Monday, April 4, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 4


1927 UK official wrote Foreign Sec Chamberlain saying UK got Mosul by trick Promised 25 yr Iraq

Mandate Now pushing Iraq independence

1939 King Ghazi’s death publicly announced PM Said resigned Queen Aliya and Princess Ragiha issued

statement that it was Ghazi’s dying wish that Ilah be made regent

1939 Mob in Mosul attacked UK consulate claiming it was behind King Ghazi’s death

1941 UK called new Gaylani govt illegal and distributed copies of message by Regent to resist

1941 Ultra intel in UK intercepted message from Italian amb in Tehran that Rome and Berlin were

going to send arms to Iraq via Syria

1941 UK Chiefs of Staff asked Middle East cmdr Gen Wavell how many troops he could spare for Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s First Battle Of Fallujah 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1948 Port of Basra strike against Anglo-Iraq Treaty Part of Wathba/Great Leap

1955 UK signed agreement to replace 1930 Anglo-Iraq Treaty Iraq got control of Habaniya and Shaiba air

bases UK would come to aid of Iraq in time of war and continue arming Iraqi army

1959 Qasim govt approved United Democratic Party of Kurdistan publishing a newspaper

1980 Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Sadr arrested in Najaf by Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

1981 Iran bombed Iraq’s H3 airbase near Syria Destroyed 23 planes and 4 helicopters 15 other planes

damaged 6 senior Iraqi officers were executed after raid 

1981 Iran said it wouldn’t negotiate a ceasefire with Saddam

1981 Head of US Interests Section in Iraq said that US and Iraq were growing closer

1983 Iraq offered 1 day ceasefire in order to clean up oil spill Iran rejected offer

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Report Iraq working on nuclear bomb Imported equipment from western companies 1984 ex-Italian

intel officers indicted for trying to sell plutonium and yellowcake to Iraq 1987 France offered to rebuild Osirak nuclear reactor 1985-88 Iraq might have built isotope plant Saudis said to be funding program

1991 Report Pres Bush gave CIA okay to support opposition in Iraq Led to creation of Voice of Free Iraq

radio station run by Saudis during Gulf War Didn’t allow support for 91 uprising

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1991 Britain offered $37 mil in humanitarian aid to Kurds

1991 Turkey said it couldn’t support Kurdish refugees flowing into country so shut border 10,000

crossed into Turkey 80,000 held at border

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

2002 UK intel officials claimed that PM Blair decided that WMD and Saddam were not good argument

for going to war in Iraq

2003 3rd Inf Div captured Saddam International Airport in Baghdad Fedayeen counterattack turned

back Took 3 days to clear airport Saddam finally accepted US would attack Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 US forces sent to southern Baghdad to destroy Republican Guard units but they fled instead of


2003 British army started assault upon Basra city hitting Baath offices

2003 Saddam appeared on Iraqi TV touring Baghdad neighborhood

2003 Information Minister Sahaf finally admitted US forces were in Baghdad at airport

2003 US forces hit by female suicide car bomb at Haditha Dam Women had made video beforehand aired on Al Jazeera

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2003 PM Blair sent letter to Iraqi people saying Saddam would fall and Coalition would not be in Iraq

longer than necessary

2003 Power surge knocked out most of the electricity in Baghdad Would be out for weeks after war over

2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice said US wanted a democratic Iraq with no WMD that would not be threat to


(Musings On Iraq review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


(Musings On Iraq review The Assassins’ Gate, America In Iraq)

2004 Sadrists rose up in Baghdad Najaf Kut Karbala Kufa Nasiriya against US Ambushed US patrol in

Sadr City Killed 8 Americans

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review Revolt On The Tigris, The Al-Sadr Uprising And The Governing Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 12 Things Fall Apart Apr 2004)

2004 80% of one Iraqi National Guard battalion and 70% of another deserted in Baghdad in 1st day of

fighting Mahdi Army

2004 40% of police in Najaf and Kut fled when Sadrists rose up in 2 cities

2004 Mahdi Army attacked Najaf Left 200 Iraqi casualties Spanish unit refused to fight and cmdr tried to

negotiate with Sadr

2004 Polish battalion held Karbala city hall but rest of city fell to Mahdi Army

2004 Italian governor of Dhi Qar made deal with Mahdi Army to stay in base while militia took Nasiriyah

2004 CPA created Ministerial Committee for National Security in Iraqi govt

2004 Operation Vigilant Resolve launched by Marines starting 1st Battle of Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 12 Things Fall Apart Apr 2004)

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review No True Glory, A Frontline Account of the Battle for Fallujah)

2005 Outgoing Inter Min Naqib warned US if SCIRI got Inter Min would fill it with Badr militiamen

which it did

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

2006 Report Inter Min refused to deploy any police trained by US-UK mission in last 3 months because

didn’t control recruits

2007 Report US arrested Sadrist Dep Health Min Zamili in Feb Accused of taking kickbacks for

orders with money funneled to Sadrists 15 warrants for ministers for corruption not served MP Jabouri in hiding accused of stealing $7 mil for pipeline security force he created Allawi Def Min Shaalan facing $1 bil in corruption charges

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2008 PM Maliki said he would stop raids against Sadrists

2008 PM Maliki said he didn’t negotiate ceasefire with Sadr but Iran did

2008 PM Maliki said he would recruit 10,000 local tribesmen into security forces in Basra

            after Charge of Knights

2008 Report PM Maliki integrated 10,000 Dawa and Badr members into army

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2008 Report 30% of soldiers went AWOL during Charge of Knights in Basra Mahdi Army was supplied

by Iran during fight

2008 Report National Intel Estimate said that Surge decreased violence but security fragile Insurgents

still capable of large attacks Slow progress towards reconciliation

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)

