Saturday, June 19, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 19


1914 Germany and Britain asked Ottomans for oil concessions in Mosul and Baghdad provinces

1935 UK Ambassador to Iraq said King Ghazi was a playboy who was completely absorbed by his

hobbies and neglected his country

1937 Pan-Arab military officers withdrew their support for head of army Gen Bakr Sidqi

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

1961 Kuwait signed new defense deal with England angering Qasim

1966 Pres Arif met with Jalal Talabani Promised Kurdish rights in provisional constitution

Govt thought Talabani represented Kurds when he didn’t He’d just broken with Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1981 UN Resolution 487 condemned Israel’s destruction of Iraq’s Osirak nuclear reactor

1985 Iran attacked Qasr e-Shirin central Iran across form Diyala Diversionary attack before Op Al Quds


(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Iraq captured Mehran Iran central front then handed it over to Mujahedeen e-Khalq’s National

Liberation Army

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1996 UN and Iraq began talks on allowing UN inspectors access to sensitive sites

1996 Dep PM Aziz told UN inspectors they got most of their intel from US and UK that were trying to

remove Saddam and that inspectors were making sensitive visits to provoke a crisis on US-UK’s behalf

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

1996 CIA was hoping to cause a crisis between Iraq and UN inspectors to justify military action against

Saddam that would start coup CA working with ex-Gen Shawani and his sons in Republican Guard

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1996 Iraqi intelligence captured an Iraqi operative involved in CIA coup and rounded up everyone in


(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors and CIA Spying On Iraq In The 90s)

1998 UN Res 1175 increased Iraq’s oil export quota to $5.3 bil under Oil For Food program Allowed

importation of equipment to maintain oil industry

1998 Ayatollah Ali Gharavi and his son and son in law were gunned down in Najaf likely by govt


2002 US told UK that it was ready for its input on military planning against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 Gen Franks briefed Bush on war plans

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld said that US only fighting small groups of dead enders in Iraq Tried to

compare insurgency in Baghdad to murder rate in Wash DC to say it wasn’t bad

2003 Deputy Secretary of Defense Wolfowitz told Congress violence in Iraq was “last remains of a dying

cause” and not an insurgency

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2003 US forces found an old buried centrifuge Claimed proof that Iraq had a nuclear weapons program

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2003 US denied that captured Iraqi trailers were anything but mobile weapons labs Inspections showed

they weren’t

2003 White House acknowledged that State Dep intel questioned whether captured trailers were WMD


(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims that Iraq Had WMD)

2003 Report on Iraq-Niger uranium deal Said VP Cheney got docs on deal from UK Asked for more info

leading to Fmr Amb Wilson’s trip to Niger Article used Wilson as unnamed source who said White House knew Niger story was a lie

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2006 Bodies of 2 US soldiers kidnapped by Mujahedeen Shura Council in Baghdad found

2007 Op Ripper to clear Baquba in Diyala began 1st part of Op Phantom Thunder to clear Baghdad belts

of insurgents

2007 Iraq ranked No 2 on failed states list by Fund for Peace/Foreign Policy due to civil war Was No 4 in


2007 Maj Mowle fmr Iraq cmdr adv said summer 04 military drew up 1st campaign plan for Iraq Didn’t

include goals of insurgency or how Iraqis would react Thought Iraqis would do what was best for the US and everything would go exactly as planned Didn’t expect Iraqis react negative to 1st Battle of Fallujah

2007 Leon Panetta of Iraq Study Group said found no coordination within White House and within

military on Iraq Military commanders said they were getting nothing from Washington

2007 Philip Zelikow adv to Nat Sec Adv/Sec State Rice fmr Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey’s campaign plan

didn’t have a strategy or operational instructions for military Washington gave no direction to military in Iraq When Rice announced Clear Hold Build policy in Oct 05 didn’t have strategy on how to carry it out Jun 06 State pushed Bush to get hands on involved in Iraq Didn’t happen Bush didn’t get hands on until winter 06

