Thursday, September 22, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 22 Iraq invaded Iran starting Iran-Iraq War


 

1961 After Barzani’s forces overran army and police outposts and pushed back pro-govt Kurdish

tribes Qasim ordered counterattack Iraqi air force bombed 500 villages destroying 270 of them

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1980 Iraq attacked Iran’s air force starting Iran-Iraq War Attacked 10 bases Did little damage Only

destroyed 4 planes and lost 5 of its own Were not trained for low level bombings Didn’t have munitions to penetrated bunkers and missed most runways

(Musings On Iraq Inauspicious Start To Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1980 Invasion plan was to seize Khorramshahr Dezful Ahwaz Abadan along border in less than 10 days

Deployed 2nd Corps in Diyala to protect route to Baghdad 3rd Corps invaded Khuzistan to take Dezful Ahwaz Khorramshahr

(Musings On Iraq review Armies of the Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

1980 Iraqi invasion of Iran began with divisions leaving Diyala towards Qasr e-Shirin in center to protect

route to Baghdad Also attacked Panjwin to protect Sulaymaniya and Kirkuk in north

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1980 Iraq Attacked Iranian naval base at Khosrowabad at mouth of Shatt al-Arab

1980 Iraq declared Khuzistan a new Iraqi province

1980 Iraq fired SCUD missiles at Iranian air force bases and other essential targets

1980 UK Defense Committee discussed how to start selling weapons to Iraq during war

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

1981 Iran began Operation Samen ol Aemeh to break siege of Abadan Iran’s 2nd largest city

1987 Iranian speech at UN rejected UN ceasefire talks

1987 From Nebuchadnezzar to Saddam Hussein music festival Linked ancient Iraqi and Arab history along

with Saddam cult of personality Govt argued Iran-Iraq War culture war between Arabs and Persians

1988 Pres Khamenei addressed UN condemning it for not doing anything about Iraq’s aggression during

war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Iraq said if sanctions started to hurt it would attack Saudi Arabia and Israel

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1991 UN inspectors went to Nuclear Design Center in Baghdad Found docs that detailed secret

nuclear weapons program and secret facility in Baghdad

1992 Report In 1989 Bush admin told Iraq harboring Palestinian terrorist Abu Abbas and Abu Nidal

Didn’t change policy to improve relations with Saddam

2001 Telegraph story claiming Iraq was funding Al Qaeda Quoted CIA and Israeli sources

2001 Columnist Charles Krauthammer told Fox attacking Iraq would cost US lots of allies but he

didn’t care

2002 Natl SecAdv Rice said UN sanctions were failing and Iraq using illegal revenues to develop WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 Zarqawi bombed Canal Hotel Baghdad 2 dead 19 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2003 Bombing of UN compound led to unanimous decision to evacuate UN staff from Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

2003 Bremer testified to Congress asked for approval of $87 bil in aid for Iraq

2003 Bremer met with Dep Def Sec Wolfowitz Bremer said Iraqi Governing Council couldn’t organize a

parade let alone run a country Wolfowitz suggested council be expanded to 100-200 members Bremer thought waste of time because Council had already been asked to do that and failed

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

2003 Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz pushed for faster training of ISF and turning over security to them as

quickly as possible so US could withdraw from Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 12 Reconstructing Iraqi Security Forces)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2003 Report Iraqi Governing Council members were going to tell Congress US reconstruction money

being wasted

2004 US civilian Jack Hensley beheaded by Zarqawi Body dumped in Baghdad 

2004 2 suicide car bombs in Baghdad killed 21 wounded 150

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2004 Gun battle in Samarra led US forces to seal off city

2005 Bush said with upcoming elections for parliament and constitution Iraq would face more violence

Said if US withdrew from Iraq it could become a terrorist safe haven

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2005 Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal said Iraq could be breaking up

2005 Report Shiite cleansing of Baghdad by insurgents increased especially in Dora Amiriyah Ghaziliya

Sadiya

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2005 UK official said Sadr wanted to talk about southern Iraq UK said it wouldn’t negotiate because

