Sunday, October 24, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 25


1920 Jaafar al-Askari former Ottoman officer and officer in Arab Kingdom of Syria with King

Faisal made Defense Minister Used 10 officers including brother in law Col Nuri al-Said to begin creation of new Royal Iraqi Army

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1922 Gertrude Bell wrote that King Faisal was trying to create his own party but was being

played by politicians

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1937 Nuri al-Said’s son told him to return from exile in Egypt after made contact with pan-Arab

Golden Square officers

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

1980 Iraq fired missiles at Dezful, Iran

1983 Iran claimed Iraqi troops destroyed Kurdish town of Penjwin

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 Iranian troops recaptured Mehran, Iran central front ending Op Dawn 7

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1992 Report Sec State Baker okayed $1 bil trade deal with Iraq in 89 even though told included kickbacks

hiking prices buying weapons and tech because US wanted better relations with Saddam

2000 Congress authorized increase in support for Iraqi opposition groups to $25 mil in 2001 $18 mil

would go to INC

2002 VP Cheney met with Russian For Min Told him countries that sided with US in war would get

preferential treatment in contracts afterward

2003 Iraqi prisoners were stripped handcuffed and piled in pyramid on top of each other by US

jailers in Abu Ghraib

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 9 Down The Spider Hole, October-December 2003)

2004 Report top contracting official at US Army Corps of Engineers questioned Halliburton’s no-bid

Iraq contracts

2004 Report 380 tons of high grade explosives looted from Al Qaqaa site

2004 Kurds marched in Kirkuk demanding Kurdish control of city

2004 Iraq Election Comm Regulation 03/2004 said parties associated or financed by armed forces or

militias couldn’t register to run in elections Never enforced

2005 Results of Constitutional referendum announced 79% voted for constitution Anbar and

Salahaddin overwhelmingly voted no Overall 70% of Sunnis rejected it

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 18 – Defeated By Democracy, Winter 2005-2006)

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

2005 Death toll for Americans in Iraq reached 2,000 since 03 invasion

2005 Iraq Body Count est 26,690-30,051 Iraqi civilians and police died since 03 invasion

2005 Bush speech said US strategy in Iraq was Clear Hold Build Def Sec Rumsfeld tried to have it removed

because Sec State Rice came up with plan without consulting with Pentagon

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq 2006 Clear Hold Build: An Iraq Strategy That Wasn’t A Strategy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2005 Chalabi claimed Supreme Contracts Comm he headed ended 98% of corruption in big govt contracts

2006 Bush speech Iraq challenge of our time Knew people weren’t happy with Iraq war and neither

was he Said US winning in Iraq Said he didn’t believe in timetables for Iraq but Gen Casey and Amb Khalilzad issued a timetable the day before Said there were benchmarks and not a timetable At time he thought strategy failing and working on new one

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 CNN poll found 34% of Americans supported Bush on Iraq 64% disapproved

2006 PM Maliki criticized US timetable for his govt Said no one had right to impose deadlines on Iraqi

govt Said timetable was created for US consumption before Nov elections Amb Khalilzad said Maliki agreed to idea of a timetable

2006 US and ISF raided Mahdi Army areas in east Baghdad PM Maliki complained about raids saying

they wouldn’t happen again

2006 Report British military wanted to withdraw from Iraq within a year British officials told US

that British military near breaking point with long deployments to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2006 Special Insp Gen for Iraq Recon audit found some US reconstruction contracts had 55% overhead

costs Main reason was long delay between signing contracts assembling teams and actual work starting US wrote poor contracts bad to no oversight needless delays poor practices

2006 Report US raid in Washash Baghdad found Mahdi Army papers listing 65 houses that had

Sunni families in them replaced by Shiites Also draft of threats to Sunnis to drive them out

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2006 Report Feb 05 Gen Casey said US would transfer security to ISF by end of 05 Jun 06 Casey

sent plan to White House saying that US troops would start withdrawing by Sep 06 and have 50% out by Dec 07 Oct 24 Casey said that ISF would take over security in 12-15 months

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2009 ISI bombed Justice and Municipalities Ministries in Baghdad 155 dead 721 wounded PM Maliki

blamed Baathists but was ISI

(Musings On Iraq Fall 09 When Maliki Blamed Islamic State Bombings In Baghdad On Baathists)

2009 Iraq Communications and Media Comm gave satellite news channels 24 hrs to get license for

their trucks or be banned Was way to control media and extort money from them

2017 KRG offered to freeze results of independence referendum in return for ceasefire and talks Led to

halt in fighting between federal and Kurdish forces PM Abadi demanded full cancellation of referendum

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Ups Ante Attempting To Seize Control Of Kurds’ Oil Pipeline)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Quicksilver War, Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict)

2018 Adel Abdul Mahdi sworn in as prime minister

2019 42 protesters killed in Diwanaiya Maysan Dhi Qar Baghdad Basra Muthanna Were

peaceful protests in Najaf and Karbala People tried to march on Green Zone in Baghdad Sadr sent his Saraya al-Salam to Tahrir Square to protect protesters even though organizers rejected his help Govt offices in Baghdad Basra Nasiriya Diwaniya Samawah, Qadisiya Kut destroyed Reform Movement State of Law ISCI and 3 politicians offices attacked in Babil Kataib Hezbollah Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Badr Sayid al-Shuhada Dawa Imam Ali Brigades offices sacked in Nasirya Badr Dawa offices burned in Amara Dawa Fadhila Fatah Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Hikma Badr Saraya Al-Khorasani Islah ISCI Sayid al-Shuhada and others had offices attacked in Samawah Dawa Badr Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Saray al-Khorasani Sayid al-Shuhada offices sacked in Qadisiya 12 died in burning of Badr office in Qadisiya Dawa and Atta party offices burned in Kut Asaib Ahl Al-Haq guards fired into crowds in Maysan Nasiriya Dhi Qar killing several

(Musings On Iraq 42 Killed First Day Of Renewed Protests In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq More Confrontations Between Protesters And Govt 3rd Day Of Renewed Demonstrations)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Khorasani Brigade Another Iraq Militia That Returned Home From Syria To Fight The Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2019 Sadrists attacked Asaib Ahl Al-Haq office in Amara Asaib Ahl Al-Haq guards fired

into crowd Asaib Ahl Al-Haq commander wounded and then killed at hospital Showed Shiite parties settling scores during protests

2019 Joint Operations Command said saboteurs were using protests to destroy property

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi said political system facing a crisis Promised changing his cabinet

Cutting salaries of top officials to try to appeal to protesters

2019 Ayatollah Sistani’s representative said change only came through peaceful means and

called for calm in new demonstrations

2020 Demonstrations in Baghdad Basra Maysan Muthanna Diwaniya Najaf Karbala Dhi Qar Babil

Wasit to commemorate 1 yr anniversary of protest movement Clashes and looting in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Anniversary Of Iraq’s Protest Movement Highlights Divisions)

(Musings On Iraq Swan Song Of Iraq’s Protest Movement?)

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