(Musings On Iraq 2006 Clear Hold Build: An Iraq Strategy That Wasn’t A Strategy)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2007 Ret Col Krepinevich Adv to Army said US had no strategy in Iraq until Surge What Washington

said about the war didn’t match what it was actually doing Didn’t commit resources to win

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2007 Ret Gen Keane architect of the Surge Bush always talked about winning and victory in Iraq but he

never understood what the actual strategy was US never had a winning strategy before the Surge The policy was to hold elections and turn security over to the Iraqis so the US could leave That had nothing to do with defeating the insurgency

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2007 Fred Kagan architect of Surge US strategy pre-07 was to withdraw and have Iraqi politics deal with

insurgency Didn’t work because many Sunnis rejected politics Said Bush wasn’t hands on with Iraq policy until Surge

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2007 Fred Kagan Surge strategy was to establish security in Baghdad and surrounding areas Then go to

Shiite parties and ask them to make compromises with Sunnis

2008 ISF launched Op Promise of Peace against Sadrists in Maysan

(Musings On Iraq Operation Promise of Peace in Maysan Province)

(Musings On Iraq Sadr’s Leadership Or Lack Thereof)

2009 Speaker of KRG parliament said KDP and PUK taking $30 mil of KRG budget for themselves

2009 2 British guards kidnapped and killed by Asaib Ahl Al-Haq returned to British embassy In return

AAH members released from prison

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq) 

2009 Report PM Maliki and ISCI met and agreed to revive the United Iraqi Alliance before 2010

elections Maliki wanted it called State of Law and he would be its leader Didn’t work out

2010 Protest in Basra over power shortages 1 demonstrator killed by police

2010 Sahwa leader in Diyala warned that ISI using carrot and stick against sahwa members in attempted

comeback in province

2011 Def Sec Gates blamed Iran for giving weapons to Special Groups who were attacking US forces

before withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2011 1st Iraqi army unit received artillery from US

2011 PM Maliki govt accused Communist party and civil groups for protests in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

2011 2 killed in electricity protests in Basra

2012 Report Iran trying to stop no confidence vote against PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 PM Maliki said Exxon deal with KRG could lead to break up of Iraq Baghdad asked US for help to

stop deal

2012 PM Maliki’s media adv said Baghdad would stop any KRG-Exxon oil deal that involved disputed


2013 ISIS’ spokesman Adnani released tape criticizing Zawahiri admonishing group for declaring itself

ISIS and expanding into Syria

2013 Pres Barzani sent draft constitution back to KRG parliament for discussion and passage

2013 Iraqi army claimed it was responsible for split between ISIS and Al Nusra in Syria because it

controlled Iraq-Syria border

2013 Iraqiya Diyala-Sadr list formed new govt in Diyala shutting out State of Law State of Law held

protests against new govt in Diyala Militias blocked roads around Baquba

2013 State of Law and local lists alliance formed new govt in Karbala Sadrists and ISCI shut out

2013 State of Law won head of council in Karbala Sadrists boycotted session

2013 All 12 provinces that had elections formed new govts

2014 PM Maliki ordered govt to pay salaries and benefits to Hashd

2014 State Dept’s McGurk denied US was pushing for removal of PM Maliki

2014 ISIS set up 8 courts in Mosul to run city Was pushing out other insurgent groups that helped take


2014 Sadr offices announced taking volunteers for new Peace Brigades to fight insurgency

(Musings On Iraq Moqtada al-Sadr And Iraq’s Militia Mobilization)

2014 Fighting in Saqlawiya Anbar after it was declared freed Ishaqi Salahaddin declared freed 2nd time

but fighting continued

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq’s Anbar Shows Battle Against Insurgents Will Be Long And Often Futile)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Western Front Is Anbar Next To Fall?)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Northern Front Stalemate In Salahaddin)

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  1915 US consulate report Discontent in Baghdad against draft for war growing UK tried to bribe tribes south of Baghdad...