Mahdi Army working with Iran and Hezbollah to attack British troops in Basra Sadr said still interested London recommended talks

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2006 Ret Gen Keane told Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace he was failing and his only priority should be

winning in Iraq Gen Pace agreed to set up staff to go over Iraq strategy afterward Keane suggested Gen Petraeus should be new US Iraq Cmdr to Gen Pace

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 US military said militias in Baghdad earning up to $1 mil/day via kidnapping extortion black market

blackmail running petrol stations

2006 3000 demonstrated in Tikrit calling for Saddam to return to power

2008 Report Iraq signed 2nd deal with foreign energy company since 2003 Shell agreed to explore natural gas

in Basra Gas would most be used for export Never happened

2008 Report Diyala sahwa leader said Maliki govt after his men Jul security op vs ISI in Diyala ended up

arresting sahwa Warrants for Diyala sahwa leaders 2 days after they set up political party State of Law MP from Diyala said warrants could be political

2008 Wasit council headed by ISCI refused to set up Tribal Support Councils because seen as tool of PM

Maliki

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 Iraqi-American who was advisor to Def and State Depts testified to Senate that corruption taking

over Iraq Justice system didn’t work US didn’t really care Said ministers judges politicians got money from foreign countries Some ministers ran kidnapping rings for money Amnesty Law used to end corruption investigations and release corrupt officials Electricity Min Samarraie was convicted of taking kickbacks A private security company broke him out of prison and flew him to US

2008 Adhoob chief inspector at Integrity Comm 04-07 testified to Senate Fled Iraq to US Said $18 bil lost

via corruption and waste in Iraq $4 bil alone lost by Defense Min 31 members of Integrity Comm killed Worked with Bureau of Supreme Audit that said it couldn’t find $13 bil in US reconstruction funds Bureau found fake projects Projects govt didn’t want Payment for work never done $24.4 mil spent on Ninewa electricity project that didn’t exist Relatives for PM Allawi’s Def Min set up 2 fake companies to get contracts from ministry and steal money 04 Def Min spent $1.7 bil to create 2 special forces divisions Given to companies run by relatives $850 mil supposed to buy 64 Mi-18 helicopters Only 4 bought and were 25 yrs old Iraqi army rejected them Rest of deal for supplies most of which never delivered Brother in law of Allawi’s Def Min diverted some money from ministry to Al Qaeda in Iraq Many projects by Planning Ministry never existed Said PM Maliki not interested in corruption and stopped many investigations

2008 Prof Mehdi who worked in Iraq 06-07 for USAID in PM’s office and cabinet Ministry of Planning and

Investment Comm testified to Senate Found corruption endemic in Iraqi govt Iraqi institutions weak and couldn’t confront problem Integrity Comm didn’t have power to crackdown on corruption High officials never went on trial Amnesty Law stopped 700 corruption investigations in Baghdad alone

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2008 Report Lawyers believed about 50% of 6500 at Rusafa prison held for 3 yrs 5,000 of them applied for

amnesty 1400 released Justice Min didn’t release prisoners after cases dropped or found innocent Justice Min often looked for new charges to stop prisoner releases

2008 Human Rights Watch interviewed Iraqi refugees returning from Syria 90% said came back because

of new Syrian restrictions May 08 UN found slightly more Iraqis leaving for Syria then returning

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2009 PM Maliki told US Amb Hill Iran giving heavy weapons to Sadr Syria still supporting

Baathists and terrorism in Iraq

2010 Reporters Without Borders said KRG using lawsuits to silence critics Several papers facing

suits Editor magazine sued for calling for more press freedom Another paper sued for asking whether Pres Barzani should continue to be president

