Wednesday, September 30, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 30

 

1924 Frontier Commission appointed to determine border between new nation of Turkey and Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1958 Agrarian Reform Law issued by Gen Qasim in attempt to redistribute land from large landowners

to peasants

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1958 Pres Qasim removed Arif as Dep PM and Interior Minister because he was a threat to the govt

1980 Ayatollah Khomeini refused all talks with Iraq to end war Demanded Saddam step down Iraq had

to admit it was aggressor and pay reparations Basra was to come under Iranian control until Iraq paid debt Referendum in Kurdistan or autonomy or joining Iran

1980 Iranian air force launched Op Scorch Sword attacking Iraq’s Osirak nuclear facility Only minimal

damage Iran also bombed Baghdad

1980 Iraqis were stopped outside Dezful Ahvas and Abadan in Khuzistan province Allowed Iran to re-

supply and have access to Shatt al-Arab

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1980 Soviet’s Brezhnev said Iran and Iraq both friends of USSR 2 needed to negotiate end to war Soviets

main military supporter of Iraq

1980 State Dept told Italy’s Foreign Ministry that USSR turned down request by Iraq for additional

military equipment

1982 Iranian Op Muslim ibn Aqil Attacked between Qasr e-Shirin and Sumer in center Goal was to

invade Diyala take Baquba and threaten Baghdad 60,000 Iranians vs 36,000 Iraqis Only advanced 6 mi before counterattacked by Iraq forced withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 Iran Op Val Fajr 7 attacked Meimak Heights central front to stop Iranian shelling of area

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

2001 Report Al Qaeda defector said bin Laden did not like Saddam because of his attacks upon Muslim

civilians

2001 Iraqi defector told Sunday Telegraph Saddam started crash program to produce WMD in six months

2002 Iraq and UN negotiated new weapons inspections in Vienna but blocked 8 presidential sites US

rejected deal

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 NYTimes OpEd by Clinton era counterterrorism official Benjamin said Saddam thought bin Laden

a threat and 2 didn’t cooperate

2003 UN Sec Gen Anan said that UN would only renew its role in Iraq if sovereignty passed to an

interim govt

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld aide ate with Pentagon Def Policy Board member Gingrich and Dep Sec Def

            Wolfowitz who were lobbying against Bremer

2003 Def Policy Board member Gingrich would later say Bremer at CPA was biggest foreign policy

disaster in recent times

2003 Bush told Justice Dep investigating possible unauthorized disclosure of undercover CIA official fmr

Amb Wilson’s wife VP Cheney’s office had leaked her name to press to discredit Wilson

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 Constitutional preparatory committee came up with 3 ways to name delegates to constitutional

committee Couldn’t agree on which to use

2004 Iraq Survey Group final report said Saddam considered Iran existential threat to Iraq Thought only

way to deter Tehran was WMD

(Musings On Iraq Was Iraq An Imminent Threat To The West?)

2004 Iraq Survey Group final report said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were for rockets not

centrifuges

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2004 UK intel report said Sunnis did not believe in politics because didn’t gain anything Said majority of

Sunnis supported insurgency Felt loss of power fear of Shiite rule and Iranian influence United by opposition to occupation Sunnis believed armed struggle rather than politics could achieve their goals

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency In Iraq)

2007 Report Sahwa expanding 30,000 tribesmen organized by US so far including 8,000 in Mansour and

Abu Ghraib in Baghdad 3,500 in Diyala

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 Sheikh announced 20 Tribal Support Councils created in Dhi Qar by PM Maliki Creation of

Tribal Support Councils in Dhi Qar led to attacks upon sheikhs in political rivalry between SIIC and Dawa

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 Def Sec Gates criticized US military for mishandling Iraq Said military was slow to adapt to

counterinsurgency Pentagon got in the way of commanders who tried to change

2008 Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon reported that due to Amnesty Law 690 corruption cases had been

            stopped

2008 Report Baghdad Sahwa afraid of govt take over Afraid of arrests US told Maliki govt couldn’t

enforce any warrants from last 6 months US said 3400 of 54000 Sahwa in Baghdad had been integrated into ISF

2009 PM Maliki released over 100 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq members in deal where group said it

renounced violence and would run in 2010 elections

(Musings On Iraq League Of Righteous Breaks Off talks With Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2014 UK launched first air strikes on IS

2014 Cabinet authorized govt to provide weapons, equipment, salaries to Hashd

2017 Iraqi military said it was going to take over Kurdish border posts by stationing troops on Turkish

and Iranian side in retaliation for independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2018 KRG held parliamentary elections Had low voter turnout 58.4%

(Musings On Iraq New KRG Elections Unlikely To Change Politics In Iraq’s Kurdistan)

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