Tuesday, April 26, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 26 PM Gaylani asked Axis for aid to fight British

                                                                        (NY Public Library)

1917 British attacked Turks at Edheim, Diyala and occupied town Turks counterattacked

and retook it

1923 UK’s Iraq committee presented findings and okayed by cabinet to stay path in Iraq

1941 PM Gaylani asked Axis for military and financial aid against British

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1947 Iraq left San Francisco Conference on creating UN to protest creation of Israel

1960 Iraqi Islamic Party founded as branch of Muslim Brotherhood

1987 Jordan and Saudis arranged meeting between Saddam and Syria’s Assad to try to improve ties

1990 Report Bush pushed greater economic ties with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1991 Kurdish refugees began leaving Turkish mountains for refugee camps in Kurdistan Baghdad

offered amnesty to Kurds that fled during uprising

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

2003 ORHA held first meeting of the Iraqi Interim Authority made up of Iraqi exiles and opposition


(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Report Bush invaded Iraq to try to transform Middle East by creating a democracy and countering

draw of terrorism

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2003 White House said evidence Iraq might have destroyed its WMD right before war and that proved

war right

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

2003 Report no WMD found in sites Sec State Powell mentioned in his 03 UN speech

2003 Ayatollah Haeri issued fatwa from Iran saying clerics needed to fill power vacuum left by US


2003 Sheikh Naifus of Albu Alwan in Babil arrested for taking part in executions of rebels after 91


2004 Zarqawi announced his group Tawhid wal-Jihad

(Musings On Iraq interview with former CIA analyst Nada Bakos that tracked Zarqawi)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement

2004 US announced Iraqi police returning to Fallujah and would start join patrols with Iraqi Civil

Defense Forces

2004 Marine Expeditionary Force cmdr Gen Conway agreed to creating Fallujah Brigade of fmr Baathist

soldiers Were supposed to secure city

2004 Aid agencies claimed Geneva Convention was violated in Battle of Fallujah due to civilian


2006 PM Maliki told Sec State Rice and Sec Def Rumsfeld he was going to fight terrorism improve

services clean up police

2006 Barham Salah said PM Maliki was step towards reconciliation

2006 Amb Khalizad took credit for creating new coalition that appointed Maliki premier

2007 Congress passed bill calling for US withdrawal from Iraq by 10/1/07 Was vetoed by Pres Bush

2008 Chalabi called Petraeus saying he could speak for militias to negotiate ceasefire in Sadr City

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2008 ISF said cleared last Sadr stronghold in Basra

2008 Report Iran shifted from sending operatives into Iraq to manage militias to training militias in Iran

US said changed tactics after 20 Quds Force operatives were captured by US from Dec 06-Jan 07 Training program in Iran meant to create core of militiamen that could then train others inside Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2009 US audit Since 2005 US funded logistics for Def Min Ministry not taken responsibility for

maintaining its equipment and supplying its forces Instead continued to rely upon US Not enough Iraqis trained in maintenance because Ministry never sent enough soldiers Didn’t think Iraqi army could run its supply system by itself

2009 US audit US turning over projects to Iraq with no plan/process Projects handed over whether

Iraqi govt could maintain them or not

2010 Human Rights Watch interviewed prisoners who were held at secret prison at Baghdad Muthanna

Airport and tortured by ISF

(Musings On Iraq Secret Baghdad Prison Discovered By Iraq’s Human Rights Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq Human Rights Watch Interviews Former Prisoners At Secret Baghdad Prison)

2010 Kurdish member of Kirkuk council said displaced Arabs had to leave province and go home

2011 PM Maliki said his 100 day deadline to reform ministries started due to protests wasn’t actually to

change anything but to evaluate govt Said 100 days wasn’t enough time to change anything Criticized parties for attacking his govt for lack of services when they were all part of govt

2011 State of Law held counter protest in Mosul supporting PM Maliki

2011 Ninewa Gov Nujafi called for strike in response to security forces attacking protest camp in Mosul

2011 Report PM Maliki said ISF wouldn’t be ready to secure country for 1-2 years Maliki had been

claiming since 2007 that ISF could handle security

2011 PM Maliki’s State of Law said National Coalition would vote on continued US troops presence after

2011 withdrawal date and it would vote no PM Maliki said consensus not to give extension to US troops past withdrawal

2011 Maliki govt sent letter to Pres Talabani asking him to annul law that cancelled Article 136b that

allowed ministers to block corruption investigations He didn’t have power anymore

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Parliament Repeals Article Used To Block Corruption Investigations)

2011 Report arguments over costs of water injection plant with Exxon delayed project Work was supposed

to start in Apr Project never completed

2012 Sulaymaniya court gave protest organizer life in prison after policeman killed at protest in Halabja

2012 Sadr went to Irbil to meet Pres Barzani over no confidence vote against PM Maliki Beforehand

Sadrist spokesman said would not support vote against Maliki

(Musings On Iraq The Sadrists’ Double Game: Criticizing Iraq’s Prime Minister, While Supporting Him At The Same Time)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 Anbar protest leaders called for apopular army to protect protest sites Fallujah site announced

formation of Pride and Dignity Army to protect demonstrators from ISF

(Musings On Iraq Hawija The Moment Iraq’s Insurgency Was Reborn)

(Musings On Iraq Understanding Iraq’s Protest Movements, An Interview With Kirk Sowell, Editor of Inside Iraqi Politics)

2013 5 Intelligence officers kidnapped and killed at Fallujah protest site

2013 ISF retook Suleiman Beq from insurgents who seized town for several days

2015 Kataib Hezbollah withdrew from Fallujah area claiming PM Abadi and US were preventing it

from fighting there

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2015 Head of Anbar council announced PM Abadi okayed recruiting locals for Hashd

2016 Sadrists protested while parliament voted in 5 new ministers as part of PM Abadi’s

technocratic cabinet Sadr threatened to storm Green Zone if reforms not implemented

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Parliament Confirms Some Of Abadi’s New Cbainet)

2017 Hashd took Hatra Ninewa from IS

2017 Hashd cmdr claimed he had film to prove US planes dropped aid to IS in Baiji and Tal Afar Part of

pro-Iran Hashd info campaign vs US

2019 Report Hashd office raided 5 Hashd brigades in Feb accused of crimes Shut down 100

fake Hashd groups

2020 KRG Planning Minister said KRG would export all of its oil for Baghdad if it paid all of KRG’s

bills and the oil companies that operated there Part of feud between Irbil and Baghdad over budget and oil

2021 Report Large lists deliberately not registering candidates Election Comm already extended

deadline twice Most ruling parties against early elections Part of delaying strategy

View the Iraq History Timelines

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed