Friday, May 21, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - May 21


1847 Treaty of Arzurum tried to set border between Ottoman Empire and Persia Gave Sulaymaniya

to Ottomans Shatt al-Arab to Persia Set up commission to demarcate border between Ottomans and Persia but never finished

(Musings On Iraq review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)

1919 UK PM George abrogated Long-Berenger UK-French oil deal due to disagreement

with France over Iraq-Syrian border George wanted Iraq to extend to Mediterranean

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

1924 Turkey told Constantinople Conference Assyrians should return to Turkey

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1928 British official said Iraqi provincial administrators picked who would be elected to parliament

1941 Iraqis launched counterattack attempting to retake Fallujah from British Entered town

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s First Battle Of Fallujah 1941)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 German planes bombed UK air base at Habaniya for a second day

1941 Iraq launched raids into Basra city suburbs but failed

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1966 Kurds bombed Kirkuk oil pipeline but did little damage

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1970 Pres Bakr issued Agrarian Reform Law to increase living conditions for peasants and increase farm


1974 UN Sec Gen said Iran and Iraq agreed to withdraw forces and open talks over border disputes

1981 Iran Op Imam Ali launched to eliminate Iraqi threat to Susangard in Khuzistan in south

1982 Iranian Op Bait al-Moqaddas Broke through Iraqi defenses around Khorramshahr in south Iraqi

forces panicked and started to flee Only 40% made it back to Iraq Iran captured 12,000 prisoners 2000 prisoners summarily executed by Iran

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1987 2nd phase of govt collectivization program started to destroy Kurdish towns and force people

into govt run villages

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1990 US Central Command cmdr Gen Schwarzkopf said Iraq had grievances with Kuwait but didn’t

expect it to use military force

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1991 Kuwait asked for half of Iraq’s oil earnings as reparation for invasion

1999 UN Res 1242 renewed Oil For Food Program for 6th months

2002 Gen Franks lied to press saying he had no Iraq war plans and had not been asked to make any

Franks had been working on war plans since Nov 2001

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz ordered army to help CPA with staff and contracting because CPA


2003 Report CIA believed 3 trailers found in Iraq were mobile WMD labs Sec State Powell talked about

in UN speech Didn’t exist

2003 Report that US showed picture of trailers to Iraqi in Germany known as CURVEBALL who

confirmed they were WMD labs

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

2004 CPA set up group to integrate militias into ISF Never happened

2006 Report Iran thought to have trained 40,000 militia in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2006 Report US failed to adequately plan to rebuild Iraqi police After invasion went through 3 failed

plans By 2004 only sent 500 police advisers for all of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq)  

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

2008 CENTCOM commander Gen Dempsey said ISI at its weakest point in Iraq

2008 US commander for northern Iraq said attacks in Mosul down 85% after Mother of Two Springs op


2008 Pres Talabani said Iraq would be able to handle its own security without help

            of US by end of 2008 Didn’t happen

2008 Female suicide bomber hit Sahwa HQ in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 Report ISI turned to crime for financing Stealing money from oil industry in Ninewa

and Kirkuk main source of funds Steals oil from pipelines and fuel trucks gets protection money from gas stations and trucks Runs crime gangs Also steals cars and kidnaps for ransom

2009 3 Iranians and Iraqi arms smuggler arrested in Wasit bringing weapons from Iran into Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2010 Reports that both Iran and US supported 2nd term for PM Maliki

2012 KRG announced energy deals with Turkey Baghdad warned KRG it could not sign independent oil

deals with Turkey

2012 Oil Min Shahristani ordered ministry to stop petrol deliveries to KRG Would later deny he gave


2013 Sheikh Hayes threatened to tear down protest tents in Ramadi if didn’t disperse after attacks on ISF

and kidnappings

2013 KRG said it wanted to build a second independent oil pipeline to Turkey

2015 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq blamed US and PM Abadi for fall of Ramadi Claimed US had kept Hashd out

Hashd had been in Anbar for months

(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

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