Monday, April 18, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 18


1919 France and England signed Long-Berenger oil deal France got 20% of Iraqi oil via Turkish

Petroleum Company

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

1919 France agreed to help build oil pipeline from Iraq to Mediterranean

1941 UK landed 20th Infantry Brigade in Basra in response to PM Gaylani and Golden Square

officers’ coup Basra dock workers went on strike

1941 British battalion from India completed deployment to Shaiba air base in Basra

1941 PM Gaylani asked Italian Amb if Axis would give Iraq military aid against British and Axis air

power 1st time Iraq asked for military intervention from Axis

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 PM Gaylani asked UK Amb that no more British troops land in Iraq and they all had to leave

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1945 Baghdad railway strike for wage increase spread to Basra

1962 KDP’s Ibrahim Ahmed sent letter to Kurdish Major Karani saying Kurds wanted to live with

Arabs and ready to work with army to overthrow Gen Qasim if got democracy and autonomy for Kurds

1980 Khomeini said Baath at war with Islam and called on Iraqi army and people to overthrow Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1984 Iraq escalated its attacks on tankers heading for Iran

1988 Iraq recaptured Faw Peninsula in Basra 5,000 Iranians died 10,000 captured Iraq lost 800 dead

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Report 500-1,000 displaced Kurds were dying a day along Iraq-Turkey border

1991 First round of talks between Baghdad and Kurds over status of Kurdistan started with

Talabani heading delegation

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1991 Saddam agreed to UN setting up offices in Iraq to help displaced following Shiite and Kurdish


1991 Iraq provided first disarmament declaration to UN Was incomplete and hid lots of activities like

nuke and WMD programs

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

1996 State Dept official Deutsch went to Kurdistan to try to broker ceasefire in PUK-KDP civil war

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2002 CIA report said Iraq might have been able to make chemical weapons since 1999

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Sadrists held demonstration in Sadr City to condemn U.S. and western culture

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2003 Some American officials worried that Iraq had sent its WMD to other countries That’s why wasn’t


2003 INC’s Chalabi said he expected an interim govt to be formed soon to run most duties in Iraq

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld said it would take time to find Iraq’s WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

2003 Arabs that were expelled from Daquq Kirkuk by Kurds tried to retake town but driven off by Kurds

2003 Suicide bomber hit Marines in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2004 Bremer admitted that Iraqi forces would not be able to deal with insurgency on their own when

sovereignty returned in June 05

2004 Spain’s new PM Zapatero announced he would withdraw 1300 troops from Iraq

2004 British report said Coalition troops and Iraqi police would soon restore law and order in Iraq

2006 Report CPA plan to disarm and integrate militias never funded and followed through with

2006 Interior Min forces believed to be from Badr surrounded Adhamiya dist Baghdad When tried to

enter were expelled by force

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2007 5 car bombs in Baghdad killed 171 wounded almost 200

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 PM Maliki said ISF would take over security for entire country by end of year Didn’t happen for

            several more years

2008 50 soldiers fled their posts in Sadr City rather than fight Mahdi Army

2008 Sadrists refused to disband Mahdi Army after PM Maliki threatened to ban any party with a militia

from elections

2008 Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri speech said US had been defeated in Iraq

2008 Sheikh Abu Risha of Anbar Awakening complained that authorities were trying to stop his

organizing for 09 provincial elections by shutting down offices

2008 Suicide truck bomb hit funeral for Sahwa members killing 50 in Baghdad Part of ISI campaign

against Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 US forces raided district in Muqdadiya Diyala to arrest Iraqi police involved in death squads

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

2009 US and British officials went to Jordan to talk with ex-Gen Hamdani about reconciliation with

former regime members

2009 Report parliament looking into Trade Min for buying contaminated milk from China Parties

blocked no confidence vote against him Would be arrested few days later Stole up to $400 mil to fund Maliki’s State of Law party 

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2010 U.S. and Iraqi forces killed ISI leaders Abu Masri and Abu Omar al-Baghdadi near Tikrit

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on who Abu Omar al-Baghdadi was)

2011 Parliament repealed Article 136(b) that allowed ministers to stop corruption investigations

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Parliament Repeals Article Used To Block Corruption Investigations)

