Friday, April 1, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 1


1922 Leading cleric Mahdi al-Khalisi invited Sunni and Shiite sheikhs to Karbala to come up with

response Wahabi Ikhwan threat to Iraq

1941 PM Hashemi deposed in Golden Square officers coup after he tried to remove them Regent escaped

to Anbar with help of US Nuri al-Said and other pro-UK politicians fled Iraq Golden Square officers immediately thought UK was plotting against them

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s First Battle Of Fallujah 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1941 US and UK believed Iraq coup part of German plan in coordination with invasion of Balkans

and Libya It wasn’t

1955 PM Said announced 1930 Anglo-Iraq Treaty would be terminated Said new Anglo-Iraq treaty

would be signed Apr 4 Air bases would be turned over to Iraqi control

1962 Barzani ambushed govt forces disrupting Baghdad’s spring offensive

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1975 Iraqi amnesty offer to Kurdish rebels and army deserters expired

1975 Iran closed border to Kurds fleeing Iraqi government offensive against them

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1980 Mustansiriya Univ in Baghdad bombed by Islamic Action Organization in attempt on life of

Deputy PM Tariq Aziz Iraq blamed Iran

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1981 General uprising in Iranian Kurdistan backed by Iraq started

1988 End of 2nd Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1989 Saddam held elections for new parliament as part of political reform after Iran-Iraq War 160 of 250

seats went to Baathists

1990 Saddam speech said if US supported Israeli attack on Iraq he would burn Israel

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1991 Peshmerga repelled govt attack to retake Sulaymaniya

1991 Saddam’s forces put down Kurdish revolt in Zakho

1991 Barzani said 3 mil Kurds had fled to northern mountains along Turkish border to escape govt attacks

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

2002 UK ambassador to US Meyer warned Bush thinking of war with Iraq by autumn but no postwar


(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.2 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, January to April 2002 – “Axis of Evil” to Crawford)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Iraqi commander in south Gen Hamdani recalled to Baghdad Saddam told him real invasion was

coming from Jordan through Anbar

2003 US attacked Najaf Kut Samawa Hindiya Headed towards Hillah in Babil

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 3rd Infantry Div moved through Karbala Gap and destroyed Medina Republican Guard Div

2003 British army took Zubayr, Basra

2003 ORHA head Garner made 1 day trip to Um Qasr port 1st time in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)

2004 CPA adviser Larry Diamond told Bremer that there was a security vacuum in southern Iraq being

filled by militias

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2004 Mahdi Army attacked CPA compound in Nasiriya

2004 Gen Kimmitt promised to pacify Fallujah after Blackwater contractors killed

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 US intel officer told press regime change in Iraq could have been promoted as part of war on terror

but admin wanted to scare public using WMD

2004 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid argued to White House killing of Blackwater contractors in Fallujah


(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 12 Things Fall Apart Apr 2004)

2005 Report White House and CIA leadership created environment where only threat of Iraq WMD

reports were acceptable

2007 PM Maliki told Integrity Commission head Radhi charges against ministers cabinet presidential

staffs had to be okayed by PM office as way to block investigations

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with anti-graft US official Vincent Foulk)

2007 Report VP Hashemi and Pres Talabani in talks with insurgents in Jordan Anbar Salahaddin Diyala

Talabani said insurgents came to govt for talks 1920 Revolution Brigades Islamic Army Jaish al-Rashideen Omar Brigades Rayat al-Sood talking about breaking with ISI

2007 Anbar Salvation Council in talks with tribes in Amiriya Fallujah to split from ISI

2007 Report Zoba tribes started fighting ISI Reports of clashes between Islamic Army and ISI in Dour

Samarra Tuz Kharmato and Dhuliya in Salahaddin 2 tribes fighting ISI in Diyala

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2008 PM Maliki sent 1st Quick Reaction Division from Anbar to Basra to restart Charge of Knights


2008 PM Maliki said 10,000 tribesmen in Basra would be organized into a Sons of Iraq program Would

become Tribal Support Council

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 PM Maliki praised Badr and Dawa militia for helping to fight Mahdi Army in Basra

