Wednesday, June 16, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16


1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under

British influence

1941 Another British brigade landed in Basra to help secure Iraq after Anglo-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The Nationalist Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1975 Iraq protested Algiers Treaty by placing pontoon bridge across Shatt al-Arab and sending troops

into Iran’s Khuzistan province Iran expelled Iraqis killing 88 of its soldiers

1979 Pres Assad arrived in Baghdad for more talks on unifying Iraq and Syria

            Came up with United Arab Republic but disagreed on details

1979 Assad became mad at Iraqi demands and left Iraq ending talks of unification Saddam

            was key in undermining talks Was afraid of lesser position within unified govt

1981 Iraq and Iran held 1st prisoner swap set up by Red Cross during Iran-Iraq War

1986 Planning cell created in Baghdad to prepare for retaking Faw Peninsula Basra from Iranians

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Barzani said deal made with Baghdad over Kurdish autonomy Talabani said not to

            trust Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1992 Most of the Iraqi opposition met in Vienna Led to creation of Iraqi National Congress as umbrella

organization Used quotas 1st time to break up representatives by ideology and ethnosectarian identity Paid for by CIA

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s Ethnosectarian Quota System)

(Musings On Iraq review Sectarianism In Iraq)

2003 Bush said critics were trying to rewrite history on Iraq threat in response to criticism of pre-war

intel on Iraq’s WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 Gen Abizaid CENTCOM commander said that US was facing classic insurgency in

            Iraq White House had been denying that

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2003 Bremer said Development Fund for Iraq money could be used by military for local

            reconstruction projects

2003 Bremer said failure to capture Saddam was helping resistance and making Iraqis

            scared to help Coalition

2003 Head UN Inspector Blix said empty 122mm WMD artillery shells were from

            1980s after US said they could be part of stocks

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 Office of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance 1st US administration for

            Iraq officially closed

2004 Gen Accounting Office report Pentagon didn’t have good planning or oversight

            of reconstruction projects in Iraq leading to cost overruns

2004 CIA adv told 9/11 Comm 1998 indictment that charged Iraq and Al Qaeda agreed

            to cooperate in Sudan proved false

2004 CIA adv told 9/11 Comm that Al Qaeda was suspicious of Saddam’s secular govt

2004 CIA adv told 9/11 Comm in 90s Iraq and Al Qaeda tried to work out non-

            interference pact and talked about cooperation

2004 CIA adv told 9/11 Comm in 1999 report said if Saddam wanted to attack US he

            would probably use Al Qaeda

2004 9/11 Comm said no operational relationship between Iraq and Al Qaeda

            Had contacts but no cooperation

2004 9/11 Comm said 1994 bin Laden asked for Iraq’s help with operations but never

            got response

2004 9/11 Comm said Iraq and Al Qaeda talked about cooperation in Sudan in 1996 but

            nothing came of it

2004 9/11 Comm didn’t believe story that 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intel officer in Prague Story

was false

2004 Sec State Powell said administration stuck by claim of Iraq-Al Qaeda relationship

2004 White House said 9/11 Comm didn’t contradict admin claims because it never

            said Iraq behind 9/11 Cheney said there was a connection

2004 White House said Zarqawi being in Iraq before 03 invasion proved Saddam gave

            safe haven to Al Qaeda members

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2005 Report Tehran cracking down on Zarqawi’s network in Iran

2005 US diplomat in Mosul documented abuses of Inter Min Wolf Brigade including

            torture beatings not releasing prisoners

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation, War And Resistance In Iraq)

2005 Report US declared Tal Afar cleared of insurgents in Oct 04 but had to return in

            May 05

2006 Mujahedeen Shura Council kidnapped 2 US soldiers in Baghdad in revenge for

            US troops raping Iraqi girl and killing her and her family

2006 Kidnapping of 2 US soldiers derailed Iraq’s Operation Together Forward to

            secure Baghdad

2006 Bush told Iraq Study Group PM Maliki was going to solve problems in Iraq and

            Gen Casey had situation under control

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2006 Battle of Ramadi began with setting up 2 combat outposts in southern section of


(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

2007 Op Phantom Thunder which was overreaching name of a series of operations began to clear

Baghdad Belts US deployed 4 brigades for op going along Tigris River near Arab Jabour in south known for producing car bombs and had not had US forces in 3 years US cleared Salman Pak and tried to stop insurgents from moving to Baquba in Diyala US forces in Taji in north tried to stop insurgents fleeing Baghdad to Salahaddin Also operations in Adhamiya Rasheed Mansour neighborhoods of Baghdad

