Sunday, May 16, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - May 16


1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement broke up Ottoman Empire into British and French spheres Basra and

Baghdad to England Mosul to French France was to be buffer with Russia

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq book review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1941 While British planes bombed Iraqi column outside Rutba, Anbar English ground forces were

attacked by German planes

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 German commander in Iraq agreed with Baghdad’s plan to retake Habaniya but didn’t have forces

to do it

1941 German planes attacked Habaniya base British destroyed 10 German planes in Irbil and Mosul

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1941 Mullah Mustafa Barzani escaped Baghdad and headed for Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1963 Jalal Talabani went to Egypt to Lobby Gen Nasser to support Kurds Got nothing

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1966 Def Min Gen Shurki said Kurds were defeated New campaign actually failed

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1977 Saddam interview with US News & World Report Said Iraq would never accept Israel’s right to


1984 US offered to provide air cover to any Arab country’s oil tankers in Persian Gulf to protect them

from Iranian attack

1986 Iraq launched operation to seize Mehran Iran central front 1st offensive since 1983 Saddam wanted

to seize Iranian territory and swap it for Faw Peninsula Basra

1988 Iran Op Bait al-Moqaddas 6 Gained 25 sq km in Kurdistan Turkey worried about Iranian offensives

in Kurdistan Threatened intervention if continued

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

2003 CPA Regulation 1 made it the occupying power in Iraq

2003 CPA Order 1 disbanded Baath Party Came from Undersec of Def Feith He would later deny


(Musings On Iraq New DeBaathification Law)

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)

2003 Bremer met with Iraqi Leadership Group exiles and Iraqi notables put together by Barzani and

Talabani Bremer told Leadership Group he was in charge not them Talked about deBaathification which Dawa’s Jaafari supported and INC’s Chalabi said should go deeper Bremer said CPA would take incremental steps which most Iraqis objected to demanding quick transfer of power Bremer thought Group not representative

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Bremer announced that interim Iraqi govt would not be formed and that CPA would govern Iraq

2003 CPA picked Phillip Carroll to be top US adviser to Oil Ministry Said he was against privatizing


2003 Sadrists attacked movie theater in Baghdad for showing indecent movies

2003 Arabs claimed they were beaten by Kurds at a market and bridge in Kirkuk Started 3 days of

            fighting in city

(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In


2003 Combined Joint Task Force 7 US military command in charge of Iraq sent back to Iraq

2004 Sec State Powell some sources on Iraq WMD were inaccurate wrong and sometimes deliberately


(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2004 Maysan chief of police Kabir assassinated by members of governor’s tribe Many claimed governor

had chief assassinated because believed he tipped off British about ambush planned by tribe

2005 US issued order unless US forces directly involved in abuse of Iraqis should report incident and do

nothing else

2007 200 insurgents attacked prison in Mosul with 6 suicide car bombs and IEDs laid on surrounding

streets to block ISF response units Also attacked house of Ninewa police chief and deputy governor

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2007 Iraqi army security sweep through Diwaniya looking for militiamen led to 7 hr battle with Mahdi

Army Also fighting between Mahdi Army and ISF in Nasiriya

2008 PM Maliki gave insurgents 10 days to hand in weapons in Mosul as part of Mother of Two Rivers


2008 Parliament’s integrity committee said PM Maliki’s arms deal with Serbia was illegal Called on Def

Minister to testify He refused Was $236 mil no bid deal

2009 PM Maliki promised major crackdown on corruption Nothing happened

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2010 Abu Bakr al-Bahgdadi named new leader of ISI after Abu Omar al-Baghdadi killed April 2010

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

2011 Gulf Cooperation Council rejected Iraq’s bid to join

2011 Senior Iraqi Air Force official said Iran tried to block Iraq buying F-16s from US using friendly

political parties

2011 Security official blamed militias for wave of assassinations and sticky bombs in Baghdad

2011 Qadisiyah council voted to make province a federal region to protest neglect by Baghdad

2011 Investigation into IS prison break in Basra caught in political controversy with ruling parties

interfering 2 members of Maliki’s office implicated

2011 Sadrists rejected any talk of extending US troop presence in Iraq past end of year

2012 End of deadline set by Sadrists for PM Maliki to implement Irbil power sharing agreement Maliki

did not respond

2012 Pres Barzani said he was fed up with PM Maliki and could not work with him anymore

2012 PM Maliki allowed Dep PM Mutlaq back to work after dismissing him as political threat during no

confidence move

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 Gov Nujafi of Ninewa escaped IED attack on his convoy

2013 ISF raided Sheikh Suleiman’s farm in Anbar leading to shootout with guards

2014 Reports of barrel bombs and indiscriminate shelling of Fallujah by ISF leading to large

displacement of civilians

2015 IS leader Baghdadi issued speech saying Anbari displaced being mistreated by Baghdad for

sectarian reasons

2015 Ramadi fell to IS after months of fighting Report IS went through city executing government

workers and Sahwa members

(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)

2019 Report Iran’s Quds Force Cmdr Gen Suleimani met with Tehran’s allies in Baghdad telling

them to mobilize for a possible confrontation with US

(Musings On Iraq Tehran And Its Allies Respond Asymmetrically To Trump Admin’s Iran Policy)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

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