to reporters Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 French Pres Chirac told NYTimes needed to be 2 UN resolutions 1 on inspectors 2nd if Iraq didn’t

comply and that he didn’t support regime change

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

2002 Iran’s SupNatlSecCouncil met over impending US invasion of Iraq Decided on short and long term

policy to protect Tehran’s interests 

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2002 Iraqi-American doctor from Cleveland went to Iraq for CIA to talk to her brother who worked on

Iraq’s nuke program Brother said program ended in 1991 Doctor one of dozens that talked with relatives in Iraq working on WMD-nuclear programs All said no programs Info never used in any major reports CIA thought it was part of Iraqi disinformation campaign

(Musings On Iraq review State of War, The Secret History of the CIA and the Bush Administration)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2003 Zarqawi hit US intel base in Irbil with suicide car bomb killing 3 wounding 54

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2003 Under Sec Def Feith said Pentagon prepared for all kinds of contingencies for postwar Iraq but

they never happened

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2004 Dep Natl Sec Adv Hadley said White House had to come up with measurements to determine success

in Iraq Ended with 140

2004 Army inquiry found CIA hid up to 100 ghost detainees in Iraqi prisons in Baghdad

2004 Major fighting broke out between US forces and insurgents in Tal Afar 57 insurgents killed along

with 27 civilians and another 70 wounded

2004 Turkmen claimed 50,000 fled Tal Afar due to fighting Turksh media claimed Kurds were replacing

Turkmen in town Turkmen politicians claimed Iraqi National Guard were mostly Kurdish and carrying out ethnic cleansing in Tal Afar

2004 US made deal with local leaders in Samarra to start reconstruction projects and return city council to

office

2006 Sheikh Abu Risha and other sheikhs representing 11 of Ramadi dist’s 21 major tribes announced

formation of Anbar Salvation Council Said they would fight Al Qaeda in Iraq Wanted Anbar governor removed

(Musings On Iraq Demise, But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq Lasting Lessons From The Anbar Awakening Interview with Carter Malkasian Author of Illusions of Victory)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, the Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review A Soldier’s Dream, Captain Travis Patriquin and the Awakening of Iraq)

2006 US army unit in Ramadi said they would stand with the Anbar Salvation Council but Anbar governor

could not be replaced except through elections

2008 Maliki govt denied deal with Kurds to withdraw army and Peshmerga from Khanaqin dist Diyala

leaving Kurds still in political control of district

(Musings On Iraq Cold War Between and Kurds Turns Hot)

2008 PM Maliki said govt would integrate 20% of Sahwa into ISF and rest would receive govt jobs

when became available PM spokesman said govt would go after bad elements within Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq Will Baghdad Pay For The Sons Of Iraq Update)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 US and Iraqi military officials met and said govt not going after Sahwa It was

2008 Report Iraqi army had little logistics Full of corruption Funds rarely trickled down from Def Min

down to the units

2008 Report $75 bil in investment from US Europe Gulf States stuck in red tape Only one project started

2009 Iraq and Syria agreed to stop media attacks upon each other return ambassadors after PM Maliki

accused Baathists and Syria for Aug bombings in Baghdad Was actually done by ISI

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq-Syria Dispute Update)

2009 Iraq-Russia signed deal to build 2 natural gas pipelines Never happened

2012 ISI carried out 21 car bombs along with ten other attacks across 18 cities killing more than 100

2012 Court sentenced former VP Hashemi to death for alleged killing of two people in terrorist attacks

2012 Report KRG sent 15 trucks of oil to Turkey each day Turkey sent diesel and kerosene in return

KRG official said trade would increase Baghdad said it was illegal oil smuggling Started Jul Turkey’s Energy Minister wanted trade to increase to 200 trucks/day

2013 KRG imported $6 bil in goods in 2012 Exported little but oil Turkey and Iran 2 largest trade partners

Imported food consumer goods Imports hindered developing local businesses KRG farming in decline 08 KRG started 5 yr development plan for agriculture that failed Started another 5 yr plan

2013 Report Jun Electricity Min said capacity of national grid reached 10,000mw 20% of capacity lost due

to lack of fuel low water levels at hydroelectric plants maintenance Actual supply was 7800mw Inefficient grid meant only delivered 5500mw Demand was 14700mw 08 Electricity Min bought 56 turbines from GE Weren’t taken out of shipping crates until 2011 Iraq bought 72 turbines from GE and Siemens that ran off of natural gas which Iraq didn’t have Used oil which reduced output and life Jul Iraq agreed to buy natural gas from Iran to fuel turbines Maliki and Electricity Min said demand for power would be met by end of 2013 Didn’t happen

2013 Report KRG Electricity Min said region would get 24 hrs of electricity soon Building new power

plants and expanding old ones Didn’t meet goal

2013 Report Sep Iran’s Foreign Minister visited Iraq Got PM Maliki to agree to oppose any military strike

against Syria US said Iran shipping arms to Syria across Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq fighting in Syria

2014 Peshmerga found 14 Yazidi bodies in a mass grave in Ninewa Executed by IS

(Musings On Iraq Islamic State’s Destruction Of Iraq’s Yazidi Community)

2014 5 tribes joined ISF in Garma Anbar to fight insurgency

2014 Peshmerga moved into Lake Hamrin in Diyala to try to cut IS supply lines

2014 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq accused of kidnapping Kurdish businesswoman and cousin of Dep PM

Shaways

2015 PM Abadi removed 123 dep ministers and director generals to cut costs as part of his reforms

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2016 Report Foreign fighters to IS declined Used to be 2,000/month US intel said down to 50/month

2016 Report More than 10% of KRG lived in poverty Unemployment up from 4.8% in 2010 to 13.%

in 2016 Labor Ministry said real numbers higher Around 680,000 out of 5.5 mil lived below poverty line Fall in oil prices and war with IS causes

2016 Report IS families in Dhuluiya Salahaddin told to leave 52 houses emptied Samarra Ops

Command marked houses of expelled families Interior Ministry condemned move UN warned IS families being expelled across Iraq 170 families in Hit Anbar told they had to leave

2016 Ex-Gov Nujafi said Ninewa should be broken up into 6-8 provinces KRG Pres Barzani said

Ninewa should be made into 3 provinces after a referendum KDP MP said Ninewa should be broken up into 8 provinces half of which would be allied with KRG All plans for KRG to take disputed areas

2018 Ammar Hakim’s Hikma said it was against 2nd term for PM Abadi

2018 Hashd Dep Cmdr Muhandis accused US consulate in Basra being behind protests and threatened

retaliation after several Hashd offices burned in province

2018 Protests in Muthanna and Dhi Qar over services

2019 Report Basra still suffering water shortages Norwegian Refugee Council said 250,000

children didn’t have running water 40% of province not connected to sewage network Many had to buy water from trucks or bottled water Saltwater being drawn up from Gulf into Shatt al-Arab due to low water flow Water contaminated

2019 Head of Azm district called on govt to clear Mutabeija basin along Diyala-Salahaddin

border Used as IS base

2020 MP from finance committee said govt needed $6 bil to cover govt salaries Iraq only earned $3.5

bil in oil revenues in Aug Other revenue was only $400 mil Said govt would have problems covering salaries for rest of 2020 Would have to borrow money

2020 MP on security committee said IS moving back and forth between Diyala and Salahaddin

2021 PUK security forces raided two companies in Sulaymaniya aligned with Lahur Talabani Part of

power struggle for control of PUK Security forces then threatened NRT for reporting raids

(Musings On Iraq Fight Over Control Of PUK Continues)

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