2008 PM Maliki gave ultimatum to militiamen to hand over weapons in Amarah, Maysan

            aimed at Mahdi Army

2008 Report 2008 “Year of Transfer” US turned over projects to Iraqis Baghdad had

            problem maintaining them

2008 New $277 mil water treatment plant opened in Nasiriya Dhi Qar but at only 20%

            capacity because couldn’t get enough power

2009 43 police arrested for abuse in prisons Done to placate Sadrists

            complaining about abuse of their followers

2010 Turkey sent troops into Kurdistan and bombed areas chasing PKK fighters

            after attack on Turkish army base

2010 State of Law and National Alliance in talks to try to limit powers of next

            PM in negotiations to form new govt

2010 PM Maliki met with Kurdish list claiming he would implement Article 140 on

            Kirkuk and disputed areas to get their support for 2nd term

2011 PM Maliki gave TV speech saying militias had infiltrated Interior Ministry and

            carried out assassinations

2011 PM Maliki said Baghdad protests were illegal and threatened security

2011 PM Maliki said ISF would not be ready to secure Iraq after US forces withdrew at end of year

2012 2 car bombs hit Shiite pilgrims heading for Kadhimiya, Baghdad 32 killed

            67 injured

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2012 Sadr said that removing PM Maliki was God’s will but he was already backing off

            no confidence vote due to Iranian pressure

2012 Sadrists and State of Law in talks to try to end no confidence move against PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 Kurdish list said their goal was still to remove PM Maliki

2013 Security op in Anbar to prepare for elections criticized for arbitrary arrests and


2013 Car bombs in Najaf and Wasit, IED in Basra

2013 KDP and PUK agreed to delay KRG presidential elections supposed to happen Sep

            2013 until issues of Pres Barzani’s term resolved

2013 Sadr-ISCI alliance won governor and head of council in new Wasit govt

2013 State of Law-Solidarity alliance won governor and head of council in Dhi Qar

2014 All work at Baiji refinery shut down because of insurgency

(Musings On Iraq How Northern Iraq Fell To The Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Northern Front Stalemate In Salahaddin)

2014 US and Iranian diplomats met to discuss Iraq and ISIS

2014 275 U.S. troops sent to Iraq to help with war vs ISIS

2014 ISIS issued orders to start destroying churches in Mosul

2014 12 insurgents killed in fighting between Naqshibandi and ISIS for control of Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Precarious Relationship Between The Islamic State of Iraq And The Baathist Naqshibandi)

2014 Insurgent Military Council in charge of Mosul criticized ISIS for trying to establish control

over city

2014 ISIS seized Hawija, Kirkuk

2014 Badr killed 51 prisoners in Tal Afar prison

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq Interview Iran And Its Shiite Militias Mobilize In Iraq Interview With Phillip Smyth)

2014 Hashd killed 50 prisoners at Baquba police station

2014 KRG asked for 25% of Iraqi budget claiming its population had grown

2014 PM Maliki loyalist MP Fatlawi blamed Kurds for helping insurgents take Mosul

(Musings On Iraq review The Rise of Islamic State, ISIS and the New Sunni Revolution)

2014 Liwa Abu Fadhl al-Abbas Iraqi militia in Syria set up branch in Iraq and deployed 1500

fighters to Samarra

(Musings On Iraq Interview Iran And Its Shiite Militias Mobilize In Iraq Interview With Phillip Smyth)

(Musings On Iraq Abu Fadhl Al-Abbas Brigade From Fighting In Syria To Iraq)

2014 KRG Premier Barzani went to Tehran to assure it about its seizure of Kirkuk and disputed


2014 2nd Iranian Rev Guard member killed during war vs IS Officially died in accident in Karbala

Friends claimed he was a martyr in war

(Musings on Iraq Fifth Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps-Quds Force Member Dies In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Mobilization In Iraq In The Face Of The Insurgent Surge)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2019 Rocket fired at Baghdad Military Airport by pro-Iran group due to US-Iran tensions

(Musings On Iraq Tehran And Its Allies Respond Asymmetrically To Trump Admin’s Iran Policy)

2020 Fmr Finance Min Issawi turned himself into authorities Was convicted in absentia of


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