Friday, October 15, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 15

 

1905 British Amb to Turkey O’Conor sent memo written by Sir Sykes to Foreign Office detailing oil

deposits in Mosul vilayet

1906 Protests in Mosul ended against Ottoman census that included counting women

1927 1st successful oil well started at Baba Gargur field in Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

1960 Islamic Party complained to Gen Qasim that his govt neglected religion while accepted Communists

Asked Qasim to ban Communists and their media while releasing any cleric arrested since 1958 coup

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1973 Syrian-Jordanian-Iraqi offensive in southern Syria against Israel failed to achieve results Yom-Kippur

War

1980 Iran launched large counter attack against Iraqi forces around Andimeshk

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1984 Iraq and Turkey made deal to fight PKK Allowed each country to enter 3 miles into others

territory to combat group

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1991 Report UN inspectors said Iraq worked on hydrogen bomb before Gulf War Found program more

advanced than previously thought Iraq could’ve had bomb in a year

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1993 Chief UN inspector Ekeus told Security Council progress had been made on missile

chemical and nuclear programs Iraq was hoping its recent concessions would end sanctions

1994 Iraq withdrew troops from Kuwait border after Russian diplomacy and UN Res 949 that

demanded withdrawal UN Res 949 demanded Iraq’s full cooperation with UN inspectors

1995 Saddam won referendum for 7 more years as president with 99.9% of vote Was meant to

show public was behind Saddam after Hussein Kamal defected to Jordan

1996 UAE head Nahyan called on Arab countries to reconcile with Iraq and called for lifting of sanctions

1997 Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sadr gave sermon saying No! Yes is just for God mocking

Yes to Saddam slogan

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

1997 Turkey’s Op Dawn ended against PKK in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2000 Iran announced it was returning to 1975 Algiers Treaty Meant rapprochment with Iraq but

also Iraq gained nothing from Iran-Iraq War

2001 CIA report from Rome said that Italian intel said Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger but

didn’t see much merit in it

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2001 CIA DIA Energy Dept thought Iraq-Niger uranium deal was possible State Dept thought

story suspect

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2001 White House spokesman said no connection between Iraq and anthrax letters sent to Wash DC

2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld wrote list of 29 things that could go wrong with Iraq War Included finding no

WMD ethnosectarian conflict List was to point out possible problems so war could be successful Had no follow up on how to deal with any problems listed

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2002 Italy’s SISMI intel agency told CIA of Iraq-Niger uranium deal documents

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2002 Under Sec of Def Feith briefed NSC on plan for governing postwar Iraq with 3-star general in

charge of military and civilian administrator

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Sec of State Powell said that his claims about Iraq’s WMD program had been proven

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice said CPA’s schedule for Iraq wouldn’t work and new one had to be created

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 Sadr followers failed to take over Karbala shrine

2003 UK intel report Worried that Iraq would become new base for jihadists Significant number of

Islamists had already travelled to Iraq Could become base for recruiting training and attacks and could get worse

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 CPA began distributing new Iraqi dinars

2004 US put Zarqawi on its terrorist list

2004 VP Cheney said Iraq could have given WMD to terrorists

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2005 Constitution approved in Referendum 66% voter turnout 70% of Sunnis voted against it

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 18 – Defeated By Democracy, Winter 2005-2006)

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review The Struggle For Iraq’s Future, How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy)

2006 Reconciliation conference indefinitely postponed due to weekend violence Setback for PM

            Maliki’s reconciliation plans

2006 Mujahedeen Shura Council again announced ISI and Islamic State in Baghdad Anbar Diyala

Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa Babil Said its goal was to govern

2006 Report auditors found ¼ of US funded water projects had broken down since being turned

over to Iraqis

2006 2 days Shiite gunmen killed 47 Sunnis in Balad in retaliation for 26 dead Shiites being found

in Dhuluiya

2006 6 car bombs in Kirkuk killed 10 and wounded dozens 52 killed in attacks in Baghdad

2006 500 Sunni sheikhs held meeting condemning federalism plan by ISCI objected to breaking

            up Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2006 Islamic Party accused Interior Min of Oct 9 murder of VP Hashemi’s brother

2007 State Dept official told reporters corruption in Iraq was systemic and hindering govt Claimed PM

            Maliki was dealing with it

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2008 Moldova announced withdrawing its 20 soldiers Dec 08 Were supposed to stay until March 09 Said

improved security meant not needed anymore

2008 US and ISF started new campaign to secure Mosul Started in western half Was ISI’s new base

Campaign failed

2009 Sadrists held primary election meant to rally support for 09 provincial elections

(Musings On Iraq The Sadrist Primaries)

2015 Immediately after Baiji refinery liberated Hashd began looting facility and selling off equipment to

Iraqi and Iranian businesses

2017 Hashd burned PUK office in Tuz Kharmato after fighting stopped there over independence

referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2019 Sadr called for new protests during Arbaeen pilgrimage in Karbala

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

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