2011 Anbar anti-terror police arrested 12 officers involved with insurgents Some were working with

Syrian intelligence

2011 Protests in Mosul Baghdad and others Called for better services Release of prisoners Against US

occupation Some said PM Maliki should step down

2011 Delegation of tribes from Fallujah joined Mosul demonstration Included 76 sheikhs and imams

2011 Kurdish security forces moved to evict protesters from central Sulaymaniya city Police fired into

crowd 6 wounded 1 died Another 97 hurt by beatings

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 Kurdish court sentenced spokesman for Sulaymaniya protests to one month in jail for defaming a


2011 Were first protests in Irbil Were beaten by police 22 wounded

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 Report Integrity Comm said it believed 20,000 workers had fake diplomas Included high officials

and MPs Justice Min said 50,000 with fake papers Included high officials and MPs Sadr City sells forged papers Many forgers have contracts with govt offices to provide fake papers Could also get fake papers in Iran

2012 Dep PM Shahristani said Exxon would not start working in KRG until Baghdad approved contract

Exxon went ahead anyway

2012 Report Dep PM Shahristani revised prediction for future Iraq oil production from 12 mil/bar/day by

2017 to 8.5 mil/bar/day Didn’t meet either mark

2012 Allawi said PM Maliki was trying to destroy the political system Said Kurds ISCI Communists and

others felt excluded from govt

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said)

2013 Dep PM Shahristani said there would be no more electricity blackouts after 2013 Didn’t happen

2013 Militia attacked café in Baghdad Killed 27

2013 Report Dec 2012 arrest of Finance Min Issawi’s bodyguards began Sunni protests Salah al-Mutlaq

heckled by protesters in Anbar Then called PM Maliki a dictator to try to win over protests Then worked with Maliki to gain concessions Ramadi and Kirkuk open to talks with govt Samarra called for removal of Maliki ISI banners seen in Fallujah and calls for jihad

2014 ISIS commanders killed fighting Ansar al-Sunna in Rashad, Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq Infighting Between Iraq Insurgent Groups)

2014 Al Qaeda’s Abu Qatada said ISIS was misguided liars and ignorant

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Report Anbar council asked if ISF were competent enough to retake Fallujah

2014 Former Diyala governor and Mutahidun MP said militias were trying to take over Mukhisa and

force people out of town

2014 PM Maliki gave speech in Babil calling for majority govt after elections

2014 Report 1976 Iraq-Turkey treaty said that Turkey could not sell Iraqi oil without Baghdad’s approve

Put Turkey’s sale of KRG oil into question Iraq has threatened Turkey and oil companies if they buy KRG oil

2015 Khorasani Brigade pledged allegiance to Ayatollah Khamenei and said it followed vilayat al-faqih

Said didn’t take orders from Iran but Khamenei

(Musings On Iraq Khorasani Brigade Another Iraq Militia That Returned Home From Syria To Fight The Insurgency)

2015 Govt claimed it fully controlled Baiji Refinery but IS still held sizeable amount of complex

2016 Def Sec Carter said US would send 217 more troops to Iraq Were around 5,000 US troops in

Iraq Would provide $415 mil to help KRG pay peshmerga Said PM Abadi approved using Apache helicopters against IS

2016 US and KRG special forces killed IS commander in charge of operations in Makhmour

Ninewa Was member of military council

2017 Gorran MP said KRG not ready for Kurdish referendum Said it was just part of election


(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq claimed US dropped aid to IS in Tal Afar Part of pro-Iran Hashd info campaign vs US


2017 IS admitted to using chlorine gas in Battle of Mosul

2017 Hashd commander said that battle of Mosul would have been over in record time if Hashd

allowed to participate Said it had special skills in street fighting

2018 Report IS gone back to insurgency Pushing losses as victories Will use past to keep up morale and support Said losing land not defeat

2021 Iraq Human Rights Commission said ISF carrying out arbitrary arrests and torture mostly in

Sunni areas Denying family visits to prisons

View the Iraq History Timelines 

No comments:

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 25 KRG held independence referendum Iraqi forces would attack Kurds and seize disputed areas afterward

  1913 US consul in Baghdad reported Basra Reform Society issued constitution Sep 2013 Demanded autonomy no foreign conc...