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2008 PM Maliki promised jobs and better services after Charge of Knights in Basra

2009 National Reconciliation Committee said it began talks with Asaib Ahl Al-Haq

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2009 Baghdad was supposed to take control of all Sahwa in Iraq from US forces

2009 Report Baathist Naqshibandi now one of largest insurgent groups Got money from

Iraqi exiles in Syria

2010 Iran said it would host Iraqi parties that wanted to talk about forming new govt

2010 Gorran head Mustafa taken to court for defamation against Pres Talabani

2010 Iraqiya announced regional tour of Egypt Qatar Turkey Syrian and Iran to drum up support for

forming new govt

(Musings On Iraq Turkey, Saudi Arabia, And Iran’s Role In Putting Together A New Iraqi Government)

2011 Day of Innocent Detainees Protest in Baghdad against corruption and demanded release of prisoners

Activist who helped organize Feb Day of Rage protests arrested and not seen since

2011 4 wounded in protests in Kalar Sulaymaniya calling for reforms in KRG 2 of them were from Gorran

list Gorran MP said party’s followers were being targeted by security forces

2012 PM Maliki said that if Pres Assad lost power there would be problems throughout the Middle East

Condemned Gulf States arming Syrian rebels

2012 KRG halted oil exports for Baghdad over budget dispute

2012 VP Hashemi went to Qatar violating his arrest warrant

2013 PUK said it would run independently of KDP in next KRG elections PUK said it wanted to focus

upon winning back votes from Gorran

2014 KRG said it would export 100,000 bar/day of oil for Baghdad again to help with negotiations over oil

and budget

2015 UN received reports that govt forces looting and burning homes in Tikrit after it was liberated

2015 Sadr complained about brazen militias and said any that broke law should be brought to

justice Response to Hashd looting and destroying homes in Tikrit area Hashd also his political rivals

(Musings On Iraq Hashd al-Shaabi’s Threat To Iraq’s Established Shiite Religious Parites)

2015 IS released video of Ninewa sheikhs giving it baya

2015 KRG was $17 bil in debt Couldn’t pay public workers Started large borrowing

2015 Kataib Hezbollah said it was involved in Shjariya op in Anbar Came after pro-Iran Hashd said

it would not take part in Anbar ops due to US involvement in freeing Tikrit

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2016 PM Abadi’s nominee for Oil Minister in new technocratic cabinet withdrew name saying no

consensus on changes to govt

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

2016 Maliki faction of State of Law said it would only support partial cabinet change

2016 Kurdish Alliance said if Fin Min Zebari was replaced they would not vote on new cabinet

2016 Higher Educ Min Shahristani and Foreign Min Jaafari refused to step down for Abadi’s cabinet


2016 Report Asaib Ahl Al-Haq ran Al-Ahd network Major themes Sunnis killed Ali, Hassan

and Hussein and that was reason why Sunnis were killing Shiites today Portrayed most Sunnis as supporting IS Said world was pro-Shiite Said Iraqi state was corrupt and failing Rejected West Threatened those who criticized Hashd

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2017 Ayad Jumaili aka Abu Yahiya IS war minister killed in Iraqi air force strike in Qaim Anbar

2017 IS seized control of neighborhood in west Mosul 1st time it had taken any area since battle for

west Mosul began

(Musings On Iraq Mosul campaign Day 166-167 March 31-April 1, 2017)

2018 PM Abadi announced 5 yr economic plan Called for diversification away from oil Expanding agriculture Didn’t happen

2018 PM Abadi’s spokesman said that KRG had to pay govt workers full salaries and end austerity measures because of budget payments from Baghdad KRG Finance Min said govt would start new austerity plans

2018 1000s protested in Irbil Sulaymaniya Diyala against KRG austerity measures due to oil and budget arguments with Baghdad

2018 Report Turkey built 3 new military bases in Kurdistan to fight PKK Turkey had forces in Iraq since 1990s

2019 2nd time PM Abdul Mahdi issued executive order telling Hashd to leave Mosul and

Ninewa Plains Was ignored again

2021 Muthanna activist kidnapped Hashd blamed

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed