Wednesday, April 20, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 20


1917 British military governor in Baghdad banned weapons and ammunition for public and

imposed curfew on city

1921 Colonial Sec Churchill wrote Iraq High Comm Cox that Faisal needed to be told all British would be

out of Iraq by end of year unless he gave up demands for more power

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1935 Duweilim tribe fired on train in Rumaitha Demanded govt end confiscation of land and exempt

tribes from conscription Govt refused and Iraqi air force bombed tribe

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

1941 PM Churchill told For Sec Eden that UK troops landed in Iraq were to set up a base in Basra to

control province

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1941 UK Amb told PM Gaylani that Iraqi forces in Basra would be reinforced to a full division Said

UK had no right to land troops and keep them in Basra

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1946 Govt approved 5 new political parties as part of political reforms

1948 Operation Hametz began with Jewish forces attacking Arab villages held by Iraqi volunteers in 1st

Arab-Israeli War

1962 Mullah Mustafa Barzani said he would agree to ceasefire if Kurds given autonomy in

constitution Political and cultural rights and Gen Qasim replaced Barzani’s demands supported by Iraqi Communist Party

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review People Without A Country, The Kurds and Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1983 Iraq-Turkey security deal allowed each country to carry out cross border raids into each others’

territory against Kurdish rebels

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1986 Iraq’s 1st attempt upon Faw-Um Qasr road in Basra failed Iran claimed it killed 1500 Iraqis

wounded 2600 Took 1000 Iraqi prisoners

1987 Iraq agreed to allow UN team to visit and investigate its use of chemical weapons in Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1987 Iran Op Karbala 10 attacked Mawat to help KDP in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 UN mediated end of last war of cities Iran-Iraq War Iraq fired 200 missiles at Iran killing 2000

Iran fired 77 missiles at Iraq Two sides were almost out of missiles leading to deal

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 End of 3rd Anfal campaign that targeted PUK in Sulaymaniya Civilians were rounded up and put

into camps Mass executions

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1991 Bush White House didn’t think Saddam was going to be overthrown anymore after Gulf War

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1991 SCIRI claimed it started attacks upon govt forces in southern Iraq Came after Shiite revolt put down

1991 US and UK forces landed in Zakho to set up northern safe haven for Kurdish refugees

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

2002 Gen Franks briefed Bush on Iraq war plans Franks said he wanted to cut timeline by 1/3 and could

start with 180,000 troops

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2003 1st Arbaeen pilgrimage conducted after Saddam Was previously banned

2003 US forces arrested Sadrist cleric Fartusi leading to days of protests

2003 Riot in Mosul against Mishan Jabouri declaring himself mayor Marines intervened Were shot at

Fired back killing 10-15 Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 5 We’re Here, Now What?)

2003 ORHA head Garner held meeting Said top priority was getting to Baghdad and establishing its


2003 ORHA head Garner said when staff got to Baghdad had to get Iraqi ministries up and running

2003 ORHA staff finally allowed to enter Iraq by US military

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Ch 5 ORHA In Baghdad)

2003 Report US wanted long term military relationship with Iraq and use of up to 4 bases

2003 Report Kurds expelled 2000 Arabs from Daquq, Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In


2003 Apr 10-20 up to 40 people killed in Arab-Kurd violence in Kirkuk city

(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)

2003 UnderSecDef Feith cancelled State Dept plan to set up Kirkuk committee to return displaced set up

compensation etc

2003 Ayatollah Haeri from Iran demanded that new Iraqi govt be consistent with Iraq’s religion and


2004 US forces surrounded Najaf that was under control of Mahdi Army

2006 PM Jaafari stepped down under pressure from Sadr Kurds US Said he wouldn’t give up

office until Ayatollah Sistani told him to

2007 ISI sent letter to Ansar al-Sunnah apologizing for past attacks and asking for unification Ansar said


(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2007 Ramadi sheikhs said they would turn Awakening into political party to run in 09 provincial


(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

2007 Abu Sheibani captured by US Was deputy of network that delivered EFPs from Iran to militias

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2007 Report Sadr came out against Basra Gov Waeli Called for his followers to join demonstrations

against governor Mahdi Army and Fadhila militia clashed in city in recent weeks

2008 Report Pentagon organized more than 75 ex-military officers who worked as TV analysts to

promote Iraq War Many also profited from war as worked as consultants for defense contractors Got trips to Iraq Meetings with high level officials Were used to counter criticisms of war such as when ex-generals said Def Sec Rumsfeld mishandled war