2012 Report VP Biden and Obama officials went over Iraq policy Biden wanted PM Maliki to get 2nd term

Would give Allawi presidency Talabani would become Foreign Minister Believed Maliki could assure Status of Forces Agreement and keep US troops in Iraq past 2011 Dep Sec State disagreed Said Iraqi govt dysfunctional Wanted Abdul Mahdi to be PM Iran opposed Obama decided to support PM Maliki Talabani refused to give up presidency US then proposed creating Strategic Council which Allawi would head Never created Def Sec Gates wanted 16,000 US troops to stay in Iraq after 2011 withdrawal Obama wanted fewer troops Obama decided on 10,000 troops McGurk said SOFA should be put before parliament White House demanded it be approved by parliament Iraq ended up rejecting stay behind force White House tried to say US would still have influence Iraqis resented US dictating terms on troops

2012 Report Human rights groups complained about police raids on Baghdad clubs Maliki’s office claimed

raids were court ordered Judiciary spokesman said no order Sep police started raids Head of Baghdad council said raids in response to complaints Report Iranian clerics complained about clubs to Maliki

2012 Pres Barzani speech said PM Maliki acting like a dictator Said Maliki didn’t follow constitution Said

govt needed to be built on consensus and partnership

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Becoming A Dictator? An Interview With Kirk Sowell Of Inside Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

2012 Report PUK and PKK working together to counter KDP in Syria Pres Barzani and Turkey tried to

limit PKK/PYD in Syria

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Iraqi Kurdistan’s Policy Towards Syria, Interview With Wladimir van Wilgenburg)

2014 Report Iraqi official said 1480 Quds Force members arrived in Iraq Added to 3600 already in

Iraq Operating in Samarra and Baiji Salahaddin Said 50 Iranians killed fighting IS

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Mobilization In Iraq In The Face Of The Insurgent Surge)

2014 Report Sunni sheikhs complained PM Abadi’s promise for Iraqi forces not to shell civilians

areas not followed Complained about ISF and Hashd detaining people without charges

2014 Babil governor and head of security committee said Fadhiliya in Jurf al-Sakhr dist cleared

Said IS suffered heavy casualties Was 9th op to clear district

2015 Report US federal court ruled against KRG selling oil to US KRG failed to appeal lower court

ruling that sales illegal Started when tanker with KRG oil sitting in Gulf of Mexico

2016 Report Gulf Keystone not paid by KRG for Jul and Aug oil sales

2016 Aid worker said Kirkuk authorities expelled 64 Arab families and made them return to Diyala

Destroyed their homes afterwards Another 115 people expelled from displaced camp by Asayesh

2017 Report Al-Nujaba Movement created land route from Iran through Iraq to Syria to deliver

Iranian weapons and supplies Went through Ninewa Head of Al-Nujaba said he followed Iran

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sheikh Akram Al-Kaabi and Hezbollah al-Nujaba)

2017 UN said KRG independence referendum could destabilize Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 Report Shiite parties and Iran calling Kurds Zionists for KRG independence referendum

Hashd commander said Iraq would stand on grave of Zionists and their dogs in KRG like Barzani family VP Maliki said KRG wanted to be 2nd Israel Head of Iran’s Assembly of Experts made similar statement

2017 Shirqat Salahaddin declared freed from IS

(Musings On Iraq 2nd Phase Of Hawija Operation Underway)

(Musings On Iraq Shirqat Freed, Clearing In Anbar, Hawija In The Offing)

(Musings On Iraq Ana Freed In Anbar While Shirqat And Hawija Attacked)

2019 Unidentified airstrike on Hashd base outside Fallujah

2020 Report Is still infiltrating into Iraq from Syria Also smuggling Local officials claimed some

Hashd made deals with IS to cross border Most infiltrations in Ninewa

2021 Report Candidates telling Hashd members to obtain voter cards or be fired One party set up camp to

give youth jobs in Hashd in return for their votes One candidate allegedly got 22,000 voter cards Hashd cmdr in Mosul threatening people if they don’t vote for him

(Musings On Iraq More On Cheating Before Iraq’s Oct Election)

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