2008 Pres Talabani banned PUK members from criticizing govt in media or could be expelled Came after

PUK accused of corruption and power struggles

2009 PM Maliki said that Baathists and ISI had infiltrated Sahwa

2009 Sahwa leader in Baghdad said govt was out to destroy Sahwa Another leader in Muqdadiya

Diyala arrested 3rd leader said 500 of his 1,000 men fired and no sign others would get govt jobs

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

2009 Sheikh Abu Risha said he would run with Maliki’s State of Law in provincial elections

(Musings On Iraq Anbar’s Forgotten Sheikh)

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Sheikhs Reach Out To Shiites)

2009 Report 2005-07 40% of development funds in Iraq given to insurgents as protection money

2010 3 car bombs on Iranian Egyptian and German Embassies in Baghdad killed 41

2010 Housing Ministry claimed housing crisis in Iraq would be solved by 2014 through foreign

investment Didn’t happen

2010 Transportation Min laid corner stone of Greater Faw Terminal Project Was supposed to be

finished in 4-5 yrs Only breakwater built Rest never completed

2011 Baghdad Operations Command accused Harith al-Dhari head of Muslim Scholars Association of

assassinations in Baghdad

2011 Day of Dignity protests in Baghdad

2011 Opposition parties walked out of KRG parliament when Peshmerga and Interior ministers refused

to appear for questioning over treatment of Sulaymaniya protests

2011 Sulaymaniya protesters called on KRG government to resign Accused KRG of injustice wasting

money lack of rule of law

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2012 Dep PM Shahristani told Kirkuk governor had to stop oil smuggling to KRG

2012 State of Law MP accused Kurds of trying to prevent army from buying new equipment

2012 PM Maliki sent envoy to try to improve ties with Turkey but failed

2012 Report KRG Natural Resource Min Hawrami admitted that KRG smuggling oil to Iran Said KRG

wanted to build its own oil pipeline to Turkey

2012 Report Saudi papers said there should be sanctions on Iraq to stop PM Maliki from becoming new

Saddam Said Maliki standing with Assad showed that he couldn’t be trusted Said Maliki was an Iranian puppet

2013 Turkey said it was willing to split payments of oil exports between Baghdad and Irbil Would mean

Turkey would handle finances for northern pipeline

2013 Report Protests for over 100 days PM Maliki didn’t trust protests Said they had legitimate demands

but were terrorists amongst them State of Law MP said ISI tried to manipulate protests to get them to join insurgency Different protest sites had different ideas Some called for Anbar to become region Others against

2015 Great Tikrit Mosque set on fire after city freed Tribes demanded Hashd withdraw from area

(Musings On Iraq Divisions Over Iraq War Exposed In Victory In Tikrit)

2015 ISF set up checkpoints to try to stop looting and burning of homes in Tikrit Hashd said to be

leaving city

2016 Kurdish Alliance said it would not vote on any ministers it didn’t nominate

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

(Musings On Iraq Complaints About Iraq PM Abadi Undermine His Cabinet Reshuffle)

2016 Salah al-Mutlaq told PM Abadi changing ministers would not lead to real reforms Said other

grades of officials had to be included Parties controlled all the top officials in ministries meaning their control would not be changed if minister removed

2016 Allawi said if new govt was to be nonpartisan than PM Abadi had to resign too along with his


2016 Iran cut off electricity supply to district in Sulaymaniya after KRG failed to pay $27 mil loan

to Tehran

2017 Kirkuk council called for referendum to integrate province into KRG

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Quicksilver War, Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict)

2017 IS spokesman Abu Hussan released audio tape calling Trump an idiot who didn’t know what

Syria Iraq or Islam was

2018 Pres Masum filed lawsuit over 2018 budget saying it violated the constitution

2018 Report on IS Docs When took Mosul threatened govt workers to return to work Set up tax system that earned more than oil revenues Business and agriculture mostly taxed Seized land belonging to Shiites Christians Yazidis in conquered territories and sold it to farmers and followers Set up sharecropping for farmers who couldn’t pay for land

2018 Report Turkey building 8-12 new bases in Irbil to fight PKK

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

2019 Report State Dept said Iran killed 608 US troops in Iraq from 2003-11 Provided militias

with weapons and training Planned attacks upon US forces

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2019 Saudis opened consulate in Baghdad 1st in 30 yrs Talked about investing in Iraq

2020 Badr claimed that US anti-missile defense emplaced to counter pro-Iran group rocket

attacks might be used to shoot at Iraqi planes

2020 Report 8 pro-Iran Hashd said US not withdrawing just consolidating in Iraq Said Kataib

Hezbollah not only faction that opposes US Claimed they worked for the clergy the Iraqi people and protesters

2020 Continued clashes between protesters and police in Nasiriya Threw gas bombs at police

Police shot at protesters 3 killed 22 wounded Curfew afterward March was called for aid to poor during COVID

2021 Gunmen shot at home of activist in Babil

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

2021 Report provincial budgets KRG 10.9 tril dinars Dhi Qar 1.3 tril dinars Babil 1.1 tril dinars

Diyala 867 bil dinars Najaf 757 bil dinars Diwaniay 732 bil dinars Karbala 704 bil dinars Wasit 653 bil dinars Maysan 478 bil dinars Muthanna 376 bil dinars Ninewa 124 bil dinars Anbar 95 bil dinars Salahaddin 68 bil dinars Budgets used to be based upon populations now politics with Sunni provinces getting least amount of money

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This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 4 Sykes-Picot Agreement approved Baghdad and Basra would’ve gone to UK Mosul to France Sharif Hussein would’ve gotten his own state

(WBEZ)   1916 Sykes-Picot agreement approved by UK Foreign Office Gave Baghdad and Basra vilayets to UK Mosul to France ...