2008 Report that Thar Allah head Sinawi executed in Baghdad after being captured in Basra during

Charge of Knights

2009 Suicide bomber in Iraqi army uniform attacked US soldiers visiting Baquba mayor killing 11

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 Report Islamic Party agreed to not challenge PM Maliki with no confidence vote in return for

getting Samarraie elected parliament speaker Maliki was trying divide and conquer policy with Sunni parties

2009 Iran opened power line to Diyala that would provide most of its needs Iraq agreed to pay $34

mil/yr for electricity

2011 Mass grave found in Anbar with more than 800 bodies in it Victims of Saddam

2011 Arab League delayed summit in Baghdad due to Iraqi govt complaints about crackdown in Bahrain

against Shiites Bahrain’s Foreign Min lobbied Gulf States to cancel summit

2011 Protest in Fallujah demanded withdrawal of ISF after man killed by army

2011 Courts issued warrants for 11 senior officials for corruption Included 1 minister 1 dep minister 1

case was sale of property in Baghdad for $1 mil when it was worth more than $800 mil Nothing happened

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2011 Report Iraq’s electricity capacity double prewar levels Supply almost double prewar levels Demand

increased 73% from 2005-11 Demand continued to outgrow supply Most people paid nothing for power providing no incentive to control use

2011 Report 2010 UN survey of refugees who returned to Baghdad found 61% regretted going back due to

lack of security 87% regretted returning because couldn’t afford cost of living Said health education housing were problems 77% couldn’t go back to original homes out of fear 40% of professionals left Iraq since 2003

2012 Oil Min said Exxon could continue work at West Qurna oil field despite signing oil deal with Kurds

2012 Sadr met with KRG PM Barzani in Tehran to talk about removing PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq The Sadrists’ Double Game: Criticizing Iraq’s Prime Minister, While Supporting Him At The Same Time)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said)

2012 Pres Barzani gave speech saying power sharing agreement after 2010 elections was dead due to PM


2012 Pres Barzani speech said that PKK would not be tolerated if continued to use violence

2012 PM Maliki called Turkey a hostile country Turkey’s Erdogan said Maliki creating sectarian tensions

2013 Provincial elections held in 12 of Iraq’s 18 provinces 51% voter participation rate Baghdad had

lowest voter turnout at 33% Salahaddin highest with 61% PM Maliki’s State of Law biggest winner Won 10 provinces

(Musings On Iraq 2013 Provincial Elections Look To Maintain The Current Political Deadlock In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Comparing Iraq’s Provincial Elections 2005-2013)

2014 Anbar Ops Command announced offensive to retake Fallujah while Anbar council said no op


2014 Dep PM Shahristani said Iraq aiming for 9 mil/bar/day in production by 2020 Said Iraq going to

develop natural gas Neither happened

2014 ISF launched 1st operation to clear Jurf al-Sakhr in Babil Failed

2014 ISIS destroyed army column of T-62 tanks and APCs with anti-tank missiles in Kirkuk

2015 IS held ceremony where Ramadi sheikhs gave it allegiance

(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)

2015 80 Anbar sheikhs called on PM Abadi to provide more military aid and called on Hashd to help

fight in province

2016 Report 21 workers including fmr director general of North Oil Company arrested Used front

company to steal money Front company sold equipment to North Oil for millions when only cost thousands Got $6 mil contract in 2014

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2017 Turkey’s Pres Erdogan called Hashd terrorist group Said Iran working in region to become

main power Said Hashd tool of Iran

2017 Report Bodies turning up in Tigris River in Qayara south Ninewa Officials said people killed

by IS Others said revenge murders Some accused ISF Some bodies showed signs of execution

2017 IS fighters fled into house in Mosul and then exited Was hit by airstrike 2 civilians killed 102


2018 IS said it would attack candidates in parliamentary elections Referenced Zarqawi’s 2005 call for war against elections Claimed attacks in Anbar and Kirkuk

2018 PM Abadi said 2nd victory in war would be rebuilding development services investment and job creation Said it would happen quicker than most thought Part of re-election campaign Said corruption main problem with rebuilding

2018 Human Rights Watch Report Mar govt workers removed 80 bodies from house in Mosul then burned it Think they were executed IS members PM Abadi promised to investigate war crimes from Battle of Mosul but never happened July 2017 Human Rights Watch documented Iraqi forces torturing and executing IS members

2020 MP on finance committee said more than 250,000 govt workers had more than one


2021 Iran’s fmr ambassador to Iraq said that attacks on US forces in Iraq would continue until all

Americans withdrew from country

2021 PM Kazemi suspended order by Finance Min to tax govt salaries Was part of economic

reform program to deal with financial crisis due to collapse of oil prices

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed