Saturday, October 23, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 23


1915 UK cabinet ordered UK cmdr Gen Nixon to take Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1918 Battle of Shirqat started as British forces moved north from Baghdad to seize Mosul

province and its oil before war ended 

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1960 Hamza Abdullah kicked out of KDP for ties to Communists while Ibrahim Ahmed re-elected

secretary general

1973 Baghdad ordered its units home in 1973 Arab-Israeli War

1977 Ayatollah Khomeini’s son Mustafa died in exile in Najaf Iranian secret police believed to be

behind it

1980 US said Iran’s national integrity was threatened by Iraq Pres Carter was trying to get US

hostages released by Iran

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Baghdad imposed economic embargo on Kurdistan in retaliation for clashes with Peshmerga

1991 Saddam held ceremony for Gulf War Gave TV speech that Iraq would never give into foreign demands

Dropped talk of democratic reforms

1996 PUK and KDP signed ceasefire brokered by US, UK and Turkey

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1997 UN Resolution 1134 said that Iraq had to fully comply with weapons inspectors and condemned non-

cooperation Were splits within UN security council over continued weapons inspections

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2002 US and UK submitted draft UN resolution for new inspections in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.5 Development of UK Strategy and Options September to November 2002 – Negotiation of Resolution 1441)

2003 Madrid Conf began with 76 countries to garner international aid for Iraq Germany Russia

France offered nothing having opposed war

2003 US guards at Abu Ghraib prison photographed an Iraqi prisoner with a leash on and other


(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 9 Down The Spider Hole, October-December 2003)

2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq dressed as police took 49 Iraqi soldiers off bus and executed them in Diyala

2005 Islamic Army got in gun battle with Al Qaeda in Iraq in Taji north Baghdad over the latter

killing members of the Islamic Army

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2006 Natl Sec Adv Hadley told UK officials Op Together Forward II failing Said Iraqi army hadn’t sent

enough troops Iraqi police couldn’t hold areas cleared Said Maliki govt didn’t fully support plan

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

2006 White House said US policy was not to stay the course in Iraq despite Bush repeatedly using that

phrase Said U.S. had a flexible policy in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2006 Report UN recorded 1.6 mil refugees 1.5 mil displaced 40,000 Iraqis arriving in Syria per month

365,000 new refugees since Samarra bombing in Feb 06

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2006 US soldiers Taie kidnapped by Mahdi Army in Baghdad Turned over to Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Wasn’t

released until Feb 2012

2007 State Dept official said Iranian Revolutionary Guard working in Iraq under orders of Tehran’s


(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2007 Report State Dept couldn't account for $1.2 bil contract with DynCorp to train Iraqi police $4 mil

that was supposed to build a police facility spent on an olympic size pool and VIP trailers $4 mil spent on X-Ray machine never used Part of State Dept’s bad contracting in Iraq

2007 Mahdi Army fought Iraqi police in Basra City despite Sadr’s freeze upon his militia

2009 US hosted investment conference for Iraq Declined since 2006 Mostly gone to oil Iraq still

considered unsafe Bureaucracy hinders business Bad investment laws

2017 ISF and Peshmerga clashed in Fishkhabur Dohuk Kurds feared Baghdad was attempting to seize

KRG pipeline to Turkey as a result of independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Ups Ante Attempting To Seize Control Of Kurds’ Oil Pipeline)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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